Ahmad Shah of Pahang
|Reign||29 March 1979 – 25 April 1984|
|Predecessor||Yahya Petra of Kelantan|
|Successor||Iskandar of Johor|
|Reign||7 May 1974 - Present|
|Predecessor||Abu Bakar of Pahang|
|Spouse||Tengku Ampuan Afzan (d. 1988)
Sultanah Kalsom binti Abdullah
|Haji Ahmad Shah ibni Abu Bakar Riayatuddin Shah|
|Father||Abu Bakar of Pahang|
24 October 1930 |
Pekan, Pahang, Federated Malay States, British Malaya
Ahmad Shah ibni Abu Bakar1 (born 24 October 1930 at Istana Mangga Tunggal, Pekan) is the fifth Sultan of Pahang of Pahang, and also served as the seventh Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia from 1979 to 1984.
Born Tengku Ahmad Shah, he was the only son of Sultan Sir Abu Bakar Riayatuddin Al-Muadzam Shah ibni Almarhum Sultan Abdullah Al-Mutassimu Billah Shah (reigned 1932–1974) by his official and royal consort, Tengku Ampuan Besar Fatimah binti Almarhum Sultan Sir Alang Iskandar Shah II Kaddasullah.
His election as Yang di-Pertuan Agong in 1979 was marked with controversy as he was said to be at odds with the incoming prime minister Dr. Mahathir Mohamad. However, the rumours proved to be untrue and he proved to be a keen admirer of the prime minister.
A controversial, headstrong personality, he has often forced his chief ministers to resign over minor differences.
His favourite hobby was playing football, golf, polo, and equestrian.
Sultan Ahmad Shah is a keen sportsman and President of the Malaysian Football Association (FAM)2 and President of Asian Football Confederation (AFC) until 2002 and Asean Football Federation (AFF) 2011.
His official and royal consort, Tengku Ampuan Afzan binti Tengku Panglima Perang Muhammad, a member of the Terengganu royal family, served as his Raja Permaisuri Agong but died of cancer on her return to Pahang on 29 June 1988. Sultan Ahmad Shah's second wife Kalsom binti Abdullah (nee Anita), was designated as the Sultanah of Pahang in 1991.
As the Yang di-Pertuan Agong from 1979 to 1984, Sultan Haji Ahmad Shah was automatically designated under constitutional provisions as the Supreme Commander of the Malaysian Armed Forces, holding the rank of the Field Marshal of the Royal Malaysian Air Force, Admiral of the Royal Malaysian Navy and Field Marshal of the Army.3
He is today the RMAF's Colonel in Chief and appears in RMAF ceremonies.
Several projects and institutions were named after the Sultan, including:
- Sultan Haji Ahmad Shah Campus (Universiti Tenaga Nasional (UNITEN) branch campus), Bandar Muadzam Shah
- Sultan Haji Ahmad Shah Science Secondary School Kuantan (SEMSAS)
- Sultan Ahmad Shah State Mosque at Kuantan
- Sultan Ahmad Shah Bridge (Temerloh Bridge) on Federal Route at Temerloh
- Sultan Ahmad Shah II Bridge (Semantan Bridge) on East Coast Expressway at Semantan
- Sultan Ahmad Shah III Bridge (Chenor Bridge) at Chenor
- Jalan Sultan Ahmad Shah (formerly Northam Road) in George Town, Penang
- Hospital Sultan Haji Ahmad Shah, Temerloh (formerly Hospital Temerloh) in Maran Road, Temerloh, Pahang
- Sultan Haji Ahmad Shah Cup (Charity Shield Malaysia)
- Information Malaysia (1989), pg 123
- On the ball: Sultan Ahmad Shah's kindness taken as a weakness, Vijesh Rai, 2009/01/13, New Straits Times
- Alagappa, pg 267
- Coercion and Governance: The Declining Political Role of the Military in Asia, Muthiah Alagappa, Stanford University Press, 2001, ISBN 0-8047-4227-8
- Information Malaysia, Published by Berita Publ. Sdn. Bhd., 1989
- The Europa Year Book, Europa Publications Limited, 1984, ISBN 0-905118-96-0
- PAHANG, HRH , Sultan Haji Ahmad Shah Al-Mustain Billah ibni Al-Marhum Sultan Abu Bakar Ri’Ayatuddin Al-Muadzam Shah International Who's Who. accessed 1 September 2006.
Sultan Yahya Petra
(Sultan of Kelantan)
|Yang di-Pertuan Agong
(King of Malaysia)
(Sultan of Johor)
Sultan Sir Abu Bakar Riayatuddin Al-Muadzam Shah ibni Almarhum Sultan Abdullah Al-Mutassimu Billah Shah
|Sultan of Pahang
Hamzah Abu Samah
|President of Asian Football Confederation
Mohamed bin Hammam