1999 Pan American Games
|XIII Pan American Games|
Official logo of the
Winnipeg 1999 Pan American Games.
|Host city||Winnipeg, Canada|
|Motto||Fiesta de las Americas (Americas' Fest)|
|Events||330 in 35 sports|
|Opening ceremony||July 23|
|Closing ceremony||August 8|
|Officially opened by||Governor General Roméo LeBlanc|
|Athlete's Oath||Sherman Greenfeld and Denyse Julien|
|Judge's Oath||Janice McClintock|
|Stadium||Canad Inns Stadium|
The 1999 Pan American Games, officially the XIII Pan American Games or the 13th Pan American Games, was a major international multi-sport event that was held from July 23-August 8, 1999 in Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada. Approximately 5,000 athletes from 42 nations participated at the games. The competition was marred by a total of 7 positive drug tests.1
To sort this table by nation, total medal count, or any other column, click on the icon next to the column title.
|1||United States (USA) a||106||119/ 110||79/ 80||304/ 296|
|2||Cuba (CUB) a||70/ 69||40/ 39||47||157/ 155|
|3||Canada (CAN) 1||64||52||80||196|
330 events in 35 sports were contested.
Numbers in parentheses indicate the number of medal events contested in each sport.
The 1999 games marked the debut of the following competitions in the Pan American Games
- Weightlifting - 77 kilogram Clean & Jerk - 202.5 kilograms hoisted by Idalberto Aranda (Cuba)
Perhaps the greatest drug scandal in the sport of track and field, since Ben Johnson's 1988 disqualification occurred here when the world's only eight foot high jumper Javier Sotomayor tested positive for cocaine. A Cuban national hero, his subsequent suspension was fought from the highest levels, Fidel Castro claiming it was a conspiracy. Despite a second positive test for cocaine a few months later, Sotomayor eventually had his suspension reduced by a year,7 just in time to win a silver medal at the Sydney Olympics. A year later he retired facing another positive drug test.8
Canada was stripped of its gold medal for inline hockey when the team's goaltender Steve Vézina tested positive for multiple banned substances.1
- Assiniboine Park – Archery.
- Birds Hill Provincial Park – Cycling (road race).9
- Canwest Global Park – Baseball.
- Centennial Concert Hall – Weightlifting.10
- Chateau Lanes - Bowling.11
- Duckworth Centre (University of Winnipeg) – Boxing.
- John Blumberg Softball Complex – Softball.
- Investors Group Athletic Centre (University of Manitoba) – Basketball, Rhythmic gymnastics, Volleyball.1213
- Kildonan East Collegiate – Field hockey.
- Gimli – Sailing.6
- La Riviere – Cycling (mountain bike).
- Le Club La Verendrye – Bowling.
- Maples Complex – Fencing.
- Max Bell Arena – Inline Hockey.
- Minnedosa Lake, 195 km west of Winnipeg – Rowing.
- Pan Am Pool – Swimming, Synchronized Swimming.
- Stonewall Quarry Park, Stonewall, Manitoba – Baseball.
- Red River Exhibition Park — Cycling (track), Equestrian show jumping.1415
- Transcona Water Ski Site - Water Skiing 16
- Winnipeg Arena – Basketball.
- Winnipeg Convention Centre – Judo, Team handball, Taekwondo.17
- Winnipeg Lawn Tennis Club – Tennis.
- Winnipeg Soccer Complex – Soccer.
- Winnipeg Stadium – Beach volleyball.
- Winnipeg Trap & Skeet Club - Shooting.11
- Winnipeg Winter Club – Squash.
The Pan Am Pool, built for the 1967 games, featured in the 1999 games for aquatic events.
The Winnipeg Velodrome, also built for the 1967 games, had become obsolete and disused for cycling and so was demolished prior to the 1999 games. The 1999 games used a temporary facility at Red River Exhibition Park.
A portion of the Pan American Games Society (1999) budget supported the refurbishment of University of Manitoba campus residences to serve as the Athletes Village, the upgrade of various sport and training facilities including the Pan Am Stadium (University Stadium), which had hosted events of the 1967 games, and the construction of the new Investors Group Athletic Centre.18
The 1999 Pan Am games have been "seen by many Winnipeggers as a chance to put their city squarely in the international spotlight".19Winnipeg mayor Glen Murray became nationally well known as a result of the Games and thanks to extensive coverage by the CBC, anchored by CBC Sports' Brian Williams. However, the Games themselves only had mixed success, as the Pan Am Games ranked below the Olympics and Commonwealth Games in international prestige. The city spent $150 million and initially reported an operating loss for the games, though they were optimistic that they could recoup the costs through tourism.20
Hosts Canada celebrated its medal haul, which was the second best after the United States. However, some considered Canada's results overrated, since the US amassed the most medals with a mostly second-string team while Canada and Cuba had fielded their top national athletes. Cuba also managed more golds than Canada, despite having a smaller roster.19
Frequent comparisons were made to the 1967 Pan Am Games, also hosted by Winnipeg, where the United States had fielded many rising stars, such as Mark Spitz. By comparison, the Americans had sent their "B" team to the 1999 Games. No major US networks covered the Pan Am Games, while newspapers only sent second-string reporters instead and the stories never made front page news.19Many high profile athletes, of all nationalities, such as US champion sprinters and Brazilian football players, were in Europe during these Pan Am games, taking part in professional events. South American nations (with the exception of Uruguay) did not send their under-23 male soccer teams after the organizing committee refused to pay appearance money to CONMEBOL.20
- "'Best ever' Pan Am Games end". CBC News. 9 August 1999. Archived from the original on 2009-07-29. Retrieved 2009-07-27.
- "Pan Am surplus higher than expected". CharityVillage Ltd. 24 April 2000. Retrieved 2012-01-08.
- "Gambling on the Games". Turner Sports Digital Services, Inc. 7 August 1999. Retrieved 2012-01-08.
- Brad Ohlman (10 May 2000). "Canadian Olympic Association 1999 Annual Report". Canadian Olympic Association. Archived from the original on 2012-02-23. Retrieved 2012-01-08.
- "Pan Am Games - Volleyball Canada". Volleyball Canada. Archived from the original on 2013-07-14. Retrieved 2013-07-11.
- "Pan American Games - Sunfish Class". International Sunfish Class Association. Retrieved 2011-08-27.
- "Cycling News and Analysis". Cyclingnews. 6 August 1999. Retrieved 2011-07-01.
- "1999 News Releases" (Press release). City of Winnipeg. 4 August 1999. Retrieved 2011-07-01.
- "1999 News Releases" (Press release). City of Winnipeg. 6 August 1999. Retrieved 2011-07-01.
- "University of Manitoba Annual Report 1999 - 2000". University of Manitoba. Retrieved 2012-01-08.
- "1999 News Releases" (Press release). City of Winnipeg. 5 August 1999. Retrieved 2011-07-01.
- "Cycling News and Analysis". Cyclingnews. 1 August 1999. Retrieved 2011-07-01.
- "1999 News Releases" (Press release). City of Winnipeg. 7 August 1999. Retrieved 2011-07-01.
- "1999 Pan Am Games News - Legacies". University of Manitoba. Retrieved 2012-01-08.