Australia national association football team
||The neutrality of this article is disputed. (December 2013)|
|Association||Football Federation Australia|
|Sub-confederation||AFF (South-East Asia)|
|Head coach||Ange Postecoglou|
|Most caps||Mark Schwarzer (109)|
|Top scorer||Damian Mori & Tim Cahill (29)|
|FIFA ranking||59 2|
|Highest FIFA ranking||14 (September 2009)|
|Lowest FIFA ranking||92 (June 2000)|
|Highest Elo ranking||9 (November 2001)|
|Lowest Elo ranking||75 (November 1965)|
| New Zealand 3–1 Australia
(Dunedin, New Zealand; 17 June 1922)
| Australia 31–0 American Samoa
(Coffs Harbour, Australia; 11 April 2001)
(World Record for international matches)1
| Australia 0–8 South Africa
(Adelaide, Australia; 17 September 1955)
|Appearances||4 (First in 1974)|
|Best result||Round of 16, 2006|
|Appearances||2 (First in 2007)|
|Best result||Runners-up, 2011|
|OFC Nations Cup|
|Appearances||6 (First in 1980)|
|Best result||Champions, 1980, 1996,
|Appearances||3 (First in 1997)|
|Best result||Runners-up, 1997|
The Australia national association football team represents Australia in men's international association football. The team is controlled by the governing body for association football in Australia, Football Federation Australia (FFA), which is currently a member of the Asian Football Confederation (AFC) and the regional ASEAN Football Federation (AFF) since leaving the Oceania Football Confederation (OFC) in 2006. The team's official nickname is the Socceroos.
Australia is a four-time OFC champion and AFC National Team of the Year for 2006. The team has represented Australia at the FIFA World Cup tournaments on three occasions, in 1974, 2006 and 2010, and will do so again at the 2014 FIFA World Cup. The team has also represented Australia at the FIFA Confederations Cup tournaments on three occasions.
- 1 History
- 2 Team image
- 3 Coaching staff
- 4 Players
- 5 Results and fixtures
- 6 Records
- 7 Competitive record
- 8 Honours
- 9 See also
- 10 References
- 11 External links
The first Australia national team was constituted in 1922 for a tour of New Zealand.2 During the tour, Australia suffered two defeats and scraped a draw.2 For the next 36 years, Australia, New Zealand and South Africa became regular opponents in tour (exhibition) matches.3 During that period, Australia also competed against Canada and India during their tours of Australia in 1924 and 1938 respectively.45 With the advent of cheap air travel, Australia began to diversified its range of opponents.3 However, its geographical isolation continued to play a role in its destiny for the next 30 years.3
After failing to qualify for the FIFA World Cup in 1966 and 1970, losing in play-offs to North Korea and Israel respectively, Australia eventually appeared at first World Cup in West Germany, 1974.6 After managing only a draw from Chile and losses from East Germany and West Germany, the team was eliminated at the end of the first round, finishing last in their group. It would prove to be the only appearance for the Australian team until the World Cup tournament returned to Germany more than three decades later in 2006.6 Over that 32-year period, as well as the 8 years prior, the Australian team was known for its near misses in its attempts to qualify for the World Cup; they lost play-offs in 1966 (to North Korea), 1970 (to Israel), 1986 (to Scotland), 1994 (to Argentina), and most notably 1998 against Iran and 2002 against Uruguay.7 In 1997, Australia drew with reigning world champions Brazil 0–0 in the group stage and then defeated Uruguay 1–0 in the semi-finals to reach the 1997 FIFA Confederations Cup Final.8 In 2001, after a victory against reigning world champions France in the group stage, Australia finished the 2001 FIFA Confederations Cup in third place after defeating Brazil 1–0 in the third-place decider.9
In early 2005, it was reported that FFA had entered into discussions to join the AFC and end an almost 40-year association with the OFC.10 Many commentators and fans, most notably football broadcaster and former Australian captain Johnny Warren, felt that the only way for Australia to progress was to abandon Oceania.11 On 13 March, AFC executive committee made a unanimous decision to invite Australia to join the AFC.12 After OFC executive committee unanimously endorsed Australia's proposed move, FIFA approved the move on 30 June 2005.12 Australia would join Asia, with the move taking effect on 1 January 2006, though until then, Australia would have to compete for a 2006 FIFA World Cup position as an OFC member country.13
After a successful campaign, the team took the first steps towards qualification for the 2006 FIFA World Cup.14 Though after coach Frank Farina stood down from the position after Australia's dismal performance at the 2005 Confederations Cup, Guus Hiddink was announced as the new national coach.14 Australia, ranked 49th, would then have to play the 18th ranked Uruguay in a rematch of the 2001 qualification play-off for a spot in the 2006 World Cup. After a successful friendly match against Jamaica (Australia's biggest high-profile win: 5–0),15 the first leg of the play-off tournament was lost (1–0), with the return leg still to be played in Australia four days later in Sydney on 16 November 2005.16
The second leg of the qualifying play-off was played in front of a crowd of 82,698 at Stadium Australia.17 Australia led Uruguay 1–0 after 90 minutes following a goal by Mark Bresciano in the first half. The aggregate was tied, and extra time was played. Neither team scored after two periods of extra time, bringing the game to a penalty shootout. Australia won the penalty shootout (4–2), making Australia the first ever team to qualify for a World Cup via a penalty shootout.18 Australian goalkeeper Mark Schwarzer made two saves, with John Aloisi scoring the winning penalty for a place in the World Cup, Australia's first qualification in 32 years.16
Immediately after the qualification, Australia went into the 2006 World Cup as the second lowest-ranked side. Although their ranking vastly improved in subsequent months after a series of exhibition matches against high profile teams, including a 3–1 win against Liechtenstein, a 1–1 draw against Netherlands, and a 1–0 win at the sold out 100,000 capacity Melbourne Cricket Ground against the then current European Champions Greece.19
For the 2006 World Cup, Australia was placed into Group F, along with Japan, Croatia and defending champions Brazil. In their opening group game, Australia defeated Japan 3–1, with Tim Cahill scoring two goals (84', 89') and John Aloisi scoring one (90+2') in the last eight minutes. Their goals made history, being the first ever scored by Australia in a World Cup, as well as all three goals being scored in the last seven minutes of the game, which was never before done in a World Cup match.20 Australia met Brazil in their second group game, where Australia lost to Brazil 2–0. Australia faced Croatia in their third match. The final score (2–2) was enough to see Australia proceed to the knockout stage, where it was eliminated from the competition after a controversial 1–0 defeat by the eventual champions Italy. Coach Guus Hiddink officially resigned from his position following the World Cup exit. The success achieved at the 2006 World Cup later saw the team dubbed the 'golden generation' in the history of the Australia national team,21 as well as being awarded the AFC National Team of the Year.22
Led by coach Graham Arnold, Australia went to their first Asian Cup in 2007, sending a strong squad which included 15 players from the previous year's World Cup team. A ring of satisfying matches in Group A against Oman (1–1 draw), Thailand (4–0 win) and Iraq (3–1 loss) assured Australia's progression to the quarter final stage of the tournament. Though after drawing 1–1 with Japan after extra time, Australia exited the tournament on penalties at the quarter final stage. An international friendly on 11 September 2007 against Argentina (1–0 loss) was Graham Arnold's last game as head coach, with the position eventually being filled by Pim Verbeek on 6 December 2007.23
Australia began their 2010 World Cup campaign in the third round of qualification, drawn into a group, composed of Qatar, Iraq and China, in which Australia finished first. Australia eventually saw progression through to the 2010 FIFA World Cup after comfortably wining the fourth round of qualification in a group consisting of Japan, Bahrain, Qatar and Uzbekistan.24 Australia's qualification was already assured before the final two games, finally topping its group ahead of Japan by 5 points.
Australia were drawn into Group D in the 2010 FIFA World Cup, which featured three-time world champion Germany, Ghana and Serbia. On 14 June 2010, Australia faced Germany. Pim Verbeek's surprising decision to play without a recognised striker saw Australia comprehensively defeated 4–0. Verbeek received heavy criticism for his tactics,25 with SBS (Australia's World Cup broadcaster) chief football analyst Craig Foster calling for his immediate sacking.26 Australia's second group match against Ghana resulted in a draw of 1–1, and their third and final group match against Serbia resulted in a 2–1 win. Ultimately Australia's heavy loss to Germany saw them eliminated in group stage. Pim Verbeek completed his term as Australian coach at the end of the 2010 World Cup and was soon replaced by Holger Osieck.27
In 2010 Australia qualified for their second AFC Asian Cup, topping their qualification group. A successful campaign at the 2011 AFC Asian Cup saw Australia become runners-up to Japan, after losing in the Final 1–0 in extra time.28
In 2012, Australia agreed to compete in the East Asian Cup.29 Australia traveled to Hong Kong to compete in a series of qualification matches with the hopes of qualifying for the 2013 East Asian Cup. Despite handing several debuts and fielding an in-experienced squad, Australia was successful, finishing ahead of Hong Kong, North Korea, Guam and Chinese Taipei to progress to the 2013 East Asian Cup, where Australia eventually finished last in behind Japan, South Korea and China.3031
Australia's 2014 FIFA World Cup qualification began with a series of friendlies against United Arab Emirates (0–0), Germany (1–2 win), New Zealand (3–0 win), Serbia (0–0) and Wales (1–2 win).32 Australia's World Cup campaign started in the third round of qualification, with Australia topping their group to progress to the fourth round. After winning their last fourth round-game, Australia finished as runners-up in their group, qualifying for the 2014 FIFA World Cup on 18 June 2013.33
Australian matches have been broadcast by free-to-air network SBS and subscription sports network Fox Sports, with the national team having set multiple ratings records for both television networks. Australia's final 2006 World Cup qualifying match against Uruguay was the highest rating program in SBS history with an audience of 3.4 million viewers,34 while a 2010 World Cup qualifying match against Uzbekistan set a record for the highest subscription television audience, with an average of 431,000 viewers.35
Australia's traditional kit is a gold jersey, accompanied by green shorts, the national colours of Australia which are associated with most of the country's national sporting teams. The colour of the socks has altered throughout the 1970s, 1980 and 1990s from white to the same green as the shorts to the same gold colour as the jersey. Their current away kit is a dark blue jersey accompanied by dark blue shorts and socks. Australia's kits have been produced by manufacturers including Umbro, Adidas, KingRoo (from 1990 until 1993), Adidas again (from 1994 until 2003) and recently Nike (since 2004).36
Australia's first national kit, worn in 1922, was an exception to the traditional green and gold, where the team wore a sky blue jersey and socks, and white shorts. The look was copied from the Australian national rugby league team's strips of the period.37 Rather than displaying the logo of Football Federation Australia, Australia's jersey traditionally features the coat of arms of Australia over the left breast. Australia's 1974 FIFA World Cup kits were produced by Adidas as were all other national team kits in the tournament, with Adidas sponsoring the event. Though the kits contained Umbro branding, due to the manufacturer's Australian partnership at the time.38
Australia's nickname, Socceroos, was coined in 1967 by Sydney journalist Tony Horstead in his coverage of the team on a goodwill tour to South Vietnam during the Vietnam War.39 It is commonly used by both the Australian people and the governing body FFA.40 The nickname represents a cultural propensity for the use of colloquialism's in the country. It also represents the historical Australian-English use of 'soccer'.4142
The name itself is similar to most other Australian national representative sporting team nicknames; used informally when referring to the team, in the media or in conversation. Similarly, the name is derived from a well-known symbol of Australia, in this case the kangaroo. The words soccer and kangaroo are combined into a portmanteau word as soccer-roo; such as Olyroos for the Australia Olympic football team.43
Australia's long time rivals are Trans-Tasman neighbors New Zealand.44 The two teams' history dates back to 1922, where they first met in both their international debuts. The rivalry between the Socceroos and the All Whites (New Zealand) is part of a wider friendly rivalry between the neighbours Australia and New Zealand, which applies not only to sport but to the culture of the two countries. The rivalry was intensified when Australia and New Zealand were both members of the OFC, regularly competing in OFC Nations Cup finals and in FIFA World Cup qualifications, where only one team from the OFC progressed to the World Cup. Since Australia left the OFC to join the AFC in 2006, competition between the two teams has been less frequent. However, the rivalry between the two teams is still strong, with the occasional match receiving much media and public attention.45
After joining the AFC, Australia began to develop a fierce rivalry with fellow Asian powerhouse Japan.46 The rivalry began at the 2006 FIFA World Cup where the two countries were grouped together. The rivalry continued with the two countries meeting regularly in various AFC competitions.47
The main supporter group of the Australian national team is Terrace Australis.48 The group was founded by FFA and fans in 2013, during Australia's 2014 FIFA World Cup qualification. Its establishment came in the wake of poor off-field action and minimal community engagement.49 The birth of Terrace Australis saw the Green and Gold Army (GGA) relinquish its role as a hub for active support, which it had claimed since its establishment in 2001.5051
Australia does not have a national stadium, though major international matches have usually been played at Stadium Australia in Sydney. Other large grounds used in recent years include the Sydney Football Stadium, also in Sydney, Docklands Stadium in Melbourne, and Lang Park in Brisbane. Regular international matches have also been played at the Melbourne Cricket Ground and the Melbourne Rectangular Stadium in Melbourne, Hindmarsh Stadium and Adelaide Oval in Adelaide, Subiaco Oval in Perth and Canberra Stadium in Canberra.
Australia has historically played at the Brisbane Cricket Ground in Brisbane which hosted Australia's first international match on home-soil on 9 June 1923. Other historic venues which regularly hosted international home matches include Olympic Park Stadium in Melbourne as well as the Sydney Cricket Ground and Sydney Showground both located in Sydney.
Australia has also played several "home" games in recent year at Craven Cottage in Fulham (Fulham Football Club's home ground), and Loftus Road, Shepherd's Bush (Queen's Park Rangers' home ground), owing to the fact there is a large Australian ex-patriot community in West London, and that a high proportion of the senior team play in European leagues.
|Head coach||Ange Postecoglou|
|Assistant coach||Robbie Hooker|
|Goalkeeping coach||Tony Franken|
- For all past and present players who have appeared for the national team, see Australia national team players.
The following players have also been called up to the Australia squad within the last 12 months.
- For all past match results of the national team, see single-season articles and the team's results page.
|1 6 February 2013||Australia||2 – 3||Romania||Marbella, Spain|
|Wilkshire 44' (pen.)
|Stadium: Estadio Municipal de Marbella
|2 26 March 2013||Australia||2 – 2||Oman||Sydney, Australia|
Jedinak 49' (o.g.)
|Stadium: Stadium Australia
Referee: Ravshan Irmatov (Uzbekistan)
|3 4 June 2013||Japan||1 – 1||Australia||Saitama, Japan|
|Honda 90+1' (pen.)||Report||Oar 82'||Stadium: Saitama Stadium
Referee: Nawaf Shukralla (Bahrain)
|4 11 June 2013||Australia||4 – 0||Jordan||Melbourne, Australia|
|Report||Stadium: Docklands Stadium
Referee: Abdul Malik Abdul Bashir (Singapore)
|5 18 June 2013||Australia||1 – 0||Iraq||Sydney, Australia|
|22:15 UTC+8||Kennedy 83'||Report||Stadium: Stadium Australia
Referee: Alireza Faghani (Iran)
|6 20 July 2013||South Korea||0 – 0||Australia||Seoul, South Korea|
|19:00 UTC+9||Report||Stadium: Olympic Stadium
Referee: Yuichi Nishimura (Japan)
|7 25 July 2013||Japan||3 – 2||Australia||Hwaseong, South Korea|
|20:00 UTC+9||Saito 26'
Osako 56' 79'
|Stadium: Hwaseong Stadium
Referee: Kim Jong-Hyeok (South Korea)
|8 28 July 2013||Australia||3 – 4||China PR||Seoul, South Korea|
|17:15 UTC+9||Mooy 30'
|Report||Yu Dabao 5'
Sun Ke 56'
Yang Xu 87'
Wu Lei 88'
|Stadium: Olympic Stadium
Referee: Liu Kwok Man (Hong Kong)
|9 7 September 2013||Brazil||6 – 0||Australia||Brasilia, Brazil|
|05:15 AEST||Jô 8', 34'
Luiz Gustavo 84'
|Report||Stadium: Estádio Nacional Mané Garrincha
|10 12 October 2013||France||6 – 0||Australia||Paris, France|
|06:00 AEDT||Ribéry 8' (pen.)
Giroud 16', 27'
|Report||Stadium: Parc des Princes
|11 16 October 2013||Australia||3 – 0||Canada||London, England|
|06:30 AEDT||Kennedy 1'
|Report||Stadium: Craven Cottage
|12 19 November 2013||Australia||1 – 0||Costa Rica||Sydney, Australia|
|19:30 AEDT||Cahill 69'||Report||Stadium: Sydney Football Stadium
|2 13 June 2014||Chile||v||Australia||Cuiabá, Brazil|
|19:00||Stadium: Arena Pantanal
|3 18 June 2014||Australia||v||Netherlands||Porto Alegre, Brazil|
|13:00||Stadium: Estádio Beira-Rio
|4 23 June 2014||Australia||v||Spain||Curitiba, Brazil|
|13:00||Stadium: Arena da Baixada
Mark Schwarzer holds the record for most Australia appearances with 109. He is the only Australia player to have reached 100 caps. Lucas Neill is second, having played 96 times. Brett Emerton played for Australia 95 times and is the third most capped player.
Damian Mori and Tim Cahill share the title of Australia's highest goalscorer. Mori scored 29 goals between 1992 and 2002, during which time he played for Australia on 45 occasions. Cahill has also scored 29 goals since his first appearance for Australia in March 2004, during that time he has played for Australia on 66 occasions. Archie Thompson is the third highest goalscorers with 28 goals.
Australia currently hold the world record for the largest win and the most goals scored by a player in an international match.53 Both records were achieved during the 2002 FIFA World Cup qualification match against American Samoa on 11 April 2001. Australia won 31–0 with Archie Thompson scoring 13 goals and David Zdrilic scoring 8 goals.5354 Two days before the 31–0 win, Australia broke the record for largest win with a 22–0 win over Tonga.55 Both wins surpassed the previous record held by Kuwait who beat Bhutan 20–0 on 14 February 2000.56 With 13 and 8 goals respectively, both Thompson and Zdrilic broke the previous record jointly held by another Australian, Gary Cole, who scored seven goals against Fiji in 1981,57 and Iranian Karim Bagheri, who also scored seven goals against Maldives in 1997.58
- For the all-time record of the national team against opposing nations, see the team's all-time record page.
|FIFA World Cup record||FIFA World Cup
|1930||Did not participate||–||–||–||–||–||–|
|1966||Did not qualify||2||0||0||2||2||9|
|1978||Did not qualify||12||6||2||4||20||11|
|2006||Round of 16||16th||4||1||1||2||5||6||9||7||1||1||31||5|
|2018||To be determined|
|FIFA Confederations Cup record|
|1992||No OFC representative invited|
|1999||Did not qualify|
|2003||Did not qualify|
|2009||Did not qualify|
|2017||To be determined|
|Summer Olympics record|
|1900 – 1952||Did not participate|
|1964||Did not enter|
|1992 – present||See Australia national under-23 team|
|OFC Nations Cup record|
|1973||Did not participate|
|AFC Asian Cup record|
|EAFF East Asian Cup record|
|2008||Did not participate|
|AFF South East Asian Championship record|
|2007||Were not full ASEAN members|
|2014||To be determined|
- Runners-up (1): 2011
FIFA World Cup
FIFA Confederations Cup
AFC Asian Cup
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- Davies, Christopher (11 April 2001). "Australia score 31 without loss in record win". Telegraph.co.uk (London: Telegraph Media Group Limited). Retrieved 5 August 2009.
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- Harris, Nick (10 April 2001). "'Exposed' Tonga lose 22–0". The Independent (London: Independent News and Media Limited). Retrieved 4 August 2009.dead link
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