1994 Commonwealth Games
|15th Commonwealth Games|
|Host city||Victoria, British Columbia, Canada|
|Motto||Catch The Spirit|
|Events||events in 10 sports|
|Opening ceremony||18 August|
|Closing ceremony||28 August|
|Officially opened by||Elizabeth II|
|Main venue||Centennial Stadium|
The XV Commonwealth Games marked South Africa's return to the Commonwealth Games following the apartheid era, and over 30 years since the country last competed in the Games in 1958. It was also Hong Kong's last appearance at the games before the transfer of sovereignty from Britain to China.
The official mascot of the Games was an anthropomorphic killer whale named "Klee Wyck".1 "Klee Wyck", meaning "the laughing one", was a nickname given to Canadian painter and sculptor Emily Carr by the Ucluelet First Nation.2
- 1 The "Lightweight Games"
- 2 The Last "Original Games"
- 3 Opening Ceremony
- 4 Games
- 5 Medals by event
- 6 Boxing committee
- 7 References
Victoria 1994 was considered by many in the Commonwealth movement to be a version of a minimalistic games. Some considered them a mild let-down from the high memories of Auckland's games four years previously. Some facilities in Victoria were old and decrepit such as Victoria Memorial Arena. Other facilities were temporary and none more so than the large scaffolding built Stands that totally transformed the University of Victoria's Centennial Stadium. Still the games were successful and proved to many that smaller cities could manage hosting a large event such as a Commonwealth Games.
1994 was also the last time Team Sports were excluded, The Commonwealth Games Federation deemed the current set up of ten sports as obsolete and from 1998 allowed team sports such as Rugby sevens, Basketball, and Field hockey to be added. This was to encourage revenue streams from television by making the games more attractive to TV networks.
A simple friendly atmosphere was the theme to the Opening Ceremonies. In the presence of HRH Prince Edward, the Athletes had a long march past to their seated area (an idea created four years previously but not emulated since). Welcome speeches and flag raisings were followed by a precision horse riding display by the Royal Canadian Mounted Police. A visual and theatrical display by the Four Nations Tribes culminated in a massive Thunderbird symbol covering the entire inner field. This was followed by a flypast by the "Snowbirds" Canadian Forces aerobatic display team.
There were 64 participating nations at the 1994 Commonwealth Games.
|Participating Commonwealth Countries & Territories|
There were events in 14 disciplines across 10 sports for the 1994 Commonwealth Games.
This is a full table of the medal count of the 1994 Commonwealth Games. These rankings sort by the number of gold medals earned by a country. The number of silvers is taken into consideration next and then the number of bronze. If, after the above, countries are still tied, equal ranking is given and they are listed alphabetically. This follows the system used by the IOC, IAAF and BBC.
This is the first time since the commencement of the British Empire Games (in 1930) that England did not achieve a medal ranking in the top 2.
|20||Papua New Guinea||0||1||0||1|
|Trinidad and Tobago||0||0||2||2|
|Mixed Team||England||Malaysia|| Australia
|Mixed Doubles|| England
|Men's Singles||Rashid Sidek (MAS)||Ong Ewe Hock (MAS)|| Nick Hall (NZL)
Anders Nielsen (ENG)
|Men's Doubles||Cheah Soon Kit & Soo Beng Kiang (MAS)||Simon Archer & Chris Hunt (ENG)|| Peter Blackburn & Mark Nichols (AUS)
Ong Ewe Hock & Tan Kim Her (MAS)
|Women's Singles||Lisa Campbell (AUS)||Si-An Deng (CAN)|| Rhona Robertson (NZL)
Song Yang (AUS)
|Women's Doubles||Joanne Muggeridge & Joanne Wright (ENG)||Julie Bradbury & Gillian Clark (ENG)|| Si-An Deng & Denyse Julien (CAN)
Lee Wai Leng & Tan Lee Wai (MAS)
|Time Trial||Shane Kelly (AUS)||00:01:05||Darryn Hill (AUS)||00:01:06||Tim O'Shannessey (AUS)||00:01:07|
|Sprint||Gary Neiwand (AUS)||Curt Harnett (CAN)||Darryn Hill (AUS)|
|Individual Pursuit||Brad McGee (AUS)||00:04:31||Shaun Wallace (ENG)||00:04:35||Stuart O'Grady (AUS)||00:04:35|
|Team Pursuit|| Australia
|caught|| New Zealand
|10 Miles Scratch||Stuart O'Grady (AUS)||00:18:51||Glenn McLeay (NZL)||00:18:51||Brian Walton (CAN)||00:18:51|
|Points Race||Brett Aitken (AUS)||38||Stuart O'Grady (AUS)||37||Dean Woods (AUS)||23|
|Sprint||Tanya Dubnicoff (CAN)||Michelle Ferris (AUS)||Donna Wynd (NZL)|
|Individual Pursuit||Kathy Watt (AUS)||00:03:49||Sarah Ulmer (NZL)||00:03:51||Jacqueline Nelson (NZL)||00:03:55|
|Points Race||Yvonne McGregor (ENG)||5||Jacqueline Nelson (NZL)||1+32||Sally Hodge (WAL)||1+28|
|Road Race||Mark Rendell (NZL)||04:46:08||Brian Fowler (NZL)||04:48:10||Willem Engelbrecht (RSA)||04:48:10|
|Team Time Trial|| Australia
|01:56:41|| New Zealand
|Road Race||Kathy Watt (AUS)||02:48:05||Linda Jackson (CAN)||02:48:35||Alison Sydor (CAN)||02:50:17|
|Team Time Trial|| Australia
Rachel Marianne Victor
Lesley A Tomlinson
|All-Around||Kasumi Takahashi (AUS)||36.85||Camille Martens (CAN)||36.6|| Debbie Southwick (ENG)
Joanne Walker (SCO)
|Ball||Kasumi Takahashi (AUS)||9.2||Camille Martens (CAN)||9|| Aicha McKenzie (ENG)
Gretchen McLennan (CAN)
|Clubs||Kasumi Takahashi (AUS)||9.4||Camille Martens (CAN)||9.15||Leigh Marning (AUS)||9|
|Hoop||Kasumi Takahashi (AUS)||9.3||Lindsay Richards (CAN)||9.05||Aicha McKenzie (ENG)||8.9|
|Ribbon||Kasumi Takahashi (AUS)||9.2||Camille Martens (CAN)||9.05||Gretchen McLennan (CAN)||9|
|Trap||Mansher Singh (IND)||141||George Leary (CAN)||140||Andreas Angelou (CYP)||137|
|Trap – Pairs|| Tom Hewitt
Samuel Allen (NIR)
|188|| Ron Bonotto
George Leary (CAN)
|187|| Bob Borsley
John Grice (ENG)
|Skeet||Ian Hale (AUS)||144||Christos Kourtellas (CYP)||143||Andy Austin (ENG)||143|
|Skeet – Pairs|| Antonakis Andreou
Christos Kourtellas (CYP)
|189|| Brian Thomson
Geoffrey Jukes (NZL)
|186|| Michael Thomson
Ian Marsden (SCO)
|Light Flyweight||Jacob Isaac (NGR)||Paul Ragusa (CAN)||Ramesh Kumar (IND)|
|Flyweight||Selwyn Tam (CAN)||Andrew Hutchinson (ENG)||Kirpa Shankar (IND)|
|Bantamweight||Robert Dawson (CAN)||Ashok Kumar (IND)||Cory O'Brien (AUS)|
|Featherweight||Marty Calder (CAN)||John Melling (ENG)||Aroutioun Barseguian (CYP)|
|Lightweight||Chris Wilson (CAN)||Ibo Oziti (NGR)||Muhammad Umar (PAK)|
|Welterweight||David Hohl (CAN)||Rein Ozoline (AUS)||Calum McNeil (SCO)|
|Middleweight||Justin Abdou (CAN)||Randhir Singh (IND)||Muhammad Bhola (PAK)|
|Light Heavyweight||Scott Bianco (CAN)||Victor Kodei (NGR)||Graeme English (SCO)|
|Heavyweight||Greg Edgelow (CAN)||Noel Loban (ENG)||Subhash Verma (IND)|
|Super Heavyweight||Andrew Borodow (CAN)||Bidei Jackson (NGR)||Amerjit Singh (ENG)|
In preparation for 1994 Commonwealth Games, a boxing committee was formed in 1989. The chairperson of the boxing committee was Hassan Sunderani, and the initial members were Brian Zelley, Glyn Jones and Mike Sartori.
In the initial stages, of the committee one of the immediate tasks was to prepare a guide as to what was expected at the Games, and to document some history of amateur boxing in the Greater Victoria area. The primary work was done by chairperson Sunderani while the local boxing history was assigned to committee member Zelley, a previous news editor for the British Columbia Amateur Boxing Association in the mid-1980s and a contributor of boxing news to various news outlets in the 1970s and 80s.
The next order of business was to start the process of organising volunteers. The first formal public meeting to begin this process took place in Victoria in the boardroom of the Victoria Commonwealth Games Society 21 April 1990. The meeting included three of the committee members, a VCHS official, and seven potential volunteers including two former Vancouver Island Amateur Boxing commissioners – Bert Wilkinson and Rick Brough.
The primary decision was to arrange a bigger meeting and consider reviving the Greater Victoria Amateur Boxing Association on a formal or informal basis and to have former experienced persons with some background in the sport of amateur boxing. That meeting took place on 13 May 1990 with twenty three persons in attendance and was listed as the "Greater Victoria Amateur Boxing Association Founding Meeting", and took place at the Princess Mary restaurant. This would become an important meeting to begin the real work in preparation of volunteers; having a representative attend the 1990 Seattle Goodwill Games to observe; and plan and prepare for a test event in 1993. Preliminary coverage of the 13 May meeting included a piece a couple of days earlier titled Approaching Games to lift amateur boxing's profile. The reporter Jeff Rud interviewed Games official John Stothart and boxing committee members Mike Sartori and Brian Zelley.3
The 1993 test event was held in August and would include some top Canadian boxers such as Dale Brown of Calgary. Brown was highlighted in the local paper with the headlines Brown building impressive ring career;4 at the end of the tournament the local newspaper reported "Tournament was a perfect dry run" by Jeff Rud, 29 August 1993.5
During 1991 Hassan Sunderani resigned as the chairman and committee member Brian Zelley stepped-in for a one year period as the acting chairman of the committee. During this period, the primary role was to attend Sports Committee meetings6 while the local boxing community started to organise for potential boxing club activity. In 1992, Sunderani resumed his position and steps were taken to prepare for the pre-Commonwealth Games event in 1993. Also, some new members were appointed to the boxing committee such as Tom Black.7
- "Times-Colonist. Jeff Rud, 11 May 1990.
- "Times-Colonist", 27 August 1993.
- "Times-Colonist, 29 August 1993.
- Victoria Commonwealth Games Society, Sports Committee Meetings during 1991.
- Times-Colonist, 17 May 1993
- 21 April 1990, Minutes of a Meeting of Victoria Boxing Enthusiasts
- 13 May 1990, Minutes of Greater Victoria Amateur Boxing Association Founding Meeting