2012 Canadian federal budget

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2012 (2012) Budget of the Canadian Federal Government
2011
2013
Presented 29 March 2012
Passed 14 June 2012
Parliament 41st
Party Conservative
Finance Minister Jim Flaherty
Total revenue C$255.0 billion1
Total expenditures C$276.1 billion1
Deficit C$21.1 billion1
Website Jobs, Growth, and Long-Term Prosperity
Numbers in italics are projections.

The Canadian federal budget for fiscal year 2012–13 was presented to the Canadian House of Commons by Finance Minister Jim Flaherty on 29 March 2012. Among the most notable elements of the federal budget were changes to Old Age Security and a reduction of the budget for the Canadian Forces.

The budget presentation was also used to announce that the penny will no longer be minted by late 2012.2

Key elements

These initiatives are to be delivered in periods that vary from one to five years:

Programs and departments eliminated

Programs and departments cut as part of the budget include:

Effects

As a result of the budget cut, in April 2012 the CBC announced it would cut its English Services budget by $86 million, of which $43 million was a reduction of programming and the remainder from the elimination of 256 jobs.11 It will cut jobs in other departments, totalling 650 throughout the corporation.12 The changes take effect in June 2012.13 It cancelled the radio program Dispatches, the TV series InSecurity14 and the television program Connect with Mark Kelley.15 The changes included a reduction of the budget for CBC News by $10 million, the elimination of 88 jobs in that division, and the shuttering of its news bureaus in South America and Africa.16 CBC Radio had its budget reduced by $3 million, eliminated 18 jobs,17 and stated it would no longer commission radio dramas.13 Other programming cuts included to CBC Sports, which had a $4 million budget reduction and recast Sports Weekend as a seasonal program.18 Compared to its budget in 2011–12, the CBC will cut its operating budget by $27.8 million in 2012–13, $69.6 million in 2013–14, and $115 million in 2014–15.19

Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada announced in April 2012 that it would close the Cereal Research Centre operated at the University of Manitoba.20 The Public Service Alliance of Canada (PSAC) stated that 5,561 of its members in 23 government departments had received notices from the federal government about the potential termination of their jobs.421 This includes 308 jobs at the Canadian Food Inspection Agency,4 which will cut its operating budget by $56 million.22 The Professional Institute of the Public Service of Canada announced that the employment of 1,500 of its members would be affected.4 Health Canada would eliminate up to 840 jobs, including 150 scientists.4

The Department of National Defence will cut at least 1,149 public service jobs,23 about 585 of which are in the Canadian Forces and 234 at the Defence Research and Establishment Canada.23

On 1 May 2012, PSAC announced that Parks Canada would eliminate 638 jobs, and that 1,689 of its "scientists, engineers, technicians, mechanics, carpenters and program managers" would be affected by changes,24 and that 908 employees of Human Resources and Skills Development Canada, 490 employees of Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada, and 180 employees of Transport Canada would also be affected. Library and Archives Canada is expected to eliminate 105 jobs, and Statistics Canada is expected to cut 273.24

In November 2012, the Treasury Board president Tony Clement stated that the federal government had cut 10,980 public service jobs, of which 7,500 were by attrition or not replacing employees who had quit.25

Accelerated Capital Cost Allowance and Mining Exploration Credit

In 2011 Statistics Canada reported that the nonfinancial corporate sector (NFCS) was "sitting on more than $583 billion in Canadian currency and deposits, and more than $276 billion in foreign currency."26

The Canadian government has introduced measures to encourage business to invest in the Canadian economy. There were five federal corporate tax cuts over a period of five years with the last 1.5 percent reduction taking effect on 30 December 2011, bringing the federal corporate tax to 15 per cent.26

Flaherty explained that the one-year extension on the Mineral Exploration Tax Credit and Small Business Hiring Tax Credit introduced in the 2012 budget are business incentives "to compel Canadian corporations to invest some $525 billion of dead cash back into the economy."27 In their analysis of the 2012 budget the Canadian Labour Congress argued that "non-financial corporations" have used their federal incentives and tax cutsnotes 1 to "buy up their own shares, to increase dividends, and to increase their cash holdings" which amounted to "close to $500 billion of surplus cash" that they were not investing in job creation.28

Notes

  1. ^ Prior to 2007, the federal corporate income tax rate was over 20%. Since 2007 the corporate tax rate was lowered. Bay 2012 it was 15%.

Footnotes

  1. ^ a b c Department of Finance
  2. ^ CBC
  3. ^ Kelly, Brendan (30 March 2012). "CBC, NFB and Telefilm to see 10% cut". Montreal Gazette. Retrieved 3 April 2012. 
  4. ^ a b c d e Smith
  5. ^ National Post
  6. ^ Blackwell
  7. ^ CBC News
  8. ^ CBC News
  9. ^ Citizenship and Immigration Canada. "News Release – Reform of the Interim Federal Health Program ensures fairness, protects public health and safety". Retrieved 28 June 2012. 
  10. ^ CBC: 2012
  11. ^ CBC
  12. ^ CBC
  13. ^ a b Dixon
  14. ^ Ryan: 2012
  15. ^ CBC
  16. ^ DeMara
  17. ^ CBC
  18. ^ CBC
  19. ^ Press
  20. ^ CBC
  21. ^ CBC
  22. ^ Schmidt
  23. ^ a b Pugliese
  24. ^ a b Curry: 2012
  25. ^ Payton
  26. ^ a b "Canadian firms sit on money as taxes drop again: Last of 5 corporate tax cuts goes into effect this week". CBC News. 1 January 2012. Retrieved 2 July 2013. 
  27. ^ "Private sector should be responsible for stimulating economy, Flaherty says". Macleans. 27 August 2012. Archived from the original on 2013-07-13. Retrieved 2 July 2013. 
  28. ^ "CLC Analysis of the 2012 Federal Budget". Canadian Labour Congress. 29 March 2012. Archived from the original on 2013-07-13. Retrieved 2 July 2013. 

References

"High Arctic research station forced to close". CBC. 28 February 2012. Retrieved 2012-07-09. 

"Katimavik killed for 'ideological' reasons, Trudeau says". CBC News. 5 April 2012. Retrieved 6 April 2012.  "National Aboriginal Health Organization’s funding cut". CBC News. 2012-04-09. Retrieved 2012-04-10. 

External links








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