Bali Sea

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The location of the Bali Sea, shown in blue.

The Bali Sea (Indonesian: Laut Bali) is the body of water north of the island of Bali and south of Kangean Island in Indonesia. The sea forms the south-west part of the Flores Sea, and the Madura Strait opens into it from the west.1

Geography

The Bali Sea is sometimes grouped with Flores Sea for oceanographic purposes, however in some nautical charts, Bali Sea is written as a distinct sea for navigation. The sea has an area of 45,000 km2 (17,000 sq mi) and a maximum depth of 1,590 m (5,217 ft).2

Extent

The International Hydrographic Organization (IHO) defines the Bali Sea as being one of the waters of the East Indian Archipelago. The IHO defines its limits as follows:3

On the North. A line from the Western Paternoster Island to the East point of Sepandjang and thence through this island to the West point of Gedeh Bay on the South coast of Kangean (7°01′S 115°18′E / 7.017°S 115.300°E / -7.017; 115.300).

On the West. A line from the West point of Gedeh Bay, Kangean Island, to Tg Sedano, the Northeast extreme of Java and down the East coast to Tg Bantenan, the Southeast extreme of the island.

On the South. A line from Tanjong Banenan through the Southern points of Balt sic and Noesa Islands to Tanjong Bt Gendang, the Southwest extreme of Lombok, and its South coast to Tanjong Ringgit the Southeast extreme, thence a line to Tanjong Mangkoen (9°01′S 116°43′E / 9.017°S 116.717°E / -9.017; 116.717) the Southwest extreme of Soembawa.

On the East. The West and North coasts of Soembawa as far East as Tanjong Sarokaja (8°22′S 117°10′E / 8.367°S 117.167°E / -8.367; 117.167), thence the Western limit of Flores Sea [A line from Tg Sarokaja to the Western Paternoster island (7°26′S 117°08′E / 7.433°S 117.133°E / -7.433; 117.133)].

Circulation

The circulation and mass water properties in Bali Sea are a continuation from Flores Sea to the Java Sea in the north. In oceanographic, Bali Sea is concerned with the Indonesian Throughflow coming from Pacific Ocean to the Indian Ocean, the flow of which are mostly passing through Bali Strait and Lombok Strait.4

Tsunamis

In a recorded tsunami history, Bali Sea observed several tsunamis. The 1815 Tambora eruption (scale 7 of Volcanic Explosivity Index) formed tsunamis on 22 September 1815 at coordinate 8°00′S 115°12′E / 8.00°S 115.20°E / -8.00; 115.20 and three years later (8 September 1818) from subsequent volcanic activities at coordinate 7°00′S 117°00′E / 7.0°S 117.0°E / -7.0; 117.0.5 Two more tsunamis were recorded in 1857 and 1917 with maximum height of 3 meters (9.8 ft) and 2 meters (6.6 ft) respectively.5

See also

References

  1. ^ Merriam-Webster's Geographical Dictionary. Merriam-Webster. 1997. ISBN 0-87779-546-0. 
  2. ^ Steven K. Baum (August 17, 2001). "Glossary of Physical Oceanography and Related Disciplines". Texas A&M University. Archived from the original on 18 October 2007. Retrieved 2007-10-09. 
  3. ^ "Limits of Oceans and Seas, 3rd edition". International Hydrographic Organization. 1953. Retrieved 7 February 2010. 
  4. ^ Rhodes W. Fairbridge (2000). The Encyclopedia of Oceanography. Van Nostrand Reinhold Co. ISBN 0-442-15070-9. 
  5. ^ a b National Geophysical Data Center. "Tsunami Events where Source Location Name includes bali sea". Natural hazards. Retrieved 2007-10-09. 

Coordinates: 7°30′S 115°30′E / 7.500°S 115.500°E / -7.500; 115.500








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