1979 World Series
|Dates:||October 10 – 17|
|MVP:||Willie Stargell (Pittsburgh, at 39, the oldest in history)|
|TV announcers:||Keith Jackson (Games 1–2, 6–7), Al Michaels (Games 3–5), Howard Cosell and Don Drysdale|
|Radio announcers:||Vin Scully and Sparky Anderson|
|Umpires:||Jerry Neudecker (AL), Bob Engel (NL), Russ Goetz (AL), Paul Runge (NL), Jim McKean (AL), Terry Tata (NL)|
|Hall of Famers:||Pirates: Bert Blyleven, Willie Stargell .
Orioles: Eddie Murray, Jim Palmer, Earl Weaver (mgr.).
|ALCS:||Baltimore Orioles over California Angels (3–1)|
|NLCS:||Pittsburgh Pirates over Cincinnati Reds (3–0)|
The 1979 World Series matched the National League's Pittsburgh Pirates (98–64) against the American League's Baltimore Orioles (102–57), with the Pirates coming back from a three games to one deficit to win the Series in seven games. The Pirates were famous for adopting Sister Sledge's hit anthem "We Are Family" as their theme song.
Willie Stargell, pitcher Bruce Kison, and catcher Manny Sanguillén were the only players left over from the Pirates team that last faced the Orioles in the 1971 World Series, and Orioles' pitcher Jim Palmer, Mark Belanger, and manager Earl Weaver were the only ones who were still with the team that faced the Pirates in that same previous meeting.
In this Series, it was the American League team's "turn" to play by National League rules, meaning no designated hitter and the Orioles' pitchers would have to bat. While this resulted in Tim Stoddard getting his first major league hit and RBI in Game 4, overall, it hurt the Orioles because Lee May, their designated hitter for much of the season and a key part of their offense, was only able to bat three times in the whole series.
The Pittsburgh Pirates were the last team to win Game 7 of the World Series on the road. They were also the last road team to win Game 7 of the championship round, in any major league sport, until the Pittsburgh Penguins defeated the Detroit Red Wings 2–1 at Joe Louis Arena to win the 2009 Stanley Cup Finals.1 With the Steelers having already won Super Bowl XIII, Pittsburgh also became the second city to win both the Super Bowl and the World Series in the same year with the New York Jets and the New York Mets winning titles in 1969. The New England area repeated the feat in 2004 as New York did have two championship teams with the 1986 season in those two sports with the New York Mets and the New York Giants, but the Giants would win their first Super Bowl at the end of their season that crossed into January 1987.
These same two teams met at the beginning of the decade, in 1971. Earl Weaver's Orioles had won the first two games of that series only to lose to Danny Murtaugh's Pirates in seven. This time Pittsburgh manager Chuck Tanner was looking to win a Series of his own. Gone were the likes of slugger Boog Powell and defensive wizard Brooks Robinson—shortstop Mark Belanger and pitcher Jim Palmer were the only two remaining players from the 1971 roster. A young (23 year old) "Steady Eddie" Murray was a staple at first-base and an emerging superstar. The only other real "star" hitter on the team was right-fielder Ken Singleton who set career highs in home runs, 35, and runs batted in, 111, in the regular season. Center fielder Al Bumbry provided the speed, 37 swipes, and outfielder Gary Roenicke and third-baseman Doug DeCinces provided some additional power. The talented pitching staff was captained by veteran catcher Rick Dempsey. The starters were led by 1979 Cy Young Award winner, Mike Flanagan (23–9, 3.08), Scott McGregor (13–6, 3.35), Steve Stone (11–7, 3.77) and Jim Palmer (10–6, 3.30). The bullpen helped with 30 wins against only 13 losses led by Don Stanhouse (7–3, 21 saves) and Tippy Martinez (10–3, 2.88). The Orioles won the American League East rather easily, finishing eight games ahead of second place Milwaukee Brewers.
On the other hand, these Pittsburgh Pirates struggled early in the season eventually winning the National League East by just two games over the Montreal Expos. Only after getting infielders, Tim Foli (from the New York Mets) and Bill Madlock (from the San Francisco Giants), did the Pirates start winning consistently. The great Roberto Clemente had inspired the 1971 team toward the title and the key ingredient to this team was his successor and spiritual leader, 38-year-old Willie "Pops" Stargell. His clubhouse demeanor, a simple good-heartedness and friendly manner, helped keep the Pirates loose during a tight divisional race with a surprise sweep of the always powerful Cincinnati Reds in the League Championship Series.
The Bucs lineup featured the National League leader in stolen bases, Omar Moreno with 77; team runs batted in leader, Dave Parker with 98, and two-time batting champion, Bill Madlock (1975, 1976). Madlock would add two more batting titles in 1981 and 1983. The pitching staff was a ragtag bunch led by the "Candy-Man", John Candelaria's fourteen wins (nine losses) with five other pitchers winning ten or more games. The tall and lean Kent Tekulve had 31 saves, good for second in the league, while winning ten games.
"Pops" Stargell would hit three home runs in this series becoming the oldest player to win both the regular season MVP and the World Series MVP. His "Family" would persevere after losing three out of the first four games, giving Earl Weaver and his Orioles a déjà vu nightmare when the Bucs came back to win in seven games.
|1||October 10||Pittsburgh Pirates – 4, Baltimore Orioles – 5||Memorial Stadium||3:18||53,7352|
|2||October 11||Pittsburgh Pirates – 3, Baltimore Orioles – 2||Memorial Stadium||3:13||53,7393|
|3||October 12||Baltimore Orioles – 8, Pittsburgh Pirates – 4||Three Rivers Stadium||2:51||50,8484|
|4||October 13||Baltimore Orioles – 9, Pittsburgh Pirates – 6||Three Rivers Stadium||3:48||50,8835|
|5||October 14||Baltimore Orioles – 1, Pittsburgh Pirates – 7||Three Rivers Stadium||2:54||50,9206|
|6||October 16||Pittsburgh Pirates – 4, Baltimore Orioles – 0||Memorial Stadium||2:30||53,7397|
|7||October 17||Pittsburgh Pirates – 4, Baltimore Orioles – 1||Memorial Stadium||2:54||53,7338|
The first game was originally scheduled for Tuesday October 9, 1979 in Baltimore but was rained out.
|WP: Mike Flanagan (1–0) LP: Bruce Kison (0–1)
PIT: Willie Stargell (1)
BAL: Doug DeCinces (1)
On a cold wet October night (including some light snow), the 1979 World Series got off to an ugly start. The Orioles scored five runs in the first, two on a throwing error by second baseman Phil Garner, one on a wild pitch by starter Bruce Kison, and the final two on a homer by Doug DeCinces. The Pirate relief corps held the Orioles in check as the Pirates clawed their way back on the strength of four hits by Dave Parker and a homer by Willie Stargell. The rally fell short, and the O's escaped with a 5–4 win.
|WP: Don Robinson (1–0) LP: Don Stanhouse (0–1) Sv: Kent Tekulve (1)
BAL: Eddie Murray (1)
This time, the Pirates struck first with two in the second on an RBI single by Bill Madlock and a sacrifice fly by catcher Ed Ott. The Orioles countered in the bottom half of the inning with an Eddie Murray solo homer. Murray would also tie the game in the sixth by doubling in Ken Singleton. Murray tried to put the Orioles ahead in the same inning by tagging and attempting to score on a line-out to right by John Lowenstein, but Dave Parker threw him out easily. Making the decision to send Murray that much more odd was the fact that Parker's throw to the plate arrived well ahead of him. Murray tried to bowl Ott over at the plate, but the stocky Ott held fast, staying on his feet.
Murray also made a questionable base running decision in the eighth. With Murray on second and Doug DeCinces on first with no outs, Lowenstein grounded near third base and Tim Foli, who was headed to cover third expecting a bunt, came up with the ball and attempted to tag Murray, who eluded him. Foli then threw to Phil Garner at second to force DeCinces. Murray, however, slowed between second and third and was tagged out in a rundown. Murray would not collect another hit or RBI for the rest of the Series.
In the ninth, after a two-out single by Ott and a walk to Garner, Manny Sanguillén pinch-hit for Don Robinson and hacked a high and outside fastball from Don Stanhouse into right for a single. Ott barely slid past the outstretched arms of catcher Rick Dempsey to score the winning run, after Murray had questionably cut-off a strong throw from RF Ken Singleton. Kent Tekulve retired the side in the ninth for the save.
|WP: Scott McGregor (1–0) LP: John Candelaria (0–1)
BAL: Benny Ayala (1)
With left-hander John Candelaria taking the mound for the Pirates, Oriole manager Earl Weaver made a couple of lineup changes, hoping to spark more offense. He led off with Kiko Garcia, playing shortstop in place of light-hitting Mark Belanger, and used Benny Ayala in place of Al Bumbry. Ayala and Garcia were both right-handed hitters. The moves paid off as Ayala slammed a two-run homer in the third, and Garcia sparked a five-run rally in the fourth with a bases-loaded triple as part of a 4-for-4, four RBI evening. O's starter Scott McGregor pitched a complete game for the victory.
|WP: Tim Stoddard (1–0) LP: Kent Tekulve (0–1)
PIT: Willie Stargell (2)
The Pirates jumped on starter Dennis Martínez for four runs in the second on a homer by Stargell, a two-run double by Ott, and an RBI single by Omar Moreno. The Orioles struck back with three in the third off Jim Bibby on a two-run double by Game 3 hero Garcia, followed by an RBI double by Ken Singleton. The Pirates stretched the lead to 6–3 on single runs in the fifth and sixth on RBI doubles by John Milner and Dave Parker.
In the eighth, Earl Weaver once again showed some strategic genius. With one out and the bases loaded, Pirates manager Chuck Tanner sent in submarining relief ace Kent Tekulve to face right-handed hitting Gary Roenicke. Weaver countered by pinch-hitting lefty John Lowenstein, figuring the lefty would be better able to hit Tekulve's sidewhip pitches. Lowenstein made the move pay off by slamming a two-run double. After a walk loaded the bases again, Weaver sent another lefty hitter, Terry Crowley, to bat for Dave Skaggs. Crowley smashed another two-run double off Tekulve to give the Orioles the lead. To add insult to injury, pitcher Tim Stoddard, batting because Weaver was out of pinch hitters at that point, followed with an RBI single. An RBI force-out by Bumbry ended the scoring.
|WP: Bert Blyleven (1–0) LP: Mike Flanagan (1–1)|
With a world championship on the line and Game 1 starter Bruce Kison injured, Chuck Tanner decided to go with little-used veteran left-hander Jim Rooker as his starter. He would let Rooker go as long as possible, then bring in Bert Blyleven to finish, saving his two best pitchers, sore-shouldered John Candelaria and Jim Bibby for Games 6 and 7, if played. The risky move more than paid off as Rooker gave Tanner five good innings, holding the Orioles to one run in the fifth when Gary Roenicke scored on a double play grounder. The Pirate bats finally came alive against Mike Flanagan in the sixth on a Dave Parker RBI single and a sacrifice fly by Willie Stargell. The Pirates added two more in the seventh on a RBI triple by Tim Foli and a RBI double by Parker, and then three more in the eighth on a RBI single by Phil Garner and a two-run single by Foli. Thanks to the unexpected performance from Rooker, a 4-for-4 day from Bill Madlock, and Foli's three RBIs, the Pirates had staved off defeat.
Chuck Tanner's mother died the morning of Game 5 (this was mentioned during the telecast by announcer Howard Cosell). 1960 World Series hero Bill Mazeroski threw out the first ball in Game 5, which would be Three Rivers Stadium's final World Series game; PNC Park has not hosted a World Series since it opened.
|WP: John Candelaria (1–1) LP: Jim Palmer (0–1) Sv: Kent Tekulve (2)|
Back home at Memorial Stadium, the Oriole bats continued to be unexpectedly cold as John Candelaria and Jim Palmer locked into a scoreless duel through six innings. Dave Parker broke the ice with a RBI single in the seventh, followed by a Stargell sacrifice fly. The Pirates added two more runs in the eighth on a Bill Robinson sac fly and a RBI single by Omar Moreno.
|WP: Grant Jackson (1–0) LP: Scott McGregor (1–1) Sv: Kent Tekulve (3)
PIT: Willie Stargell (3)
BAL: Rich Dauer (1)
The Pirates capped an amazing comeback on the strength of Willie Stargell, who went 4 for 5 with a single, two doubles, and a towering two-run homer in the sixth off Scott McGregor. For insurance in the ninth, Omar Moreno collected an RBI single, while another run scored when Dave Parker and Bill Robinson were hit by pitches back-to-back, scoring Moreno. Orioles manager Earl Weaver made five pitching changes in the ninth inning in an attempt to keep the game within reach. The O's only run came on a Rich Dauer solo homer in the third, the team's only RBI in the last three games. Significantly, Eddie Murray, the Orioles' main offensive threat, was 0 for 21 in the final five games of the Series, including a fly-out to Parker to end the 8th with the bases loaded and two outs (following an intentional walk to Ken Singleton). Following their six run outburst in the eighth inning of Game 4, the Birds scored only twice more over the series' final 28 innings.
|Total attendance: 367,597 Average attendance: 52,514
Winning player's share: $28,264 Losing player's share: $22,11410
- Five Pirates had ten or more hits in this series, a World Series record. Willie Stargell and Phil Garner had 12 hits each, Omar Moreno 11, and Tim Foli and Dave Parker 10 each. Bill Madlock came close to a sixth with 9 hits.
The Pirates wore four different uniform combinations during the series:
- gold cap, black jersey and gold pants for Games 1 & 5
- black cap, gold jersey and black pants for Games 2, 6 & 7
- black cap and solid white pinstriped uniform for Game 3
- black cap and solid gold uniform for Game 4.
The Orioles wore three different uniform combinations of their own:
- white cap, orange jersey and white pants for Games 1 and 7
- white cap, white jersey and white pants for Games 2 and 6
- white cap, grey jersey and grey pants for Games 3,4 and 5
This was the first World Series in which the participating teams' announcers were not involved in the play-calling on national radio, (Network television had done the same in 1977.) For the '79 Classic, Vin Scully and Sparky Anderson handled the play-by-play work for the CBS Radio Network. But because of their lead-announcer status for CBS Radio, Scully and Jack Buck did wind up calling their regular teams' Series games on CBS Radio in the 1980s—Scully in 1981 (his Los Angeles Dodgers vs. the New York Yankees) and Buck in 1985 and 1987 (Buck's St. Louis Cardinals against the Kansas City Royals and Minnesota Twins), as would Jon Miller for ESPN Radio in 2002 (his San Francisco Giants against the Anaheim Angels and 2010 against the Texas Rangers). The Series was televised by ABC, with play-by-play announcers Keith Jackson (in Baltimore) and Al Michaels (in Pittsburgh), and color commentators Howard Cosell and Don Drysdale, who also covered the World Series Trophy presentation ceremony.
- In 2006 a "collector's edition" DVD box set, featuring the complete ABC telecasts of all seven games, was issued by Major League Baseball and A&E Home Video.
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- "1979 World Series Game 4 – Baltimore Orioles vs. Pittsburgh Pirates". Retrosheet. Retrieved September 13, 2009.
- "1979 World Series Game 5 – Baltimore Orioles vs. Pittsburgh Pirates". Retrosheet. Retrieved September 13, 2009.
- "1979 World Series Game 6 – Pittsburgh Pirates vs. Baltimore Orioles". Retrosheet. Retrieved September 13, 2009.
- "1979 World Series Game 7 – Pittsburgh Pirates vs. Baltimore Orioles". Retrosheet. Retrieved September 13, 2009.
- Neft, David S., and Richard M. Cohen. The World Series. 1st ed. New York: St Martins, 1990. (Neft and Cohen 377–382)
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- Associated Press (June 12, 2009). "Penguins win game 7 of the Stanley Cup Finals". ABC 15. Archived from the original on June 19, 2009. Retrieved June 16, 2009.
- 1979 World Series at WorldSeries.com (MLB.com)
- 1979 World Series at Baseball Almanac
- 1979 World Series at Baseball-Reference.com
- The 1979 Post-Season Games (box scores and play-by-play) at Retrosheet
- History of the World Series - 1979 at The SportingNews. Archived from the original on 2008.
- Fimrite, Ron. "A Series Of Ups And Downs," Sports Illustrated, October 22, 1979.
- Fimrite, Ron. "Rising From The Ashes," Sports Illustrated, October 29, 1979.
- 1979 Pittsburgh Pirates at baseballlibrary.com
- 1979 Baltimore Orioles at baseballlibrary.com