Arab States of the Persian Gulf
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Arab states of the Persian Gulf, Gulf states, or Gulf Arab states are terms that refer to the Arab states bordering the Persian Gulf, being Kuwait, Iraq,123 Bahrain, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and United Arab Emirates. Most nations are part of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC).
All of these Arab states have significant revenues from oil and gas and, with the exception of Iraq and Saudi Arabia, have small local populations. This has raised their per capita incomes above those of neighboring countries. To meet the labor shortages, they host large numbers of temporary non-citizen economic migrants from South Asia and Southeast Asia. In the past there have also been a significant number of immigrants from Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria and Yemen.
In addition, marine trade, sea-faring and the pearl industry had been the main economic activities of many of these countries. The pearling industry collapsed in the 1930s after the development of cultured pearl methods by Japanese scientists.
The native inhabitants of the Persian Gulf share similar cultures and music styles such as sawt, fijiri, ardha, and liwa. A dialect known as Gulf Arabic is spoken in areas near the Persian Gulf coast. Most of the native inhabitants of the Persian Gulf originate from the Arabian Peninsula and Iran.5
The Sultanate of Oman also has an advisory council (Majlis ash-Shura) that is popularly elected. In the UAE — a federation of seven monarchical emirates — the Federal National Council functions only as an advisory body, but now a portion of its members are elected from a small electoral college nominated by the seven rulers. While Saudi Arabia is a hereditary monarchy with limited political representation. In Qatar, an elected national parliament has been mooted and is written into the new constitution, but elections are yet to be held.6
There was a time in the 1940s was in ruins. There was no water, no electricity, no education and population was around 11,000. In the period of 1939, oil was discovered but it was not fully exploited as people didn't have the basic know-how to exploit gasoline until the second world war. Slowly, the Persian gulf countries realized the power of their oil and they started to grow. Never in the history of mankind has a city existed without water. Cities have perished because of lack of water but the Persian Gulf countries stand as a testimony to the fact that nothing is impossible for they are the largest consumers of water, consuming about 430 liters of water per capita / per year. Qatar has a water desalination system that processes saline water from the oceans into fresh drinking water. In spite of receiving only 74 mm of precipitation, they produce a lot of water. 7 Some countries like Qatar, Kuwait and UAE constantly re-landscape the area for cultivation where water supply is possible.8
- Persian Gulf
- Arab League
- Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC), also known as the Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf
- Iran-Arab relations
- List of the busiest airports in the Arab states of Persian Gulf
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- Mary Ann Tétreault, Gwenn Okruhlik, Andrzej Kapiszewski (2011). Political Change in the Arab Gulf States: Stuck in Transition. "The authors first focus on the politics of seven Gulf states: Bahrain, Iraq, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the UAE."
- World Migration 2005 Costs and Benefits of International Migration. International Organization for Migration. 2005. p. 53.
- "U.S. Official to Tour Persian Gulf Arab Lands". The New York Times. 1987. "A leading American diplomat will start a trip to Iraq and six other Arab countries of the Persian Gulf region this week to discuss the Iran-Iraq war, Administration officials said today."
- http://www.economist.com/news/special-report/21580630-even-rich-arab-countries-cannot-squander-their-resources-indefinitely-haves-and The economy: The haves and the have-nots
- Arnold T. Wilson, "The Persian Gulf", ISBN 978-0-415-57033-6, pp. 45-48.
- Gerd Nonneman, "Political Reform in the Gulf Monarchies: From Liberalisation to Democratisation? A Comparative Perspective", in Anoushiravan Ehteshami and Steven Wright (eds.)(2007), Reform in the Middle East Oil Monarchies, ISBN 978-0-86372-323-0, pp. 3-45.
- Mughal, Muhammad Aurang Zeb. 2013. Persian Gulf Desert and Semi-desert. Robert Warren Howarth (ed.), Biomes & Ecosystems. Ipswich, MA: Salem Press, pp. 34-36.
- Hichem Karoui: U.S. Foreign Policy In The Gulf After September 11
- Historical Dictionary of the Gulf Arab States
- J. E. Peterson (1998), The Arab Gulf States: Steps Toward Political Participation, ISBN 0-275-92881-0
- Anoushiravan Ehteshami and Steven Wright (eds.)(2007), Reform in the Middle East Oil Monarchies, ISBN 978-0-86372-323-0
- F. Gregory, III Gause (1994), Oil Monarchies: Domestic and Security Challenges in the Arab Gulf States, ISBN 0-87609-151-6
- Atif A. Kubursi (1984), Oil, Industrialization and Development in the Arab Gulf States, ISBN 0-7099-1566-7
- Gordon Robison (1996), Lonely Planet: Arab Gulf States, ISBN 0-86442-390-X
- Global Trends in Gulf and Middle East Population Evolution
- Popular Culture and Political Identity in the Arab Gulf States, eds. Alanoud Alsharekh, Robert Springborg, Saqi Books, 2008