1947 World Series
|Dates:||September 30–October 6|
|Television:||NBC (Games 1, 5); CBS (Games 3–4); DuMont (Games 2, 6, 7)|
|TV announcers:||Bob Stanton (Games 1, 5); Bob Edge (Games 3–4); Bill Slater (Games 2, 6, 7)|
|Radio announcers:||Mel Allen and Red Barber|
|Umpires:||Bill McGowan (AL), Babe Pinelli (NL), Eddie Rommel (AL), Larry Goetz (NL), Jim Boyer (AL: outfield only), George Magerkurth (NL: outfield only)|
|Hall of Famers:||Umpire: George McGowan Yankees: Bucky Harris (mgr.), Yogi Berra, Joe DiMaggio, Phil Rizzuto
Dodgers: Pee Wee Reese, Jackie Robinson, Duke Snider (dnp.), Arky Vaughan
The 1947 World Series matched the New York Yankees against the Brooklyn Dodgers. The Yankees won the Series in seven games for their first title since 1943, and their eleventh World Series championship in team history. Yankees manager Bucky Harris won the Series for the first time since managing the Washington Senators to their only title in 1924.
In 1947, Jackie Robinson, a Brooklyn Dodger, desegregated major league baseball. For the first time in World Series history, a racially-integrated team played.
|1||September 30||Brooklyn Dodgers – 3, New York Yankees – 5||Yankee Stadium (I)||2:20||73,3651|
|2||October 1||Brooklyn Dodgers – 3, New York Yankees – 10||Yankee Stadium (I)||2:36||69,8652|
|3||October 2||New York Yankees – 8, Brooklyn Dodgers – 9||Ebbets Field||3:05||33,0983|
|4||October 3||New York Yankees – 2, Brooklyn Dodgers – 3||Ebbets Field||2:20||33,4434|
|5||October 4||New York Yankees – 2, Brooklyn Dodgers – 1||Ebbets Field||2:46||34,3795|
|6||October 5||Brooklyn Dodgers – 8, New York Yankees – 6||Yankee Stadium (I)||3:19||74,0656|
|7||October 6||Brooklyn Dodgers – 2, New York Yankees – 5||Yankee Stadium (I)||2:19||71,5487|
|WP: Spec Shea (1–0) LP: Ralph Branca (0–1) Sv: Joe Page (1)|
|WP: Allie Reynolds (1–0) LP: Vic Lombardi (0–1)
BRO: Dixie Walker (1)
NYY: Tommy Henrich (1)
|WP: Hugh Casey (1–0) LP: Bobo Newsom (0–1)
NYY: Joe DiMaggio (1), Yogi Berra (1)
|WP: Hugh Casey (2–0) LP: Bill Bevens (0–1)|
Game 4 of the 1947 World Series gained notoriety, shortly after its conclusion, as the The Cookie Game, due to a ninth inning, game-winning hit by Cookie Lavagetto. The Yankees entered the game leading the series two games to one, and they sought to take one step closer to the Series title. They entered Game 4 aiming to take a three games to one lead in the best-of-seven series, and came one out away from doing this. Bill Bevens, the Yankee starter, pitched 8 2⁄3 innings without allowing a base hit. No pitcher in an American–National Leagues World Series Game had ever pitched a no-hitter. (The so-called 'Colored World Series', or 'Negro World Series', produced complete-game no-hit pitching performances prior to 1947.).8 910
With two outs in the bottom of the ninth inning, Bevens and his team led 2–1. Bevens got Bruce Edwards to fly out, and then walked Carl Furillo. Spider Jorgensen fouled out. Al Gionfriddo pinch-ran for Furillo. Pete Reiser pinch-batted for pitcher Hugh Casey; during the at-bat, Gionfriddo stole second base. The Yankees then intentionally walked Reiser. This was criticized in hindsight for two reasons. One was the old axiom of never intentionally putting the winning run on base. The other is that Reiser was playing injured, and the odds of getting him out seemed reasonable. Eddie Miksis pinch-ran for Reiser. The Dodgers sent Cookie Lavagetto to pinch-bat for Eddie Stanky. Lavagetto lined a 1–0 fastball to right field. The ball ricocheted off of the right field barrier with a peculiar bounce and hit Yankee right fielder Tommy Henrich in the shoulder, as Gionfriddo and Miksis raced around to score. The play ended the no-hitter and won the game for the Dodgers.
Red Barber, the Dodgers radio announcer, made the call. Prior to the play call, he commented on the fact that, on June 22 of that year, Stanky thwarted Ewell Blackwell's attempt at a second consecutive no-hitter. During Barber's comment, the stadium's public address announcer, who listeners could hear in the background of the radio broadcast, said that Miksis is running for Reiser. Barber continued with the play-by-play:
Wait a minute... Stanky is being called back from the plate and Lavagetto goes up to hit... Gionfriddo walks off second... Miksis off first... They're both ready to go on anything... Two men out, last of the ninth... the pitch... swung on, there's a drive hit out toward the right field corner. Henrich is going back. He can't get it! It's off the wall for a base hit! Here comes the tying run, and here comes the winning run!...Friends, they're killin' Lavagetto! His own teammates, they're beatin' him to pieces! And it's taking a police escort to get Lavagetto away from the Dodgers!...Well, I'll be a suck-egg mule!
The hit was the last of Cookie's career.
The Dodgers, with this hit, avoided a three-games-to-one deficit, avoided becoming the victim of a no-hitter, and tied the Series at two games each. The rapid and dramatic reversal of fortunes may have provided a momentum swing. However, the Yankees checked this momentum, winning Game 5. The Yankees triumphed in the Series, winning the deciding seventh game.
|WP: Spec Shea (2–0) LP: Rex Barney (0–1)
NYY: Joe DiMaggio (2)
|WP: Ralph Branca (1–1) LP: Joe Page (0–1) Sv: Hugh Casey (1)|
The Dodgers won Game 6 to force a seventh and deciding game. A catch made by Al Gionfriddo, replayed countless times, may be the most remembered play of this game, and one of the most remembered plays of the Series.
In the top of the sixth, the Dodgers scored four runs to take an 8–5 lead. In the last of the sixth, the Dodgers sent Al Gionfriddo to left field as a defensive replacement for Eddie Miksis. Joe Hatten came in to pitch. With two on and two outs, Joe DiMaggio came to bat for the Yankees, representing the potential tying run. Radio announcer Red Barber provided the play-by-play, which has often accompanied re-played film footage:
Swung on, belted... it's a long one... back goes Gionfriddo, back, back, back, back, back, back... heeee makes a one-handed catch against the bullpen! Oh, Doctor!
Whether a re-creation by the radio announcer, rather than a spontaneous outburst: the gusto Barber produced, along with his "back-back-back" expression, inspired future generations of sports broadcaster. Many announcers since that time have used variations of the call, especially Chris Berman of ESPN. These announcers have tended, for whatever reasons, to describe the ball itself as going "back-back-back". In Barber's call, it was the outfielder who was going "back-back-back".
The ball was hit so hard and deep that Gionfriddo, already playing deep, did not have time to turn around, literally having to "back-back-back"-pedal to snare the ball just in front of the bullpen-alley fence, near the 415-foot (126 m) marker posted to the center field side of the bullpen alley (the sign on the left field side of the alley was posted as 402). It is also worth noting that had DiMaggio hit the ball in Ebbets Field, whose left-center area was some 50 feet (15 m) closer, it might have landed in the upper deck and certainly would have been a game-tying homer.
The final segment of at least one film clip reveals DiMaggio, habitually calm and cool, delivering one quick kick upon the dirt near second base, apparently as he saw Gionfriddo secure the catch.
Three of the 1947 Series' prominent figures, Gionfriddo, Lavagetto and Bevens, finished their playing careers in this Series. Gionfriddo did not play in Game 7, and his catch of DiMaggio's drive was his only put-out in this game. So Gionfriddo's famous catch was his final put-out in his major league career.11
|WP: Joe Page (1–1) LP: Hal Gregg (0–1)|
In this World Series game, Bill Bevens, Cookie Lavagetto, and Al Gionfriddo, each made his last appearance in a Major League baseball game.
|New York Yankees||2||1||7||8||10||3||6||0||1||38||67||4|
|Total attendance: 389,763 Average attendance: 55,680
Winning player's share: $5,830 Losing player's share: $4,08112
For the first time, a World Series produced total receipts over $2,000,000 dollars: Gate Receipts = $1,781,348.92, Radio Rights = $175,000.00 and Television Rights = $65,000.
Also a World Series first, television broadcasts carried games to sets, though only to a few surrounding areas, as coaxial inter-connected stations: New York City, New York; Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; Schenectady, New York; Washington, District of Columbia; and, environs surrounding these cities. The October 1947 Billboard reported over 3.9 million viewing the games, primarily on TV sets located in bars (5,400 tavern TV sets in NYC alone). The October 13, 1947 edition of Time magazine reported that President Truman, who had just made the first Oval Office TV appearance on October 5, 1947 and received the first TV for the White House, watched parts of the Series but "skipped the last innings".
At the direction of Commissioner Happy Chandler, the Series, for the first time, used six umpires to make calls.13 Series from 1918 through 1946 used four umpires in the infield, with two alternates available for security. However, no alternate had ever been needed, and Chandler believed that enlisting these umpires to make calls along the outfield lines would put these men and their skills to better use. However, not until 1964 would the additional two umpires rotate into the infield during the course of the Series.
- "1947 World Series Game 1 - Brooklyn Dodgers vs. New York Yankees". Retrosheet. Retrieved 2009-09-13.
- "1947 World Series Game 2 - Brooklyn Dodgers vs. New York Yankees". Retrosheet. Retrieved 2009-09-13.
- "1947 World Series Game 3 - New York Yankees vs. Brooklyn Dodgers". Retrosheet. Retrieved 2009-09-13.
- "1947 World Series Game 4 - New York Yankees vs. Brooklyn Dodgers". Retrosheet. Retrieved 2009-09-13.
- "1947 World Series Game 5 - New York Yankees vs. Brooklyn Dodgers". Retrosheet. Retrieved 2009-09-13.
- "1947 World Series Game 6 - Brooklyn Dodgers vs. New York Yankees". Retrosheet. Retrieved 2009-09-13.
- "1947 World Series Game 7 - Brooklyn Dodgers vs. New York Yankees". Retrosheet. Retrieved 2009-09-13.
- Baseball-Reference.com. "Bullpen, 1926 Negro World Series, BR Bullpen (crediting Red Grier with 'history-making' October 3, 1926, 9-inning complete game no-hitter in Game 3 of 'Colored/Negro-League World Series')". Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved April 19, 2013.
- Baseball-Reference.com. "Bullpen, 1927 Negro World Series, BR Bullpen (crediting Luther Farrell with October 8, 1927, 7-inning complete game no-hitter in Game 5 of 1927 'Colored/Negro-League World Series')". Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved April 19, 2013.
- Baseball-Reference.com. "Bullpen, No-hitter, BR Bullpen (calling no-hitter in "1926 Colored World Series" an example of a "confirmed" nine-inning no-hitter)". Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved April 19, 2013.
- Distel, Dave (February 1973). "Gionfriddo Recalls His Famous Catch". Baseball Digest 32 (2). ISSN 0005-609X.
- Smits, Ted (1947-09-30). "Six Umpires To Be Used For First Time". The Miami News. p. 3-B. Retrieved 2013-02-25.
- Cohen, Richard M.; Neft, David S. (1990). The World Series: Complete Play-By-Play of Every Game, 1903–1989. New York: St. Martin's Press. pp. 213–218. ISBN 0-312-03960-3.
- Reichler, Joseph (1982). The Baseball Encyclopedia (5th ed.). MacMillian Publishing. p. 2155. ISBN 0-02-579010-2.
- 1947 World Series at WorldSeries.com (MLB.com)
- 1947 World Series at Baseball Almanac
- 1947 World Series at Baseball-Reference.com
- The 1947 Post-Season Games (box scores and play-by-play) at Retrosheet
- History of the World Series - 1947 at The SportingNews. Archived from the original on 2008.
- Baseball's 25 Greatest Moments: Cookie Lavagetto beats Bill Bevens
- Audio: Bill Bevens describes his lost no-hit bid
- Audio: Al Gionfriddo's Catch of DiMaggio's Blast
- Bill Bevens No-Hit Bid in '47 World Series
- Audio: Cookie Lavagetto breaks up Bill Bevens' No-Hit Bid in 1947 World Series
- Gionfriddo Recalls His Famous Catch in Baseball Digest, February 1973