2008 Rugby League World Cup
|Number of teams||10|
|Winner||New Zealand (1st title)|
|Attendance||293,965 (16,331 per match)|
|Points scored||890 (49.44 per match)|
|Top scorer||Johnathan Thurston1 (50)|
|Top try scorer||Billy Slater2 (7)|
The 2008 Rugby League World Cup was the thirteenth staging of the Rugby League World Cup since its inauguration in 1954, and the first since the 2000 tournament.3 The tournament was held in Australia from 26 October, culminating in the final between Australia and New Zealand on 22 November.
2008 was the fourth time that the World Cup was held in Australia, the first being in 1957. The tournament was won by New Zealand, who defeated Australia 34–20 in the final in one of the greatest upsets in the history of the sport. The tournament featured the best ten teams across the globe which were split into three groups. A total of eighteen matches took place in twelve different venues across four Australian states. The tournament ended a year of celebrations commemorating the centenary of the game in the southern hemisphere and was part of the Festival of World Cups.
The thirteenth Cup was originally scheduled to be held in Australia in 2004,4 however the lack of international success by Great Britain and New Zealand after the 2000 World Cup and the rise of the Tri-Nations tournament meant that it was delayed for a further four years.5 The Rugby League International Federation officially announced this tournament on 6 May 2006,6 with further details on scheduling and dates following on 19 April 2007.7
The first match took place in Townsville between England and Papua New Guinea, although the official opening ceremony of the competition occurred before the Australia and New Zealand match the following day in Sydney.8 The final took place at Suncorp Stadium in Brisbane.
The tournament proved a commercial success, delivering a profit of A$5 million and re-establishing the credibility of the competition.9
- 1 Format
- 2 Teams
- 3 Match officials
- 4 Venues
- 5 Opening ceremony
- 6 Group stage
- 7 Knockout stage
- 8 Final
- 9 Criticism and controversy
- 10 Tickets
- 11 Sponsorship
- 12 "Heroes Here 08" campaign
- 13 Broadcasting
- 14 Sources
- 15 References
- 16 External links
The draw, after being confirmed by the RLIF on 19 April 2007, involved three groups. The first group was made up of four teams; Australia, England, New Zealand and Papua New Guinea. Whilst the other two groups involved three teams each. The semi finals were made up of the first three teams in the first group and the winner of a playoff between the winners of the second and third groups.
The draw was put into doubt after the Papua New Guinea team claimed that it was unfair to them and threatened to boycott the tournament should it not be changed. Marcus Bai, former Papua New Guinean winger and captain, said:10
They have to change it and if they don't, we won't come. We will ring up the other island nations and teams elsewhere who don't qualify and we can have our own competition. They have shown no respect for our country or for our efforts to promote the game up there.
Fortunately for the tournament, this separate island competition did not eventuate. Papua New Guinea still remained upset with the draw, seeing it as a huge challenge but one which would have seen them be rewarded if they had won. The draw was finalised on 4 October 2007.11
Teams received 2 points for a win, and 1-point for a draw. This meant that, unlike in the Australasian National Rugby League, there was no "golden point" rule enforced. In group stages, if two teams had the same number of points then positions were determined on points difference, the number of points scored minus the number of points conceded.
After group matches were completed, a match featuring the second placed teams in Group B and Group C took place with the winner receiving 7th place. Similarly the third placed teams in Group B and Group C played off for 9th place. It was believed that these results were to be taken into account in the 2009 RLIF World Rankings.citation needed
|Team||Nickname||Coach||Captain||RLIF Rank||Final Rank|
|Australia||The Kangaroos||Ricky Stuart||Darren Lockyer||1||2|
|England||N/A||Tony Smith||Jamie Peacock||3||3|
|Fiji||The Bati||Joe Dakuitoga||Wes Naiqama||6||4|
|France||Les Chanticleers||John Monie||Jerome Guisset||5||10|
|Ireland||The Wolfhounds||Andy Kelly||Scott Grix||9||6|
|New Zealand||The Kiwis||Stephen Kearney||Nathan Cayless||2||1|
|Papua New Guinea||The Kumuls||Adrian Lam||John Wilshere||7||5|
|Samoa||Toa Samoa||John Ackland||Nigel Vagana||12||9|
|Scotland||The Bravehearts||Steve McCormack||Danny Brough||11||8|
|Tonga||Mate Ma'a Tonga||Jim Dymock||Lopini Paea||4||7|
The following teams were given automatic entry into the World Cup:
- Pacific Qualifying Group
- Europe group one
- Winner Scotland
- Europe group two
- Winner Ireland
- Repechage Winner
- Winner Samoa
The five remaining places in the World Cup were determined by qualification rounds. Two European rounds and Pacific, Atlantic and Repêchage rounds were scheduled. Tonga and Fiji became the first two nations to qualify after Tonga defeated Samoa 18–10 in Leeds on 22 October, forcing Samoa to enter the repêchage. In the European Group Two, Ireland drew 16–16 with Lebanon to ensure qualification, while Lebanon were forced to enter the repêchage. The final automatic place went to Scotland, who defeated Wales 37–32 on aggregate after two legs. Wales then faced Lebanon in the repêchage semi-final, where they lost in a surprise 50–26 defeat, to knock them out of World Cup Qualifying. Lebanon then faced Samoa, who beat USA 42–10 in the first semi-final, on 14 November for the final qualifying position. The game was won by Samoa, 38–16, and so they booked the tenth and final place.12 Many qualification matches were broadcast live by Sky Sports in the United Kingdom and New Zealand, whilst BigPondTV broadcast matches online for other fans around the world.13
Six referees from four countries controlled matches in the tournament. These four nations also provided touch judges while England and Australia provided the video referees.
In support of the Australian National Breast Cancer Foundation referees wore pastel pink shirts while officiating matches to raise awareness. The shirts, which carried the NBCF logo on the collar, were signed by the team captains at each World Cup game and were later auctioned off with the proceeds going to the NBCF.16
Sydney Football Stadium
On Sunday night, 26 October, the Sydney Football Stadium hosted the Opening Ceremony of the World Cup. It started with Greg Inglis reciting a speech about "Playing Fair". Following Inglis' speech there was an Aboriginal Smoking ceremony to welcome all the athletes and participants. This included a rather large sized Rainbow Serpent which represented the Aboriginal Dreamtime. The last part of the ceremony involved a performance of the Rugby League World Cup anthem "Hero" by Natalie Bassingthwaighte. A curtain raiser to the Australia vs. New Zealand match included an Indigenous Australian squad playing against New Zealand Māori which featured several prominent NRL players and rising stars, including Chris Sandow, Wairangi Koopu, Preston Campbell, Sam Thaiday, Shaun Kenny-Dowall and Carl Webb.
Welcome to the Country Match
26 October 2008
|Indigenous Dreamtime||34–26||New Zealand Māori|
|Try: Wesser (2)
Goal: Soward (5)
Goal: Goodwin (2)
The 2008 Rugby League World Cup's eighteen matches were played during October and November in various locations throughout the East coast of Australia. The tournament's teams were divided into three pool groups. The teams finishing highest amongst those groups progressed to the play-offs.
All teams from group A (shaded in green) with the exception of the bottom qualifying team progressed to the semi-finals, the other two groups the top finisher progressed to a playoff match, in which the winner would qualify to the semi-finals.
|Papua New Guinea||3||0||0||3||34||126||-92||0|
25 October 2008
|England||32–22||Papua New Guinea|
England survived a scare from Papua New Guinea who led at half time to win the first match of the tournament.
26 October 2008
After the tournament's opening ceremony, Johnathan Thurston inspired Australia to a comfortable victory over their arch rivals New Zealand despite mourning the death of his uncle the previous day.
1 November 2008
|New Zealand||48–6||Papua New Guinea|
New Zealand's thorough ravaging of Papua New Guinea's defence meant the Kumuls had to win against their next opponents Australia in order to stay in the tournament.
2 November 2008
Australia's winning margin over England was the largest of the tournament so far and guaranteed the Kangaroos would go on to the finals.
8 November 2008
Despite getting out to a 24 – 8 lead early in the match, England's woes continued as they were blitzed in the second half by New Zealand's five unanswered tries.
9 November 2008
|Australia||46–6||Papua New Guinea|
26 October 2008
1 November 2008
5 November 2008
27 October 2008
31 October 2008
5 November 2008
8 November 2008
9 November 2008
|Semi Final Qualifier||Semi Final||Final|
10 November 2008
15 November 2008
16 November 2008
22 November 2008
Lockyer (12', 35') 2
Williams (17') 1
Inglis (65') 1
Thurston (18', 36') 2/4
2 (49', 70' pen) Hohaia
1 (24') J Smith
1 (28') Ropati
1 (61') Marshall
1 (76') Blair
3/3 (25', 28', 50') Luke
2/3 (71', 77') Marshall
Due to the generally poor response of the 2000 World Cup, there were several key criticisms of the tournament before any matches had kicked off.36 The RLIF were forced to defend the credibility of the tournament in October 2007 after New Zealand, one of the favourites for the competition, were heavily beaten in a Test match 58–0 in Wellington against Australia.37 Another concern was whether there would be enough competitiveness throughout the ten teams, with some fans worried about the possibility of too many one-sided matches,38 which was a common sight in the Group Stages of the 2000 tournament.39
Ricky Stuart, coach of the Australian team, was reported to be so incensed by his team's defeat in the final that he verbally attacked Geoff Carr, the Chief Executive of Australian Rugby League, claiming that tournament organisers and match officials conspired to cause the Australian loss.40 The next morning he had a chance meeting with Ashley Klein, who refereed the final, and Stuart Cummings, the Rugby Football League's director of match officials, at their hotel. He reportedly abused both officials in front of a number of witnesses, calling Klein a cheat, and behaved in an aggressive and physically intimidating manner.41 Stuart later apologised for his behaviour and resigned from his post.42
Tickets for Australian residents went on sale 7 November 2007 and internationally on 18 February.43 However tickets were not distributed until 3 March. Ticketek were announced as the official ticketing agency for the competition, selling tickets for all matches.44 Ticketmaster and Pilbeam Theatre were selling tickets to the Telstra Dome and Browne Park matches respectively.
The World Cup Final sold out months in advance.45
The Official Sponsors of the Rugby League World Cup 2008 were:46
- Jetstar: Official Airline
- Foster's: Official Beer
- Bundaberg Rum: Official Spirit
- AAMI: Official referee sponsor
- Telstra: Official Telecommunications sponsor
- Gillette: Official Male products
- Holiday Inn: Official Accommodation Supplier
- Coca-Cola: Official Soft drink
- Harvey Norman: Official retailer
- Bic: Official stationery
The World Cup's "Heroes Here 08" promotional campaign was launched at the Sydney Opera House on 6 May 2008.47 At the launch, Paul Kind, the World Cup Director of Marketing, explained, "Heroes Here 08 underlines that fact that the international game, and particularly this tournament, will bring out the best in every player who takes part. It will create heroes."
Natalie Bassingthwaighte recorded an "Australian version" of the Mariah Carey song "Hero" which accompanied the "Heroes 08" promotional video and other World Cup advertising. The World Cup Opening Ceremony featured a live performance of the song by Bassingthwaighte.47
Filming of visuals for the promotional video began in Leeds during the worldwide ticketing launch for the event in November 2007.47
Advertising agency MJW, celebrity photographer Garry Heery and production company Engine worked together to combine the latest digital animation with a dark and determined set that highlighted the passion players feel in representing their country on the international stage.47
The Heroes campaign featured Mark Gasnier (Australia), Roy Asotasi (New Zealand), Rob Burrow (England), Keith Peters (PNG), Waisale Suka (Fiji), Nigel Vagana (Samoa), Jerome Guisset (France), Lee Paterson (Scotland), Stuart Littler (Ireland) and Lopini Paea (Tonga).47 Gasnier was later removed from some of the promotional material after he left the sport mid-season and was replaced by Darren Lockyer.
The video also appeared in the video game Rugby League 2: World Cup Edition, which featured a world cup mode based on the event.
The 2008 World Cup had 26 separate television deals taking coverage to 127 countries and generating more than $20 million income.48 A global television audience of 19.2 million made it the most widely broadcast event in the game's history.49
Channel 9 broadcast all Group A matches and the Knockout Stage matches in Australia. Fox Sports broadcast all Group B and C matches plus Ranking Stage matches live. In the United Kingdom, Sky Sports broadcast all matches live,50 meaning that all were shown in the morning and some as early as 06:00 am51 with highlights being shown on the BBC. Sky Sport showed all games live across New Zealand. Mai TV broadcast all matches live in Papua New Guinea, Fiji, Samoa, Cook Islands and the Solomon Islands.52 Orange Sport provided coverage of all matches live in France.
Coverage of the competition also extended to countries not taking part. Showtime showed all matches live across the Middle East. G offered coverage of all games in many countries in Africa. Astro showed all matches in Malaysia, and ESPN360 showed all matches in the United States. In Brazil, some matches were broadcast by Bandsports.
The only participating country with no television coverage of the matches was Tonga; the RLIF were hoping to secure a deal before the World Cup started, but this never happened.
BigPondTV, an online television station, broadcast all matches live and also repeated matches. This service was available to everyone for free.
- UK – BBC Radio 5 Live and its sister station BBC Radio 5 Live Sports Extra broadcast selected games.
- UK – some non-rights holders used Australian freelance reporter Tim Stackpool to report on games for UK broadcasters. An extensive archive can be heard here: RLWC Archive
- AUS – ABC and 2GB Radio broadcast selected games.
- NZ – Radio Sport broadcast the Kiwi's games, including the Kiwi's victory in the final.
- "World Cup Moved To End of Season", BBC website. Retrieved 4 May 2006.
- "RLIF Meeting"dead link, Rugby League European Federation website. Retrieved 8 May 2006
- "McDonald defends World Cup", BBC website. Retrieved 6 May 2006.
- "Lewis backs Australia for World Cup", telegraph.co.uk website. Retrieved 8 May 2006
- Top point scorer
- Top try scorers
- "Rugby League World Cup 2008 Past Winners". Rlwc08.com. Retrieved 12 November 2008.
- "McDonald defends World Cup". London: BBC. 22 November 2000. Retrieved 12 November 2008.
- By John Whalley Last Updated: 6:37PM GMT 31 December 2003 (1 January 2004). "Lewis backs Australia for World Cup – Telegraph". The Daily Telegraph (London). Retrieved 12 November 2008.
- Rugby League European Federation – Rugby League News Archivedead link
- "Rugby League World Cup 2008 Official Web Site". Rugbyleagueworldcup.com. Retrieved 12 November 2008.
- "Rugby League World Cup 2008". Rlwc08.com. Archived from the original on 2 December 2008. Retrieved 12 November 2008.
- McDonald, Margie (21 November 2008). "Four Nations heads global calendar". The Australian. Retrieved 11 October 2010.
- Papua New Guinea Threaten Boycott
- "RLWC08 – Schedule Finalised". NRL. 4 October 2007. Retrieved 4 October 2007.
- "Samoa beats Lebanon to be last team in league world cup". Australian Associated Press. 14 November 2007. Retrieved 11 December 2009.
- ARL – Tickets On Saledead link
- Ricketts, Steve (21 October 2008). "England Cup side not afraid of the grapple tackle". news.com.au. Archived from the original on 23 October 2008. Retrieved 23 October 2008.
- "RFL trio head to the Rugby League World Cup". sportfocus.com. 8 October 2008. Retrieved 23 October 2008.
- "Referees in pink for charity". Rugby League International Federation. 18 July 2008. Archived from the original on 1 December 2008. Retrieved 28 October 2008.
- Indigenous Dreamtime team named @ Official RLWC08 site, 11 October 2008.
- "Australian Stadiums :: RLWC: England v PNG". Austadiums.com. Retrieved 12 November 2008.
- "Sporting Life – Rugby League England v New Zealand, Australia v Fiji, World Cup, Super League, Ian Millward Tips, Standings & Stats". Sporting Life. UK. Retrieved 12 November 2008.dead link
- "New Zealand fly high over PNG – NRL – Fox Sports". Foxsports.com.au. Retrieved 12 November 2008.
- Read, Brent (2 November 2008). "Livewire Billy Slater kills off rugby league World Cup". The Australian (Theaustralian.news.com.au). Archived from the original on 6 December 2008. Retrieved 12 November 2008.
- "Matai hurt as Kiwis run down England – National News – National – Sport – The Canberra Times". The Canberra Times. 9 November 2008. Retrieved 12 November 2008.dead link
- "Wolfman bags three on debut – Other League – Fox Sports". Foxsports.com.au. Retrieved 12 November 2008.
- "Rleague.com – The World of Rugby League". Rleague.com. Archived from the original on 28 October 2008. Retrieved 12 November 2008.
- "Fantastic Fiji smash France – Other League – Fox Sports". Foxsports.com.au. Retrieved 12 November 2008.
- "Scots finally break Cup duck – NRL – Fox Sports". Foxsports.com.au. Retrieved 12 November 2008.
- Nick Walshaw (27 October 2008). "Tonga claim narrow victory". The Daily Telegraph (News.com.au). Retrieved 12 November 2008.
- "SAMOA WIN ISLAND BATTLE | Sporting Life – Rugby League England v New Zealand, Australia v Fiji, World Cup, Super League, Ian Millward Tips, Standings & Stats". Sporting Life. UK. Retrieved 12 November 2008.dead link
- "RICHARDS LEADS IRELAND PAST SAMOA | Sporting Life – Rugby League England v New Zealand, Australia v Fiji, World Cup, Super League, Ian Millward Tips, Standings & Stats". Sporting Life. UK. Retrieved 12 November 2008.dead link
- "Australian Stadiums :: RLWC: Scotland v Tonga". Austadiums.com. Retrieved 12 November 2008.
- Dean Ritchie (9 November 2008). "Samoa, France plea for help". Herald Sun (News.com.au). Retrieved 12 November 2008.
- Koch, Dan (10 November 2008). "Fiji completes rugby league World Cup semis picture". The Australian (Theaustralian.news.com.au). Retrieved 12 November 2008.
- Davis, Greg (14 November 2008). "Nathan Fien helps New Zealand into World Cup final". Retrieved 19 November 2008.
- "Rugby League, 16 November". The Courier-Mail. 15 November 2008. Retrieved 19 November 2008.
- "Kiwis re-write rugby league history". Stuff.co.nz. 22 November 2008. Retrieved 14 September 2011.
- John-paul moloney and david jean (28 October 2008). "The real deal or a standing joke?". The Canberra Times (Australia). Retrieved 7 January 2010.dead link
- Kiwi Pre-WC Criticism
- Competitiveness Pre-WC Criticism
- 2000 WC Overview
- dead link
- dead link
- "Stuart sorry for World Cup rant". BBC News. 28 November 2008. Retrieved 22 April 2010.
- Pilbeam Ticketsdead link
- Ticketek Tickets
- World Cup News (5 August 2008). "Samoa name World Cup Squad". League Unlimited. Archived from the original on 17 July 2011. Retrieved 18 July 2011.
- "Media Release: Heroes 08 Campaign Launched". Rugby League International Federation. Retrieved 13 October 2008.
- "World Cup goes back to its roots – National News – National – Sport – The Canberra Times". The Canberra Times. 24 October 2008 11:52:09 pm. Retrieved 12 November 2008. dead link
- dead link
- Sky Sports Broadcasting Bid
- UK Broadcasting
- Pacific Broadcasting
- Official Website
- Official Forum
- 2008 World Cup at rugbyleagueproject.org
- 2008 World Cup at 188-rugby-league.co.uk