Clayton playing in Charlottesville, VA on 1 October 2009
13 March 1960 |
Chinnor, Oxfordshire, England, UK
|Genres||Rock, alternative rock, post-punk|
|Instruments||Bass guitar, guitar, synthesizer|
|Associated acts||U2, Automatic Baby, Passengers, Daniel Lanois, Little Steven|
|Fender Precision Bass
Fender Jazz Bass
Adam Charles Clayton (born 13 March 1960) is a musician best known as the bassist of the Irish rock band U2.1 He has resided in County Dublin since the time his family moved to Malahide when he was five years old in 1965. Clayton is well known for his bass playing on songs such as "New Year's Day", "Bullet the Blue Sky", "With or Without You", "Mysterious Ways", "Get on Your Boots", and "Magnificent". His work on No Line on the Horizon has been cited as his best bass playing.23 He has worked on several solo projects throughout his career, such as his work with fellow band member Larry Mullen Jr. on the theme of 1996's Mission: Impossible.4 Clayton, as a part of U2, has won 22 Grammy awards.5
Adam Clayton is the elder child of Brian and Jo Clayton, born on 13 March 1960 in Chinnor, Oxfordshire, England. His father was an RAF pilot and then he moved into civil aviation; his mother did moonlighting as a stewardess.6 When Clayton was four years old, his father found work in Kenya flying for East African Airways.6 The entire family were based in Nairobi—Clayton recalls this as the happiest period from his childhood years.6 In 1965, the family moved to Malahide, County Dublin in Ireland, where Clayton's brother Sebastian was born.67 The Clayton family became friends with the Evans family, with their sons Dik and Dave ("The Edge") who, along with Clayton, would later form the band Feedback, which eventually became U2.7
At the age of eight, Clayton was sent to a boarding school called Castle Park, in Dalkey.6 Clayton did not respond well to boarding school.6 He was not sports orientated or social, and although he was keen on music, the students were not allowed to listen pop music or watch television.6 As a result, Clayton joined the Gramphone Society, which met to listen to classical music. He also took piano lessons for a short time before quitting.6 Clayton's early introduction to music was at the age of ten, listening to rock operas like Jesus Christ Superstar and Hair, and things that were midway between classical and popular music.6
Clayton changed schools when he was thirteen, joining St. Columba's College in Rathfarnham. He befriended people who used to listen the music that was popular at that time: The Who, The Beatles, The Grateful Dead, Carole King and others. Clayton bought a £5 acoustic guitar from a junk-shop near the Dublin quays that he used to start learning chords and songs.6 One of his friends persuaded him to form a band in which he would play the electric guitar and Clayton would play bass guitar.
His parents bought him a bass guitar at the age of fifteen with the promise that he would commit himself to the instruments.6 He later changed school to Mount Temple Comprehensive School in Dublin, where he met bandmates Paul "Bono" Hewson and Larry Mullen, Jr., and was reunited with his boyhood friend Dave "The Edge" Evans. Mullen had posted an advertisement on the school bulletin board for musicians to form a band with him; Clayton showed up at the first practice, which also included the Evans brothers, Bono, Ivan McCormick, and Peter Martin, who were two of Mullen's friends. McCormick and Martin left the band soon after its conception.
While the band was a five-piece (consisting of Bono, The Edge, Mullen, Dik Evans, and Clayton), it was known as Feedback. The name was subsequently changed to The Hype, but changed to "U2" soon after Dik left the band.8 Clayton also served as the band's first manager before Paul McGuinness, a more experienced manager, was hired after Clayton had left school.7
In 1981, around the time of U2's second, spiritually charged album, October, a rift was created in the band between Clayton and McGuinness, and the three other band members. Bono, The Edge, and Mullen had joined a Christian group, and were questioning the compatibility of rock music with their spirituality.8 However, Clayton, with his more ambiguous religious views, was less concerned, and so was more of an outsider, until Bono's wedding to Alison Hewson (Née Stewart), in which Clayton was the best man.3
Clayton made international headlines in August 1989 when he was arrested in Dublin carrying a small amount of marijuana. However, he avoided conviction by making a large donation to charity, and has later been regretful, saying "It was my own fault. And I'm sure I was out of my head – emotionally apart from anything else. But it is serious because it is illegal."3 Clayton has also had alcohol problems, which came to a head on 26 November 1993 when he was so hung over that he was unable to play that night's show in Sydney, the dress rehearsal for their Zoo TV concert film. After that incident, however, he gave up alcohol.9
In 1995, after the Zoo TV Tour and Zooropa album, Clayton headed to New York with bandmate Mullen to receive formal training in the bass; until then Clayton had been entirely self-taught.9 During that period, he worked on U2's experimental album, released under the pseudonym "Passengers", entitled Original Soundtracks 1. That album features one of the few instances where Clayton has appeared as a vocalist; he spoke the last verse of "Your Blue Room", the album's second single. Prior to this Clayton had only provided live backing vocals to tracks such as "Out of Control", "I Will Follow", "Twilight" and "Bullet the Blue Sky". Since 1998's Popmart tour Clayton has not sung live in any capacity for the band. In 1996, while still in New York, Clayton collaborated with Mullen to re-record the Mission: Impossible theme.4
Clayton has remained a bachelor through his time with U2. During the early 1990s, he dated British supermodel Naomi Campbell. He also had a long-standing relationship with Suzanne "Susie" Smith, a former assistant to Paul McGuinness; they were engaged in 2006, but the pair broke up in February 2007.10 According to the Sunday Independent, he fathered a son in 2010. This has been confirmed by Bono while introducing his bandmate during their 360 tour.11 On 4 September 2013, Clayton married Mariana Teixeira de Carvalho, a Brazilian supermodel, in a ceremony in Dublin.12
In 2009 the High Court ordered the assets of Clayton's former housekeeper and PA be frozen after it was reported that she misappropriated funds of €1.8 million.13 At the subsequent trial that figure was stated to be €2.8 million.14 The PA denied the charges but in 2012 was convicted by a jury of 181 counts of theft and sentenced to 7 years imprisonment.15
As a bass player, Adam Clayton's most recognizable basslines include "New Year's Day", which evolved out of an attempt to play Visage's song "Fade to Grey", and "With or Without You".716 His style includes Motown and reggae influences,17 and cites artists such as Paul Simonon of The Clash as influences on his musical style.16 When Clayton first joined the fledgling U2, he did not have formal training in the bass.7 In the band's early years, he generally played simple parts in 4/4 time.16 Bono said of Clayton's early bass playing, "Adam used to pretend he could play bass. He came round and started using words like 'action' and 'fret' and he had us baffled. He had the only amplifier, so we never argued with him. We thought this guy must be a musician; he knows what he's talking about. And then one day, we discovered he wasn't playing the right notes. That's what's wrong, y'know?"18
Clayton has sung on several occasion, including on the song "Endless Deep", the B-side to the single "Two Hearts Beat As One" from 1983. Clayton also sung backup vocals on "I Will Follow" during live performances in 1983 and 1984. He also spoke the last verse of "Your Blue Room". Clayton can be heard speaking on "Tomorrow ('96 Version)" (a rerecording of "Tomorrow" that he arranged) a song from U2's 1981 album October.19 He plays the guitar on a few occasions, most notably the song "40", where he and guitarist The Edge switch instruments. He also plays the keyboard introduction to "City of Blinding Lights".
Throughout his career, Clayton has used both Precision and Jazz basses. His first bass, however, was a dark brown Ibanez Musician.7 He previously used Ashdown amplifiers before switching to Aguilar Amplifiers. Clayton's Precision basses are modified with a Fender Jazz neck; in an interview with Bass Player magazine, he said that he prefers the Jazz bass neck because it is more "lady-like" and is a better fit in his left hand.16 In 2011 the Fender Custom Shop produced a limited-edition signature Precision Bass built to his own specifications in a limited run of 60 pieces, featuring an alder body and a gold sparkle finish.
Clayton's basses include:
- Fender Precision Bass
- Fender Jazz Bass
- Gibson Thunderbird Bass
- Gibson Les Paul Triumph Bass
- Gibson Les Paul 70's Recording Bass, unknown model
- Lakland Joe Osborn Signature Bass
- Lakland Darryl Jones Signature Bass (with Chi-Sonic pick-ups)
- Auerswald Custom Bass
- Epiphone Rivoli bass (seen in the "Get On Your Boots" music video)
- Rickenbacker 4001 Bass - used in the early days of U2 circa 1978/9
- Status John Entwistle Buzzard Bass
- Warwick Adam Clayton Reverso Signature bass,2021 various custom shop Streamers22 and a Star Bass II.23
- Gibson RD Bass
- Aguilar DB 751 bass amp
- Aguilar DB 410 & 115 cabs
Clayton has worked on several side projects throughout his career. He played (along with the other members of U2) on Robbie Robertson's self-titled album from 1987, and has also performed with Maria McKee.2425 Clayton played on the song "The Marguerita Suite" on Sharon Shannon's self-titled debut album which was released in October 1991.26 He joined U2 producer Daniel Lanois and bandmate Larry Mullen Jr. on Lanois's 1989 album Acadie, playing the bass on the songs "Still Water" and "Jolie Louise".27 In 1994, Clayton played bass along with bandmate Larry Mullen Jr. on Nanci Griffith's album Flyer, playing on the songs "These Days in an Open Book", "Don't Forget About Me", "On Grafton Street" and "This Heart".28 Clayton and Mullen also re-recorded the Theme from Mission: Impossible for the Mission: Impossible soundtrack. The song became a top ten hit in the U.S., reaching No. 7 on the Billboard Hot 100.29 They recorded the soundtrack while both Mullen and Clayton were in New York City for musical training.7 The "Theme from Mission: Impossible" was nominated for the "Best Pop Instrumental Performance" Grammy in 1997, also reaching #7 on the US Billboard chart.43031 He also featured on Little Steven's 1999 album Born Again Savage.
Clayton and U2 have won numerous awards in their career, including 22 Grammy awards, including those for Best Rock Duo or Group seven times, Album of the Year twice, Record of the Year twice, Song of the Year twice, and Best Rock Album twice.5
- Taylor, Philip. "Adam Clayton biography". Archived from the original on 15 September 2007. Retrieved 6 September 2007.
- Lynskey, Dorian. "Different Class, Part 2" (reprint). Q magazine. Archived from the original on 16 October 2007. Retrieved 8 September 2007.
- Lineage, David. "Adam Clayton Biography from @U2". Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 10 September 2007.
- "U2: Biography". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 1 January 2011.
- "The Grammy Awards". Archived from the original on 29 September 2007. Retrieved 27 September 2007.dead link
- Edge, Adam Clayton, Larry Mullen Jr. U2 by U2. HarperCollins. ISBN 978-0-06-077674-9.
- McCormick, Neil; Adam Clayton, Bono, The Edge, Larry Mullen Jr. (2005). U2 by U2. New York: HarperEntertainment. ISBN 0-06-077675-7.
- McGee, Matt. "U2 Biography from @U2". Archived from the original on 17 September 2007. Retrieved 10 September 2007.
- Flanagan, Bill (1996). U2 : at the End of the World. New York: Delta. ISBN 0-385-31157-5.
- Egan, Barry. "U2’s Adam splits up with fiancee Susie (U2France)". Archived from the original on 19 May 2007. Retrieved 8 September 2007.
- "Achtung baby, Adam is the proud father of a little boy". Independent.ie. 16 January 2011. Retrieved 29 May 2011.
- "U2's Adam Clayton ties the knot with Brazilian girlfriend - BelfastTelegraph.co.uk". belfasttelegraph.co.uk. 2013 [last update]. Retrieved 5 September 2013.
- U2's Clayton secures order against former PA. RTÉ News and Current Affairs. Friday, 18 December 2009. Retrieved on that date.
- . Irish Times. Friday, 22 June 2012. Retrieved on that date.
- "Adam Clayton's former PA Carol Hawkins sentenced to seven years for stealing almost €3m". RTÉ News, Ireland. 6 July 2012. Retrieved 7 July 2012.
- Isola, Gregory. "Reluctant Rock Star: How U2's Adam Clayton Learned to Play – and Conquer the World Onstage (Bass Player, 11 November 2000)". Retrieved 8 September 2007.
- Bass Soup. "Adam Clayton's Bass Sound and Technique". Retrieved 8 September 2007.
- "Kings of the Celtic Fringe". NME magazine. 14 February 1981. Retrieved 5 November 2007.
- U2 Online. "Adam Clayton Biography". Archived from the original on 8 August 2007. Retrieved 8 September 2007.
- "Warwick Announces Adam Clayton Reverso Signature Bass". Premier Guitar. 12 January 2010. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
- "Adam Clayton Signature Bass". Warwick. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
- "Warwick Custom Shop Basses: Streamer CV for Adam Clayton". Warwick. 6 August 2013. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
- "Adam Clayton Custom Shop Star Bass". U2: Stage And Studio. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
- theband.hiof.no. "Robbie Robertson:Robbie Robertson". theband.hiof.no. Archived from the original on 5 September 2007. Retrieved 8 September 2007.
- u2boy.n. "U2 Biography: Adam Clayton". u2boy.n. Retrieved 8 September 2007.
- McGee, Matt (2008). U2:A Diary. Omnibus Press. p. 138. ISBN 978-1-84772-108-2.
- U2wanderer.com. "Acadie Album (Daniel Lanois)". U2wanderer.com. Archived from the original on 4 August 2007. Retrieved 8 September 2007.
- Galvin, Peter. "Flyer review from Rolling Stone". Archived from the original on 17 October 2007. Retrieved 8 September 2007.
- Karger, Dave (7 June 1996). "They Shot, He Scored". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved 11 January 2011.
- Amazon.com. "Amazon product overview and reviews of "Theme from Mission: Impossible"". Amazon.com. Archived from the original on 25 August 2007. Retrieved 8 September 2007.
- U2wanderer.com. "Adam Clayton solo discography". U2wanderer.com. Archived from the original on 4 October 2007. Retrieved 8 September 2007.
- U2.com, official U2 website