527th Air Defense Group

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
527th Air Defense Group Airdefensecommand-logo.jpg
63d Fighter-Interceptor Squadron North American F-86A-5-NA Sabre 49-1223.jpg
Active 1945, 1953–1955
Country  United States
Branch  United States Air Force
Type Fighter Interceptor
Role Air Defense
Part of Air Defense Command

The 527th Air Defense Group is a disbanded United States Air Force organization. Its last assignment was with the 4708th Air Defense Wing at Wurtsmith Air Force Base, Michigan. It was inactivated on 18 August 1955. The group was originally activated as a support unit for the 461st Bombardment Group at the end of World War II in Italy and then redeployed to the United States where it was inactivated in 1945.

The group was activated once again in 1953, when ADC established it as the headquarters for a dispersed fighter-interceptor squadron and the medical, maintenance, and administrative squadrons supporting it. It was replaced in 1955 when ADC transferred its mission, equipment, and personnel to the 412th Fighter Group in a project that replaced air defense groups commanding fighter squadrons with fighter groups with distinguished records during World War II.

History

World War II

The group was activated as the 527th Air Service Group in Italy shortly after VE Day1 in a reorganization of Army Air Forces (AAF) support groups in which the AAF replaced Service Groups that included personnel from other branches of the Army and supported two combat groups with Air Service Groups including only Air Corps units. Designed to support a single combat group.2 Its 953rd Air Engineering Squadron provided maintenance that was beyond the capability of the combat group, its 777th Air Materiel Squadron handled all supply matters, and its Headquarters & Base Services Squadron provided other support.2 The group supported the 461st Bombardment Group in Italy. It returned to the US, passing through Camp Patrick Henry, VA, and was inactivated.3 It was disbanded in 1948.4

Cold War

During the Cold War, the group was reconstituted, redesignated as the 527th Air Defense Group, and activated at Wurtsmith AFB in 19535 with responsibility for air defense of the Great Lakes area.citation needed The group was assigned the 63d Fighter-Interceptor Squadron (FIS), which was already stationed at Oscoda AFB, (renamed Wurtsmith AFB the day before the 527th was activated6), and flying North American F-86 Sabres7 as its operational component.8 The 63rd FIS had been assigned directly to the 4706th Defense Wing.8 The group also replaced the 84th Air Base Squadron as USAF Host unit at Wurtsmith. It was assigned three squadrons to perform its support responsibilities.910

The 63d FIS upgraded to later model HVAR rocket armed and airborne intercept radar equipped Sabres in May 19547 and to two-seat Northrop F-89 Scorpions in early 1955.7 The 527th was inactivated5 and replaced by the 412th Fighter Group (Air Defense)1112 as part of Air Defense Command's Project Arrow, which was designed to bring back on the active list the fighter units which had compiled memorable records in the two world wars.13 The group was disbanded once again in 1984.14

Lineage

  • Constituted as 527th Air Service Group
Activated on 27 May 19451
Disbanded on 28 August 1948
  • Reconstituted and redesignated as 527th Air Defense Group on 21 January 1953
Activated on 16 February 1953
Inactivated on 18 August 1955
Disbanded on 27 September 1984

Assignments

Stations

  • Santuario dell' Incoronata, Italy, 27 May 1945 - 19451
  • Torretto, Italy, 1945 - 1945
  • Sioux Falls Army Airfield, SD, 1945 - 28 August 19453
  • Wurtsmith AFB, MI, 16 February 1953 – 18 August 1955

Components

Operational Squadron

  • 63d Fighter-Interceptor Squadron, 16 February 1953 – 18 August 195515

Support Units

  • 527th Air Base Squadron, 16 February 1953 - 18 August 1955
  • 527th Materiel Squadron, 16 February 1953 - 18 August 19559
  • 527th Medical Squadron (later 527th USAF Infirmary),10 16 February 1953 - 18 August 1955
  • 777th Air Materiel Squadron, 27 May 1945 - 28 August 1945
  • 953rd Air Engineering Squadron, 27 May 1945 - 28 August 1945

Aircraft

  • F-86F 1953-1954
  • F-86D 1954-1955
  • F-89D 1955

See also

References

Notes

  1. ^ a b c Abstract, History of 527th Air Service Group, May-Jul 1945 (retrieved Jan 9, 2012)
  2. ^ a b Coleman, John M (1950). The Development of Tactical Services in the Army Air Forces. New York, NY: Columbia University Press. p. 208. 
  3. ^ a b Abstract, History of 527th Air Service Group, Jun-Aug 1945 (retrieved Jan 9, 2012)
  4. ^ Department of the Air Force Letter, 322 (AFOOR 887e), 8 October 1948, Subject: Disbandment of Certain Inactive Air Force Units
  5. ^ a b c Cornett, Lloyd H; Johnson, Mildred W (1980). A Handbook of Aerospace Defense Organization, 1946 - 1980. Peterson AFB, CO: Office of History, Aerospace Defense Center. p. 83. 
  6. ^ Mueller, Robert (1989). Air Force Bases, Vol. I, Active Air Force Bases Within the United States of America on 17 September 1982. Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. p. 611. ISBN 0-912799-53-6. 
  7. ^ a b c Cornett & Johnson, p.117
  8. ^ a b Maurer, Maurer, ed. (1982) [1969]. Combat Squadrons of the Air Force, World War II (reprint ed.). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. pp. 241–242. ISBN 0-405-12194-6. 
  9. ^ a b Cornett & Johnson, p.147
  10. ^ a b See Abstract, History of 527 USAF Infirmary, Jan-Jun 1955 (retrieved June 22, 2012)
  11. ^ Maurer, Maurer, ed. (1983) [1961]. Air Force Combat Units of World War II (reprint ed.). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. p. 297. ISBN 0-912799-02-1. 
  12. ^ Bailey, Carl E.AFHRA Factsheet, 412th Test Wing 12/28/2007 (retrieved March 3, 2012)
  13. ^ Buss, Lydus H.(ed), Sturm, Thomas A., Volan, Denys, and McMullen, Richard F., History of Continental Air Defense Command and Air Defense Command July to December 1955, Directorate of Historical Services, Air Defense Command, Ent AFB, CO, 1956., p.6
  14. ^ Department of the Air Force/MPM Letter 575q, 27 Sep 1984, Subject: Disbandment of Units
  15. ^ Robertson, Patsy AFHRA Factsheet, 63rd Fighter Squadron 5/22/2009 (retrieved March 3, 2012)

Bibliography

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.

Further Reading

External links








Creative Commons License