Arabs in Turkey
||The neutrality of this article is disputed. (January 2012)|
Map of ethnic communities in the Ottoman Empire in 1911.
|c. 500,0001 or 800,000-1,000,0002|
|Regions with significant populations|
|Adana, Batman, Bitlis, Gaziantep, Hatay, Istanbul, Mardin, Mersin, Muş, Siirt, Şanlıurfa, Şırnak|
|Arabic, Kurdish, Turkish|
|Mainly Sunni Muslims and Alawites,
Christian minority of 18,0003
|Related ethnic groups|
Turkish Arabs are mostly Muslims living along the southeastern border with Syria and Iraq in the following provinces: Batman, Bitlis, Gaziantep, Hatay, Mardin, Muş, Siirt, Şırnak, Şanlıurfa, Mersin and Adana. The population in province of Hatay is predominantly Arab.2 The Arabs in eastern part of the border consist of many Bedouin tribes in addition to other Arabs who settled there before Turkic tribes came to Anatolia from Central Asia in the 11th century. Many of these Arabs have blood ties to Arabs living in Syria, especially in the city of Ar Raqqah. The Arab society in Turkey is well integrated into the Turkish population, yet many speak Arabic in addition to Turkish.
In the census of 1965, 365,340 Turkish citizens spoke Arabic as first language, which was roughly 1% of the population. 189,134 of these could only speak Arabic. Arabic-speakers were proportionally most numerous in Hatay (26%), Mardin (20%), Siirt (15%) and Şanlıurfa (11%).
The population of Arabs in Turkey varies according to different sources. A Turkish study estimates the Arab population to be between 1.1 and 2.4%.5 An earlier American estimate from 1995 puts the numbers between 800,000 and 1 million.2 According to Ethnologue, in 1992 there were 500,000 people with Arabic as their mother language in Turkey.6 According to a Turkish study based on a large survey in 2006, 0.7% of the total population in Turkey were ethnically Arab.1
- "Toplumsal yapı araştırması 2006". KONDA Research and Consultancy. 2006. pp. 15–16. Retrieved May 10, 2012. .(Turkish)
- Helen Chapin Metz, ed. Turkey: A Country Study. Washington: GPO for the Library of Congress, 1995.
- Christen in der islamischen Welt – Aus Politik und Zeitgeschichte (APuZ 26/2008)
- Translation of the Treaty of Lausanne (1923). The original text was in French.
- Ali Tayyar Önder: Türkiye'nin etnik yapısı: Halkımızın kökenleri ve gerçekler. Kripto Kitaplar, Istanbul 2008, ISBN 605-4125-03-6, S. 103. (in Turkish)
- Tu. Turkey: Languages. Accessed on 19 September 2013.
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