Banat, Bačka and Baranja

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Banat, Bačka and Baranja
Banat, Bačka i Baranja
Банат, Бачка и Барања
Province of the Kingdom of Serbia and the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes
1918–1919
Location of Banat, Bačka and Baranja
Banat, Bačka and Baranja in 1918–1919
Capital Novi Sad
Prime Minister Dr. Jovan Lalošević
History
 -  Established 1918
 -  Disestablished 1919
Today part of Serbia, Croatia, Romania, Hungary
parts of Banat, Bačka and Baranja recognized as a territory of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes at the Paris Peace Conference (1919-1920)
Part of a series on the
History of Vojvodina
Coat of arms of Vojvodina
Ancient
Middle Ages
Modern

Banat, Bačka and Baranja (Serbian: Banat, Bačka i Baranja / Банат, Бачка и Барања) was a de facto province of the Kingdom of Serbia and the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes between October 1918 and March 1919. It included geographical regions of Banat, Bačka, and Baranja and its administrative center was Novi Sad.

Name

The official name of the province was Banat, Bačka and Baranja, but it was also unofficially known as Vojvodina.

History

Following the collapse of Austria-Hungary in October 1918, the regions of Banat, Bačka and Baranja were under control of the Serbian army. The local ethnic Serb population from these regions formed its own administration under the supreme authority of Serbian National Board in Novi Sad.

On November 25, 1918, the Great people's assembly of Serbs, Bunjevci and other Slavs (Velika narodna skupština Srba, Bunjevaca i ostalih Slovena / Велика народна скупштина Срба, Буњеваца и осталих Словена) from Banat, Bačka and Baranja, voted that these regions join to the Kingdom of Serbia. The assembly numbered 757 deputies, of whom 578 were Serbs, 84 Bunjevci, 62 Slovaks, 21 Rusyns, 6 Germans, 3 Šokci, 2 Croats, and 1 Hungarian.

The Great People's Assembly decided to join Banat, Bačka and Baranja to Serbia, and formed a new local administration (government) in these regions known as the People's Administration for Banat, Bačka and Baranja (Narodna uprava za Banat, Bačku i Baranju / Народна управа за Банат, Бачку и Барању). The president of the People's Administration was Dr. Jovan Lalošević. The People's Council was formed as the legislative body of the province.

On December 1, the Kingdom of Serbia together with the State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs formed a new country named Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes.

Although the government in Belgrade accepted the decision that Banat, Bačka and Baranja had joined Serbia, it did not recognize the People's Administration. The People's Administration for Banat, Bačka and Baranja was active until March 11, 1919, when it held its last session.

Before the peace conference defined the exact borders of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, the People's Administration for Banat, Bačka and Baranja also administered parts of Banat, Bačka and Baranja that today belong to Romania and Hungary.

Population

The population of Banat, Bačka and Baranja (within the borders defined by the peace conference) was 1,365,596, including 29.1% Serbs, 27.71% Hungarians, 23.10% Germans, and others.12 Serbs and Croats together comprised 36.80% of population of the region.3

Institutions

The legislative body (parliament) of the province was known as the Great People's Council (Veliki Narodni Savet), while executive body (government) was known as the People's Administration (Narodna Uprava). The Great People's Council consisted of 50 members, which included 35 Serbs, 8 Bunjevci, 5 Slovaks, 1 Krashovan, and 1 Uniate priest.

The People's Administration included following sections:

  • Political affairs
  • Internal affairs
  • Jurisdiction
  • Education
  • Finances
  • Traffic
  • Economy
  • Food and supplies
  • Social reforms
  • People's Health
  • People's Defence

Administrators

See also

References

  1. Drago Njegovan, Prisajedinjenje Vojvodine Srbiji, Novi Sad, 2004.
  2. Lazo M. Kostić, Srpska Vojvodina i njene manjine, Novi Sad, 1999.
  3. Dimitrije Boarov, Politička istorija Vojvodine, Novi Sad, 2001.
  4. Čedomir PopovJelena Popov, Autonomija Vojvodine – srpsko pitanje, Sremski Karlovci, 2000.

Notes

  1. ^ Christina Bratt Paulston, Donald Peckham, Linguistic minorities in Central and Eastern Europe, 1998, page 76.
  2. ^ Dr Drago Njegovan, Prisajedinjenje Vojvodine Srbiji, Muzej Vojvodine, Novi Sad, 2004, page 207.
  3. ^ Dr Drago Njegovan, Prisajedinjenje Vojvodine Srbiji, Muzej Vojvodine, Novi Sad, 2004, page 207.

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