In computer architecture, 18-bit integers, memory addresses, or other data units are those that are at most 18 bits (2.25 octets) wide. Also, 18-bit CPU and ALU architectures are those that are based on registers, address buses, or data buses of that size.
18 binary digits have 262144 (1000000 octal, 40000 hexadecimal) distinct combinations.
18 bits was a common word size for smaller computers in the 1960s, when large computers often used 36 bit words and 6-bit character sets were the norm.
Example 18-bit computer architectures