The AN/SPY-1 radar antennas are the light grey octagonal panels on the front and starboard side of the superstructure of USS Lake Erie (CG-70).
|Country of origin||United States|
|Type||3D Air search|
The AN/SPY-1 (Army Navy Joint Electronics Type Designation System / S - Water (surface ship), P - Radar, Y - Surveillance (target detecting and tracking) and Control (fire control and/or air control), model number4) is a US naval radar system manufactured by Lockheed Martin. The array is a passive electronically scanned system and is a key component of the Aegis Combat System. The system is computer controlled, using four complementary antennas to provide 360 degree coverage. The system was first installed in 1973 on the USS Norton Sound and entered active service in 1983 as the SPY-1A on USS Ticonderoga. The -1A was installed on ships up to CG-58, with the -1B upgrade first installed on Princeton in 1986. The upgraded -1B(V) was retrofitted to existing ships from CG-59 up to the last, CG-73.
The SPY-1D was first installed on Arleigh Burke in 1991. It is a variant of the -1B to fit the Arleigh Burke class. The -1D(V), the Littoral Warfare Radar, was an upgrade introduced in 1998 for high clutter near-coast operations, where the earlier "blue water" systems were especially weak.
The SPY-1F is a smaller version of the 1D designed to fit frigates. It is not used by the US Navy, but has been exported to Norway. The origin of the SPY-1F can be traced back to the Frigate Array Radar System (FARS) proposed to the German Navy in the 1980s.
The SPY-1K is the smallest version of the radar currently offered, based on the same architecture as the 1D and 1F. It is intended for use on very small vessels such as corvettes, where the SPY-1F would be too large. As of 2007, none are in service, although the radar is incorporated into the design of the yet-unbuilt AFCON Corvette.56
- AN/SPY-1: Prototypes, USS Norton Sound (AVM-1).
- AN/SPY-1A: Ticonderoga-class cruisers up to CG-58.
- AN/SPY-1B: Ticonderoga-class cruisers starting at CG-59. 12 foot diameter.7
- AN/SPY-1B(V): Upgrade to -1B version, retrofitted to CG-59 and up.
- AN/SPY-1D: Variant of -1B designed for Arleigh Burke-class destroyers, JDS Kongō-class destroyers and Spanish Armada Álvaro de Bazán-class frigates.
- AN/SPY-1D(V): Littoral Warfare Radar upgrade to the -1D variant for DDG 51 Flight IIA, JDS Atago-class destroyers, ROKN King Sejong the Great-class destroyer (KDX-III) and Spanish Armada F-105 frigate.
- AN/SPY-1F: Smaller version of the -1D designed to fit frigates. Installed on the RNoN Fridtjof Nansen-class frigates. 8 foot diameter.
- AN/SPY-1K: Smallest version of the radar offered, intended to fit corvette-sized vessels. None currently in service.
- Australia: Hobart-class destroyer, expected commissionings starting 2014
- Japan: Kongō-class destroyers, Atago-class destroyers
- Norway: Fridtjof Nansen–class frigate
- Spain: Álvaro de Bazán–class frigate
- South Korea: King Sejong the Great–class destroyer (KDX-III)
In July 2009, Lockheed Martin was one of three companies awarded contracts to study the development of a new Air and Missile Defense Radar (AMDR) to be composed of an S-Band radar, an X-Band radar and a Radar Suite Controller to defend against evolving anti-ship and ballistic missile threats.8
- dead link
- Integrated Publishing. "Optronics Sysyems". Tpub.com. Retrieved 2010-08-19.
- "CG 47 CLASS ADVISORY NR. 04-97, HERP-HERO GUIDANCE". Fas.org. 2008-05-30. Archived from the original on 21 August 2010. Retrieved 2010-08-19.
- Joint Electronics Type Designation System
- dead link
- "LockMart brochure" (PDF). Retrieved 2012-01-12.
- "LockMart Develop Concept For New US Navy Air And Missile Defense Radar". Spacewar.com. Retrieved 2010-08-19.