Arusha Region

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Arusha Region
Mkoa wa Arusha  (Swahili)
Region
Mount Meru (Tanzania)
Mount Meru (Tanzania)
Location in Tanzania
Country Tanzania
Zone Northern
Capital Arusha
Government
 • Regional Commissioner Magesa Stanslaus Mulongo
Area
 • Total 34,516 km2 (13,327 sq mi)
 • Land 33,809 km2 (13,054 sq mi)
 • Water 707 km2 (273 sq mi)
Population (2012)
 • Total 1,694,310
 • Density 49/km2 (130/sq mi)
Time zone EAT (UTC+3)
Postcode 23xxx
Area code(s) 027
Website arusha.go.tz

Arusha Region is one of Tanzania's 30 administrative regions. Its capital and largest city is the city of Arusha. The region is bordered by Kajiado County and Narok County in Kenya to the north, the Kilimanjaro Region to the east, the Manyara and Singida regions to the south, and the Mara and Simiyu regions to the west. Major towns include Monduli, Namanga, Longido, and Loliondo to the north, Mto wa Mbu and Karatu to the west, and Usa River to the east. The region is comparable in size to the combined land and water areas of the United States state of Maryland.1

The City of Arusha with Mount Meru in the background.

Arusha Region is a global tourist destination and is the center of the northern Tanzania safari circuit. The national parks and reserves in this region include Ngorongoro Conservation Area, Arusha National Park, the Loliondo Game Controlled Area, and part of Lake Manyara National Park. Remains of 600-year old stone structures are found at Engaruka, just off the dirt road between Mto wa Mbu and Lake Natron.

History

Much of the present area of Arusha Region used to be Maasai land. The Maasai are still the dominant community in the region.citation needed Their influence is reflected in the present names of towns, regional culture, cuisine, and geographical features.

The administrative region of Arusha existed in 19222 while mainland Tanzania was a British mandate under the League of Nations and known as Tanganyika. In 1948, the area was in the Northern Province,3 which includes the present day regions of Manyara and Kilimanjaro. In 1966, under the newly independent Tanzanian government, Arusha was given its own regional status.2

In 2002, Manyara Region was created and was split from Arusha Region. Portions of the former Arusha Region districts of Kiteto, Babati, Mbulu, Hanang, and a tiny piece of Monduli were incorporated into the Manyara Region.

Arusha was the largest region in Tanzania from 1966-2002.citation needed

Geography

The Great Rift Valley runs through the middle of the region north-to-south. Oldonyo Lengai (Mountain of God in the Maasai language) is an active volcano to the north of the Ngorongoro Conservation Area. Altitudes throughout the region vary widely, but much of it ranges from 900 to 1,600 metres (3,000 to 5,200 ft) in elevation.citation needed

Mount Meru, the second highest mountain in Tanzania after Mount Kilimanjaro, peaks at 4,655 metres (15,272 ft). Arusha Region has the highest number of craters and extinct volcanoes in Tanzania.citation needed Other geographical features include the Monduli Mountains, Mt. Longido, and the Olduvai Gorge.

The city of Arusha, the capital of the region, is located at the southern foot of Mount Meru. The majority of Arusha residents live in the city and the surrounding southeastern part of Arusha Region.

Western Arusha Region, Tanzania
Giraffes Arusha National Park, Arusha Region, Tanzania
Colobus guereza Mantelaffen at Arusha National Park, Arusha Region.
Uhuru Monument Aug 2011

National parks, national monuments, and other sites

Demographics

According to the 2012 national census, the Arusha Region had a population of 1,694,310.4

The region is inhabited by various ethnolinguistic groups and communities. Among these are the Iraqw, Arusha, Maasai, Wameru, Sonjo, Chagga, Pare, and Nguu.5

Culture and cuisine

Nyama Choma, northern Tanzanian barbecue, is a popular dish among some communities in the Arusha Region, particularly the Maasai.citation needed Nyama Choma is properly served with a side of Pili Pili sauce and cold local beer or soda.citation needed

Arusha cuisine

Administration

Districts

Arusha Region is divided into six districts.

Districts of Arusha Region
Map District Population (2012) Capital Area km²
Districts of Arusha
Arumeru 268,144 Akheri 2,896
Arushaa 739,640 Arusha 93
Karatu 230,166 Karatu 3,300
Longido 123,153 Longido 7,782
Monduli 158,929 Monduli 6,419
Ngorongoro 174,278 Loliondo 14,036
Total 1,694,310 34,526
a includes Arusha City

Transportation

Roads

The A-23 Arusha-Himo road runs east-west and enters the region near Kilimanjaro International Airport. It connects Arusha with Moshi and then Himo at the Kenyan border. This roads ends at its junction with the A-104 road in the center of Arusha.

Lake Duluti

The A-104 runs northward, to the west of Mount Meru, from Arusha to Longido and Namanga at the Kenyan border before continuing to Nairobi. The A-104 also runs westward past Monduli to its junction at Makuyuni with the B-144 road that leads to Mto wa Mbu and the Ngorongoro Conservation Area. After that, the A-104 curves southward to the east of Lake Manyara and continues on to Babati and Dodoma.

Most overland travel is done by bus from the city of Arusha. Within the city and smaller towns, privately owned and operated dala-dalas (mini-buses) are used.

Waterways

The region is landlocked, and there are no navigable rivers. The larger lakes in the Rift Valley are not used for transportation. The region is home to Lake Eyasi, Lake Natron, Lake Duluti, Lake Empakaai, and the Momella lakes.

Arusha Airport circa 2012

Airports

Arusha Region is home to the Kilimanjaro International Airport, which serves the cities of Moshi and Arusha. Its international carriers are Airkenya Express, Air Uganda, Condor, Edelweiss Air, Ethiopian Airlines, Kenya Airways, KLM, Precision Air, Qatar Airways, RwandAir, Safarilink Aviation, and Turkish Airlines. Also Arusha Airport (Kisongo Airport) which serves small,medium and personal planes most to the attractive areas such as Serengeti national park, Seronera, Ndutu,Zanzibar etc. Planes using Kisongo Airport include Coastal Air,Flying Doctors,AMREF,Precision Air and other personal Planes.

Notable people

Regional commissioners

The chief administrative officer of the region is the regional commissioner. Those who have served as regional commissioners for this region are:6

Name From To Comments
Edward Barongo 1962 1962 first after independence
Peter Walwa 1962 1963
Samuel Chamshama 1963 1964 first after union with Zanzibar
John Mhaville 1964 1964 second term
Wazir Juma 1964 1968
Aaron Mwakangata 1968 1973
Abdulanur Suleiman 1973 1978
Peter Siyovelwa 1978 1981
John Mhaville 1981 1982
Charles Kileo 1983 1985
Christopher Liundi 1985 1987
Augustine Mwingira 1987 1990
Anatoly Tarimo 1990 1992
Ahmed Kiwanuka 1992 1995
Daniel Ole Njoolay 1995 2003 longest serving commissioner
Mohammed Babu 2003 2006
Abbas Kandoro 2006 2006 less than six months
Samuel Ndomba 2006 2007 7
Isidore Leka Shirima 2007 2011 8
Magesa Stanslaus Mulongo 2011 date 910

See also

References

  1. ^ 32,131 km2 (12,406 sq mi) for Maryland at "Land and Water Area of States and Other Entities". Bureau of the Census. 2008. Retrieved 10 April 2013. 
    34,506 km2 (13,323 sq mi) for Arusha.
  2. ^ a b "Regions of Tanzania", Statoids
  3. ^ "Demographic Yearbook", Statistical Office, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, United Nations, Seventh Issue, page 153, New York, 1955
  4. ^ Population Distribution by Administrative Units, United Republic of Tanzania, 2013, page 1
  5. ^ "Arusha Region Socio-Economic Profile", United Republic of Tanzania, joint publication of the Planning Commission Dar es Salaam and Regional Commissioner's Office Arusha, April 1998, page 3
  6. ^ Nkwame, Valentine Marc (9–15 December 2006). "Njoolay longest serving RC in Arusha: 17 RCs have served Arusha in 45 years". The Arusha Times (449). 
  7. ^ Col. Samuel Ndomba was reassigned to military duties in Dar es Salaam. Selasini, Edward (1–7 September 2007). "Zanzibar legislators visit Wazee Club". The Arusha Times (484). 
  8. ^ Staff reporter (1–7 September 2007). "Shirima at the helm of Arusha region". The Arusha Times (484). 
  9. ^ Arusha Times Correspondent (17 December 2011–13 January 2012). "RC guarantees order and tranquility". The Arusha Times (695). 
  10. ^ Kitabu cha Mawasiliano Serikalini, Tanzania Government Directory, 2012, page 154

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