371 BC

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Millennium: 1st millennium BC
Centuries: 5th century BC4th century BC3rd century BC
Decades: 400s BC  390s BC  380s BC  – 370s BC –  360s BC  350s BC  340s BC
Years: 374 BC 373 BC 372 BC371 BC370 BC 369 BC 368 BC
371 BC by topic
Politics
State leadersSovereign states
Birth and death categories
BirthsDeaths
Establishments and disestablishments categories
EstablishmentsDisestablishments
371 BC in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 371 BC
Ab urbe condita 383
Armenian calendar N/A
Assyrian calendar 4380
Bahá'í calendar −2214 – −2213
Bengali calendar −963
Berber calendar 580
English Regnal year N/A
Buddhist calendar 174
Burmese calendar −1008
Byzantine calendar 5138–5139
Chinese calendar 己酉(Earth Rooster)
2326 or 2266
    — to —
庚戌年 (Metal Dog)
2327 or 2267
Coptic calendar −654 – −653
Discordian calendar 796
Ethiopian calendar −378 – −377
Hebrew calendar 3390–3391
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat −314 – −313
 - Shaka Samvat N/A
 - Kali Yuga 2731–2732
Holocene calendar 9630
Igbo calendar −1370 – −1369
Iranian calendar 992 BP – 991 BP
Islamic calendar 1022 BH – 1021 BH
Japanese calendar N/A
Juche calendar N/A
Julian calendar N/A
Korean calendar 1963
Minguo calendar 2282 before ROC
民前2282年
Thai solar calendar 173
Battle of Leuctra

Year 371 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time, it was known as the Fifth year without Tribunate or Consulship (or, less frequently, year 383 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 371 BC for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.

Events

By place

Greece

  • A fresh peace congress is summoned at Sparta. At the peace conference, the Spartan King Agesilaus II (with the support of Athens) refuses to allow the Thebans to sign the treaty on behalf of all Boeotia. The Theban statesman Epaminondas, who is boeotarch (one of the five magistrates of the Boeotian federation), maintains Thebes' position, even when it leads to the exclusion of Thebes from the peace treaty.
  • Thebes' actions at the peace congress lead to a war between Sparta and Thebes. The Spartans have an army stationed on Thebes' western frontier, waiting to follow up their diplomatic success by a crushing military attack. However, at the Battle of Leuctra, the Theban generals, Epaminondas and Pelopidas, win a decisive victory over the Spartans under the other Spartan king, Cleombrotus I (who is killed in the battle). Epaminondas wins the battle with a tactical innovation which involves striking the enemy first at their strongest, instead of their weakest, point, with such crushing force that the attack is irresistible. As a result of this battle, the Boeotian federation is saved.
  • Athens does not welcome the Theban victory, fearing the rising aggressiveness of Thebes. After the Theban victory, the old alliance between the Persians and the Thebans is restored.
  • With the unexpected defeat of Sparta by the Thebans, the Arcadians decide to re-assert their independence. They rebuild Mantinea, form an Arcadian League and build a new federal city, Megalopolis.
  • Agesipolis II succeeds his father Cleombrotus I as king of Sparta.

By topic

Astronomy


Births

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References








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