Academy Award for Best Costume Design

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Academy Award for Best Costume Design
Country United States
Presented by Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences
First awarded 1948
Currently held by Catherine Martin
The Great Gatsby (2013)
Official website http://www.oscars.org

The Academy Award for Best Costume Design is one of the Academy Awards of Merit presented annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS) for achievement in film costume design.1

The award was first given for films made in 1948. Initially, separate award categories were established for black-and-white films and color films. Since the merger of the two categories in 1967, the Academy has traditionally avoided giving out the award to contemporary films.2

Award

The Academy Award for Best Costume Design is given out annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts & Sciences for the best achievement of film costume design of the previous year. Films that are eligible for the award must meet a series of criteria, including the requirement that the costumes must have been "conceived" by a costume designer. For this particular criteria, each submission is reviewed by the costume designer members of the Art Directors Branch prior to the ballot process. Further rules include that the nominee(s) be only the principal costume designer(s), that the five films that receive the highest amount of votes will become the ceremony's nominations for final voting, and that the final voting will only be undertaken by active and life members of the Academy.3

History

The Academy Award for Best Costume Design was first given out at the 21st Academy Awards,4 held on March 24, 1949. The award had two subcategories, one for Black and white film and one for films in color.5 At the 30th Academy Awards, held on March 26, 1958, these two subcategories were merged into one,6 which was the result of the Academy reducing the number of competitive categories from 30 to 24.7 The 32nd Academy Awards saw the category again be split into two for recognition of both Black and white and color film.8 Eight years later, the Academy Award for Best Costume Design, along with two other awards, were each combined into their own single category recognizing achievement in film.9

From 1949 to 1966, most Academy Awards for Best Costume Design in Black and White were given to a contemporary movie. On the other hand, epics, fantasies, and musicals dominated the color category.10 Since the merger into one singular category for color films in 1967, films set in modern times have won only twice, despite the majority of those nominated being contemporary.10 Which the 2 modern time winners were Travels with My Aunt and The Adventures of Priscilla, Queen of the Desert.

Superlatives

Category Name Superlative Year Notes Reference
Most Awards Edith Head 8 awards 1973 Awards resulted from 35 nominations. 11
Most Nominations Edith Head 35 nominations 1977 Nominations resulted in 8 awards. 12

Jean Louis received fifteen nominations.13 Sandy Powell, Anthony Powell, Milena Canonero, Colleen Atwood and James Acheson currently hold three Academy Awards each.14

Multiple nominations

The following 83 designers have received multiple nominations for the Academy Award for Best Costume Design. This list is sorted by the number of total awards (with the number of total nominations listed in parentheses).

Winners and nominees

1940s

Year Category Winner Nominees Ref
1948 (21st)
Black and white Hamlet
Roger K. Furse
15
Color Joan of Arc
Dorothy Jeakins and Barbara Karinska
15
1949 (22nd)
Black and white The Heiress
Edith Head and Gile Steele
16
Color Adventures of Don Juan
Marjorie Best, Leah Rhodes and William Travilla
16

1950s

Year Category Winner Nominees Ref
1950 (23rd)
Black and white All About Eve
Edith Head, Charles LeMaire
17
Color Samson and Delilah
Edith Head, Charles LeMaire, Dorothy Jeakins, Elois Jenssen, Gile Steele, Gwen Wakeling
17
1951(24th)
Black and white A Place in the Sun
Edith Head
18
Color An American in Paris
Orry-Kelly, Walter Plunkett, Irene Sharaff
18
1952 (25th)
Black and white The Bad and the Beautiful
Helen Rose
19
Color Moulin Rouge
Marcel Vertès
19
1953 (26th)
Black and white Roman Holiday
Edith Head
20
Color The Robe
Charles LeMaire, Emile Santiago
20
1954 (27th)
Black and white Sabrina
Edith Head
21
Color Gate of Hell
Sanzo Wada
21
1955 (28th)
Black and white I'll Cry Tomorrow
Helen Rose
22
Color Love Is a Many-Splendored Thing
Charles LeMaire
22
1956 (29th)
Black and white The Solid Gold Cadillac
Jean Louis
23
Color The King and I
Irene Sharaff
23

From 1957 onwards, the award merged into one category.

Year Winner Nominees Ref
1957 (30th) Les Girls
Orry-Kelly
6
1958 (31st) Gigi
Cecil Beaton
24

For 1959 the Award was again divided into two awards.

Year Category Winner Nominees Ref
1959 (32nd)
Black and white Some Like It Hot
Orry-Kelly
8
Color Ben-Hur
Elizabeth Haffenden
8

1960s

Year Category Winner Nominees Ref
1960 (33rd)
Black and white The Facts of Life
Edith Head and Edward Stevenson
25
Color Spartacus
Arlington Valles, Bill Thomas
25
1961 (34th)
Black and white La Dolce Vita
Piero Gherardi
26
Color West Side Story
Irene Sharaff
26
1962 (35th)
Black and white What Ever Happened to Baby Jane?
Norma Koch
27
Color The Wonderful World of the Brothers Grimm
Mary Wills
27
1963 (36th)
Black and white
Piero Gherardi
28
Color Cleopatra
Renie Conley, Vittorio Nino Novarese and Irene Sharaff
28
1964 (37th)
Black and white The Night of the Iguana
Dorothy Jeakins
29
Color My Fair Lady
Cecil Beaton
29
1965 (38th)
Black and white Darling
Julie Harris
30
Color Doctor Zhivago
Phyllis Dalton
30
1966 (39th)
Black and white Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?
Irene Sharaff
31
Color A Man for All Seasons
Elizabeth Haffenden
31

From 1967 the category was merged permanently.

Year Winner Nominees Ref
1967 (40th) Camelot
John Truscott
32
1968 (41st) Romeo and Juliet
Danilo Donati
33
1969 (42nd) Anne of the Thousand Days
Margaret Furse
34

1970s

Year Winner Nominees Ref
1970 (43rd) Cromwell
Vittorio Nino Novarese
35
1971 (44th) Nicholas and Alexandra
Yvonne Blake and Antonio Castillo
36
1972 (45th) Travels with My Aunt
Anthony Powell
37
1973 (46th) The Sting
Edith Head
38
1974 (47th) The Great Gatsby
Theoni V. Aldredge
39
1975 (48th) Barry Lyndon
Milena Canonero and Ulla-Britt Soderlund
40
1976 (49th) Fellini's Casanova
Danilo Donati
41
1977 (50th) Star Wars
John Mollo
42
1978 (51st) Death on the Nile
Anthony Powell
43
1979 (52nd) All That Jazz
Albert Wolsky
44

1980s

Year Winner Nominees Ref
1980 (53rd) Tess
Anthony Powell
45
1981 (54th) Chariots of Fire
Milena Canonero
46
1982 (55th) Gandhi
Bhanu Athaiya and John Mollo
47
1983 (56th) Fanny and Alexander
Marik Vos
48
1984 (57th) Amadeus
Theodor Pistek
49
1985 (58th) Ran
Emi Wada
50
1986 (59th) A Room with a View
Jenny Beavan and John Bright
51
1987 (60th) The Last Emperor
James Acheson
52
1988 (61st) Dangerous Liaisons
James Acheson
53
1989 (62nd) Henry V
Phyllis Dalton
54

1990s

Year Film Costume Designer(s)
199055
(63rd)
Cyrano de Bergerac Franca Squarciapino
Avalon Gloria Gresham
Dances with Wolves Elsa Zamparelli
Dick Tracy Milena Canonero
Hamlet Maurizio Millenotti
199156
(64th)
Bugsy Albert Wolsky
The Addams Family Ruth Myers
Barton Fink Richard Hornung
Hook Anthony Powell
Madame Bovary Corinne Jorry
199257
(65th)
Bram Stoker's Dracula Eiko Ishioka
Enchanted April Sheena Napier
Howards End Jenny Beavan and John Bright
Malcolm X Ruth Carter
Toys Albert Wolsky
199358
(66th)
The Age of Innocence Gabriella Pescucci
Orlando Sandy Powell
The Piano Janet Patterson
The Remains of the Day Jenny Beavan and John Bright
Schindler's List Anna B. Sheppard
199459
(67th)
The Adventures of Priscilla, Queen of the Desert Tim Chappel and Lizzy Gardiner
Bullets Over Broadway Jeffrey Kurland
Little Women Colleen Atwood
Maverick April Ferry
Queen Margot (La reine Margot) Moidele Bickel
199560
(68th)
Restoration James Acheson
Braveheart Charles Knode
Richard III Shuna Harwood
Sense and Sensibility Jenny Beavan and John Bright
12 Monkeys Julie Weiss
199661
(69th)
The English Patient Ann Roth
Angels & Insects Paul Brown
Emma Ruth Myers
Hamlet Alexandra Byrne
The Portrait of a Lady Janet Patterson
199762
(70th)
Titanic Deborah Lynn Scott
Amistad Ruth E. Carter
Kundun Dante Ferretti
Oscar and Lucinda Janet Patterson
The Wings of the Dove Sandy Powell
199863
(71st)
Shakespeare in Love Sandy Powell
Beloved Colleen Atwood
Elizabeth Alexandra Byrne
Pleasantville Judianna Makovsky
Velvet Goldmine Sandy Powell
199964
(72nd)
Topsy-Turvy Lindy Hemming
Anna and the King Jenny Beavan
Sleepy Hollow Colleen Atwood
The Talented Mr. Ripley Gary Jones and Ann Roth
Titus Milena Canonero

2000s

Year Movie Costume Designer(s)
200065
(73rd)
Gladiator Janty Yates
102 Dalmatians Anthony Powell
Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon Tim Yip
How the Grinch Stole Christmas Rita Ryack
Quills Jacqueline West
200166
(74th)
Moulin Rouge! Catherine Martin and Angus Strathie
The Affair of the Necklace Milena Canonero
Gosford Park Jenny Beavan
Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone Judianna Makovsky
The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring Ngila Dickson and Richard Taylor
200267
(75th)
Chicago Colleen Atwood
Frida Julie Weiss
Gangs of New York Sandy Powell
The Hours Ann Roth
The Pianist Anna B. Sheppard
200368
(76th)
The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King Ngila Dickson and Richard Taylor
Girl with a Pearl Earring Dien van Straalen
The Last Samurai Ngila Dickson
Master and Commander: The Far Side of the World Wendy Stites
Seabiscuit Judianna Makovsky
200469
(77th)
The Aviator Sandy Powell
Finding Neverland Alexandra Byrne
Lemony Snicket's A Series of Unfortunate Events Colleen Atwood
Ray Sharen Davis
Troy Bob Ringwood
200570
(78th)
Memoirs of a Geisha Colleen Atwood
Charlie and the Chocolate Factory Gabriella Pescucci
Mrs Henderson Presents Sandy Powell
Pride & Prejudice Jacqueline Durran
Walk the Line Arianne Phillips
200671
(79th)
Marie Antoinette Milena Canonero
Curse of the Golden Flower Chung Man Yee
The Devil Wears Prada Patricia Field
Dreamgirls Sharen Davis
The Queen Consolata Boyle
200772
(80th)
Elizabeth: The Golden Age Alexandra Byrne
Across the Universe Albert Wolsky
Atonement Jacqueline Durran
La Vie en Rose Marit Allen (posthumous nomination)
Sweeney Todd: The Demon Barber of Fleet Street Colleen Atwood
200873
(81st)
The Duchess Michael O'Connor
Australia Catherine Martin
The Curious Case of Benjamin Button Jacqueline West
Milk Danny Glicker
Revolutionary Road Albert Wolsky
200974
(82nd)
The Young Victoria Sandy Powell
Bright Star Janet Patterson
Coco Before Chanel Catherine Leterrier
The Imaginarium of Doctor Parnassus Monique Prudhomme
Nine Colleen Atwood

2010s

Year Movie Costume Designer(s)
201075
(83rd)
Alice in Wonderland Colleen Atwood
I Am Love Antonella Cannarozzi
The King's Speech Jenny Beavan
The Tempest Sandy Powell
True Grit Mary Zophres
201176
(84th)
The Artist Mark Bridges
Anonymous Lisy Christl
Hugo Sandy Powell
Jane Eyre Michael O'Connor
W.E. Arianne Phillips
201277
(85th)
Anna Karenina Jacqueline Durran
Les Misérables Paco Delgado
Lincoln Joanna Johnston
Mirror Mirror Eiko Ishioka (posthumous nomination)
Snow White and the Huntsman Colleen Atwood
201377
(86th)
The Great Gatsby Catherine Martin
12 Years a Slave Patricia Norris
American Hustle Michael Wilkinson
The Grandmaster William Chang Suk Ping
The Invisible Woman Michael O'Connor

See also

References

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