Al Arbour

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Al Arbour
Hockey Hall of Fame, 1996
1957 Topps Al Arbour.JPG
Born (1932-11-01) November 1, 1932 (age 81)
Sudbury, ON, CAN
Height 6 ft 0 in (183 cm)
Weight 180 lb (82 kg; 12 st 12 lb)
Position Defence
Shot Left
Played for Detroit Red Wings
Chicago Black Hawks
Toronto Maple Leafs
St. Louis Blues
Playing career 1949–1971

Alger Joseph "Radar" Arbour (born November 1, 1932) is a retired Canadian ice hockey player and a coach and executive in the National Hockey League.

Playing career

Arbour started his playing career in 1954 with the Detroit Red Wings winning the Stanley Cup. He later skated for the Chicago Black Hawks, Toronto Maple Leafs, and St. Louis Blues. Arbour also won the Stanley Cup as a player with the 1960–61 Chicago Black Hawks and the 1961–62 and 1963–64 Toronto Maple Leafs.1 Arbour, along with teammate Ed Litzenberger, is one of eleven players to win consecutive Stanley Cups with two different teams.2 He is one of only ten players in Stanley Cup history to win the Cup with three different teams.3 Arbour was also the first captain of the expansion St. Louis Blues when they lost in Cup finals in 1968, 1969, 1970 (all in four consecutive games). One of the few professional athletes to wear eyeglasses when competing, Arbour was the last NHL player to wear them on the ice.4

Coaching

Arbour began his coaching career with St. Louis in 1970, taking over as coach after playing for the Blues for parts of four seasons. Following two additional seasons with St. Louis, he was recruited by GM Bill Torrey to take over a young New York Islanders team that had set a then-NHL record for futility by winning only 12 games in their inaugural season, 1972–73.

New York Islanders, 1973–86, 1988–94

In his first season as Isles' coach, Arbour's team finished last in the league for the second year in a row, but gave up 100 fewer goals and earned 56 points, up from 30 the year before. New York Rangers defenceman Brad Park said after the Islanders beat their crosstown rivals for the first time, "They have a system. They look like a hockey team."

The 1974–75 Islanders finished third in their division with 88 points, which qualified them for the playoffs, where they defeated the heavily favored Rangers in overtime of the deciding third game of their first-round series. In the next round, the Isles found themselves down three games to none in a best of seven quarterfinal series against the Pittsburgh Penguins. Prior to Game 4, Arbour challenged his team: he told them that anyone who did not believe that the Islanders could come back and win the series should pack their gear and never return. The Islanders rebounded with three straight victories to tie the series, then prevailed in Game 7 by a score of 1–0. It was only the second time in major sports history, and the first since 1942, that a team won a series after trailing 3–0. Since then, only the 2004 Boston Red Sox and the 2010 Philadelphia Flyers have accomplished this. The Islanders then faced the Philadelphia Flyers in the next round, again fell behind 3–0, and once again tied the series, although the Flyers prevailed in Game 7 and went on to win their second consecutive Stanley Cup.

The team quickly rose to the rank of contenders, then favorites, over the next four years, but they were not able to break through and become champions. Despite achieving great regular season success, culminating in the 1978–79 campaign in which they finished with the best record in the NHL, the Islanders suffered a series of letdowns in the playoffs. In 1976 and 1977, they lost to the eventual champion Montreal Canadiens, and then suffered an upset to the Toronto Maple Leafs in 1978. Then, in 1979, the rival Rangers, considered by journalists and commentators to be an inferior team, defeated Arbour's Islanders in the semifinals 4–2. Arbour won the Jack Adams Award for the team's stellar regular season, but he determined that he had the wrong set of priorities in place. After the loss, he no longer placed much emphasis on the regular season finish and instead devoted his team's energy and focus to how they performed in the playoffs.

During the 1979–80 season, the Islanders struggled. However, following the acquisition of Butch Goring in March, the Islanders completed the regular season with a 12-game unbeaten streak. The regular season run carried over to the playoffs and the Islanders captured their first Stanley Cup championship on May 24, 1980 by defeating the Philadelphia Flyers in overtime of Game 6.

Arbour and the Islanders went on to capture 3 more Cups in a row, a record for an American hockey club. Along the way, they set records for consecutive regular season victories, consecutive Finals victories, and playoff series victories, cementing the team as one of the greatest dynasties in professional sports. By the time the Islanders were dethroned by the Edmonton Oilers in the 1984 Stanley Cup Finals, they had strung together 19 straight playoff series victories, a professional sports record. No team in any of the four major sports has strung together four straight championships since.

Arbour retired from coaching following the 1985–86 season and accepted a position in the Islanders front office.

Following a disappointing start to the 1988–89 season, Torrey fired Terry Simpson, and Arbour returned to the bench. Most of the veterans of the dynasty had since left the team, and the Islanders missed the playoffs for the first time in 14 years.

Arbour had one more run deep into the playoffs in 1992–93, where he led an overmatched Islanders team past the two-time defending champion Pittsburgh Penguins and to the Prince of Wales Conference Finals. Islanders star Pierre Turgeon, who was seriously injured after Dale Hunter hit him from behind in the previous round, missed all but a few shifts of the second-round series against Pittsburgh. The Mario Lemieux-led Penguins had finished first in the regular season and seemed primed for a third straight Stanley Cup victory. Journalists gave the Islanders no chance: Jim Smith of Newsday, Long Island's hometown newspaper, predicted that without Turgeon, the defending champions would sweep the Islanders out of the playoffs in four games. Instead, Arbour's Islanders defeated Pittsburgh in overtime of the seventh game of a hard-fought series. In the semifinals, the Islanders lost to the eventual champion Montreal Canadiens, who were led by their stellar goaltender Patrick Roy. Three of the Isles' four losses came in overtime.

Arbour retired after the 1993–94 season, having led the Islanders to a second playoff berth where they were swept in the first round by the Presidents' Trophy-winning New York Rangers, who went on to capture the Stanley Cup. At that time Arbour had won 739 games as an Islander coach, and a banner with that number was raised to the rafters at the Nassau Veterans Memorial Coliseum on January 25, 1997.5

New York Islanders, 2007

On November 3, 2007, Al Arbour returned, at the request of Islanders coach Ted Nolan, to coach his 1,500th game for the Islanders. Arbour said, "Ted is going to do most of the coaching, I think."6 At age 75, he became the oldest man ever to coach a National Hockey League game.4 The Islanders beat the Pittsburgh Penguins 3–2, giving Arbour his 740th win. The 739 win banner was brought down, and replaced with one with the number 1500, representing the number of games coached. When the banner was lifted to the rafters, Arbour was joined by the entire Islanders team, his family, and Islander Alumni, including Mike Bossy, Bryan Trottier, and Pat LaFontaine.

Awards and honors

He is a member of the Hockey Hall of Fame, New York Islanders Hall of Fame, and Nassau County Sports Hall of Fame.

  • Jack Adams Award as Coach 1979
  • Stanley Cup Champion as a player 1954 (Detroit), 1961 (Chicago), 1962, 1964 (Toronto)
  • Stanley Cup Champion as Coach 1980–83 (Head Coach NY Islanders)
  • Calder Cup Champion 1965, 1966 (with Rochester Americans)

Legacy

Arbour is currently second in wins and games coached behind Scotty Bowman in NHL history. Many hockey publications rank Bowman as the best coach in hockey history and Arbour as #2. This ranking is not without controversy, however, and those who believe Arbour to be the best ever point to his work turning struggling teams into champions, while Bowman usually took over teams that were already championship contenders. Arbour's team won the final playoff matchup between the two coaches in 1993.

Coaching record

Team Year Regular season Post season
G W L T Pts Finish W L Win % Result
STL 70–71 50 21 15 14 56 -
STL 71–72 44 19 19 6 44 3rd in West 4 7 .364 Semi-finalist
STL 72–73 13 2 6 5 9
STL Total 107 42
39.3%
40
37.4%
25
23.3%
109 4 7 .364 1 Playoff Appearance
NYI 73–74 78 19 41 18 56 8th in East
NYI 74–75 80 33 25 22 88 3rd in Norris 7 8 .333 Semi-Finalist
NYI 75–76 80 42 21 17 101 2nd in Patrick 7 6 .538 Semi-Finalist
NYI 76–77 80 47 21 12 106 2nd in Patrick 8 4 .667 Semi-Finalist
NYI 77–78 80 48 17 15 111 1st in Patrick 3 4 .429 Quarter-Finalist
NYI 78–79 80 51 15 14 116 1st in Patrick 9 6 .600 Semi-Finalist
NYI 79–80 80 39 28 13 91 2nd in Patrick 15 6 .714 Won Stanley Cup
NYI 80–81 80 48 18 14 110 1st in Patrick 15 3 .833 Won Stanley Cup
NYI 81–82 80 54 16 10 118 1st in Patrick 15 4 .789 Won Stanley Cup
NYI 82–83 80 42 26 12 96 2nd in Patrick 15 5 .750 Won Stanley Cup
NYI 83–84 80 50 26 4 104 1st in Patrick 12 10 .545 Finalist
NYI 84–85 80 40 34 6 86 3rd in Patrick 4 6 .400 2nd Round
NYI 85–86 80 39 29 12 90 3rd in Patrick 0 3 .000 Division Semi-Finalist
NYI 88–89 53 21 29 3 45 6th in Patrick
NYI 89–90 80 31 38 11 73 4th in Patrick 1 4 .200 Division Semi-Finalist
NYI 90–91 80 25 45 10 60 6th in Patrick
NYI 91–92 80 34 35 11 79 5th in Patrick
NYI 92–93 84 40 37 7 87 3rd in Patrick 9 9 .500 Conference Finalist
NYI 93–94 84 36 36 12 84 4th in Atlantic 0 4 .000 Conference Quarter-Finalist
NYI 07–08 1 1 0 0 2
NYI total 1,500 740
49.3%
537
35.8%
223
14.9%
1,703 114 76 .600 15 Playoff Appearances
4 Stanley Cups
Total 1,607 782
48.7%
577
35.9%
248
15.4%
1,812 118 83 .587 16 Playoff Appearances
4 Stanley Cups

See also

References

  1. ^ Diamond, D. (1992). The Official National Hockey League Stanley Cup Centennial Book, p. 266. Buffalo: Firefly Books. ISBN 1-895565-15-4
  2. ^ NHL.com – The Stanley Cup
  3. ^ "Players on Stanley-Cup Winning Teams". Archived from the original on March 9, 2010. Retrieved 2010-04-13. 
  4. ^ a b . ISLES GIVE AL SHOT AT 1,500
  5. ^ Weekes, Don (2003). The Best and Worst of Hockey's Firsts: The Unofficial Guide. Canada: Greystone Books. p. 240. ISBN 9781550548600. 
  6. ^ http://www.newsday.com/sports/hockey/islanders/ny-spal205299815jul20,0,6196123.story?coll=ny-islanders-print

External links

Preceded by
Position created
St. Louis Blues captain
196770
Succeeded by
Red Berenson
Preceded by
Red Berenson
St. Louis Blues captain
1971
Succeeded by
Jim Roberts
Preceded by
Scotty Bowman
Head coach of the St. Louis Blues
1970–71
Succeeded by
Scotty Bowman
Preceded by
Bill McCreary Sr.
Head coach of the St. Louis Blues
1971–72
Succeeded by
Jean-Guy Talbot
Preceded by
Earl Ingarfield, Sr.
Head coach of the New York Islanders
1973–86
Succeeded by
Terry Simpson
Preceded by
Bobby Kromm
Winner of the Jack Adams Award
1979
Succeeded by
Pat Quinn
Preceded by
Terry Simpson
Head coach of the New York Islanders
1988–94
Succeeded by
Lorne Henning







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