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computer architecture, 12-bit integers, memory addresses, or other data units are those that are at most 12 bits (1.5 octets) wide. Also, 12-bit CPU and ALU architectures are those that are based on registers, address buses, or data buses of that size. Possibly the best-known 12-bit CPU is the PDP-8 and its relatives, such as Intersil 6100 microprocessor produced in various incarnations from August 1963 to mid-1990. Many ADCs (analog to digital converters) have a 12-bit resolution. Some PIC microcontrollers use a 12-bit word size.
12 binary digits have 4096 (10000
octal, 1000 hexadecimal) distinct combinations. Hence, a microprocessor with 12-bit memory addresses can directly access 4096 bits (4KiB) of addressable memory.