2000 UEFA Cup Final

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2000 UEFA Cup Final
2000 uefa.jpg
Match programme cover
Event 1999–2000 UEFA Cup
Galatasaray won 4–1 on penalties
Date 17 May 2000
Venue Parken Stadium, Copenhagen
Man of the Match Cláudio Taffarel (Galatasaray)12
Referee Antonio López Nieto (Spain)3
Attendance 38,919
1999
2001

The 2000 UEFA Cup Final was a football match that took place on 17 May 2000 at Parken Stadium in Copenhagen, Denmark to decide the winners of the 1999–2000 UEFA Cup. The match event was contested by Galatasaray of Turkey and Arsenal of England, and was the final match of the 1999–2000 season and the 29th final of Europe's second club football competition, the UEFA Cup. It was the first time the two sides appeared in a final of the tournament, moreover, the winner would qualify for a place in the 2000 UEFA Super Cup.

Both clubs competed in the 1999–2000 season of the UEFA Champions League, each finishing in third place of the first group stage, Galatasaray behind Chelsea and Hertha BSC and Arsenal behind Barcelona and Fiorentina, thus exiting the competition and qualifying for the third round of the UEFA Cup. Whilst there, the two sides advanced through the rounds, including the quarter-finals and semi-finals to reach the final—a total sixteen matches were played. Galatasaray defeated Bologna, Borussia Dortmund, Mallorca and Leeds United to proceed to the final, while Arsenal faced Nantes, Deportivo La Coruña, Werder Bremen and Lens.

Attended by 38,919 spectators, a minute of silence was held in honour before the match, of the two Leeds United fans killed during Galatasaray's first leg semi-final game against Leeds United. The match ended in a goalless draw between the two sides in both normal time and extra time, which meant a penalty shoot-out was needed to determine the winner. The score stood 3–1 when Gheorghe Popescu scored the winning penalty kick for Galatasaray, after Patrick Vieira missed his spot kick for Arsenal, which hit the post. Subsequently, Galatasaray became the first Turkish side to win the competition and a European trophy, as well as achieving a Treble consisting of the Turkish First Football League, the Turkish Cup and the UEFA Cup.

Route to the final

Turkey Galatasaray Round England Arsenal
Champions League Champions League
Opponent Agg. 1st leg 2nd leg Qualifying round Opponent Agg. 1st leg 2nd leg
Austria Rapid Wien 4–0 3–0 (A) 1–0 (H) Third qualifying round N/A
Opponent Result First group stage Opponent Result
Germany Hertha BSC 2–2 (H) Matchday 1 Italy Fiorentina 0–0 (A)
Italy Milan 1–2 (A) Matchday 2 Sweden AIK 3–1 (H)
England Chelsea 0–1 (A) Matchday 3 Spain Barcelona 1–1 (A)
England Chelsea 0–5 (H) Matchday 4 Spain Barcelona 2–4 (H)
Germany Hertha BSC 4–1 (A) Matchday 5 Italy Fiorentina 0–1 (H)
Italy Milan 3–2 (H) Matchday 6 Sweden AIK 3–2 (A)
Group H third place
Team Pld
W
D
L
GF
GA
GD
Pts
England Chelsea 6 3 2 1 10 3 +7 11
Germany Hertha BSC 6 2 2 2 7 10 −3 8
Turkey Galatasaray 6 2 1 3 10 13 −3 7
Italy Milan 6 1 3 2 6 7 −1 6
Final standings Group B third place
Team Pld
W
D
L
GF
GA
GD
Pts
Spain Barcelona 6 4 2 0 19 9 +10 14
Italy Fiorentina 6 2 3 1 9 7 +2 9
England Arsenal 6 2 2 2 9 9 0 8
Sweden AIK 6 0 1 5 4 16 −12 1
UEFA Cup
Opponent Agg. 1st leg 2nd leg Opponent Agg. 1st leg 2nd leg
Italy Bologna 3–2 1–1 (A) 2–1 (H) Third round France Nantes 6–3 3–0 (H) 3–3 (A)
Germany Borussia Dortmund 2–0 2–0 (A) 0–0 (H) Fourth round Spain Deportivo La Coruña 6–3 5–1 (H) 1–2 (A)
Spain Mallorca 6–2 4–1 (A) 2–1 (H) Quarter-finals Germany Werder Bremen 6–2 2–0 (H) 4–2 (A)
England Leeds United 4–2 2–0 (H) 2–2 (A) Semi-finals France Lens 3–1 1–0 (H) 2–1 (A)

Galatasaray

Galatasaray were required to qualify for the group stage, as Turkey's country coefficient only held qualifying spots. They entered the third qualifying round of the 1999–2000 UEFA Champions League, the final qualifying match of the competition, where they met Rapid Wien of Austria in a two-legged match. Galatasaray won the first leg 3–0 at the Ernst-Happel-Stadion, and set up a place in the first group stage following a 1–0 win in the second leg at their home ground, the Ali Sami Yen Stadium. Galatasaray were placed in Group G with Chelsea, Hertha BSC and Milan. Six matches were played, as Galatasaray recorded a total two wins, one draw and three defeats, thus being relegated to the third round of the UEFA Cup.

Galatasaray playing Leeds United during the second leg match at Elland Road

Galatasaray faced Bologna of Italy in the UEFA Cup third round. The first leg was played on away ground at the Stadio Renato Dall'Ara in a 1–1 draw, Bologna having taken the lead through Giuseppe Signori's second half goal, before Hakan Şükür levelled the score with nine minutes remaining. At home, Galatasaray scored two goals during the first half and conceded one, as they won 2–1 and the overall round 3–2. They were pitted against Borussia Dortmund in the fourth round. Galatasaray won 2–0 away at the Westfalenstadion, while a scoreless draw in the return leg was enough for Galatasaray to see them through.

In the quarter-finals, Galatasaray's competitors were Mallorca. The Turkish side won the first leg 4–1 at the Son Moix stadium. Galatasaray booked their place in the semi-finals by clinching a 2–1 home victory, winning on a 6–2 aggregate score. Their opponents in the semi-finals were Leeds United. Galatasaray won 2–0 at the Ali Sami Yen Stadium, goals provided by Şükür and Capone. At Elland Road, Galatasaray drew 2–2 through goals from Gheorghe Hagi and Şükür to win the round 4–2, thus progressing to the final.

Arsenal

Arsenal qualified directly to the Champions League group stage according to England's country coefficient. They were selected to participate in Group B, a group containing AIK, Barcelona and Fiorentina. Each club played six matches, with Arsenal registering two wins, two draws and two defeats, hence finishing in third place, one point behind second place holders Fiorentina in the Champions League season. The outcome led to Arsenal being permitted to the UEFA Cup, where the English side earned a place in the third round.

Arsenal set up a third round meeting against Nantes in the UEFA Cup. At their home ground, the Arsenal Stadium, they defeated Nantes with a 3–0 win, before an intensive 3–3 away draw at the Stade de la Beaujoire to win 6–3 of the two-legged tie. Arsenal then faced Deportivo La Coruña in the fourth round. They began at home of the first leg by punishing the Spanish side with a 5–1 victory, before losing 1–2 at the Estadio Municipal de Riazor, although to no avail, as Arsenal enjoyed victory with the same previous aggregate score.

In the quarter-finals, Arsenal's contestants were Werder Bremen. Stars Thierry Henry and Fredrik Ljungberg helped Arsenal win 2–0 at home. Arsenal sealed a place in the semi-finals in the return leg held at the Weserstadion, when goals from Ray Parlour, who completed a hat-trick and Henry helped Arsenal eliminate Werder Bremen 4–2 and register a 6–2 aggregate win. Lens were Arsenal's challengers in the semi-finals. The first leg took place at their home ground, as Arsenal won 1–0 through Dennis Bergkamp's goal. Arsenal secured the match at the Stade Félix-Bollaert with a 2–1 victory, overall winning 3–1 to reach the final.

Pre-match

Background

Galatasaray and Arsenal met each other for the first time in European football, with Galatasaray having drawn against English clubs on ten previous meetings, the first win against Leeds United in the semi-final first leg, four draws against Manchester United in the Champions League, the 1993–94 UEFA Champions League second round and the following season in the group stage round, and at Leeds United in the second leg — and five defeats, against West Bromwich Albion in the 1978–79 UEFA Cup first round, in both the home-and-away matches against Chelsea in the Champions League. Arsenal have met Turkish sides on two preceding times, recording a 2–0 win and a 0–0 draw against Galatasaray rivals Fenerbahçe in the first round of the 1979–80 European Cup Winners' Cup.

Arsenal held the better European record over Galatasaray into the match, with the English side having won the 1969–70 season of the Inter-Cities Fairs Cup, which saw them triumph 4–3 against Anderlecht in the final, as well as making the European Cup Winners' Cup / UEFA Cup Winners' Cup final three times, in 1980, 1994, where they won against Parma, and the following year. The 1994 win meant Arsenal qualified for the European Super Cup in 1994, where they were defeated by Milan 2–0 on aggregate.

Galatasaray entered the final in search for the Treble, it was their first UEFA Cup and European competition final after being crowned the Turkish league and cup champions. As the defending cup champions, they won their thirteenth title by defeating Antalyaspor 5–3 in the 2000 Turkish Cup Final.4 It was succeeded by the league title, the Turkish First Football League, their thirteenth and fourth straight championship, following a 1–3 defeat for Beşiktaş at İnönü Stadium against rivals Fenerbahçe on the last matchday.5 Arsenal made their first appearance in a UEFA Cup final as favourites to win the match,6 which was their sixth overall European final, having placed as runners-up in the FA Premier League, after trailing eighteen points behind league champions Manchester United.

Ticketing

Ahead of the final, both of the two finalists were each handed out 12,000 tickets, in addition, the Danish Football Association announced that 9,000 tickets were offered for sale to the public, while 3,000 tickets were sold to various European countries.7 UEFA maintained another 3,000 tickets to their officials and VIP members.78 Problems arose when it was revealed that Galatasaray had been charging the tickets more than the original price to prevent certain football hooligans from entering the stadium, however, the club's secretary general denied the information and insisted that the tickets were being sold at their original price and to support the stadium and the club's other sporting activities.9

Venue

Parken Stadium, the venue of the 2000 UEFA Cup Final

Parken Stadium was selected as the venue of the final after a decision made by the UEFA Executive Committee.10 Located in Indre Østerbro, Copenhagen, the stadium was known as Idrætsparken, with the opening premiere held in 1911. It was the home ground of the Denmark national football team and Copenhagen club Kjøbenhavns Boldklub's (KB) matches until 1990, when the stadia underwent repairs by the Danish holding company, Baltica Finans A/S in 1990, with the former name scrapped in favour of the new name, Parken Stadium. The idea was backed by Denmark's governing body, the Danish Football Association in swap for insurance, and a term that all of Denmark's national matches would take place at the venue for fifteen years. The renovation included a demolition and reconstruction of three of the four main stands, at the expense of DKK640 million (£740 million). The stadium made its debut two years later, in 1992.

Parken staged a European competition for the second time, as it was the venue of the 1994 European Cup Winners' Cup Final between Arsenal and Parma.

Match ball

Adidas Tricolore was the official match ball used in the final and throughout the competition. The ball was supplied by German sportswear firm Adidas, and features the vintage Tango design, first announced during the 1978 FIFA World Cup tournament, and includes blue triads and cockerel concepts used to represent the French flag, with the ball's influence derived from French traditional symbols, tricolor flag and cockerel. The name "Tricolore" translates into "three-colored" in French language, and was the first World Cup ball since the Adidas Telstar made abroad Europe, in Indonesia and Morocco. It was later used at the 1998 FIFA World Cup.

Officials

Into the 2000 UEFA Cup Final, an match official team from the Royal Spanish Football Federation was appointed, with Antonio López Nieto as the main referee of the final,3 his second final since 1998 between Internazionale and Lazio. He first became an professional referee in 1993,11 and had previously been in change of thirty-two European matches — which seventeen of them were Champions League matches and fifteen UEFA Cup matches, including a 1999–2000 UEFA Cup game between Leeds United and Spartak Moscow in the third round second leg.3 He made his refereeing debut in a European competition in the second leg of the first round between Manchester UnitedHonvéd of the 1993–94 UEFA Champions League season. Nieto was also a referee during the 1996 UEFA European Championship qualifiers and the main tournament, and at the 1998 FIFA World Cup qualifiers.

Nieto was joined by Fernando Tresaco Gracia and Victoriano Giráldez Carrasco as the assistant referees and Arturo Daudén Ibáñez as the fourth official.3

Broadcasting

The final was made available on television in over 185 countries, with an estimated 500 million watchers. Danish television channel DR1 announced that they would have use seventeen cameras for the match coverage.12 In the United Kingdom, BBC One, the main channel of the public television corporation, the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) acquired the rights to the match, and aired the final with live commentary provided by veteran pundit and presenter Barry Davies and former English footballer Trevor Brooking. The match was broadcast on Fox Sports World in the United States. In Turkey, the match was shown on the public television channel TRT 1.12

Match

Summary

Arsenal began the match through kick-off by Henry.13 Three minutes into the match, Galatasaray held the first opportunity when Arsenal captain Tony Adams miscalculated a heading ball, only for Arif Erdem to exploit Arsenal's offside trap and launch a shot outside the Arsenal area that went deflected off the goal. Arsenal attempted to answer back when Dennis Bergkamp, who dribbled his way past the Galatasaray players and into their area, but was disposed of the ball.

Details

Galatasaray15
Arsenal15
GK 1 Brazil Cláudio Taffarel
RB 35 Brazil Capone Booked 71'
CB 3 Turkey Bülent Korkmaz (c) Booked 18'
CB 4 Romania Gheorghe Popescu Booked 63'
LB 67 Turkey Ergün Penbe
RM 22 Turkey Ümit Davala
CM 8 Turkey Suat Kaya Substituted off 95'
CM 10 Romania Gheorghe Haginb 1 Red card 94'
LM 7 Turkey Okan Buruk Booked 12' Substituted off 83'
CF 6 Turkey Arif Erdem Booked 48' Substituted off 95'
CF 9 Turkey Hakan Şükür
Substitutes:
GK 30 Turkey Kerem İnan
DF 14 Turkey Fatih Akyel
DF 33 Turkey Hakan Ünsal Substituted in 83'
MF 16 Turkey Ahmet Yıldırım Substituted in 95'
MF 18 Turkey Mehmet Yozgatlı
MF 23 Turkey Hasan Şaş Booked 119' Substituted in 95'
MF 36 Brazil Márcio
Manager:
Turkey Fatih Terim
Galatasaray vs Arsenal 2000-05-17.svg
GK 1 England David Seaman
RB 2 England Lee Dixon
CB 5 England Martin Keown Booked 40'
CB 6 England Tony Adams (c) Booked 94'
LB 16 Brazil Sylvinho
RM 15 England Ray Parlour
CM 17 France Emmanuel Petit
CM 4 France Patrick Vieira Booked 23'
LM 11 Netherlands Marc Overmars Substituted off 115'
CF 10 Netherlands Dennis Bergkamp Substituted off 75'
CF 14 France Thierry Henry
Substitutes:
GK 24 England John Lukic
DF 3 England Nigel Winterburn
DF 22 Ukraine Oleh Luzhny
MF 18 France Gilles Grimandi
MF 19 Germany Stefan Malz
FW 9 Croatia Davor Šuker Substituted in 115'
FW 25 Nigeria Nwankwo Kanu Substituted in 75'
Manager:
France Arsène Wenger

Man of the Match:
Brazil Cláudio Taffarel (Galatasaray)12

Assistant referees:
Spain Fernando Tresaco Gracia (touchline) (Spain)3
Spain Victoriano Giráldez Carrasco (touchline) (Spain)3
Fourth official:
Spain Arturo Daudén Ibáñez (Spain)3

Match rules

Aftermath

After the players had collected their medals, Lennart Johansson, the UEFA President handed over the trophy to Bülent Korkmaz, who replaced Gheorghe Hagi as the Galatasaray captain after his ejection. Korkmaz celebrated by raising the silverware as golden confetti rained down, together with Hakan Şükür and the rest of the team on the podium, including Hagi himself as he later joined the celebrations.1617 Later, UEFA selected goalkeeper Cláudio Taffarel as the man of the match.1

Galatasaray manager Fatih Terim expressed satisfaction following his side's victory. He was interviewed by the press, declaring that the trophy was not just meant for the club itself, but also for his own country, Turkey and their general public, particularly to them who had lost their lives during the 1999 İzmit earthquake: "Many people suffered terribly in the earthquake in Turkey last year and if this victory brings some happiness back into their lives then I am delighted and so are all the players. We are very proud if we are able to help the Turkish people in some small way and this victory is for the whole country and all of the soccer fans in Turkey. I believe they were all united behind us."18 Furthermore, Terim complimented on the Galatasaray players, especially Cláudio Taffarel: "I am proud and delighted he is in my team. He was magnificent and thoroughly deserved to be man of the match". Former Tottenham Hotspur and defender Gheorghe Popescu also indulged in the triumph, and heaped praise on his own performance, describing it as "delighted, utterly delighted", with additional comments: "I am sure the fans at my old club are delighted as well!"19

As the Arsenal players were seen consoling each other, manager Arsène Wenger was disappointed with the defeat, stating that his Arsenal side could not take their chances, despite playing against ten men after Hagi's dismissal: "It was not a huge advantage for us to have Hagi sent off, sometimes you defend better with 10 men because everybody is focused." He was also aroused with the penalty shoot-out and criticised the Spanish referee Antonio López Nieto for deciding the shoot-out to take place in front of Galatasaray fans, as well as being unhappy with the decision made by UEFA officials regarding a coin toss during extra time would affect where the spot kicks would be taken.2021

The victory was widely celebrated as a bus parade with Galatasaray players and staff received a hero's welcome in Istanbul from the club's fans.22 Turkish media hailed the match as one of the best achievements in their sports history and the biggest in football, the country's most common sport, with the Ministry of Youth and Sports minister Fikret Ünlü, who was on place at the final, praised the performance, calling it "marvelous" and "a big present from Galatasaray to Turkey".23 On the contrary, Turkish president Ahmet Necdet Sezer highlighted the club's success by awarding the team with the State Medal of Distinguished Service medal as a result for winning the country's first European competition.2422 The two teams faced each other again in a Emirates Cup pre-season friendly match on 4 August 2013, with Galatasaray winning 2–1.2526

Fan riots

The City Hall Square, where the riots took place

The final was overshadowed by riots between the two sides, beginning when Galatasaray fans stormed a club in Strøget composed of Arsenal supporters.27 Arsenal fans responded by provoking against the Galatasaray supporters along with fans of other clubs involved, as retribution for the two Leeds United fans murdered before the club's semi-final first leg match against Galatasaray.28 Four British and Turkish people were detained by the Danish riot police following the violence.29 The turmoil was covered by some British media, such as tabloid newspaper, the Daily Mirror publishing images believed to be the Arsenal fans involved in the onslaught,30 while BBC News, ITN and Sky News reported and showed television footage of the riots.31

One of the four British people injured and Arsenal supporter, Paul Dineen was plunged in the back by a knife during the riots in a pub near the City Hall Square.3233 The scene prompted Arsenal to offer their fans full compensation if they did not want to travel and attend the match.34 Three people, identified as one English, Turkish and Dutch were also injured by stabbing during the match.35 The Danish police arrested sixty people presumed to have been involved, while another nineteen suffered injuries.36

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Hagi originally captained Galatasaray, but was dismissed by Spanish referee Antonio López Nieto in the 94th minute, after punching Arsenal captain Tony Adams in the back. As a result, the captain's armband was handed over to Bülent Korkmaz.

References

  1. ^ a b c "Galatasaray makes history". The Hindu. 18 May 2000. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "Cim Bom faces woes after grabbing a historic treble". Hürriyet Daily News. 19 May 2000. Retrieved 29 July 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h "UEFA Cup Final officials". Arsenal F.C. official website. 15 May 2000. Archived from the original on 18 October 2000. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  4. ^ "Turkey's Galatasaray on course for treble". CNN Sports Illustrated. 4 May 2000. Retrieved 29 July 2013. 
  5. ^ "Galatasaray clinches title with Besiktas defeat". CNN Sports Illustrated (Cable News Network). Reuters. 14 May 2000. Retrieved 29 July 2013. 
  6. ^ "Gunners told to keep calm". BBC News. 17 May 2000. Retrieved 27 July 2013. 
  7. ^ a b Sills, Adam (25 April 2000). "Ticket sale sparks Arsenal final fears". The Guardian. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  8. ^ "UEFA Cup-finalen i København: Udsolgt". Danish Football Association (in Danish). 24 April 2000. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  9. ^ "Galatasaray denies hiking tickets". CNN Sports Illustrated (Cable News Network). 11 May 2000. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  10. ^ "Paris and Copenhagen Awarded UEFA club competition finals". UEFA. Archived from the original on 14 November 1999. Retrieved 25 July 2013. 
  11. ^ "Referees – Antonio López Nieto". FIFA. Archived from the original on 9 October 2002. Retrieved 27 July 2013. 
  12. ^ a b "UEFA Cup final on TV in 185 countries". Hürriyet Daily News. Reuters. 17 May 2000. Retrieved 27 July 2013. 
  13. ^ "Galatasaray 0–0 Arsenal". The Guardian. 17 May 2000. Retrieved 29 July 2013. 
  14. ^ "Galatasaray the pride of Turkey". UEFA. 1 June 2000. Retrieved 21 July 2013. 
  15. ^ a b Team Line-ups – Final – Wednesday 17 May 2000. UEFA. 17 May 2000. 
  16. ^ Tozar, Türker (3 December 2008). "Cup carries special resonance for Korkmaz". Istanbul: UEFA. Retrieved 29 July 2013. 
  17. ^ "Gözümde canlanır koskoca mazi..". Ajansspor (in Turkish). 11 May 2010. Retrieved 29 July 2013. 
  18. ^ "Terim dedicates victory to Turkey". Hürriyet Daily News. 19 May 2000. Retrieved 30 July 2013. 
  19. ^ Bradley, Mark (18 May 2000). "Sad Gunners feel pain of Popescu's spurs; Galatasaray 0 Arsenal 0 (AET: Galatasaray win 4–1 on penalties)". The Birmingham Post (The Free Library). Retrieved 30 July 2013. 
  20. ^ "Wenger anger over shoot-out". BBC News. 17 May 2000. Retrieved 1 August 2013. 
  21. ^ "Turkish delight as Gunners lose nerve". The Herald (Glasgow). 18 May 2000. Retrieved 1 August 2013. 
  22. ^ a b "Turkey honors Galatasaray for UEFA Cup win". CNN Sports Illustrated. 19 May 2000. Retrieved 29 July 2013. 
  23. ^ "Turkish delight – Galatasaray wins UEFA Cup on penalty kicks". CNN Sports Illustrated (Cable News Network). 17 May 2000. Retrieved 29 July 2013. 
  24. ^ "Galatasaray to be awarded highest possible honors". Hürriyet Daily News. 19 May 2000. Retrieved 29 July 2013. 
  25. ^ "Emirates Cup returns for summer 2013". Arsenal F.C. official website. 15 May 2013. Retrieved 1 August 2013. 
  26. ^ Van Wijk, Jim (4 August 2013). "Arsenal 1 Galatasaray 2 match report: Didier Drogba returns to haunt Gunners as Turkish side win Emirates Cup". The Independent (Independent Print Limited). Retrieved 7 August 2013. 
  27. ^ Emil Hansen, Flemming; Weiss, Jakob; Wiig, Anders (19 May 2000). "Hooligans af værste caliber". Berlingske Tidende (in Danish). Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  28. ^ Campbell, Denis (14 May 2000). "Soldiers join hooligans to attack Turks in Cup clash". The Guardian. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  29. ^ "English, Turkish fans clash on eve final". ESPN. Associated Press. 16 May 2000. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  30. ^ "Faces of Hatred". Daily Mirror (The Free Library). 19 May 2000. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  31. ^ "UEFA Cup Final: Violence". ITN Source (Video clip) (Copenhagen: Independent Television News). 17 May 2000. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  32. ^ "Teargas fired on fighting fans". BBC News. 17 May 2000. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  33. ^ "Stabbed Arsenal fan says he was an inch from death". The Guardian. 17 May 2000. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  34. ^ "English fan stabbed in Copenhagen". The Guardian. 17 May 2000. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  35. ^ "Three more stabbed in Copenhagen". BBC News. 18 May 2000. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  36. ^ Chaudhary, Vivek; Wilson, Jamie (19 May 2000). "Turkish and English fans clash at airport". The Guardian. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 

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