Lukanov was born in Moscow, USSR, in the family of Karlo Lukanov, (1897-1982), a Bulgarian communist emigre. Lukanov's family moved back to Bulgaria after the communist takeover of 1944. His father became an important figure in the party and served as foreign minister of Bulgaria from 1956 to 1961.
Andrey became a member of the party in 1963 and began a career in the foreign service. He helped represent Bulgaria in the United Nations and Comecon. He rose through the ranks of the foreign service to become minister of foreign economic affairs in 1987. He resigned from this position in 1989 and took part in the overthrow of longtime leader Todor Zhivkov. Lukanov became a leading member of the reformist wing of the communist party, and served as Bulgaria's last communist prime minister, from February 3, 1990 to December 7, 1990. His years in office were marked by corruptioncitation needed, huge consumer goods deficit, and civil unrest.
Lukanov was charged with embezzlement in 1992 and arrested, but charges were soon dropped. During his time in the foreign service, Lukanov had gained connections with western businessmen such as Robert Maxwell and engaged in controversial business dealings.citation needed He is also sometimes held responsible for Bulgaria's foreign debt.who?
Lukanov remained an active political participant in the Bulgarian Socialist Party until his death. In 1995, he began criticizing various members whom he believed were not reformist enough and or had Stalinist tendencies.
A Bulgarian building contractor - Angel Vassilev - close to the Socialist government at the time was arrested and charged with organizing Lukanov's murder. After a long trial and at first a conviction the appeals court declared all the defendants innocent.
|Prime Minister of Bulgaria
Dimitar Iliev Popov