Andrees Allgemeiner Handatlas

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Cover of the third edition of Andrees Allgemeiner Handatlas, 1896.

Andrees Allgemeiner Handatlas was a major cartographic work (general atlas) published in several German and foreign editions 1881 - 1937. It was named after Richard Andree (1835-1912) and published by Velhagen & Klasing, Bielefeld and Leipzig, Germany.

By using chromolithography, rather than copper plate engraving, but reproducing the maps from zinc plates that were etched in relief (just like letterpress printing), V & K was able to offer detailed maps at a much lower price than competing works, such as the 7th and 8th editions of Stielers Handatlas. The 1937 edition of Andrees Handatlas was printed using offset printing.

Editions

The first edition appeared in 1881. The 4th and 5th editions were edited by Albert Scobel (1851-1912); the 6th through 8th editions, by Ernst Ambrosius; and the final edition, by Konrad Frenzel. Cartographers were G. Jungk (†1932), R. Kocher, E. Umbreit (†1904), A. Thomas (†1930), H. Mielisch (†1925), and K. Tänzler (†1944) although production of a number of maps was contracted out to geographical institutes like Peip, Wagner & Debes, Sternkopf, Sulzer.

Editions of Andrees Allgemeiner Handatlas
Date Edition Edition Main Maps Side Maps Names Revisions, Notes
1881 [1st] - 86 - - -
1887 2nd Zweite 120 + 2 - - 1889, 1890
1887 - Supplement 33 - - For owners of the 1st edition.
1893 3rd Dritte 91 86 - 1896
1893 - Supplement 64 - - For owners of the 1st and 2nd editions.
1899 4th Vierte 126 137 - 1900, 1901, 1903, 1904
1899 - Supplement 53 - - For owners of the 2nd and 3rd editions.
1906 5th Fünfte1 139 161 - 1907, 1908, 1909, 1910, 1911, 1912, 1913
1914 6th Sechste2 221 192 - -
1921 7th Siebente2 228 215 - 1921
1922 8th Achte2 228 198 - 1924, 1924, 1928
1922 - Ergänzungsband 62 - - Supplement, for earlier editions.
1930 8th Achte2 231 211 300,000 5th revision
1937 [9th] Ausgewählte3 100 - - -
1Jubiläumsausgabe (jubilee, or anniversary, edition).

2Namenverzeichnis (names index) in a separate volume.

3Selected, or concise, edition, in one volume.

Editions for other countries were also issued:

  • Österreichisch-Ungarischer (Austrian-Hungarian) editions were published in Vienna in 1904, 1909, 1910, 1911, 1912 and 1913.
  • Three editions of Andree's Stora Handatlas were published in Stockholm (1881, 96 pages of maps; 1899 andra, 130 large maps and 140 inset maps; and 1907 tedje, 143 large maps and 163 inset maps), with additional maps of Scandinavia. The verso text and the introductory material was in Swedish.
  • The maps of Andree's atlas were used for Cassell's Universal Atlas, which was published in London in 1891-1893 using maps printed in Leipzig in English; and for the Times Atlas of 1895-1900.

Editions of a Geographisches Handbuch (Geographical Handbook) for Andrees Handatlas were issued in 1882, 1894, 1895 (2nd edition), 1898-1899 (3rd), 1902 (4th) and 1909 (5th).

Other well-known titles of Velhagen & Klasing were Putzgers (after F.W. Putzger, †1913) Historischer Schulatlas (Historical School Atlas; 1877, as Historischer Weltatlas or Historical Worldatlas; 100th ed. 1979), Grosser Volksatlas (Large Peoples Atlas, 1935) and Grosser Wehratlas (Large Military Atlas, 1937). Founded 1835, the firm was taken over by F. Cornelsen in 1954, and is now fully merged into that company.

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