Baker County, Georgia

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Baker County, Georgia
Map of Georgia highlighting Baker County
Location in the state of Georgia
Map of the United States highlighting Georgia
Georgia's location in the U.S.
Founded 12 December, 1825
Seat Newton
Largest city Newton
Area
 • Total 349.17 sq mi (904 km2)
 • Land 343.22 sq mi (889 km2)
 • Water 5.95 sq mi (15 km2), 1.70%
Population
 • (2010) 3,451
 • Density 12/sq mi (5/km²)
Congressional district 2nd
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website bakercountyga.org

Baker County is a county in the U.S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population is 3,451.1 The county seat is Newton.2

Baker County is included in the Albany, Georgia Metropolitan Statistical Area.

The Baker County Courthouse (Georgia) is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Three other properties in Newton are also listed on the register: Notchaway Baptist Church and Cemetery, Pine Bloom Plantation, and Tarver Plantation.

History

The county was created 12 December 1825 from the eastern portion of Early County by an act of the Georgia General Assembly and is named for Colonel John Baker, a hero of the American Revolutionary War.

Geography

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 349.17 square miles (904.3 km2), of which 343.22 square miles (888.9 km2) (or 98.30%) is land and 5.95 square miles (15.4 km2) (or 1.70%) is water.3

Major highways

State routes

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1830 1,253
1840 4,226 237.3%
1850 8,120 92.1%
1860 4,985 −38.6%
1870 6,843 37.3%
1880 7,307 6.8%
1890 6,144 −15.9%
1900 6,704 9.1%
1910 7,973 18.9%
1920 8,298 4.1%
1930 7,818 −5.8%
1940 7,344 −6.1%
1950 5,952 −19.0%
1960 4,543 −23.7%
1970 3,875 −14.7%
1980 3,808 −1.7%
1990 3,615 −5.1%
2000 4,074 12.7%
2010 3,451 −15.3%
Est. 2012 3,366 −2.5%
U.S. Decennial Census4
2012 Estimate5

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 3,451 people residing in the county. 48.5% were White, 46.7% Black or African American, 0.7% Asian, 0.3% Native American, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 2.5% of some other race and 1.2% of two or more races. 4.2% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race).

As of the census6 of 2000, there were 4,074 people, 1,514 households, and 1,094 families residing in the county. The population density was 12 people per square mile (5/km²). There were 1,740 housing units at an average density of 5 per square mile (2/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 47.42% White, 50.39% Black or African American, 0.22% Native American, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.33% from other races, and 0.61% from two or more races. 2.72% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 1,514 households out of which 33.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.70% were married couples living together, 19.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.70% were non-families. 25.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.68 and the average family size was 3.20.

In the county the population was spread out with 27.30% under the age of 18, 10.00% from 18 to 24, 26.90% from 25 to 44, 22.10% from 45 to 64, and 13.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 86.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $30,338, and the median income for a family was $36,438. Males had a median income of $25,891 versus $16,462 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,969. About 19.90% of families and 23.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 32.50% of those under age 18 and 20.10% of those age 65 or over.

Education

Baker County School System operates public schools.7

Presidential elections

Although Barry Goldwater and Richard Nixon carried it in 1964 and 1968, Baker County is historically Democratic. In 1956 Adlai Stevenson reportedly received over 96% of the county's vote.8 It has gone majority Democratic consistently since 1992, but by much closer margins than that. In 2008 Barack Obama won with just 50.1% to John McCain's 49.1%.9

Incorporated Cities

Unincorporated Towns

Ghost Towns

See also

References

  1. ^ United States Census Bureau. "2010 Census Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 17 February 2012. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13. 
  4. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved July 20, 2013. 
  5. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Census.gov. Retrieved July 20, 2013. 
  6. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  7. ^ Baker County School System Retrieved 23 February 2011.
  8. ^ David Leip's Presidential Atlas: 1956 statistics
  9. ^ The New York Times Electoral Map (Zoom in on Georgia)
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u Baker County Historical Society (1991). The History of Baker County. Newton, Baker County, Georgia, USA: Baker County Historical Society. pp. 54–69. 

Coordinates: 31°20′N 84°27′W / 31.33°N 84.45°W / 31.33; -84.45








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