Atlantic City, New Jersey
|Atlantic City, New Jersey|
|City of Atlantic City|
Atlantic City's boardwalk in May 2007, looking south outside Caesars.
|Nickname(s): "AC", "America's Favorite Playground"|
|Motto: "Do AC"|
Map of Atlantic City in Atlantic County
(click image to enlarge; also see: state map)
U.S. Census Map
|Coordinates: Coordinates: 12|
|Incorporated||May 1, 1854|
|• Type||Faulkner Act (Mayor-Council)|
|• Body||Atlantic City Council|
|• Mayor||Don Guardian (R) (term ends December 31, 2017)3|
|• Administrator||Arthur Liston3|
|• Clerk||Rhonda Williams4|
|• City||17.037 sq mi (44.125 km2)|
|• Land||10.747 sq mi (27.835 km2)|
|• Water||6.290 sq mi (16.290 km2) 36.92%|
|Area rank||164th of 566 in state
8th of 23 in county2
|Elevation6||7 ft (2 m)|
|Population (2010 Census)789|
|• Estimate (201210)||39,504|
|• Rank||55th of 566 in state
2nd of 23 in county11
|• Density||3,680.8/sq mi (1,421.2/km2)|
|• Density rank||171st of 566 in state
3rd of 23 in county11
|Time zone||EST (UTC−5)|
|• Summer (DST)||Eastern (EDT) (UTC−4)|
|GNIS feature ID||088514216|
Atlantic City is a city in Atlantic County, New Jersey, a major resort city in the northeast known for its casinos, boardwalk and beach and is the home of the Miss America Pageant. As of the 2010 United States Census, the city had a population of 39,558,789 reflecting a decline of 959 (−2.4%) from the 40,517 counted in the 2000 U.S. Census, which had in turn increased by 2,531 (+6.7%) from the 37,986 counted in the 1990 U.S. Census.17
- 1 History
- 2 Economy
- 3 Culture
- 4 Geography
- 5 Demographics
- 6 Government
- 7 Fire Department
- 8 Police Department
- 9 Education
- 10 Sports
- 11 Media outlets
- 12 Transportation
- 13 Infrastructure
- 14 In popular culture
- 15 Notable people
- 16 Gallery
- 17 References
- 18 External links
Because of its location in South Jersey, hugging the Atlantic Ocean between marshlands and islands, Atlantic City was viewed by developers as prime real estate and a potential resort town. In 1853, the first commercial hotel, The Belloe House, located at Massachusetts and Atlantic Avenue, was built.20
The city was incorporated in 1854, the same year in which the Camden and Atlantic Railroad train service began. Built on the edge of the bay, this served as the direct link of this remote parcel of land with Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. By 1874, almost 500,000 passengers a year were coming to Atlantic City by rail. In Boardwalk Empire: The Birth, High Times, and Corruption of Atlantic City, "Atlantic City's Godfather"21 Nelson Johnson describes the inspiration of Dr. Jonathan Pitney (the "Father of Atlantic City"22) to develop Atlantic City as a health resort, his efforts to convince the municipal authorities that a railroad to the beach would be beneficial, his successful alliance with Samuel Richards (entrepreneur and member of the "most influential" family in southern New Jersey at the time) to achieve that goal, the actual building of the railroad, and the experience of the first 600 riders, who "were chosen carefully by Samuel Richards and Jonathan Pitney":23
After arriving in Atlantic City, a second train brought the visitors to the door of the resort's first public lodging, the United States Hotel. The hotel was owned by the railroad. It was a sprawling, four-story structure built to house 2,000 guests. It opened while it was still under construction, with only one wing standing, and even that wasn't completed. By year's end, when it was fully constructed, the United States Hotel was not only the first hotel in Atlantic City but also the largest in the nation. Its rooms totaled more than 600, and its grounds covered some 14 acres.
The first boardwalk was built in 1870 along a portion of the beach in an effort to help hotel owners keep sand out of their lobbies. Businesses were restricted and the boardwalk was removed each year at the end of the peak season.24 Because of its effectiveness and popularity, the boardwalk was expanded in length and width, and modified several times in subsequent years. The historic length of the boardwalk, before the destructive 1944 Great Atlantic Hurricane, was about 7 miles (11 km) and it extended from Atlantic City to Longport, through Ventnor and Margate.25
The first road connecting the city to the mainland at Pleasantville was completed in 1870 and charged a 30-cent toll. Albany Avenue was the first road to the mainland that was available without a toll.26
By 1878, because of the growing popularity of the city, one railroad line could no longer keep up with demand. Soon, the Philadelphia and Atlantic City Railway was also constructed to transport tourists to Atlantic City. At this point massive hotels like The United States and Surf House, as well as smaller rooming houses, had sprung up all over town. The United States Hotel took up a full city block between Atlantic, Pacific, Delaware, and Maryland Avenues. These hotels were not only impressive in size, but featured the most updated amenities, and were considered quite luxurious for their time.
During the early part of the 20th century, Atlantic City went through a radical building boom. Many of the modest boarding houses that dotted the boardwalk were replaced with large hotels. Two of the city's most distinctive hotels were the Marlborough-Blenheim Hotel and the Traymore Hotel.
In 1903, Josiah White III bought a parcel of land near Ohio Avenue and the boardwalk and built the Queen Anne style Marlborough House. The hotel was a hit and, in 1905–06, he chose to expand the hotel and bought another parcel of land next door to his Marlborough House. In an effort to make his new hotel a source of conversation, White hired the architectural firm of Price and McLanahan. The firm made use of reinforced concrete, a new building material invented by Jean-Louis Lambot in 1848 (Joseph Monier received the patent in 1867). The hotel's Spanish and Moorish themes, capped off with its signature dome and chimneys, represented a step forward from other hotels that had a classically designed influence. White named the new hotel the Blenheim and merged the two hotels into the Marlborough-Blenheim. Bally's Atlantic City was later constructed at this location.
The Traymore Hotel was located at the corner of Illinois Avenue and the boardwalk. Begun in 1879 as a small boarding house, the hotel grew through a series of uncoordinated expansions. By 1914, the hotel's owner, Daniel White, taking a hint from the Marlborough-Blenheim, commissioned the firm of Price and McLanahan to build an even bigger hotel. Rising 16 stories, the tan brick and gold-capped hotel would become one of the city's best-known landmarks. The hotel made use of ocean-facing hotel rooms by jutting its wings farther from the main portion of the hotel along Pacific Avenue.
One by one, additional large hotels were constructed along the boardwalk, including the Brighton, Chelsea, Shelburne, Ambassador, Ritz Carlton, Mayflower, Madison House, and the Breakers. The Quaker-owned Chalfonte House, opened in 1868, and Haddon House, opened in 1869, flanked North Carolina Avenue at the beach end. Their original wood-frame structures would be enlarged, and even moved closer to the beach, over the years. The modern Chalfonte Hotel, eight stories tall, opened in 1904. The modern Haddon Hall was built in stages and was completed in 1929, at eleven stories. By this time, they were under the same ownership and merged into the Chalfonte-Haddon Hall Hotel, becoming the city's largest hotel with nearly 1,000 rooms. By 1930, the Claridge, the city's last large hotel before the casinos, opened its doors. The 400-room Claridge was built by a partnership that included renowned Philadelphia contractor John McShain. At 24 stories, it would become known as the "Skyscraper By The Sea." The city became known as the "The World's Playground.2728
In 1883, salt water taffy was conceived in Atlantic City by David Bradley. The traditional story is that Bradley's shop was flooded after a major storm, soaking his taffy with salty Atlantic Ocean water. He sold some "salt water taffy" to a girl, who proudly walked down to the beach to show her friends. Bradley's mother was in the back of the store when the sale was made, and loved the name, and so salt water taffy was born.2930
The 1920s, with tourism at its peak, are considered by many historians as Atlantic City's golden age. During Prohibition, which was enacted nationally in 1919 and lasted until 1933, much liquor was consumed and gambling regularly took place in the back rooms of nightclubs and restaurants. It was during Prohibition that racketeer and political boss Enoch L. "Nucky" Johnson rose to power. Prohibition was largely unenforced in Atlantic City, and, because alcohol that had been smuggled into the city with the acquiescence of local officials could be readily obtained at restaurants and other establishments, the resort's popularity grew further.31 The city then dubbed itself as "The World's Playground". Nucky Johnson's income, which reached as much as $500,000 annually, came from the kickbacks he took on illegal liquor, gambling and prostitution operating in the city, as well as from kickbacks on construction projects.32
During this time, Atlantic City was under the mayoral reign of Edward L. Bader, known for his contributions to the construction, athletics and aviation of Atlantic City.33 Despite the opposition of many others, he purchased land that became the city's municipal airport and high school football stadium, both of which were later named Bader Field in his honor.34 He led the initiative, in 1923, to construct the Atlantic City High School at Albany and Atlantic Avenues.33 Bader, in November 1923, initiated a public referendum, during the general election, at which time residents approved the construction of a Convention Center. The city passed an ordinance approving a bond issue for $1.5 million to be used for the purchase of land for Convention Hall, now known as the Boardwalk Hall, finalized September 30, 1924.35 Bader was also a driving force behind the creation of the Miss America competition.36
Like many older east coast cities after World War II, Atlantic City became plagued with poverty, crime, corruption, and general economic decline in the mid-to-late 20th century. The neighborhood known as the "Inlet" became particularly impoverished. The reasons for the resort's decline were multi-layered. First of all, the automobile became more readily available to many Americans after the war. Atlantic City had initially relied upon visitors coming by train and staying for a couple of weeks. The car allowed them to come and go as they pleased, and many people would spend only a few days, rather than weeks. Also, the advent of suburbia played a huge role. With many families moving to their own private houses, luxuries such as home air conditioning and swimming pools diminished their interest in flocking to the luxury beach resorts during the hot summer. But perhaps the biggest factor in the decline in Atlantic City's popularity came from cheap, fast jet service to other premier resorts, such as Miami Beach and the Bahamas.37
The city hosted the 1964 Democratic National Convention which nominated Lyndon Johnson for President and Hubert Humphrey as Vice President. The convention and the press coverage it generated, however, cast a harsh light on Atlantic City, which by then was in the midst of a long period of economic decline. Many felt that the friendship between Johnson and the Governor of New Jersey at that time, Richard J. Hughes, led Atlantic City to host the Democratic Convention.38
By the late 1960s, many of the resort's once great hotels were suffering from embarrassing vacancy rates. Most of them were either shut down, converted to cheap apartments, or converted to nursing home facilities by the end of the decade. Prior to and during the advent of legalized gaming, many of these hotels were demolished. The Breakers, the Chelsea, the Brighton, the Shelburne, the Mayflower, the Traymore, and the Marlborough-Blenheim were demolished in the 1970s and 1980s. Of the many pre-casino resorts that bordered the boardwalk, only the Claridge, the Dennis, the Ritz-Carlton, and the Haddon Hall survive to this day as parts of Bally's Atlantic City, a condo complex, and Resorts Atlantic City. The old Ambassador Hotel was purchased by Ramada in 1978 and was gutted to become the Tropicana Casino and Resort Atlantic City, only reusing the steelwork of the original building.39 Smaller hotels off the boardwalk, such as the Madison also survived.
In an effort at revitalizing the city, New Jersey voters in 1976 approved casino gambling for Atlantic City; this came after a 1974 referendum on legalized gambling failed to pass. Immediately after the legislation passed, the owners of the Chalfonte-Haddon Hall Hotel began converting it into the Resorts International. It was the first legal casino in the eastern United States when it opened on May 26, 1978.40 Other casinos were soon constructed along the Boardwalk and, later, in the marina district for a total of twelve today. The introduction of gambling did not, however, quickly eliminate many of the urban problems that plagued Atlantic City. Many people have suggested that it only served to exacerbate those problems, as attested to by the stark contrast between tourism intensive areas and the adjacent impoverished working-class neighborhoods.41 In addition, Atlantic City has been less popular than Las Vegas, as a gambling city in the United States.42 Donald Trump helped bring big name boxing bouts to the city to attract customers to his casinos. The boxer Mike Tyson had most of his fights in Atlantic City in the 1980s, which helped Atlantic City achieve nation wide attention as a gambling resort.43 Numerous highrise condominiums were built for use as permanent residences or second homes.44 By end of the decade it was the most popular tourist destination in the United States.45
With the redevelopment of Las Vegas and the opening of two casinos in Connecticut in the early 1990s, Atlantic City's tourism began to decline. Determined to expand, in 1999 the Atlantic City Redevelopment Authority partnered with Las Vegas casino mogul Steve Wynn to develop a new roadway to a barren section of the city near the Marina. Nicknamed "The Tunnel Project", Steve Wynn planned the proposed 'Mirage Atlantic City' around the idea that he would connect the $330 million tunnel stretching 2.5 miles (4.0 km) from the Atlantic City Expressway to his new resort. The roadway was later officially named the Atlantic City-Brigantine Connector, and funnels incoming traffic off of the expressway into the city's marina district and Brigantine, New Jersey.46
Although Wynn's plans for development in the city were scrapped in 2002, the tunnel opened in 2001. The new roadway prompted Boyd Gaming in partnership with MGM/Mirage to build Atlantic City's newest casino. The Borgata opened in July 2003, and its success brought an influx of developers to Atlantic City with plans for building grand Las Vegas style mega casinos to revitalize the aging city.47 MGM/Mirage was later forced to divest their shares of the Borgata resort because of problems in their dealings with Stanley Ho in Macau.
Owing to economic conditions and the late 2000s recession, many of the proposed mega casinos never went further than the initial planning stages. One of these developers was Pinnacle Entertainment, who purchased the Sands Atlantic City, only to close it permanently November 11, 2006. The following year, the resort was demolished in a dramatic, Las Vegas styled implosion, the first of its kind in Atlantic City. While Pinnacle Entertainment intended to replace it with a $1.5–2 billion casino resort, the company canceled its construction plans and plans to sell the land. The biggest disappointment was when MGM Resorts International announced that it would pull out of all development for Atlantic City, effectively ending their plans for the MGM Grand Atlantic City.4849
In 2006, Morgan Stanley purchased 20 acres (8.1 ha) directly north of the Showboat Atlantic City Hotel and Casino for a new $2 billion plus casino resort.50 Revel Entertainment Group was named as the project's developer for the Revel Casino. Revel was hindered with many problems, with the biggest setback to the company being in April 2010 when Morgan Stanley, the owner of 90% of Revel Entertainment Group, decided to discontinue funding for continued construction and put its stake in Revel up for sale. Early in 2010 the New Jersey state legislature passed a bill offering tax incentives to attract new investors and complete the job, but a poll by Fairleigh Dickinson University's PublicMind released in March 2010 showed that three of five voters (60%) opposed the legislation, and two of three of those who opposed it "strongly" opposed it.51 Ultimately, Governor Chris Christie offered Revel $261 million in state tax credits to assist the casino once it opens.52 As of March 2011[update], Revel has completed all of the exterior work and has continued work on the interior after finally receiving the funding necessary to complete construction. It had a soft opening in April 2012 and has been fully open since May 2012.
"Superstorm Sandy" struck Atlantic City on October 29, 2012, causing flooding, power-outages, and martial-law but minimal damage to any of the tourist areas, especially the Boardwalk and casino resorts, despite widespread belief that the city's boardwalk had been destroyed. The source of the misinformation was a widely circulated photograph of a damaged section of the Boardwalk that was slated for repairs, prior to the storm, and incorrect news reports at the time of the disaster.53 The storm produced an all-time record low barometric pressure reading of 943 mb (27.85") 54 for not only Atlantic City, but the state of New Jersey.
As of October 2013, the greater Atlantic City area has one of the highest unemployment rates in the country at 13.8%, out of labor force of around 141,000.55
In July 2010, Governor Chris Christie announced that a state takeover of the city and local government "was imminent". Comparing regulations in Atlantic City to an "antique car", Atlantic City regulatory reform is a key piece of Gov. Chris Christie's plan, unveiled on July 22, to reinvigorate an industry mired in a four-year slump in revenue and hammered by fresh competition from casinos in the surrounding states of Delaware, Pennsylvania, Connecticut, and more recently, Maryland. In January 2011, Chris Christie announced the Atlantic City Tourism District, a state-run district encompassing the boardwalk casinos, the marina casinos, the Atlantic City Outlets, and Bader Field.5657 Fairleigh Dickinson University's PublicMind poll surveyed New Jersey voters' attitudes on the takeover. The February 16, 2011 survey showed that 43% opposed the measure while 29% favored direct state oversight.58 Interestingly, the poll also found that even South Jersey voters expressed opposition to the plan; 40% reported they opposed the measure and 37% reported they were in favor of it.58
On April 29, 2011, the boundaries for the state-run tourism district were set. The district would include heavier police presence, as well as beautification and infrastructure improvements. The CRDA would oversee all functions of the district and will make changes to attract new businesses and attractions. New construction would be ambitious and may resort to eminent domain.5960
The tourism district would comprise several key areas in the city; the Marina District, Ducktown, Chelsea, South Inlet, Bader Field, and Gardner's Basin. Also included are 10 roadways that lead into the district, including several in the city's northern end, or North Beach. Gardner's Basin, which is home to the Atlantic City Aquarium, was initially left out of the tourism district, while a residential neighborhood in the Chelsea section was removed from the final boundaries, owing to complaints from the city. Also, the inclusion of Bader Field in the district was controversial and received much scrutiny from mayor Lorenzo Langford, who cast the lone "no" vote on the creation of the district citing its inclusion.61
Atlantic City is considered the "Gambling Capital of the East Coast," and currently has eleven casinos. In 2011, New Jersey's casinos employed approximately 33,000 employees, had 28.5 million visitors, made $3.3 billion in gaming revenue, and paid $278 million in taxes.62 They are regulated by the New Jersey Casino Control Commission63 and the New Jersey Division of Gaming Enforcement.64
|Casino||Opening Date||Theme||Hotel Rooms65||Section of Atlantic City|
|Bally'sᴮ||December 29, 1979||Modern||1,749||Midtown|
|Borgata||July 2, 2003||Tuscany||2,767||Marina|
|Caesars||June 26, 1979||Roman Empire||1,141||Midtown|
|Golden Nugget||June 19, 1985||Gold Rush Era||727||Marina|
|Harrah's||November 27, 1980||Marina Waterfront||2,590||Marina|
|Resorts||May 28, 1978||Roaring Twenties||942||Uptown|
|Revel||April 2, 2012||Oceanfront||1,399||Uptown|
|Showboat||April 2, 1987||Mardi Gras||1,329||Uptown|
|Tropicana||November 26, 1981||Old Havana||2,078||Downbeach|
|Trump Plazaᴬ||May 26, 1984||Luxury Resort||906||Midtown|
|Taj Mahal||April 2, 1990||Taj Mahal||2,010||Uptown|
ᴬ On February 15, 2013, Trump Entertainment Resorts announced that it intended to sell Trump Plaza to the Meruelo Group for $20 million, the lowest price ever paid for an Atlantic City casino.66 Carl Icahn, senior lender for Trump Plaza's mortgage, declined to approve the sale for the proposed price.67
ᴮ Bally's Atlantic City includes The Wild Wild West Casino, which opened on July 2, 1997 and has an American Old West theme.
|ACH Casino Resort||The Atlantic Club Casino Hotel|
|Atlantic City Hilton (Original)||Trump Castle|
|Atlantic City Hilton||ACH Casino Resort|
|Bally's Grand||The Grand|
|Bally's Park Place||Bally's Atlantic City|
|Brighton Casino||Sands Atlantic City|
|Del Webb's Claridge||Claridge|
|Golden Nugget (Original)||Bally's Grand|
|Park Place||Bally's Park Place|
|Harrah's at Trump Plaza||Trump Plaza|
|Playboy Hotel & Casino||Permanent casino license denied; renamed Atlantis Casino|
|The Grand||The Atlantic City Hilton|
|Trump's Castle||Trump Marina|
|Trump Marina||Golden Nugget|
|Casino||Opening Date||Closing Date||Status of Property|
|Atlantic Club||December 12, 1980||January 13, 2014||Building and contents sold to Caesars Entertainment Corporation Slots and Tables sold to Tropicana Casino & Resort Atlantic City. Future plans for property unknown.|
|Claridge||July 20, 1981||December 30, 2002||Currently a hotel tower for Bally's|
|Playboy / Atlantis Casino||April 14, 1981||July 4, 1989||Playboy Enterprises found unsuitable for licensure, Playboy casino closed and then reopened by Elsinor Corporation as the Atlantis. In 1989 the Casino Control Commission revoked Atlantis' license and property sold to become Trump World's Fair an extension of the Trump Plaza.|
|Sands||August 31, 1980||November 11, 2006||Building demolished; currently an empty lot|
|Trump World's Fair||May 15, 1996||October 3, 1999||Building demolished; currently an empty lot|
|Casino||Status of Property|
|Dunes Atlantic City||Never completed; currently a parking lot|
|Hard Rock Casino||Cancelled; currently an empty lot|
|Hilton (Original)||Casino license denied; current site of Golden Nugget Atlantic City|
|Le Jardin||Cancelled; currently an empty lot|
|Margaritaville Marina Casino||Cancelled; current site of Golden Nugget Atlantic City|
|Mirage Atlantic City||Cancelled; currently an empty lot|
|MGM Grand Atlantic City||Cancelled; currently an empty lot|
|Penthouse Casino||Never completed; current site of Trump Plaza|
|Pinnacle Atlantic City||Cancelled; currently an empty lot|
|Resorts Taj Mahal||Cancelled; current site of Taj Mahal|
|Sahara Atlantic City||Cancelled; currently an empty lot|
The Boardwalk starts at Absecon Inlet in the north and runs along the beach south-west to the city limit 4 miles (6.4 km) away then continues 1 −1⁄2 mile (0.80 km) into Ventnor City. Casino/hotels front the boardwalk, as well as retail stores, restaurants, and amusements. Notable attractions include the Boardwalk Hall, House of Blues, and the Ripley's Believe It or Not! museum.
In October 2012, Hurricane Sandy destroyed the northern part of the boardwalk fronting Absecon Inlet, in the residential section called South Inlet. The oceanfront boardwalk in front of the Atlantic City casinos survived the storm undamaged.6970
The Boardwalk has been home to several piers over the years.
- The first pier, Ocean Pier, was built in 1882.71 It eventually fell into disrepair and was demolished. Another famous pier built during that time was Steel Pier, opened in 1898, which once billed itself as "The Showplace of the Nation". It now operates as an amusement pier across from the Trump Taj Mahal. Captain John Lake Young opened "Young's Million Dollar Pier" as an arcade hall in 1903, and on the seaward side "erected a marble mansion", fronted by a formal garden, with lighting and landscaping designed by Young's longtime friend Thomas Alva Edison. Young's Million Dollar Pier, Atlantic City's largest amusement pier during its time",23 was transformed into a shopping mall in the 1980s, known as "Shops on Ocean One". In 2006, the Ocean One mall was bought, renovated and re-branded as The Pier Shops at Caesars. Garden Pier, located opposite Revel Atlantic City, once housed a movie theater, and is now home to the Atlantic City Historical Society and Arts Center.72 Two other piers, an amusement pier named Steeplechase Pier and a Heinz 57-owned pier named Heinz Pier were destroyed in the 1944 Great Atlantic Hurricane.73 Steeplechase was rebuilt after the hurricane, and survived into the casino era. The "Steeplechase Pier Heliport" on Steel Pier is named in its honor.74 The last of the four piers still standing is Schiff's Central Pier, which is the only one still offering the same attractions it did when it opened – a few stores, and the playcade, having reopened in 1990 after an $8 million renovation.75
Atlantic City has many different shopping districts and malls, many of which are located inside or adjacent to the casino resorts. Several smaller themed retail and dining areas in casino hotels include the Borgata Shops and The Shoppes at Water Club inside the Borgata, the Waterfront Shops inside of Harrah's, Spice Road inside the Trump Taj Mahal, while Resorts Casino Hotel has a small collection of stores and restaurants. Major shopping malls are also located in and around Atlantic City.
- Pier Shops at Caesars, an underwater-themed indoor high end shopping center located on the Million Dollar Pier formerly known as "Shops on Ocean One". The four-story shopping mall contains themed floors as well as a fountain show.
- Tanger Outlets The Walk, an outdoor outlet shopping center spanning several blocks. The only outlet mall in Atlantic County and South Jersey, The Walk first opened in 2003 and is currently undergoing an expansion.
- The Quarter at Tropicana, an old Havana-themed indoor shopping center at the Tropicana, which contains over 40 stores, restaurants, and nightclubs.
Boardwalk Hall, formally known as the "Historic Atlantic City Convention Hall", is an arena in Atlantic City along the boardwalk. Boardwalk Hall was Atlantic City's primary convention center until the opening of the Atlantic City Convention Center in 1997. The Atlantic City Convention Center includes 500,000 sq ft (46,000 m2) of showroom space, 5 exhibit halls, 45 meeting rooms with 109,000 sq ft (10,100 m2) of space, a garage with 1,400 parking spaces, and an adjacent Sheraton hotel. Both the Boardwalk Hall and Convention Center are operated by the Atlantic City Convention & Visitors Authority.
Atlantic City (sometimes referred to as "Monopoly City"76) has become well-known over the years for its portrayal in the U.S. version of the popular board game, Monopoly, in which properties on the board are named after locations in and near Atlantic City. While the original incarnation of the game did not feature Atlantic City, it was in Indianapolis that Ruth Hoskins learned the game, and took it back to Atlantic City.77 After she arrived, Hoskins made a new board with Atlantic City street names, and taught it to a group of local Quakers.78
Some of the actual locations that correspond to board elements have changed since the game's release. Illinois Avenue was renamed Martin Luther King, Jr. Blvd. in the 1980s. St. Charles Place no longer exists, as the Showboat Casino Hotel was developed where it once ran.79
Marvin Gardens, the leading yellow property on the board shown, is actually a misspelling of the original location name, "Marven Gardens". The misspelling was said to have been introduced by Charles Todd and passed on when his home-made Monopoly board was copied by Charles Darrow and thence Parker Brothers. It was not until 1995 that Parker Brothers acknowledged this mistake and formally apologized to the residents of Marven Gardens for the misspelling.80
The "Short Line" is believed to refer to the Shore Fast Line, a streetcar line that served Atlantic City.81 The B&O Railroad did not serve Atlantic City. A booklet included with the reprinted 1935 edition states that the four railroads that served Atlantic City in the mid-1930s were the Jersey Central, the Seashore Lines, the Reading Railroad, and the Pennsylvania Railroad.
The actual "Electric Company" and "Water Works" serving the city are respectively, Atlantic City Electric Company and the Atlantic City Municipal Utilities Authority.
Ever since Atlantic City's growth as a resort town, numerous attractions and tourist traps have originated in the city. A popular fixture in the early 20th century at the Steel Pier was horse diving, which was introduced by William "Doc" Carver.82 The Steel Pier featured several other novelty attractions, including the Diving Bell, human high-divers, and a water circus.8384 Advertisements for the Steel Pier in its heyday featured plaster sculptures set upon wooden bases along roads leading up to Atlantic City.85 By the end of World War II, many animal demonstrations declined in popularity after criticisms of animal abuse and neglect.
Rolling chairs, which were introduced in the 1800s, have been a boardwalk fixture to this day. While powered carts appeared in the 1960s, the original and most common were made of wicker. The wicker, canopied chairs-on-wheels are manually pushed the length of the boardwalk by attendants, much like a Rickshaw.86
The Absecon Light is a coastal lighthouse located in the north end of Atlantic City overlooking Absecon Inlet. It is the tallest lighthouse in the state of New Jersey and is the third tallest masonry lighthouse in the United States. Construction began in 1854, with the light first lit on January 15, 1857.87 The lighthouse was deactivated in 1933 and although the light still shines every night, it is no longer an active navigational aid.88
While located two miles south of Atlantic City in Margate City, Lucy the Elephant has become almost an icon for the Atlantic City area. Lucy is a six-story elephant-shaped example of novelty architecture, constructed of wood and tin sheeting in 1882 by James V. Lafferty in an effort to sell real estate and attract tourism. Over the years, Lucy had served as a restaurant, business office, cottage, and tavern (the last closed by Prohibition). Lucy had fallen into disrepair by the 1960s and was scheduled for demolition. The structure was moved and refurbished as a result of a "Save Lucy" campaign in 1970 and received designation as a National Historic Landmark in 1976, and is currently open as a museum.89
Atlantic City is the home of the Miss America competition, however it was briefly moved to Las Vegas for seven years before returning. The Miss America competition originated on September 7, 1921, as a two-day beauty contest. The event that year was called the "Atlantic City Pageant", and the winner of the grand prize, the 3-foot Golden Mermaid trophy, was not called "Miss America" until 1922, when she re-entered the pageant. The pageant was initiated in to extend the tourist season after the Labor Day weekend36 The pageant has been nationally televised since 1954. It peaked in the early 1960s, when it was repeatedly the highest-rated program on American television. It was seen as a symbol of the United States, with Miss America often being referred to as the female equivalent of the President. The pageant's longtime emcee, Bert Parks, hosted the event from 1955 to 1979. At the Atlantic City Convention Center, there is an interactive statue of Parks holding a crown. When a visitor puts their head inside the crown, sensors activate a recorded playback of his "There She Is..." line through speakers hidden behind nearby bushes.90
Since the departure of the Miss America pageant from the city, a LGBT event known as the "Miss'd America Pageant" is held annually at the Boardwalk Hall. Originally started as a fundraiser, the event features drag queens donning the runway in a similar manner to the Miss America pageant.91
Since 2003, Atlantic City has hosted Thunder over the Boardwalk, an annual airshow over the boardwalk. The yearly event, a joint venture between the New Jersey Air National Guard's 177th Fighter Wing along with several casinos, attracts over 750,000 visitors each year.92
In 2010, Boardwalk Empire, an American television series from cable network HBO set in Atlantic City during the Prohibition era, has cast a new light on the city. Starring Steve Buscemi, the show was adapted from a chapter about historical criminal kingpin Enoch "Nucky" Johnson (who is renamed "Enoch Thompson" in the show) in Nelson Johnson's book, Boardwalk Empire: The Birth, High Times, and Corruption of Atlantic City.93 The series is filmed in Brooklyn, New York on a set built to resemble the Atlantic City boardwalk in the 1920s.
Around the same time of the September 2010 premiere of the show, the Press of Atlantic City created Boss of the Boardwalk, a 45-minute documentary which premiered on August 21, 2010 on NBC TV-40 and aired six additional times in the following weeks.94
Since the premiere of Boardwalk Empire, interest in the Roaring Twenties-era Atlantic City has grown. In October 2010, a plan was revealed to renovate the ailing Resorts Casino Hotel into a Roaring Twenties theme. The re-branding was proposed by current owner Dennis Gomes, and was initiated in December 2010 when he took over the casino. The changes accentuate the resort's existing art deco design, as well as presenting new 20s-era uniforms for employees and music from the time period. The casino also introduced drinks and shows reminiscent of the period.95 The actual building where he lived, The Ritz-Carlton, offer tours.96
In 2011, the Academy Bus Company began a trolley tour called "Nucky's Way", a tour bus service that features actors portraying Nucky as well as other characters as it loops around the city. Nucky's Way is the second trolley tour to capitalize off of Boardwalk Empire, after The Great American Trolley company started a weekly tour of Atlantic City with a Roaring Twenties theme in early June 2011.97
On August 1, 2011, a façade modeled after the set of Boardwalk Empire was unveiled on the boardwalk in front of an empty lot at the former site of the Trump World's Fair resort. The façade of storefronts, which consists of vinyl tacked onto three large sections of plywood, was the brainchild of longtime area radio host Pinky Kravitz, who is also a columnist for The Press of Atlantic City and host of WMGM Presents Pinky on NBC40.98
Atlantic City is located at United States Census Bureau, the city had a total area of 17.037 square miles (44.125 km2), of which, 10.747 square miles (27.835 km2) of it was land and 6.290 square miles (16.290 km2) of it (36.92%) was water.12(39.377297, −74.451082). According to the
Summers are typically warm and humid with a July daily average of 75.6 °F (24.2 °C). During this time, the city gets a sea breeze off the ocean that often makes daytime temperatures much cooler than inland areas, making Atlantic City a prime place for beating the summer heat from June through September. Average highs even just a few miles west of Atlantic City exceed 85 °F (29 °C) in July. Near the coast, temperatures exceed 90 °F (32 °C) on only 5 days a year.100 Winters are cool, with January averaging 35.5 °F (2 °C). Spring and autumn are erratic, although they are usually mild with low humidity.
Annual precipitation is 40 inches (1,020 mm) which is fairly spread throughout the year. Owing to its close proximity to the Atlantic Ocean and its location in South Jersey, Atlantic City receives less snow than a good portion of the rest of New Jersey. Even at the airport, where low temperatures are often much lower than along the coast, snow averages only 16.7 inches (42.4 cm) each winter. It is very common for rain to fall in Atlantic City while the northern and western parts of the state are receiving snow.
|Climate data for Atlantic City, New Jersey (1981–2010 normals)|
|Average high °F (°C)||41.8
|Average low °F (°C)||29.2
|Precipitation inches (mm)||3.08
|Snowfall inches (cm)||4.7
|Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in)||10.1||9.5||10.3||11.6||10.6||9.4||9.2||8.7||8.0||8.1||9.3||10.2||115|
|Avg. snowy days (≥ 0.1 in)||3.1||3.0||.9||.3||0||0||0||0||0||0||.1||1.7||9.1|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||151.9||158.2||204.6||219.0||244.6||267.0||275.9||272.8||228.0||201.5||147.0||133.3||2,503.8|
|Source: NOAA (snow at Atlantic City Int'l)101102 HKO (sun, 1961–1990)103|
1930–1990111 2000112113 2010789
At the 2010 United States Census, there were 39,558 people, 15,504 households, and 8,558 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,680.8 per square mile (1,421.2 /km2). There were 20,013 housing units at an average density of 1,862.2 per square mile (719.0 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 26.65% (10,543) White, 38.29% (15,148) Black or African American, 0.61% (242) Native American, 15.55% (6,153) Asian, 0.05% (18) Pacific Islander, 14.03% (5,549) from other races, and 4.82% (1,905) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 30.45% (12,044) of the population.7
There were 15,504 households of which 27.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 25.9% were married couples living together, 22.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 44.8% were non-families. 37.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 3.34.7
In the city, 24.6% of the population were under the age of 18, 10.2% from 18 to 24, 26.8% from 25 to 44, 25.8% from 45 to 64, and 12.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36.3 years. For every 100 females there were 96.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.4 males.7
The Census Bureau's 2006–2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $30,237 (with a margin of error of +/- $2,354) and the median family income was $35,488 (+/- $2,607). Males had a median income of $32,207 (+/- $1,641) versus $29,298 (+/- $1,380) for females. The per capita income for the city was $20,069 (+/- $2,532). About 23.1% of families and 25.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 36.6% of those under age 18 and 16.8% of those age 65 or over.114
As of the 2000 United States Census14 there were 40,517 people, 15,848 households, and 8,700 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,569.8 people per square mile (1,378.3/km2). There were 20,219 housing units at an average density of 1,781.4 per square mile (687.8/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 44.16% black or African American, 26.68% White, 0.48% Native American, 10.40% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 13.76% other races, and 4.47% from two or more races. 24.95% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 19.44% of the population was non-Hispanic whites.112113
There were 15,848 households out of which 27.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 24.8% were married couples living together, 23.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 45.1% were non-families. 37.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 3.26.112113
In the city the population was spread out with 25.7% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 31.0% from 25 to 44, 20.2% from 45 to 64, and 14.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 96.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.2 males.112113
The median income for a household in the city was $26,969, and the median income for a family was $31,997. Males had a median income of $25,471 versus $23,863 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,402. About 19.1% of families and 23.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.1% of those under age 18 and 18.9% of those age 65 or over.112113
|Crime rates (2007)|
|Total Violent crime:||2,161.9|
|Motor vehicle theft:||502.8|
|Total Property crime:||7,335.2|
* Number of reported crimes per 100,000 population.
|Source: 2007 FBI UCR Data|
Atlantic City is governed within the Faulkner Act (formally known as the Optional Municipal Charter Law) under the Mayor-Council system of municipal government (Plan D), implemented by direct petition effective as of July 1, 1982.5115 The City Council is the governing body of Atlantic City. There are nine Council members, who are elected to serve for a term of four years, one from each of six wards and three serving at-large. The City Council exercises the legislative power of the municipality for the purpose of holding Council meetings to introduce ordinances and resolutions to regulate City government. In addition, Council members review budgets submitted by the Mayor; provide for an annual audit of the City's accounts and financial transactions; organize standing committees and hold public hearings to address important issues which impact Atlantic City.116 Former Mayor Bob Levy created the Atlantic City Ethics Board in 2007, but the Board was dissolved two years later by vote of the Atlantic City Council.
The Mayor is Don Guardian, whose term of office ends on December 31, 2017.3 Members of the City Council are Council President William Marsh (4th Ward, 2015), Council Vice President Steven L. Moore (3rd Ward, 2015), Moisse Delgado (At-Large, 2017), Frank M. Gilliam, Jr. (At-Large, 2017), Rizwan Malik (5th Ward, 2015), Timothy Mancuso (6th Ward, 2015), Aaron Randolph (1st Ward, 2015), Marty Small (2nd Ward, 2015) and George Tibbitt (At-Large, 2017).117118
Following questions about false claims he had made about his military record, Mayor Bob Levy left City Hall in September 2007 in a city-owned vehicle for an unknown destination. After a 13-day absence, his lawyer revealed that Levy was in Carrier Clinic, a rehabilitation hospital.119 Levy resigned in October 2007 and then-Council President William Marsh assumed the office of Mayor120 and served six weeks until an interim mayor was named.
New Jersey's Second Congressional District is represented by Frank LoBiondo (R, Ventnor City).124 New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark; took office on October 31, 2013, after winning a special election to fill the seat of Frank Lautenberg)125126 and Bob Menendez (D, North Bergen).127128
The 2nd Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Jim Whelan (D, Atlantic City) and in the General Assembly by Chris A. Brown (R, Ventnor City) and John F. Amodeo (D, Northfield).129 The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).130 The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).131
Atlantic County is governed by a County Executive directly chosen by voters, with the county's legislature, the Board of Chosen Freeholders, consisting of nine members elected to three-year terms on a staggered basis, with three seats coming up for election each year; four of its members are elected at-large and there are five election districts, each of which elect a single member.132133 The County Executive is Dennis Levinson (Linwood, term ends December 31, 2015.134 As of 2013[update], Atlantic County's Freeholders are the four at-large members; Colin G. Bell (Northfield, 2015)135, Alexander C. Marino (Linwood, 2014)136, Vice Chairman Joseph J. McDevitt (Ventnor City, 2013)137 and John W. Risley (Northfield, 2014)138; and five district members elected from District 1 (Atlantic City (part), Egg Harbor Township (part) and Pleasantville) Charles T. Garrett (Atlantic City, 2013)139, District 2 - (Atlantic City (part), Egg Harbor Township (part), Longport, Margate City, Somers Point and Ventnor City), Chairman Frank D. Formica (Atlantic City, 2015)140, District 3 (Egg Harbor Township (part), Hamilton Township (part), Linwood and Northfield) - Frank Sutton (Egg Harbor Township, 2014)141, District 4 (Absecon, Brigantine, Galloway Township and Port Republic - Richard Dase (Galloway Township, 2013)142 and District 5 (Buena Borough, Buena Vista Township, Corbin City, Egg Harbor City, Estell Manor, Folsom, Hamilton Township (part), Hammonton, Mullica Township and Weymouth Township) - James A. Bertino (Hammonton, 2015).143132
New Jersey Casino Control Commission
The New Jersey Casino Control Commission is a New Jersey state governmental agency that was founded in 1977 as the state's gaming control board, responsible for administering the Casino Control Act and its regulations to assure public trust and confidence in the credibility and integrity of the casino industry and casino operations in Atlantic City. Casinos operate under licenses granted by the Commission. The commission is headquartered in the Arcade Building at Tennessee Avenue and Boardwalk in Atlantic City.144
Casino Reinvestment Development Authority
The CRDA was founded in 1984 and is responsible for directing the spending of casino reinvestment funds in public and private projects to benefit Atlantic City and other areas of the state. From 1985 through April 2008, CRDA spent US$1.5 billion on projects in Atlantic City and US$300 million throughout New Jersey.145
Atlantic City Convention & Visitors Authority The Convention & Visitors Authority (ACCVA) was in charge of advertising and marketing for the city as well as promoting economic growth through convention and leisure tourism development. The ACCVA managed the Boardwalk Hall and Atlantic City Convention Center, as well as the Boardwalk Welcome Center inside Boardwalk Hall as well as a welcome center on the Atlantic City Expressway. In 2011, the ACCVA was absorbed into the CRDA as part of the state takeover that created the tourism district.146
Atlantic City Special Improvement District The Atlantic City Special Improvement District (SID) was a nonprofit organization created in 1992, which funded by a special assessment tax on businesses within the improvement district and carries out various activities to improve the city's business community, including street cleaning and promotional efforts. In 2011, the SID was absorbed by the CRDA, in which the former SID boundaries would be expanded to the include all areas in the newly formed tourism district. Under the new structure, established by state legislation, the CRDA assumed the staff, equipment and programs of the SID. The new SID division is accompanied by a SID committee made up of CRDA board members and an advisory council consisting of the current trustees and others.147
The city is protected by the full-time, paid firefighters of the Atlantic City Fire Department (ACFD), which operates from six fire stations, under the command of Chief Dennis J. Brooks. The ACFD also operates a fleet of seven engines, three ladders, two rescues, one HAZMAT unit, an air unit, two marine units, one collapse and trench unit, a training unit, three reserve engines, two reserve ladders and numerous other special and support units.148149>
Below is a complete listing of all fire station and fire apparatus locations in the city .150
|Engine company||Ladder company||Special unit||Command unit||Address|
|Engine 1, Engine 7||Ladder 1||Haz-Mat. 1, Air Supply Unit||Battalion 1||Atlantic Ave. & Maryland Ave.|
|Engine 2||Rescue 1, Rescue 2, Marine 1, Marine 2, Collapse and Trench Unit, Training Unit||Deputy Chief||Baltic Ave. & N. Indiana Ave.|
|Engine 3||N. Indiana Ave. & Grant Ave.|
|Engine 4||Ladder 2||Battalion 2||2715 Atlantic Ave.|
|Engine 5||N. Annapolis Ave. & Crossan Ave.|
|Engine 6||Ladder 3||Atlantic Ave. & S. Annapolis Ave.|
The Atlantic City School District serves students in pre-Kindergarten through twelfth grades. Schools in the district (with 2010–11 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics152) are Venice Park School153 (PreK with 95 students), Brighton Avenue School,154 Chelsea Heights School155 (K-8; 408), Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. School Complex156 (PreK-8; 576), New Jersey Avenue School (was PreK-6; 347), New York Avenue School157 (PreK-8; 575), Pennsylvania Avenue School,158 Richmond Avenue School159 (K-8; 357), Sovereign Avenue School160 (PreK-8; 779), Texas Avenue School161 (K-8; 635), Uptown School Complex162 (K-8; 696) and Atlantic City High School163 for grades 9–12 (2,327).164165 Students from Brigantine, Longport, Margate City and Ventnor City attend Atlantic City High School as part of sending/receiving relationships with the respective school districts.166
Oceanside Charter School, which offers pre-Kindergarten through eighth grade, was founded in 1999.169
Nearby college campuses include those of Atlantic Cape Community College and Richard Stockton College of New Jersey, the latter of which offers classes and resources in the city such as the Carnegie Library Center.
|Atlantic City Diablos||Soccer||NPSL||St. Augustine College Preparatory School||2007–2008|
|Atlantic City Boardwalk Bullies||Ice Hockey||ECHL||Boardwalk Hall||2001–2005|
|Atlantic City CardSharks||Indoor football||NIFL||Boardwalk Hall||2004|
|Atlantic City Surf||Baseball||Can-Am League||Bernie Robbins Stadium||1998–2008|
|Atlantic City Seagulls||Basketball||USBL||Atlantic City High School||1996–2001|
On November 16, 2006, Hal Handel, CEO of Greenwood Racing, announced that the Atlantic City Race Course in Hamilton Township would increase live racing dates from four days per year, to up to 20 days per year. www.saveacrc.com has been actively involved in expanding racing at the Atlantic City Race Course and created the movement to bring full-time racing back to ACRC in 2005.
- The Press of Atlantic City (official website)
- GoAC.com (official website)
- Atlantic City Weekly (official website)
- Casino Connection (official website)
- WEHA 88.7 FM – Gospel
- WAYV 95.1 FM – Top 40
- WTTH 96.1 FM – Urban AC (The Touch)
- WFPG 96.9 FM – AC (Lite Rock 96.9)
- WENJ 97.3 FM – Sports
- WTKU 98.3 FM – Classic Hits (Kool 98.3)
- WZBZ 99.3 FM – Rhythmic (The Buzz)
- WZXL 100.7 FM – Rock (The Rock Station)
- WWAC 102.7 FM – Top 40 (AC 102.7)
- WMGM 103.7 FM – Mainstream Rock (WMGM Rocks)
- WSJO 104.9 FM – Hot AC (Sojo 104.9)
- WJSE 106.3 FM – Alternative
- WPUR 107.3 FM – Country (Cat Country 107.3)
- WWJZ 640 AM – Kids (Radio Disney)
- WMID 1340 AM – Oldies
- WOND 1400 AM – News/Talk
- WPGG 1450 AM – Talk
- WBSS 1490 AM – Sports
- WACP Channel 4 Atlantic City (Independent)
- WQAV-LP Channel 34 Atlantic City (Asia Vision/Independent)
- WMGM-TV Channel 40 Atlantic City (NBC)
- WMCN-TV Channel 44 Atlantic City (Independent/Bounce TV on WMCN DT2)
- W60CX Channel 60 Atlantic City (TBN)
- WWSI Channel 62 Atlantic City (Telemundo)
The city had a total of 103.67 miles (166.84 km) of roadways, of which 88.26 miles (142.04 km) are maintained by the municipality, 1.29 miles (2.08 km) by Atlantic County and 5.32 miles (8.56 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation and 8.80 miles (14.16 km) by the New Jersey Turnpike Authority.172
The three routes into Atlantic City are the Black Horse Pike/Harding Highway (US 322/40), White Horse Pike (US 30), and the Atlantic City Expressway. Atlantic City is roughly 132 miles (212 km) south of New York City by road (via the Garden State Parkway) and 55 miles (89 km) southeast of Philadelphia.173
Atlantic City has an abundance of taxi cabs and a local jitney providing continuous service to and from the casinos and the rest of the city.
Atlantic City is connected to other cities in several ways. New Jersey Transit's Atlantic City Rail Terminal174 at the Atlantic City Convention Center provides service from 30th Street Station in Philadelphia through several smaller South Jersey communities via the Atlantic City Line.175
On June 20, 2006, the board of New Jersey Transit approved a three-year trial of express train service between New York Penn Station and the Atlantic City Rail Terminal. The line, known as ACES (Atlantic City Express Service), ran from February 2009 and March 2012. The approximate travel time was 2½ hours with a stop at Newark's Penn Station and was part of the Casinos' multi-million dollar investments in Atlantic City. Most of the funding for the transit line was provided by Harrah's Entertainment (owners of both Harrah's Atlantic City and Caesars Atlantic City) and the Borgata.176
The Atlantic City Bus Terminal is the home to local, intrastate and interstate bus companies including New Jersey Transit, Academy and Greyhound bus lines. The Greyhound Lucky Streak Express offers service to Atlantic City from New York City, Philadelphia, Baltimore and Washington, D.C.177
Within the city, public transportation is provided by New Jersey Transit along 13 routes, including service between the city and the Port Authority Bus Terminal in Midtown Manhattan on the 319 route, and service to and from Atlantic City on routes 501 (to Brigantine Beach), 502 (to Atlantic Cape Community College), 504 (to Ventnor Plaza), 505 (to Longport), 507 (to Ocean City), 508 (to the Hamilton Mall), 509 (to Ocean City), 551 (to Ocean City), 552 (to Cape May), 553 (to Upper Deerfield Township), 554 (to the Lindenwold PATCO station) and 559 (to Lakewood Township).178179
Commercial airlines serve Atlantic City via Atlantic City International Airport, located 9 miles (14 km) northwest of the city in Egg Harbor Township. Many travelers also fly into Philadelphia International Airport or Newark Liberty International Airport, where there are wider selections of carriers from which to choose. The historic downtown Bader Field airport is now permanently closed and plans are in the works to redevelop the land.
The AtlantiCare Regional Medical Center is a health system based in Atlantic City. Founded in 1898, it includes two hospitals; the Atlantic City Campus and the Mainland Campus in Pomona, New Jersey. It has Atlantic City's only cancer institute, heart institute, and neonatal intensive care unit.
South Jersey Industries provides natural gas to the city under the South Jersey Gas division. Marina Energy and its subsidiary, Energenic, a joint business venture with a long-time business partner, operate two Thermal plants in the city. The Marina Thermal Plant serves the Borgata while a second plant serves the Resorts Hotel and Casino.181 Another Thermal plant is the Midtown Thermal Control Center on Atlantic and Ohio Avenues built by Conectiv.
Electrical power in Atlantic City as well as the surrounding area is primarily served by Atlantic City Electric, with power sources coming from the Beesley's Point Generating Station in Upper Township, as well as other locations.
The Jersey-Atlantic Wind Farm, opened in 2005, is the first onshore coastal wind farm in the United States.183 In October 2010, North American Offshore Wind Conference was held in the city and included tours of the facility and potential sites for further development.184 In February 2011, the state passed legislation permitting the construction of windmills for electricity along pre-existing piers, such as the Steel Pier.185186 The first phase of the Atlantic Wind Connection, a planned electrical transmission backbone along the Jersey Shore is planned to be operational in 2013.
The development of wind power in New Jersey could lead to the construction of the first American windfarm using offshore wind power off the coast at Atlantic City as early as 2012. In May 2011, Cape May-based Fisherman's Energy gained New Jersey approval for a demonstration project to build six wind turbines 2.5 miles (4.0 km) off the coast called "Fisherman's Atlantic City Windfarm".187 The project still needs a U.S. Army Corps of Engineers permit before construction can begin. Sited in state waters, less than 3 nautical miles (5.6 km) from shore, it will not require other federal approval. It will have power generation capacity of less than 25 megawatts and will cost between $250 million to $300 million. The project may come on line late 2012, making the first commercial offshore wind farms in the USA,188189190 earning the city the title of "Birthplace of Offshore Wind Energy in the Americas".187
In addition to the city's recent exposure in the HBO series Boardwalk Empire, Atlantic City has been featured in several other aspects of pop culture.
- The game, Omerta - City of Gangsters, takes place in Atlantic City during the Prohibition era. The protagonist immigrated from Sicily to Atlantic City to start a Rum-running operation and a criminal syndicate that is part of the Italian Mafia.
- A majority of the 1972 film The King of Marvin Gardens takes place in a snow-covered Atlantic City prior to casino gambling.191
- Beaches with Bette Middler
- The 1980 movie, Atlantic City, took place in various parts of the city.192
- The 1984 movie Desperately Seeking Susan features some scenes shoot in Atlantic City.
- The 1998 film, Snake Eyes, was set at a boxing match inside Trump Taj Mahal in Atlantic City.
- Part of the 2010 movie, The Bounty Hunter, takes place at the Borgata and Trump Taj Mahal.
- One of the early fights in the 2010 film, The Fighter, took place in Atlantic City.
- One of the fights in the 2011 movie, Warrior, takes place inside Boardwalk Hall, with the post-fight press conference taking place on the boardwalk and a pre-fight talk between the two brothers taking place on the beach outside Trump Plaza.
- The 1989 film Penn and Teller Get Killed was filmed on location in Atlantic City.193
- Rounders includes scenes filmed in the Taj Mahal poker room.194
- The 1954 TV series On the Boardwalk with Paul Whiteman was shot at the Steel Pier in Atlantic City.
- The 1960 animated TV series The Flintstones episode "The Buffalo Convention" has Fred and Barney fooling their wives, in order to go to the Water Buffalo Convention, which is being held at Frantic City.195
- The 1980 TV series Big Shamus, Little Shamus is set at a fictional Atlantic City casino.
- The 1990 game show Trump Card was filmed at the Trump Castle.
- The 2006 TV series How I Met Your Mother episode Atlantic City is set in Atlantic City.
- The 2009 series, "Life After People" showed the cities casinos, hotels, and boardwalk collapsing with no people to maintain the city. It is shown as being unrecognizable after 200 years, sooner than most cities due to hurricanes, salty air promoting corrosion, and rising sea levels.
- The 2010 TV series Boardwalk Empire Is set primarily in Atlantic city.
- Part of the 2012 Family Guy episode Joe's Revenge is set in Atlantic City.
- Sex and The City The cast visit Atlantic City in the episode: Luck Be An Old Lady
- The Real Housewives of New Jersey Season 2 Reunion recorded on a set at Borgata. Season 1 episode, Casinos and C-Cups. Also promotional photo of original cast shot on Boardwalk.
- The Criminal Minds episode Snake Eyes (the thirteenth episode of the show's seventh season) deals with a spree killer operating in Atlantic City.
- Judy Blume's 1981 novel, Tiger Eyes, is partially set in Atlantic City; the family temporarily relocate to New Mexico after a tragic event.
- A Marvel Comics one-shot comic book starring Wolverine, entitled "Under The Boardwalk" takes place in Atlantic City in the form of one of the titular character's flashbacks.
- Imitation of Life – First appearing with a different title as a serialized novel in a periodical, later this best-seller by Fannie Hurst was twice interpreted by Hollywood. Set in early 20th century Atlantic City.196
- The video for the Bruce Springsteen 1982 song "Atlantic City" begins with the demolition of the Blenheim Hotel, one of the old hotels in Atlantic City, then shows many of the early casinos in the city such as Caesars, Playboy, and an under-construction Harrah's.
People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Atlantic City include:
- Hakeem Abdul-Shaheed (born 1959), convicted drug dealer and organized crime leader.197
- Jack Abramoff (born 1958), former lobbyist who was embroiled in high-profile political scandals. Abramoff was born in Atlantic City and lived there until the age of ten.198
- Robert Agnew (born 1953), Professor of Sociology at Emory University and president of the American Society of Criminology.199
- Joe Albany (1924–1988), jazz pianist.200
- James Avery (born 1948), actor best known for his portrayal of the patriarch Philip Banks, Will Smith's character's uncle, in the TV show The Fresh Prince of Bel-Air.201
- Harry Bacharach (1873–1947), mayor of Atlantic City in 1912 for 6 months, and from 1916 to 1920, and again from 1930 to 1935.202
- Isaac Bacharach (1870–1956), represented New Jersey's 2nd congressional district from 1915 to 1937.203
- Edward L. Bader (1874–1927), Mayor from 1920 to 1927.204
- Joseph Carleton Beal (1900–1967), co-writer of the Christmas song, Jingle Bell Rock.205
- Edwin Blum (1906–1995), screenwriter who wrote the scripts for the films Stalag 17 and The New Adventures of Tarzan.206
- Jack Boucher (1931–2012), photographer for the National Park Service for more than 40 years beginning in 1958 who served as Chief Photographer for the Historic American Buildings Survey.207
- Benjamin Burnley (born 1978), musician, best known as the lead vocalist, rhythm guitarist and primary songwriter for the band Breaking Benjamin.208
- Greg Buttle (born 1954), former linebacker for the New York Jets.209
- Harry Carroll (1892–1962), songwriter who composed the music for "I'm Always Chasing Rainbows", "The Trail of the Lonesome Pine" and "By the Beautiful Sea".210
- Rosalind Cash (1938–1995), actress nominated for an Emmy Award for her work on the Public Broadcasting Service production of Go Tell It on the Mountain.211
- Rocky Castellani (1926–2008), middleweight boxer best known for his split decision loss to Sugar Ray Robinson in which he knocked Robinson down in the sixth round.212
- Vera Coking, property owner who prevailed in an effort by Donald Trump to acquire her boarding house using eminent domain.213
- Jack Collins (born 1943), Speaker of the New Jersey General Assembly from 1996 until 2002, making him the longest serving speaker in Assembly history.214
- Alisa Cooper, Commissioner of the New Jersey Casino Control Commission since 2012 who had served since 2006 on the Atlantic County Board of Chosen Freeholders.215
- Stuart Dischell (born 1954), poet and Professor of English at the University of North Carolina at Greensboro.216
- Frank S. Farley (1901–1977), member of the New Jersey Legislature for 34 years who was boss of the Republican political machine that controlled the Atlantic City and Atlantic County governments.217
- Vera King Farris (1938–2009), third president of Richard Stockton College of New Jersey.218
- Chris Ford (born 1949), former head coach of the Boston Celtics, Milwaukee Bucks, Los Angeles Clippers, and the Philadelphia 76ers.219
- Helen Forrest (1917–1999), singer for three of the most popular big bands of the Swing Era who earned a reputation as "the voice of the name bands."220
- John J. Gardner (1845–1921) represented New Jersey's 2nd congressional district from 1885 to 1893, and was mayor of Atlantic City for most of 1868–1875.221
- Patsy Garrett (born 1921), actress.222
- Milton W. Glenn (1903–1967), represented New Jersey's 2nd congressional district from 1957 to 1965.223
- William Green (born 1979), running back who currently is a free agent of the NFL.224
- Marjorie Guthrie (1917–1983), dancer of the Martha Graham Company and dance teacher who was the wife of folk musician Woody Guthrie.225
- John R. Hargrove, Sr. (born 1923), Federal judge appointed by President Ronald Reagan to the United States District Court for the District of Maryland.226
- Celestine Tate Harrington (1956–1998), quadriplegic street musician who was well known for playing the keyboard with her lips, teeth and tongue on the Atlantic City boardwalk.227
- James Hillman (1926–2011), developer of archetypal psychology.228
- Pete Hunter (born 1980), cornerback for the NFL's Seattle Seahawks. A fifth-round pick in 2002.229
- Walter S. Jeffries (1893–1954), represented New Jersey's 2nd congressional district from 1939–1941.230
- Candy Jones (1925–1990), fashion model, writer and radio talk show host.231
- Allan Kaprow (1927–2006), pioneer in establishing the concepts of performance art, painter, influenced Fluxus.232
- John P. O'Neill (1952–2001), FBI Terrorist Specialist, Director of Security World Trade Center, died in the September 11th, 2001 terrorist attacks.233
- Chris Pallies (born 1957), professional wrestler known widely by his stage name King Kong Bundy.234
- Alfredo Silipigni (1932–2006), conductor and founder of the New Jersey State Opera.235
- George Smathers (1913–2007), former United States Senator from Florida.236
- Dave Thomas (1932–2002), founder of Wendy's fast-food restaurant, was born in Atlantic City.237
- Jim Whelan (born 1948), member of the State Senate who represents the 2nd Legislative District, and was Mayor of Atlantic City from 1990 to 2001.238
- Norman Joseph Woodland (1921–2012), inventor of the barcode.239
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- Greg Buttle, Pro-Football-Reference.com. Retrieved June 2, 2011.
- "Harry Carroll", Songwriters Hall of Fame. Retrieved November 15, 2013. "Harry Carroll, the composer of such enduring standards as “I’m Always Chasing Rainbows”, “Trail of the Lonesome Pine” and “By the Beautiful Sea,” was born in Atlantic City, New Jersey on November 28, 1892."
- Gussow, Mel. "Rosalind Cash, 56, at Home on Stage and Screen", The New York Times, November 3, 1995. Retrieved December 3, 2007. "Ms. Cash was born in Atlantic City and attended City College of New York."
- Staff. "CASTELLANI TO BOX GIAMBRA ON FRIDAY", The New York Times, July 29, 1956. Retrieved November 15, 2013. "Joey Giambra of Buffalo, hailed as a standout contender for the middleweight title, will meet Rocky Castellani of Atlantic City in the main bout scheduled for ten rounds at Madison Square Garden Friday."
- Kent, Bill. "ATLANTIC CITY; Land and the Law", The New York Times, August 2, 1998. Retrieved November 15, 2013. "ON July 20, Judge Richard Williams of New Jersey Superior Court rejected the use of eminent domain to force Vera Coking, who owns a rooming house, and three other Atlantic City property holders to sell to Donald Trump, saying the seizure would benefit Mr. Trump and not the public at large."
- Kiely, Eugene. "A Maverick Courting The Conservatives Assembly Speaker Jack Collins Says Morals Come Before Politics. He Hopes That Principle Wins Him Votes Among A Key Constituency.", The Philadelphia Inquirer, March 21, 2000. Retrieved November 15, 2013. "Collins hates to lose. It's his competitive nature. He was born in Atlantic City and grew up in Gloucester City."
- Alisa Cooper, Commissioner, New Jersey Casino Control Commission. Retrieved November 15, 2013. "Cooper was born and raised in Atlantic City and graduated from Atlantic City High School."
- Hannan, Maryanne. "Who Should Tell the Poem? A Conversation with Stuart Dischell", Cerise Press, Fall / Winter 2011–12, Vol. 3 Issue 8. Retrieved November 16, 2013. "As for wisdom, perhaps he was referring to my being from Atlantic City where there are lots of wise guys."
- Kleiman, Dena. "Frank S. Farley, 75, Ex-Legislator And G.O.P. Leader in Jersey, Dies", The New York Times, September 25, 1977. Retrieved November 16, 2013. "Mr. Farley, whose friends called him 'Hap' was born in Atlantic City on Dec. 5, 1901, the youngest of 10 children."
- D'Amico, Diane."Vera King Farris, Stockton college's longest-serving president, dies after short illness", The Press of Atlantic City, November 29, 2009. Retrieved November 16, 2013. "An Atlantic City native, Farris was named Stockton’s third president in 1983, making her the first black woman college president in New Jersey."
- Hilt, Ed. "ATLANTIC CITY'S CHRIS FORD TAKES CHARGE OF 76ERS / FIRST GAME TONIGHT FOR HOLY SPIRIT GRAD", The Press of Atlantic City, February 11, 2004. Retrieved June 2, 2011.
- Holden, Stephen. "Helen Forrest, Singer During the Big Band Era, Dies at 82", The New York Times, July 13, 1999. Retrieved November 16, 2013. "Born Helen Fogel in Atlantic City, Ms. Forrest performed regularly as a young girl on the New York City radio station WNEW."
- John James Gardner, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved August 27, 2007.
- Staff. "Girl Scout Founder is next Role for Veteran Character Actress", Daily News of Los Angeles, March 11, 1987. Retrieved November 16, 2013. "Born in Atlantic City, NJ, where her parents were working in a specialty act, Garrett literally lived in a trunk backstage the first summer of her life."
- Milton Willits Glenn, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved August 28, 2007.
- William Green player profile, National Football League Players Association. Retrieved July 23, 2007. "Hometown: Atlantic City, NJ."
- "Marjorie Guthrie", Jewish Women's Archive. Retrieved November 16, 2013."Marjorie Guthrie was born in Atlantic City, New Jersey, on October 6, 1917, the fourth of five siblings: Herbert, a merchant marine; Gertrude, an artist; David, a mechanical engineer; and Bernard, a psychiatrist."
- John R. Hargrove , Sr., Archives of Maryland. Retrieved November 16, 2013.
- Feuer, Alan. "Celestine Tate Harrington, 42, Quadriplegic Street Musician", The New York Times, March 7, 1998. Retrieved November 16, 2013. "But Atlantic City – bustling with tourists and extra change – beckoned. She arrived on the Boardwalk in 1984, and she eventually moved into a condominium in Atlantic City purchased with the proceeds from her busking."
- Kidel,Mark. "James Hillman obituary US psychologist who concluded that therapy needed to change the world rather than focus on people's inner lives", The Daily Guardian, December 21, 2011. Retrieved November 16, 2013. "Hillman grew up in Atlantic City, New Jersey, with parents in the hotel business – they partly owned the George V in Paris. In a seaside resort that sold and lived by illusion, he spoke of learning early on about things not always being what they seemed."
- Pete Hunter player profile, database Football. Retrieved June 15, 2007.
- JEFFRIES, Walter Sooy, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved November 16, 2013.
- Flint, Peter B. "Candy Jones Dies; Ex-Model, Teacher, And Writer Was 64", The New York Times, January 19, 1990. Retrieved December 20, 2007. Retrieved February 1, 2013.
- Cotter, Holland. "Allan Kaprow, Creator of Artistic 'Happenings,' Dies at 78", The New York Times, April 10, 2006. Retrieved June 2, 2011. "Mr. Kaprow was born in Atlantic City and began his career as an abstract painter in New York City in the 1940's, studying with Hans Hofmann."
- "The Man Who Knew", Frontline (U.S. TV series). Retrieved December 17, 2008.
- Monk, Cody. "New trend: 'The Body' politico", The Dallas Morning News, November 7, 1998. Retrieved June 2, 2011. "What's next? Hollywood Hulk Hogan as mayor of Los Angeles? King Kong Bundy, whose hometown is Atlantic City, as governor of New Jersey?"
- Wakin, Daniel J. "Alfredo Silipigni, 74, Who Founded An Opera Company", The New York Times, March 29, 2006. Retrieved June 2, 2011. "Alfredo Silipigni was born in Atlantic City on April 9, 1931, a son of Italian immigrants. He attended the Westminster Choir College in Princeton and the Juilliard School."
- via Associated Press. "George Smathers: 1913 – 2007 ; Ex-senator fought on many fronts; Dapper lawmaker from Florida focused on communism, Latin America", Chicago Tribune, January 21, 2007. Retrieved June 2, 2011. "Mr. [George Armistead Smathers] was born on Nov. 13, 1913, in Atlantic City, N.J. His father was a federal judge; his uncle was a U.S. senator. His family moved to Miami when he was 6."
- Honoring the Life of Dave Thomas, Senator Carl Levin, Congressional Record 107th Congress Second Session Wednesday, January 23, 2002. Retrieved June 23, 2007. "Rex David 'Dave' Thomas was born on July 2, 1932, in Atlantic City, NJ, and was adopted soon afterward by Rex and Auleva Thomas, who lived in Kalamazoo, MI."
- Assembly Member James 'Jim' Whelan, Project Vote Smart. Retrieved August 8, 2007.
- Fox, Margalit. "N. Joseph Woodland, Inventor of the Bar Code, Dies at 91", The New York Times, December 12, 2012. Retrieved December 12, 2012. "Norman Joseph Woodland was born in Atlantic City on Sept. 6, 1921.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Atlantic City, New Jersey.|
- Atlantic City official website
- Atlantic City Convention & Visitors Authority
- Atlantic City Regional Chamber of Commerce
- Atlantic City travel guide from Wikivoyage
- The Real Boardwalk Empire – slideshow by Life magazine
- Atlantic City, New Jersey on the Open Directory Project
- Atlantic City in William Trost Richards paintings. YOUR CITY AT THE THYSSEN, a Thyssen Museum's project on Flickr
- Inlet Pavilion Yacht Landing & Restaurant, Atlantic City, N.J. by D.J. Kennedy
- Atlantic City View, September 9, 1875 by D.J. Kennedy Historical Society of Pennsylvania
- Looking East, Yacht Landing, Pavilion, and New Inlet House, Atlantic City, N.J., August 11, 1876, by D.J. Kennedy, Historical Society of Pennsylvania
- Entrance to the Atlantic City Inlet, Vessels Waiting for the Tide by D.J. Kennedy at the HSP
- East End of Massachusetts Avenue, Near the Beach, Atlantic City, N.J. by D.J. Kennedy, the HSP
- Atlantic City Beach, August 4, 1889 by D.J. Kennedy, Historical Society of Pennsylvania
- The First Board Walk Laid Along the Beach of Atlantic City, August, 1874 by D.J. Kennedy, Historical Society of Pennsylvania
- The New Boardwalk Atlantic City, New Jersey Opened June 1890 by D.J. Kennedy, Historical Society of Pennsylvania
- Evening Sunset Sketch of the Inlet, Inlet Houses and Brigantine Island, September 2nd, 1874 by D.J. Kennedy, Historical Society of Pennsylvania
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