Adana Vilayet

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ولايت اطنه
Vilâyet-i Adana
Vilayet of the Ottoman Empire

1869–1922
Location of Adana Vilayet
Adana Vilayet in 1900
Capital Adana1
History
 -  Established 1869
 -  Disestablished 1922
Population
 -  Muslim, 19142 341,903 
 -  Greek, 19142 8,974 
 -  Armenian, 19142 52,650 
Today part of  Turkey

The Vilayet of Adana3 (Ottoman Turkish: ولايت اطنه, Vilâyet-i Adana;4 was a vilayet of the Ottoman Empire in the south-east of Asia Minor, which included the ancient Cilicia.1 It was established in May 1869.5 Adana Vilayet bordered with Konya Vilayet (in west), Ankara Vilayet and Sivas Vilayet (in north), and Haleb Vilayet (in east and south).

Demographics

At the beginning of the 20th century it reportedly had an area of 14,494 square miles (37,540 km2), while the preliminary results of the first Ottoman census of 1885 (published in 1908) gave the population as 402,439.6 The accuracy of the population figures ranges from "approximate" to "merely conjectural" depending on the region from which they were gathered.6

Economic history

It was described by the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica as rich in unexploited mineral wealth in the mountainous districts, and fertile in the coast-plain, which produced cotton, rice, cereals, sugar and fruit.1 In 1920, the region was noted for its forested western region, which had little agricultural production. The Cilicia region was noted for its agricultural production, including wheat, barley, oats, rice, seeds, opium, sugarcane and cotton. Cotton production became more popular before World War I. In 1912, the region produced 110,000 bales of cotton and 35,000 tons of cottonseed.7 Pyrite was mined in the region in the early 20th century.8

Administrative divisions

Sanjaks of the Vilayet:9

  1. Sanjak of Adana
  2. Sanjak of Mersin
  3. Sanjak of Cebel-i-Bereket (Yarpuz)
  4. Sanjak of Kozan (Sis)
  5. Sanjak of İçel (Silifke)

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c  Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Adana". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 
  2. ^ a b c "1914 Census Statistics". Turkish General Staff. pp. 605–606. Retrieved 29 January 2011. 
  3. ^ Geographical Dictionary of the World. Concept Publishing Company. p. 1796. ISBN 978-81-7268-012-1. Retrieved 2013-06-08. 
  4. ^ Salname-yi Vilâyet-i Adana ("Yearbook of the Vilayet of Adana"), Adana vilâyet matbaası, Adana, 1321 [1903]. in the website of Hathi Trust Digital Libray.
  5. ^ Ronald Grigor Suny; Fatma Muge Gocek; Norman M. Naimark (2011-01-26). A Question of Genocide:Armenians and Turks at the End of the Ottoman Empire. Oxford University Press. p. 67. ISBN 978-0-19-979276-4. Retrieved 2013-05-22. 
  6. ^ a b Asia by A. H. Keane, page 459
  7. ^ Prothero, G.W. (1920). Anatolia. London: H.M. Stationery Office. 
  8. ^ Prothero, G.W. (1920). Anatolia. London: H.M. Stationery Office. p. 106. 
  9. ^ Adana Vilayeti | Tarih ve Medeniyet

External links








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