Ali Amini

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Ali Amini
Aliamini.jpg
67th Prime Minister of Iran
In office
5 May 1961 – 19 July 1962
Monarch Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi
Preceded by Jafar Sharif-Emami
Succeeded by Asadollah Alam
Minister of Economic Affairs
In office
19 August 1953 – 7 April 1955
Prime Minister Fazlollah Zahedi
Preceded by Nezam-ed-din Emami
Succeeded by Nasrollah Jahangir
Minister of Culture
In office
21 July 1952 – 19 August 1953
Prime Minister Mohammad Mosaddegh
Preceded by Ali Jahangiri
Succeeded by Mohammad Sepehri
Personal details
Born 12 December 1905
Tehran, Iran
Died 12 December 1992(1992-12-12) (aged 87)
Paris, France
Political party Democratic Party
Spouse(s) Batol Vosogh
Children Iraj Amini
Alma mater Tehran University
Religion Twelver Shi'a Islam

Ali Amini (12 December 1905 – 12 December 1992) was an Iranian politician and writer who was the Prime Minister of Iran from 6 May 1961 to 19 July 1962.

Early life

Amini's family (Ali Amini first from right)

Amini was born on 12 December 1905 in Tehran.1 He was a grandson of Mozaffar ad-Din Shah Qajar through his mother, Fakhr ol dowleh. He completed his studies first in Darolfonoon and then in France where he graduated with a degree in law from Grenoble University,2 followed by his Ph.D in economics from Paris.

He became involved in politics through the help of Ali Akbar Davar who gave him a position in the judiciary.

Career

At the age of 37, Amini was selected as a minister to serve in the cabinet of Ahmad Ghavam. He was a member of the National Front, but broke away from the party in 1952.2

He was minister of culture from 1952 to 1953. He became minister of economic affairs in the cabinet of Fazlollah Zahedi and remain in office until 1955. The same year he was named ambassador to the US.2 His tendencies were pro-American to the extent that made the Shah uncomfortable. Mohammad Reza Shah in particular distrusted Amini's popularity and friendship with then-senator John F. Kennedy. Therefore, his tenure ended in 1958.2

Amini after his appointment as prime minister

In the 1950s, Amini was a candidate for premiership. He was appointed prime minister in 1961. In July 1962, however, he was replaced by the Shah's close friend and a major Birjand landowner Asadollah Alam. In the late 1970s, Amini attempted a comeback into Iranian politics at the age of 70. He served as advisor to the Shah during the final days of the Pahlavi Dynasty.

Personal life

Amini married Batoul Voosough (died 1992) in 1932 and they had a son, Iraj.1

Honours

Amini was awarded Grand Croix of the Legion of Honor in 1962.3

Later years and death

In 1979, Amini moved to Paris, France. There he headed the Front for the Liberation of Iran, a monarchist opposition group.4 He complained about internal struggle among the exiled Iranian monachists, saying "We're not even back in Tehran [and] they quarrel over the name of the country's future prime minister."4 He wrote his biography published by Harvard University.

He died in Paris on 12 December 1992 at the age of 87.1 His body was buried in Passy Cemetery.

References

  1. ^ a b c Moin, Baqer (17 December 1992). "Obituary: Ali Amini". The Independent. Retrieved 2 August 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c d Rubin, Barry (1980). Paved with Good Intentions. New York: Penguin Books. p. 106. 
  3. ^ "Ali Amini; Foe of Iran's Islamic Government". Los Angeles Times. 17 December 1992. Retrieved 2 August 2013. 
  4. ^ a b "Rivalry complicates Iranian exile struggle". The Christian Science Monitor. 3 July 1986. Retrieved 4 August 2013. 
  • Habib Ladjevardi, editor, Memories of Ali Amini (in Persian), second edition, 244 p. (Harvard University Press, 1997). ISBN 0-932885-11-X
  • 'Alí Rizā Awsatí (عليرضا اوسطى), Iran in the past three centuries (Irān dar Se Qarn-e Goz̲ashteh - ايران در سه قرن گذشته), Volumes 1 and 2 (Paktāb Publishing - انتشارات پاکتاب, Tehran, Iran, 2003). ISBN 964-93406-6-1 (Vol. 1), ISBN 964-93406-5-3 (Vol. 2).

External links

Political offices
Preceded by
Ali Jahangiri
Minister of Culture
1952–1953
Succeeded by
Mohammad Sepehri
Preceded by
Nezam-ed-din Emami
Minister of Economic Affairs
1953–1955
Succeeded by
Nasrollah Jahangir
Preceded by
Jafar Sharif-Emami
Prime Minister of Iran
1961–1962
Succeeded by
Asadollah Alam
Party political offices
Preceded by
Ahmad Qavam
Leader of Democratic Party
1949-1965
Succeeded by
Party Dissolved







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