Category:Russian commanders of the Napoleonic Wars
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Count Petar Ivanovich Ivelich (In Russian: Pyotr Ivanovich Ivelich; Republic of Venice, 1772-Risan, after 1825) was a Russian Major general and count, originally from Risan, Montenegro. He fought in the Finnish War and the Napoleonic war with great distinction. He was the nephew of Marko Konstantinovich Ivelich, Ivan (Ivelja) Ivelich, and Simeon Ivelich, all Russian generals.
Petar Ivelich descended from a Serbian noble family that settled in the Republic of Venice, though originally from Risan and the Bjelopavlići (tribe). According to some sources they settled in Venice during the time of the Nemanya dynasty. His father Jovan (Ivan) was a Serbian Orthodox archpriest in Risan, and his two brothers were in the service of Imperial Russia. Petar's grandmother Jefimija was related to Sava Vladislavich, hence the reason for her sons departure for Russia.
His early schooling took place in the Republic of Venice. He began his military service in the Venetian forces and on the the 5th of July 1788 he attained the rank of Lieutenant before entering the Russian service on the 12th of September 1788 as a captian in the Nasheburg Infantry Regiment, then commanded by Marko Ivelich, his uncle. In October 1788, he joined the 1st Battalion of the Finland Jager Corps and then served in the Shirvan Infantry Regiment. During the Russo-Turkish War of 1789-1791, Petar ivelich became a Major and commander of the Shirvan Musketeer Regiment on the 28th of January 1799. He was promoted to colonel on the 22nd of August 1802. Petar Ivelich participated in the 1805-1807 Campaign in Moravia and was appointed Chief of the newly-formed Brest Musketeer Regiment on the 5th of September 1806. He fought at the Battle of Lemo on 19-20 June 1808 under the Russian military commander Lieutenant General Karl Gustav von Baggovut defending the besieged city of Turku. He participated in the Helsinki village landing (Taivassalo). On the 9th of July there was fierce fighting at Tavastensker Strait, but the Russians obtained the victory. There Colonel Petar Ivelich commanded the 49th Brest Infantry Regiment which participated in successfully repulsing the attacking Swedes. During the Russo-Swedish War of 1808-1809, Ivelich served with the 17th Division, earning a rank of Major general on the 30th of October 1808 and was awarded the Order of St. George (4th class) on the 1st of March 1809 (under No. 930).
In 1812, he served in the 2nd Brigade of the 17th Division in the 2nd Corps of the 1st Western Army and fought at the Battle of Vitebsk (1812), Battle of Smolensk, and was seriously wounded in the right side and shoulder at the Battle of Borodino for which he was decorated with the Order of St. Vladimir (3rd class). After recuperating, he participated in the Battle of Krasnoi and minor engagements in the Duchy of Warsaw and Saxony in the spring of 1813. He took furlough because of poor health in May 1813, and returned to the Army two years later, when he took command of the brigade of the 17th Division. He participated in the Battle of Bautzen, Battle of Dresden, and Battle of Paris (1814). His health soon rapidly deteriorated and he took discharge on the 5th of December 1816.
In 1819 Petar Ivelich and his uncle Marko (Ivalich) were listed as members of the Board of Directors of the Russian-American Company.
Ivelich was enobled in 1825.
After many years in Russia and Europe, he returned to Risan to settle the estate of his father at the request of his brother Sava.
He was married to Tatjana, nee Nerpina, who gave him a son (Nikola) and three daughters (Aleksandra, Jelisaveta and Nadežda).
The Russian-American Company: http://books.google.ca/books?id=TJ8qAAAAYAAJ&q=ivan+ivelich&dq=ivan+ivelich&hl=en&sa=X&ei=J5q8UqPNL-bb2QWGnYAo&ved=0CEsQ6AEwBQ Translated and adapted from Serbian Wikipedia:
Baron Ilya Mikhailovich Duka descended from a noble Serbian family that settled in Kursk gubernia. He enlisted as a furier in the Nasheburg Infantry Regiment on the 27th of May 1776 and transferred as a vakmistr to the Ukrainian Light Horse Regiment in 1780 before joining the Smolensk Dragoon Regiment with the rank of cadet in 1782. In 1783, he fought against the Poles and was promoted to aide-de-camp to General Jovan Šević, a fellow Serb. He participated in the Russo-Turkish campaign in 1788-89, and was transferred to the Ostrogozh Light Cavalry Regiment in 1790. During the campaign in Poland in 1794, he distinguished himself at Radoszyce by capturing General Tomasz Wawrzecki and his officers, and was promoted to major. In October 1799, he was transferred to the Life Guard Hussar Regiment and promoted to colonel. On the 23rd of October 1806, Duka was appointed chef of the Little Russia Cuirassier Regiment. He took part in the 1807 Campaign and distinguished himself at Eylau, being awarded the Order of St. George (3rd Class) and a golden sword. He was promoted to major general on the 6th of June 1807. In 1812, Duka commanded the 2nd Brigade of the 2nd Cuirassier Division, and later commanded the division itself. For his actions at Smolensk and Borodino, Duka was awarded the Order of St. Anna, 1st Class, and for the battles of Tarutino and Maloyaroslavets -- the Order of St. Vladimir, 2nd Class.
In 1813, Duka was promoted to lieutenant general (27 September), fought at the Battle of Leipzig and was wounded in the head. In 1814 he participated in the capture of Paris. He was awarded the Prussian Order of the Red Eagle and the Austrian Order of Leopold. Upon his return to Russia, Duka commanded the 2nd Cuirassier Division and in September 1823, he was appointed to command the 2nd Reserve Cavalry Corps. In September 1826, he was promoted to general of cavalry and then retired on the 17th of February 1827 because of ill health. He died at his estate in Ivenya in the Kursk gubernia on the 28th of February 1830.
His portrait painted by George Dawne hangs in the Military Gallery of the Winter Palace in St. Petersburg, Russia.
- Short biography in French: http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ilya_Mikha%C3%AFlovitch_Douka
- Military Gallery of the Winter Palace, Saint Peterburg, Russia: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Duka_Ilya_Michailovich.jpg
Leonti Ivanovich DePreradovich (Slavo-Serbia,1766-Saint Petersburg, Julian Calendar 7th of February or Gregorian Calendar 19th of February 1844), like his younger brother, Nikolay Ivanovich DePreradovich (1767-1843), were destined to be Russian generals at a most critical time in Imperial Russia's history, the Napoleonic wars and the upheavals that followed. Leonti exhibited exceptional courage in the Battle of Austerlitz.
The Preradoviches, a military family first in the Austrian service, played a pivotal role in settling in Imperial Russia (now eastern Ukraine) in the mid-18th century. On the 17th of May 1753 ex-Austrian colonels Rajko DePreradovich, Ivan Šević and Jovan Popović-Horvat founded a Serbian settlement on the south of Ukraine between rivers Bahmut and Lagunia. This territory was called Slaviano-Serbia (Slavo-Serbia) where Rajko (Rodion) DePreradovich settled with his son Ivan Rodionovich DePreradovich and where Ivan's sons, Leonti (1766) and Nikolay (1767), were born.
Leonti Depreradovich joined the Russian Imperial Army in 1771 as sergeant in Bakhmut Hussar Regiment. He was made an officer and then served in Voloshskaya and Ukrainian Hussars and Smolensk Dragoon Regiment. He participated in several wars against the Turks, in 1768-1774 and 1787-1792, and Poles, in 1783, 1784, 1794. He showed extraordinary courage and was awarded the gold Ochakovo and Prague crosses and ranks of second-and-prime Major. On the 26th of November 1795 Leonti Depreradovich was granted the Order of St. George, 4th degree, in the assault on the Warsaw suburb of Prague in 1794 where he attacked an enemy battery and was seriously wounded (No. 624 on Cavalier list Sudravskogo and Number 1194 on the list of Grigorovich-Stepanova).
He commanded the Astrakhan Grenadier Regiment between the 16th of July 1798 and the 24th of August 1799. Promoted to a Major General on the 24th of August 1799, he commanded the Semenovsky Life Guard Regiment between the 26th of August and the 9th of July 1807. He took part in the Battle of Austerlitz under the command of Alexander I of Russia, garnering the Order of St. George (3rd class). He participated in the 1807 Campaign in Poland, participating at the Battle of Guttstadt-Deppen, Battle of Heilsberg and Battle of Friedland.
Portrait in the Military Gallery of the Winter Palace in Saint Petersburg, Russia: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:RusPortraits_v4-191_Leontii_Ivanovich_De-Preradovich,_1766-1844.jpg
Jovan (Ivan in Russian) Adamovich came from an old noble family based in the region of the Serbian Banat Military Frontier (now part of Hungary and Romania), where his father Stepan Adamovich was in the Austrian military service before emigrating to Russia in 1752. After leaving the Cadet Corps (Russia), he joined the Imperial Russian Army as a teenager.
He was a Lieutenant Colonel with the Preobrazhensky Regiment before being promoted to Major General and appointed chief of the Pavlovsky Grenadier Regiment on the 14th of February 1789. He was awarded the Russian Order of St. Anne on the 10th of November 1796. Two years later, on the 26th of August 1798 he took his first retirement, but a few years later he became determined to be in the army, once again. On the 8th of January 1807, during the War of the Fourth Coalition, he was awarded a gold sword "for bravery". On 13th of May 1809 a patent for the rank of General was issued to Major-General Ivan Adamovich signed by Alexander I of Russia and Count Aleksey Arakcheyev for Adamovich's conspicuous role in the War of the Fifth Coalition. Three years later, he retired for the second time, but on the 5th of September 1812 he returned to the army once again, joining his comrade-at-arms in the Battle of Borodino. Finally, on the 16th of December 1813 he retired for good.
Patent for the rank of General, 1809: http://zemlyanka-v.com/shop/russia/dokumenty-pisma/patent-na-generalskijj-chin-1809/
Military career synopsis: http://www.museum.ru/museum/1812/Persons/RUSS/ra_a05.html
Pages in category "Russian commanders of the Napoleonic Wars"
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