Alice in Chains
|Alice in Chains|
Alice in Chains in September 2007.
(l-r): William DuVall, Sean Kinney and Jerry Cantrell.
|Origin||Seattle, Washington, U.S.|
|Genres||Alternative metal, grunge, heavy metal|
|Years active||1987–2002, 2005-present|
|Labels||Columbia, Virgin/EMI, Capitol|
|Associated acts||Alice N' Chains, Class of '99, Comes with the Fall, Mad Season, Black Label Society, Spys4Darwin|
|Past members||Layne Staley
Alice in Chains is an American rock band formed in Seattle, Washington, in 1987 by guitarist and songwriter Jerry Cantrell and original lead vocalist Layne Staley. The initial lineup was rounded out by drummer Sean Kinney, and bassist Mike Starr (who was replaced in 1993 by Mike Inez).
Although widely associated with grunge music, the band's sound incorporates heavy metal and acoustic elements. Since its formation, Alice in Chains has released five studio albums, three EPs, two live albums, four compilations, and two DVDs. The band is known for its distinct vocal style which often included the harmonized vocals of Staley and Cantrell.
Alice in Chains rose to international fame as part of the grunge movement of the early 1990s, along with other Seattle bands such as Nirvana, Pearl Jam, and Soundgarden. The band was one of the most successful music acts of the 1990s, selling over 25 million albums worldwide,1 and over 14 million in the US alone.2 In 1992, the band released their album Dirt, which was critically acclaimed and has been certified quadruple platinum. The band also achieved two No. 1 Billboard 200 releases, 14 top ten songs on the Mainstream Rock Tracks chart and eight Grammy Award nominations.
Although never officially disbanding, Alice in Chains was plagued by extended inactivity from 1996 onwards due to Staley's substance abuse, which resulted in his death in 2002. The band reunited in 2005 with new lead vocalist William DuVall, and released their fourth studio album, Black Gives Way to Blue, in 2009. The album was a success, being certified gold by the RIAA in 2010. Alice in Chains released their fifth studio album, The Devil Put Dinosaurs Here, on May 28, 2013. They are currently on tour for this album.3
- 1 History
- 1.1 Formation and early years (1984–89)
- 1.2 Facelift and Sap (1990–92)
- 1.3 Dirt (1992–93)
- 1.4 Jar of Flies (1993–94)
- 1.5 Alice in Chains (1995–96)
- 1.6 Hiatus and the death of Layne Staley (1996–2002)
- 1.7 Reunion shows (2005–08)
- 1.8 Black Gives Way to Blue (2008–10)
- 1.9 Future plans and the death of Mike Starr (2010–2011)
- 1.10 The Devil Put Dinosaurs Here (2011–present)
- 2 Musical style
- 3 Legacy
- 4 Personnel
- 5 Discography
- 6 Awards and nominations
- 7 References
- 8 External links
Before the formation of Alice in Chains, then-drummer45 Layne Staley landed his first gig as a vocalist when he auditioned to sing for a local glam metal band known as Sleze after receiving some encouragement from his stepbrother Ken Elmer.45 Other members of this group at that time were guitarists Johnny Bacolas and Zoli Semanate, drummer James Bergstrom, and bassist Byron Hansen.4 This band went through several lineup changes culminating with Nick Pollock as their sole guitarist and Bacolas switching to bass before discussions arose about changing their name to Alice in Chains.6 This was prompted by a conversation that Bacolas had with a singer from another band about backstage passes.6 Due to concerns over the reference to female bondage, the group ultimately chose to spell it differently as Alice N' Chains to allay any parental concerns but Staley's mother Nancy McCallum has said she still was not happy with this at first.6
While performing with Alice N' Chains, Staley met guitarist Jerry Cantrell while working at Music Bank rehearsal studios, where the two struggling musicians became roommates, and lived in a rehearsal space they shared. Alice N' Chains soon disbanded and Staley joined a funk band who at the time also required a guitarist. Staley asked Cantrell to join as a sideman. Cantrell agreed on condition that Staley join Cantrell's band, which at the time included drummer Sean Kinney and bassist Mike Starr. Eventually the funk project broke up and in 1987 Staley joined Cantrell's band on a full-time basis, playing in clubs around the Pacific Northwest, often stretching 15 minutes of material into a 45-minute set. The band played a couple of gigs calling themselves several different monikers, including Diamond Lie, which was the name of Cantrell's previous band,7 before they eventually took the name that Staley's previous band had initially flirted with - Alice in Chains.89
Local promoter Randy Hauser became aware of the band at a concert, and offered to pay for demo recordings. However, one day before the band was due to record at the Music Bank studio in Washington, police shut down the studio during the biggest cannabis raid in the history of the state.8 The final demo, completed in 1988, was named The Treehouse Tapes, and found its way to the music managers Kelly Curtis and Susan Silver, who also managed the Seattle-based band Soundgarden. Curtis and Silver passed the demo on to Columbia Records' A&R representative Nick Terzo, who set up an appointment with label president Don Ienner. Based on The Treehouse Tapes, Ienner signed Alice in Chains to Columbia in 1989.8 The band also recorded another untitled demo over a three-month period in 1989. This recording can be found on the bootleg release Sweet Alice.10
|Problems playing this file? See media help.|
Alice in Chains soon became a top priority of the label, who released the band's first official recording in July 1990, a promotional EP We Die Young. The EP's lead single, "We Die Young", became a hit on metal radio. After its success, the label rushed Alice in Chains' debut album into production with producer Dave Jerden.11 Cantrell stated the album was intended to have a "moody aura" that was a "direct result of the brooding atmosphere and feel of Seattle".12
The resulting album, Facelift, was released on August 21, 1990, peaking at number 42 in the summer of 1991 on the Billboard 200 chart.13 Facelift was not an instant success, selling under 40,000 copies in the first six months of release, until MTV added "Man in the Box" to regular daytime rotation.14 The single hit number 18 on the Mainstream rock charts, with the album's follow up single, "Sea of Sorrow", reaching number 27,15 and in six weeks Facelift sold 400,000 copies in the US.14 The album was a critical success, with Steve Huey of Allmusic citing Facelift as "one of the most important records in establishing an audience for grunge and alternative rock among hard rock and heavy metal listeners."16
Facelift was certified gold by the Recording Industry Association of America by the end of 1990, while the band continued to hone its audience, opening for such artists as Iggy Pop,17 Van Halen, Poison,12 and Extreme.14 In early 1991, Alice in Chains landed the opening slot for the Clash of the Titans with Anthrax, Megadeth, and Slayer, exposing the band to a wide metal audience, but receiving mainly poor reception.18 Alice in Chains was nominated for a Best Hard Rock Performance Grammy Award in 1992 for "Man in the Box", but lost to Van Halen for their 1991 album For Unlawful Carnal Knowledge.19
Following the tour, Alice in Chains entered the studio to record demos for its next album, but ended up recording five acoustic songs instead.14 While in the studio, drummer Sean Kinney had a dream about "making an EP called Sap".17 The band decided "not to mess with fate", and on March 21, 1992, Alice in Chains released their second EP, Sap. The EP was released while Nirvana's Nevermind was at the top of the Billboard 200 charts, resulting in a rising popularity of Seattle-based bands, and the term grunge music.14 Sap was soon certified gold within two weeks. The EP features guest vocals by Ann Wilson from the band Heart, who joined Staley and Cantrell for the choruses of "Brother", "Am I Inside" and "Love Song". The EP also features Mark Arm of Mudhoney and Chris Cornell of Soundgarden, who appeared together on the song "Right Turn", credited to "Alice Mudgarden" in the liner notes.20 In 1992, Alice in Chains appeared in the Cameron Crowe film Singles, performing as a "bar band".21 The band also contributed the song "Would?" to the film's soundtrack, whose video received an award for Best Video from a Film at the 1993 MTV Video Music Awards.22
|Problems playing this file? See media help.|
In March 1992, the band returned to the studio. With new songs written primarily on the road, the material has an overall darker feel than Facelift, with six of the album's thirteen songs dealing with the subject of addiction.23 "We did a lot of soul searching on this album. There's a lot of intense feelings."23 Cantrell said, "We deal with our daily demons through music. All of the poison that builds up during the day we cleanse when we play".9
On September 29, 1992, Alice in Chains released its second album, Dirt. The album peaked at number six on the Billboard 200, and since its release has been certified quadruple platinum by the RIAA, making Dirt the band's highest selling album to date.811 The album was a critical success, with Steve Huey of Allmusic praising the album as a "major artistic statement, and the closest they ever came to recording a flat-out masterpiece".24 Chris Gill of Guitar World called Dirt "huge and foreboding, yet eerie and intimate", and "sublimely dark and brutally honest".14 Dirt spawned five top 30 singles: "Would?", "Rooster", "Them Bones", "Angry Chair" and "Down in a Hole",15 and remained on the charts for nearly two years.25 Alice in Chains was added as openers to Ozzy Osbourne's No More Tears tour. Days before the tour began, Layne Staley broke his foot in an ATV accident, forcing him to use crutches on stage.14 While on tour, Starr left the band, and was replaced by former Ozzy Osbourne bassist Mike Inez.26 In 1993, the band recorded two songs with Inez, "What the Hell Have I" and "A Little Bitter", for the Last Action Hero soundtrack.27 During the summer of 1993, Alice in Chains toured with the alternative music festival Lollapalooza, their last major tour with Staley.28
Following Alice in Chains' extensive 1993 world tour, Staley said the band "just wanted to go into the studio for a few days with our acoustic guitars and see what happened".29 "We never really planned on the music we made at that time to be released. But the record label heard it and they really liked it. For us, it was just the experience of four guys getting together in the studio and making some music."29
While never originally intended for a public release, Columbia Records released Alice in Chains' second acoustic-based EP, Jar of Flies, on January 25, 1994. Written and recorded in one week,30 Jar of Flies debuted at number one on the Billboard 200, becoming the first ever EP—and first Alice in Chains release—to top the charts.13 Paul Evans of Rolling Stone called the EP "darkly gorgeous",31 and Steve Huey stated "Jar of Flies is a low-key stunner, achingly gorgeous and harrowingly sorrowful all at once".32 Jar of Flies features Alice in Chains' first number-one single on the Mainstream Rock charts, "No Excuses". The second single, "I Stay Away", reached number ten on the Mainstream rock charts, while the final single "Don't Follow", reached number 25.15 After the release of Jar of Flies, Layne Staley entered rehab for heroin addiction.33 The band was scheduled to tour during the summer of 1994 with Metallica, Suicidal Tendencies, Danzig and Fight, but while in rehearsal for the tour, Staley began using heroin again.34 Staley's condition prompted the other band members to cancel all scheduled dates one day before the start of the tour, putting the band on hiatus.34 Alice in Chains was replaced by Candlebox on the tour.
While Alice in Chains was inactive during 1995, Staley joined the "grunge supergroup" Mad Season, which also featured Pearl Jam guitarist Mike McCready, bassist John Baker Saunders from The Walkabouts and Screaming Trees drummer Barrett Martin. Mad Season released one album, Above, for which Staley provided lead vocals and the album artwork. The album spawned a number-two single, "River of Deceit", as well as a home video release of Live at the Moore.25 In April 1995, Alice in Chains entered Bad Animals Studio in Seattle with producer Toby Wright, who had previously worked with Corrosion of Conformity and Slayer.35 While in the studio, an inferior version of the song "Grind" was leaked to radio, and received major airplay.36 On October 6, 1995, the band released the studio version of the song to radio via satellite uplink. On November 7, 1995, Columbia Records released the eponymous Alice in Chains,35 which debuted at number one on the Billboard 200,13 and has since been certified double platinum. Of the album's four singles, "Grind", "Again", "Over Now", and "Heaven Beside You", three feature Cantrell on lead vocals. Jon Wiederhorn of Rolling Stone called the album "liberating and enlightening, the songs achieve a startling, staggering and palpable impact."37 The song "Got Me Wrong" unexpectedly charted three years after its release on the Sap EP. The song was re-released as a single on the soundtrack for the independent film Clerks in 1995, reaching number seven on the Mainstream Rock Tracks chart.38 The band opted not to tour in support of Alice in Chains, adding to the rumors of drug abuse.3439
Alice in Chains resurfaced on April 10, 1996, to perform their first concert in three years for MTV Unplugged, a program featuring all-acoustic set lists.4041 The performance featured some of the band's highest charting singles, including "Down in a Hole", "Heaven Beside You", and "Would?", and introduced a new song, "Killer Is Me". The show marked Alice in Chains' only appearance as a five-piece band, adding second guitarist Scott Olson.40 A live album of the performance was released in July 1996, which debuted at number three on the Billboard 200,13 and was accompanied by a home video release, both of which received platinum certification by the RIAA. Alice in Chains performed four shows supporting the reunited original Kiss-lineup, with the final live appearance of Layne Staley on July 3, 1996, in Kansas City, Missouri.42
Although Alice in Chains never officially disbanded, Staley became a recluse, rarely leaving his Seattle condominium following the death of his ex-fiancée Demri Parrott in 1996, due to bacterial endocarditis.25 "Drugs worked for me for years", Staley told Rolling Stone in 1996, "and now they're turning against me, now I'm walking through hell".39 In 1997, Alice in Chains toured Japan, New Zealand and Australia as the support act for KISS during their Alive/Worldwide Reunion Tour when KISS reformed with their original members and returned to wearing their famous face paint. Unable to continue with new Alice in Chains material, Cantrell released his first solo album, Boggy Depot, in 1998 which also featured Sean Kinney and Mike Inez.43 In 1998, Staley reunited with Alice in Chains to record two new songs, "Get Born Again" and "Died". Originally written for Cantrell's solo album, the songs were released in the fall of 1999 on the box set, Music Bank. The set contains 48 songs, including rarities, demos, and previous album tracks.8 The band also released a 15-track compilation titled Nothing Safe: Best of the Box, serving as a sampler for Music Bank, as well as the band's first compilation album. A live album, simply titled Live, released on December 5, 2000, and a second compilation, titled Greatest Hits in 2001.44
By 2002, Cantrell had finished work on his second solo album, Degradation Trip. Written in 1998, the album's lyrical content focused heavily on what Cantrell regarded as the demise of Alice in Chains which still remained evident as the album approached its June 2002 release. However, in March that year, Cantrell commented, "We're all still around, so it's possible [Alice in Chains] could all do something someday, and I fully hope someday we will."45
After a decade of battling drug addiction, Layne Staley was found dead in his condominium on April 19, 2002.46 His mother and stepfather became alarmed when accountants noticed that money was no longer being withdrawn from his accounts. With assistance from the police, they broke into his condo and made the discovery. An autopsy revealed Staley had died from a mixture of heroin and cocaine. His friends speculate that in addition to drugs, he may have contracted an illness that his body could not fight off, due to a compromised immune system. His body was discovered two weeks after his death.46 In his last interview, which was given months before his death, Staley admitted, "I know I'm near death, I did crack and heroin for years. I never wanted to end my life this way."47 Cantrell dedicated his 2002 solo album, released two months after Staley's death, to his memory.48
In 2005, Jerry Cantrell, Mike Inez, and Sean Kinney reunited to perform a benefit concert in Seattle for victims of the tsunami disaster that struck South Asia.49 The band featured Damageplan vocalist Pat Lachman, with other special guests including Maynard James Keenan of Tool, and Ann Wilson of Heart.4950 On March 10, 2006, the surviving members performed at VH1's Decades Rock Live concert, honoring fellow Seattle musicians Ann and Nancy Wilson of Heart. They played "Would?" with vocalist Phil Anselmo of Pantera and Down, and Duff McKagan of Guns N' Roses and Velvet Revolver, then they played "Rooster" with Comes with the Fall vocalist William DuVall and Ann Wilson.50 The band followed the concert with a short United States club tour, several festival dates in Europe, and a brief tour in Japan. To coincide with the band's reunion, Sony Music released the long-delayed third Alice in Chains compilation, The Essential Alice in Chains, a double album that includes 28 songs.51
DuVall joined Alice in Chains as lead singer during the band's reunion concerts. Velvet Revolver and ex-Guns N' Roses bassist Duff McKagan also joined the band for the reunion tour, playing rhythm guitar on selected songs.50 Before the tour, Kinney mentioned in an interview that he would be interested in writing new material, but not as Alice in Chains.52 However, AliceinChains.com reported that the band had begun writing new material, with DuVall on lead vocals.
In October 2008, Alice in Chains began recording its fourth studio album at the Foo Fighters' Studio 606 in Los Angeles with producer Nick Raskulinecz.54 At the Revolver Golden God Awards, Jerry Cantrell said that the group had finished recording in March 2009, and were mixing it for a September release.55 In April 2009, it was reported that the new Alice in Chains album would be released by Virgin/EMI,56 making it the band's first label change in its 20-plus year career. On June 11, 2009, Blabbermouth.net reported that the new album would be titled Black Gives Way to Blue, and was officially set to be released on September 29, 2009.1 On June 30, 2009, one of the album's songs, "A Looking in View", was released as the first single from the album. It was made available for a limited time as a free download through the official Alice in Chains website in early July. The music video for "A Looking in View" debuted via Alice in Chains' official website on July 7, 2009.57 The second single "Check My Brain" was released to radio stations on August 14, 2009, and was made available for purchase on August 17, 2009.58 In addition, it was announced that Elton John appears on the album's title track.59
In September 2008, it was announced that Alice in Chains would headline Australia's Soundwave Festival in 2009, alongside Nine Inch Nails and Lamb of God.60 In February 2009, it was also announced that Alice in Chains would play at the third annual Rock on the Range festival.61 On August 1, 2009, Alice in Chains, along with Mastodon, Avenged Sevenfold, and Glyder, performed at Marlay Park, Dublin as a direct support to Metallica. The band made an appearance on Later Live ... With Jools Holland on November 10, 2009, performing "Lesson Learned", "Black Gives Way To Blue", and "Check My Brain" as the final performance of the episode.
To coincide with the band's European tour, Alice in Chains released its next single, "Your Decision", on November 16 in the UK and was in the US on December 1.6263 The fourth single from the album is "Lesson Learned" and was released to rock radio in mid-June.64 On May 18, 2010, Black Gives Way to Blue was certified gold by the RIAA for shipments of over 500,000 copies.
Along with Mastodon and Deftones, Alice In Chains toured the United States and Canada in late 2010 on the Blackdiamondskye tour, an amalgam of the three bands' latest album titles (Black Gives Way to Blue, Diamond Eyes, and Crack the Skye).
In April 2010, guitarist Jerry Cantrell revealed to MTV News that Alice in Chains was contemplating making a fifth studio album in the foreseeable future. He explained, "There are thoughts. We'll see how far we get. Staying in the moment is a good way to live and we certainly hope that it happens. I don't see any reason why it wouldn't [happen]."65 Frontman William DuVall also commented on the next album and Alice in Chains' future, "we've got a lot of water to sail before we do that. There's a lot of shows. But yeah, generally speaking, yeah, we're excited about the future. I don't anticipate some long layoff."66
DuVall revealed in September 2010 that Alice in Chains had not begun writing their next album yet, but "there's plenty of riffs flying around." He added, "That was the case when we first started back up. We would just stockpile these fragments, and then some time later we would sift through the mountain of stuff, and that's what became Black Gives Way to Blue. The same thing has been happening since we've been touring Black Gives Way to Blue, so it would be only natural to at some point say, 'Hey, we've got a lot of stuff. Let's sift through and see what we've got this time.'" DuVall also mentioned that it was possible that the new album would feature songs that were written for Black Gives Way to Blue.67
On March 8, 2011, former Alice In Chains bassist Mike Starr was found dead in Salt Lake City. Police told Reuters they were called to Starr's Salt Lake City home at 1:42 pm where the musician's body was found; Starr was 44. Reports later surfaced that Starr's roommate had seen him mixing methadone and anxiety medication hours before he was found dead. Later reports indicated Starr's death may have been linked to two different types of antidepressants he was prescribed by his doctor.686970 A public memorial was held for Starr at the Seattle Center's International Fountain on March 20, 2011.71 A private memorial was also held, which Jerry Cantrell and Sean Kinney attended according to Mike Inez.72
On March 21, 2011, Alice in Chains announced that they were working on a fifth studio album.73
By 2013, it had been reported through statements of both Cantrell and Inez that Alice In Chains had begun the recording process for their fifth studio album. The album was expected to be finished by summer of 2012 and released by the end of 2012 or beginning of 2013. While Alice in Chains had begun writing for a new album in 2011, Cantrell's surgery delayed recording the new material. In an interview published in May 2012, Cantrell explained, "The thing that set me back is I had some bone spurs [and] cartilage issues in my shoulders. I had the same issue in the other shoulder about six years ago so I've had them both done now. It's a repetitive motion injury from playing."74 In December 2012, Jerry Cantrell confirmed that the new album was completed.75 The first single from the album, "Hollow", debuted online on December 18, and was available for digital download in January 2013, with an official music video released.767778
On February 13, 2013, Alice in Chains posted on Facebook that their new album title would be an anagram of the letters H V L E N T P S U S D A H I E E O E D T I U R R.79 On the day after, they announced that the new album would be called The Devil Put Dinosaurs Here which was released on May 28, 2013.80
The Devil Put Dinosaurs Here debuted at number 2 on the Billboard 200.81
Asked in September 2013 if Alice in Chains would make another album, Cantrell replied, "It'll be a while. It's [been] four years since we put the last one out, but at least it's not the gap that was between the last one, so that's about right - about three to four years."82
|Problems playing this file? See media help.|
Although Alice in Chains has been labeled grunge by the mainstream media,83 Jerry Cantrell identifies the band as primarily heavy metal. He told Guitar World in 1996: "We're a lot of different things ... I don't quite know what the mixture is, but there's definitely metal, blues, rock and roll, maybe a touch of punk. The metal part will never leave, and I never want it to".84 The Edmonton Journal has stated "Living and playing in Seattle might have got them the grunge tag, but they've always pretty much been a classic metal band to the core."85 Over the course of their career, the band's sound has also been described as alternative metal,438687 sludge metal,88899091929394 doom metal,9596 dark metal,97 drone rock,98 hard rock,4399 and alternative rock.43 Regarding the band's constant categorization by the media, Cantrell stated "When we first came out we were metal. Then we started being called alternative metal. Then grunge came out and then we were hard rock. And now, since we've started doing this again I've seen us listed as: hard rock, alternative, alternative metal and just straight metal. I walked into an HMV the other day to check out the placement and see what's on and they've got us relegated back into the metal section. Right back where we started!".100 According to Mike Inez, they were always the metal stepchildren of the Seattle scene.101
Jerry Cantrell's guitar style combines "pummeling riffs and expansive guitar textures"14 to create "slow, brooding minor-key grinds".102 He is also recognized for his natural ability to blend acoustic and electric guitars. While down-tuned distorted guitars mixed with Staley's distinctive "snarl-to-a-scream"14 vocals appealed to heavy metal fans, the band also had "a sense of melody that was undeniable", which introduced Alice in Chains to a much wider audience outside of the heavy metal underground.16
According to Stephen Thomas Erlewine of Allmusic, Alice in Chains' sound has a "Black Sabbath-style riffing and an unconventional vocal style".43 The band has been described by Erlewine as "hard enough for metal fans, yet their dark subject matter and punky attack placed them among the front ranks of the Seattle-based grunge bands".43 Three of the band's releases feature acoustic music, and while the band initially kept these releases separate, Alice in Chains' self-titled album combined the styles to form "a bleak, nihilistic sound that balanced grinding hard rock with subtly textured acoustic numbers".43
Alice in Chains is also noted for the unique vocal harmonies of Staley (or DuVall) and Cantrell, which included overlapping passages, dual lead vocals, and trademark harmonies typically separated by a major third.43 Alyssa Burrows said the band's distinctive sound "came from Staley's vocal style and his lyrics dealing with personal struggles and addiction".103 Staley's songs were often considered "dark",43 with themes such as drug abuse, depression, and suicide,25 while Cantrell's lyrics often dealt with personal relationships.
Alice in Chains has sold more than 14 million albums in the United States, and around 25 million worldwide, released two number-one albums and 21 top 40 singles, and has received eight Grammy nominations. The band was ranked number 34 on VH1's 100 Greatest Artists of Hard Rock.104 Alice in Chains was named 15th greatest live band by Hit Parader,105 with vocalist Layne Staley placing as 27th greatest heavy metal vocalist of all time.106 The band's second album, Dirt, was named 5th best album in the last two decades by Close-Up magazine.107 In August 2009, Alice in Chains won the Kerrang! Icon Award.108
Alice in Chains has had a large impact on many bands, such as Godsmack, who, according to Jon Wiederhorn of MTV, "have sonically followed Alice in Chains' lead while adding their own distinctive edge". Godsmack singer and founder Sully Erna has also cited Layne Staley as his primary influence.109 Staind has covered Alice in Chains' song "Nutshell" live, which appears on the compilation The Singles: 1996-2006, and also wrote a song entitled "Layne", in Staley's dedication, on the album 14 Shades of Grey.110 Three Days Grace also performs a cover of "Rooster", which can be seen on the DVD Live at the Palace. Other bands that have been inspired by Alice in Chains include Creed,111 Nickelback,111 Taproot, Stone Sour, Puddle of Mudd,111 Queens of the Stone Age,112 A Pale Horse Named Death,113 Godsmack,111 Smile Empty Soul, Avenged Sevenfold,114 Cold, Hurt, Incubus,115 Mudvayne,116 10 Years,117 Breaking Benjamin,118 Days of the New111 and Tantric.25 Metallica said they have always wanted to tour with the band, citing Alice in Chains as a major inspiration for their 2008 release, Death Magnetic.119 Metallica also recorded "Rebel Of Babylon" as a tribute to Layne Staley, but the song was left off Death Magnetic due to manufacturing restrictions and then later released on 4 songs EP Beyond Magnetic.
Alice in Chains has also had a significant influence on modern heavy metal. Their songs were covered by various metal bands such as Opeth,120 Dream Theater,121 Secrets of the Moon,122 Suicide Silence123 and Grave.124 Pantera and Damageplan guitarist Dimebag Darrell had expressed his admiration for Jerry Cantrell's guitar work in an interview for Guitar International saying that "the layering and the honest feel that Jerry Cantrell gets on [Alice in Chains' Dirt] record is worth a lot more than someone who plays five million notes".125 Anders Fridén of Swedish melodic death metal band In Flames cited Layne Staley as an inspiration for his vocals on the band's later albums.126 In addition to fellow musicians, the band has also received praise from critics, with Steve Huey of Allmusic calling them "one of the best metal bands of the '90s" upon reviewing the 1999 compilation Nothing Safe.127
- Facelift (1990)
- Dirt (1992)
- Alice in Chains (1995)
- Black Gives Way to Blue (2009)
- The Devil Put Dinosaurs Here (2013)
Alice in Chains has received eight Grammy nominations. The band's first Grammy nomination occurred when "Man in the Box" was nominated for Best Hard Rock Performance in 1992. Alice in Chains has also received Grammy nominations for Best Hard Rock Performance for the band's 1992 album, Dirt, "I Stay Away" from 1994's Jar of Flies, "Grind" and "Again" from the band's 1995 self-titled album, and the 1999 track "Get Born Again". The music video for the song "Would?", Alice in Chains' contribution to the 1992 film, Singles, won the award for Best Video from a Film at the 1993 MTV Video Music Awards. In 2009 they won the Kerrang! Icon award128 and in 2010 they won the Revolver Golden Gods award for Black Gives Way to Blue.129
- American Music Awards
|1992||Alice in Chains||Favorite New Heavy Metal/Hard Rock Artist||Nominated|
- Grammy Awards
|1992||"Man in the Box"||Best Hard Rock Performance||Nominated|
|1993||Dirt||Best Hard Rock Performance||Nominated|
|1995||"I Stay Away"||Best Hard Rock Performance||Nominated|
|1996||"Grind"||Best Hard Rock Performance||Nominated|
|1997||"Again"||Best Hard Rock Performance||Nominated|
|2000||"Get Born Again"||Best Hard Rock Performance||Nominated|
|2010||"Check My Brain"||Best Hard Rock Performance||Nominated|
|2011||"A Looking in View"||Best Hard Rock Performance||Nominated|
|2013||"The Devil Put Dinosaurs Here"||Best Engineered Album- Non Classical||Nominated|
- MTV Video Music Awards
|1991||"Man in the Box"||Best Heavy Metal/Hard Rock Video||Nominated|
|1993||"Would?" from Singles||Best Video from a Film||Won|
|1996||"Again"||Best Hard Rock Video||Nominated|
- "ALICE IN CHAINS Interviewed By VOICE OF AMERICA". Blabbermouth.net. May 28, 2010. Archived from the original on May 30, 2010. Retrieved 2010-06-15.
- "Recording Industry Association of America". RIAA. Retrieved 2011-07-14.
- "Alice in Chains Is Working On New Music, Says HEART's Ann Wilson". Blabbermouth.net. July 20, 2011. Retrieved 2011-07-20.
- de Sola, David (April 5, 2012). "How Alice in Chains Found the Most Memorable Voice in Grunge". The Atlantic. Retrieved 2012-04-16.
- Prato, Greg (2009). Grunge is Dead. The Oral History of Seattle Rock Music. Toronto: ECW Press. pp. 210–1. ISBN 978-1-55490-347-4.
- Prato, Greg (2009). pp. 211-212.
- Interview Alice In Chains - Jerry Cantrell and Sean Kinney (part 2) on YouTube.
- Music Bank (Media notes). Alice in Chains. Columbia Records. 1996. 69580.
- Kleidermacher, Mordechai (July 1990). Link With Brutality. Circus magazine.
- "Sweet Alice". Metal-archives.com. Archived from the original on July 23, 2011. Retrieved 2011-08-17.
- "Discography – Dirt". Aliceinchains.com. Archived from the original on July 3, 2006. Retrieved 2008-02-09.
- Moses, Michael (September 1991). Alice in Chains: Who is Alice and Why is She in Chains?. Rockbeat magazine.
- "Alice in Chains – Awards : Allmusic (Billboard Albums)". Allmusic. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved 2013-05-29.
- Gill, Chris (September 1999). "Dirt". Guitar World. Retrieved 2012-09-26.
- "Alice in Chains - Awards: Allmusic (Billboard Singles)". Allmusic. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved 2013-05-29.
- Huey, Steve. "Facelift". Allmusic. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved 2008-01-01.
- Glickman, Simon. "Enotes – Alice in Chains". Enotes.com. Retrieved 2007-12-28.
- "Alice in Chains Guitarist Discusses 1990 Clash of the Titans tour, Touring With Ozzy". Blabbermouth.net. October 7, 2007. Retrieved 2008-02-09.
- "34th Grammy Awards – 1992". Rockonthenet.com. Archived from the original on January 5, 2008. Retrieved 2007-12-08.
- Right Turn (Media notes). Alice in Chains. Columbia Records. 1992. Buttnugget publishing/Jack Lord Music 67059.
- "Singles – Soundtracks and music scores". Aliceinchains.com. Archived from the original on November 25, 2006. Retrieved 2007-12-28.
- "1993 MTV Video Music Awards". Rockonthenet.com. Archived from the original on December 7, 2007. Retrieved 2007-12-08.
- Turman, Katherine (February 1993). Digging Dirt. RIP magazine.
- Huey, Steve. "Dirt". Allmusic. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved 2008-01-01.
- Wiederhorn, Jon (April 6, 2004). "Remembering Layne Staley: The Other Great Seattle Musician To Die On April 5". VH1. Retrieved 2007-12-22.
- "2006 band bio – Aliceinchains.com". Aliceinchains.com. Archived from the original on July 19, 2006. Retrieved 2007-12-14.
- "Last Action Hero – Soundtracks and music scores". Aliceinchains.com. Archived from the original on March 8, 2007. Retrieved 2007-11-24.
- "20 years of Lollapalooza". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved 2012-11-19.
- Andrews, Rob (August 1994). A Step Beyond Layne's World. Hit Parader.
- "Jar of Flies – Discography". Aliceinchains.com. Archived from the original on December 8, 2006. Retrieved 2007-12-28.
- Evans, Paul. "Jar of Flies". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 2012-03-04.
- Huey, Steve. "Jar of Flies". Allmusic. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved 2008-01-01.
- Wiederhorn, Jon (February 8, 1996). "To Hell and Back". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 2012-03-04.
- Rothman, Robin (February 8, 1996). "Layne Staley Found Dead". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 2012-03-04.
- "Meldrum Working With Producer Toby Wright". Blabbermouth.net. April 26, 2006. Archived from the original on January 23, 2008. Retrieved 2007-12-20.
- "Alice in Chains timeline". Sonymusic.com. Archived from the original on February 22, 2008. Retrieved 2008-02-01.
- Wiederhorn, Jon (November 30, 1995). "Alice in Chains: Alice in Chains review". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 2008-01-01.
- "Clerks – Soundtracks and movie scores". Aliceinchains.com. Archived from the original on November 16, 2006. Retrieved 2007-12-28.
- Fischer, Blair R (September 4, 1998). "Malice in Chains?". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 2012-04-08.
- Perota, Joe (Director) (April 15, 1996). Unplugged – Alice in Chains (Television production). New York City: MTV. Archived from the original on February 17, 2007.
- "Alice in Chains Concert Chronology: MTV Unplugged Session". John Bacus. Archived from the original on December 11, 2007. Retrieved 2007-12-12.
- "Alice in Chains – Sold Out". Hampton Beach Casino Ballroom. Archived from the original on November 30, 2007. Retrieved 2007-11-25.
- Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. "Alice in Chains - Music Biography, Credits and Discography". Allmusic. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved 2012-09-22.
- "Alice in Chains.com – Discography". Aliceinchains.com. Archived from the original on June 28, 2006. Retrieved 2007-12-28.
- Wiederhorn, Jon (March 20, 2002). "Jerry Cantrell Conjures Ghost Of Alice In Chains On New LP". MTV. Retrieved June 20, 2009.
- Cross, Charles R. (June 6, 2002). "The last days of Layne Staley; Alice in Chains singer dies at thirty-four after long battle with heroin". ROLLING STONE no. 897.
- Wiederhorn, Jon (February 25, 2003). "Late Alice In Chains Singer Layne Staley's Last Interview Revealed In New Book". MTV. Archived from the original on December 17, 2007. Retrieved 2007-12-22.
- "Well Worth The Trip". Roadrunner Records UK. December 24, 2002. Archived from the original on January 19, 2008. Retrieved 2007-12-07.
- Hay, Travis (February 21, 2005). "Alice in Chains owns stage in tsunami-relief show full of surprises". Seattlepi.com. Retrieved 2007-11-25.
- "Metallica man joins Alice in Chains". Rolling Stone. June 9, 2006. Archived from the original on November 20, 2007. Retrieved 2007-11-25.dead link
- "The Essential Alice in Chains". Aliceinchains.com. Archived from the original on October 11, 2007. Retrieved 2007-12-28.
- Harris, Chris (February 23, 2006). "Remaining Alice In Chains Members Reuniting For Summer Gigs". MTV. Archived from the original on December 18, 2007. Retrieved 2007-11-24.
- "Alice in Chains To Enter Studio In October". Blabbermouth.net. September 5, 2008. Archived from the original on September 8, 2008. Retrieved 2008-09-05.
- "Alice in Chains Working With Rush/Foo Fighters Producer". Blabbermouth.net. October 23, 2008. Retrieved 2008-10-23.
- "Alice In Chains Set To Release First Album In 14 Years". Ultimate-Guitar.com. April 9, 2009. Archived from the original on April 12, 2009. Retrieved 2009-04-09.
- "Alice In Chains Signs With Virgin/EMI". Blabbermouth.net. April 25, 2009. Archived from the original on April 27, 2009. Retrieved 2009-04-25.
- "Alice In Chains: 'A Looking In View' video available". idiomag. July 8, 2009. Retrieved 2009-07-27.
- "Alice In Chains: New Single, Video On The Way". Blabbermouth.net. June 26, 2009. Archived from the original on June 28, 2009. Retrieved 2009-06-26.
- Moody, Nekesa Mumbi (August 11, 2009). "Alice In Chains Scores Elton John for Tribute Track". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved August 11, 2009.
- "NIN, Alice in Chains, Scars on Broadway, Lamb of God Confirmed For Australia's Soundwave". Blabbermouth.net. September 23, 2008. Archived from the original on September 30, 2008. Retrieved 2008-10-23.
- "Rock on the Range". AliceInChains.com. February 13, 2009. Retrieved 2009-02-16.
- "Alice In Chains To Release 'Your Decision' Single". Blabbermouth.net. October 12, 2009. Archived from the original on October 15, 2009. Retrieved 2009-10-16.
- "Future Releases on Alternative Radio Stations, Independent Artist Song Releases |". Allaccess.com. Archived from the original on July 10, 2011. Retrieved 2011-07-14.
- "Radio Industry News, Music Industry Updates, Arbitron Ratings, Music News and more!". FMQB. Archived from the original on July 11, 2011. Retrieved 2011-07-14.
- "Alice in Chains Guitarist Says 'There Are Thoughts' Of A New Album". Blabbermouth.net. April 13, 2010. Archived from the original on April 19, 2010. Retrieved 2010-04-13.
- "Alice In Chains finds its voice". Theweekender.com. April 13, 2010. Archived from the original on April 17, 2010. Retrieved 2010-04-17.
- "Alice in Chains Follow-Up Album Likely, Says Frontman". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. September 8, 2010. Archived from the original on September 8, 2010. Retrieved 2010-09-08.
- Quinn, Ben (March 9, 2011). "Mike Starr, legendary Alice in Chains bass player, found dead". The Guardian.
- Goodman, Dean (March 8, 2011). "Former Alice in Chains rocker Mike Starr dies". Reuters.
- Metcalf, Jr. Dan. "Former 'Alice in Chains,' 'Celebrity Rehab' star dies in Salt Lake City" ABC News, March 8, 2011
- Allison, Melissa (March 20, 2011). "Memorial held for Alice in Chains bassist Mike Starr". Seattletimes.nwsource.com. Retrieved 2011-08-17.
- Wilkle, Jim (March 31, 2011). "ESPN Music's 2011 bass-ball preview Mike Inez". Sports.espn.go.com. Retrieved 2011-08-17.
- "Alice In Chains To Begin Work On New Album". Metalhammer.co.uk. March 21, 2011. Retrieved 2011-08-17.
- "New Alice in Chains Album Will Come Out in Late 2012 or Early 2013". Retrieved June 3, 2012. from "Lessons Learned With Jerry Cantrell". Retrieved October 19, 2012.
- "Guitarist Confirms Completion Of New ALICE IN CHAINS Album". Blabbermouth.Net. Retrieved 2012-12-06.
- "ALICE IN CHAINS: New Song 'Hollow' To Make Its Online Debut In Two Weeks". Blabbermouth.net. Retrieved 7 December 2012.
- "Alice in Chains Unleash New Single 'Hollow'". Loudwire.com. 2012-12-18. Retrieved 2013-01-02.
- "Alice in Chains". Facebook. Retrieved 2013-02-21.
- "Alice in Chains: New Album Title Revealed". Blabbermouth.net. 2013-02-14. Retrieved 2013-02-14.
- "Alice in Chains – Chart history: Billboard 200". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved 28 August 2013.
- "Alice in Chains: 'It Will Be a While Before the New Album'". Ultimate-Guitar.com. 2013-09-04. Retrieved 2013-09-14.
- Cacciatore, Luca (June 14, 2010). "Alice In Chains: grunge è solo una parola ("AIC: grunge is just a word")" (in Italian). freequency.it. Retrieved 2012-10-04.
- Gilbert, Jeff; Aledort, Andy (January 1996). "Go Ask Alice". Guitar World. Retrieved 2012-10-04. See also: 1a, 1b, 2.
- Murray, Tom (2013-07-05). "Alice in Chains stroll down memory lane for enthusiastic Rexall fans". Edmonton: Edmonton Journal. Retrieved 2013-07-05.
- Lynch, Bill. "Alice unboud: After a long absence, Alice In Chains is back". The Charleston Gazette. Retrieved 2012-09-27.
- Crean, Patricia. "'Alice' will rattle some chains". Spokane Chronicle. Retrieved 2012-09-27.
- Conway, James. "How Haven't You Heard ... Alice In Chains – Dirt". Vulture Hound Magazine. Retrieved 2012-11-16.
- Considine, J.D (October 23, 1992). "Alice in Chains breaks free of a style". The Baltimore Sun (Baltimore). Retrieved 2012-09-26.
- Author, Unknown. "THE METAL'S GONE, BUT THE TUNES AND MOODS REMAIN". Press-Telegram (Long Beach, CA). Retrieved 2012-09-26.
- Christopher, Michael (September 23, 2003). "Alice in Chains: Dirt". PopMatters. Retrieved 2012-09-28.
- MacLennan, Michael. "Music previews: Alice in Chains, Tegan and Sara and Will Young". STV. Retrieved 2013-05-11.
- Coffey, Russ. "CD: Alice in Chains - The Devil put Dinosaurs Here". The Arts Desk. Retrieved 2013-05-27.
- Familton, Chris. "ALICE IN CHAINS The Devil Put Dinosaurs Here". The Music.com.au. Retrieved 2013-05-24.
- Martin Popoff (2013-05-30). "ALICE IN CHAINS – "It's Not Like We're Trying To Recapture Dirt ... We Already Made That Fucking Record!"". Brave Words & Bloody Knuckles. Retrieved 2013-06-12.
- Schroer, Brendan. "Review: Alice in Chains - Alice in Chains". Sputnikmusic. Retrieved 2014-03-16.
- Gilstrap, Andrew. "Alice in Chains: Greatest Hits". PopMatters. Retrieved 2012-12-27.
- Gilbertson, Jon M. "DuVall, Cantrell keep Alice in Chains' drone-rock alive". Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. Retrieved 2013-05-17.
- Grierson, Tim. "Alice in Chains Biography and Profile". About.com. Retrieved 2012-09-26.
- Alice in Chains: In the Studio - Jake Brown. Google Books.au. Retrieved 2012-11-19.
- "Interview: Jerry Cantrell Discusses Alice in Chain's 2009 Comeback, 'Black Gives Way to Blue'". Guitar World. Retrieved 2013-04-28.
- Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. "Degradation Trip". Allmusic. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved 2012-03-30.
- Burrows, Alyssa (May 17, 2002). "Alice in Chains singer Layne Staley dies on April 5, 2002.". Historylink.com. Retrieved 2007-12-08.
- "VH1: 100 Greatest Hard Rock Artists". Rockonthenet.com. 2000. Archived from the original on January 8, 2008. Retrieved 2008-01-08.
- "Hard Rock's All-Time Top 100 Live Bands". Hit Parader. February 2008.
- "Heavy Metal's All-Time Top 100 Vocalists". Hit Parader. November 2006.
- "Metallica, Pantera: Top Albums Of Last 17 Years". Ultimate-Guitar.com. April 30, 2008.
- "News – The 2009 Kerrang! Awards winners". Kerrang!. August 3, 2009.
- D'Angelo, Joe; Vineyard, Jennifer; Wiederhorn, Jon (April 22, 2002). "MTV.com – "'He Got Me To Start Singing': Artists Remember Layne Staley"". MTV. Archived from the original on October 1, 2007. Retrieved 2007-11-08.
- Snierson, Dan (May 7, 2004). "Layne Staley gets Born Again". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved 2007-01-06.
- Erlewine, Stephen Thomas; Prato, Greg. "Alice in Chains Biography". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved 2012-03-30.
- "Queens of the Stone Age - Similar Artists, Influenced By, Followers". Allmusic. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved 2013-05-25.
- "Interview with Sal Abruscato of A Pale Horse Named Death". The Rocktologist. Retrieved 2013-04-28.
- "Avenged Sevenfold | Related Artists | Discover New Music". MTV. Retrieved 2011-07-14.
- Incubus Singer Brandon Boyd Talk Influences at Musicians Institute Loudwire. Retrieved 2012-08-19.
- "Radio Has Helped The Group Find Its Place In The Metal Music Genre". Pqasb.pqarchiver.com. 2009-01-29. Retrieved 2013-03-11.
- Epting, Chris. "10 Years Singer Jesse Hasek Discusses Being Raised in the Church, His Unlikely Career (INTERVIEW)". Noise Creep. Retrieved 2012-10-28.
- "Breaking Benjamin - Similar Artists, Influenced By, Followers". Allmusic. Rovi corporation. Retrieved 2013-05-25.
- "Metallica: Metal Machines (Louder Faster Stronger)". Rolling Stone. October 2008. pp. 58–67.
- "OPETH Covers ALICE IN CHAINS, ROBIN TROWER During New Album Sessions".
- "Dream Theater - "Would" Alice in chains Cover". YouTube. September 5, 2006. Retrieved 2011-07-14.
- "SECRETS OF THE MOON Post Cover Of ALICE IN CHAINS' "Them Bones" « The NewReview". Thenewreview.net. 2010-09-19. Retrieved 2012-11-19.
- "Suicide Silence Cover Alice In Chains".
- "GRAVE Cover ALICE IN CHAINS' 'Them Bones'".
- "Dimebag Darrell Interview : Guitar Interviews". Guitarinternational.com. Archived from the original on July 16, 2011. Retrieved 2011-07-14.
- "IN FLAMES Frontman: When I Was A Teenage Headbanger ...".
- Huey, Steve. "Nothing Safe - Alice in Chains". Allmusic. Rovi corporation. Retrieved 2011-08-17.
- "The 2009 Kerrang! Awards winners". Kerrang! (Bauer Media Group). 2009-08-03. Retrieved 2013-10-31.
- "Revolver Golden Gods Awards 2010: The Winners". Metal Injection. Retrieved 2013-10-31.
- "19th American Music Awards". Rockonthenet.com. Archived from the original on January 5, 2008. Retrieved 2007-12-08.
- "35th Grammy Awards – 1993". Rockonthenet.com. Archived from the original on January 2, 2008. Retrieved 2007-12-08.
- "37th Grammy Awards – 1995". Rockonthenet.com. Archived from the original on December 10, 2007. Retrieved 2007-12-08.
- "38th Grammy Awards – 1996". Rockonthenet.com. Archived from the original on December 30, 2007. Retrieved 2007-12-08.
- "39th Grammy Awards – 1997". Rockonthenet.com. Archived from the original on December 28, 2007. Retrieved 2007-12-08.
- "42nd Grammy Awards – 2000". Rockonthenet.com. Archived from the original on December 20, 2007. Retrieved 2007-12-08.
- "Ozzy, Soungarden, Maiden, Slayer nominated for Grammys". Rock AAA. December 2, 2010.
- "1991 MTV Video Music awards". Rockonthenet.com. Archived from the original on December 3, 2007. Retrieved 2007-12-08.
- "1996 MTV Video Music Awards". Rockonthenet.com. Archived from the original on December 7, 2007. Retrieved 2007-12-08.
- Quotations related to Alice in Chains at Wikiquote
- Media related to Alice in Chains at Wikimedia Commons
- Official website
- VH1 Classic: Alice In Chains