Barren County, Kentucky

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Barren County, Kentucky
Barren County Kentucky courthouse 2.jpg
Barren County Courthouse in Glasgow, Kentucky
Map of Kentucky highlighting Barren County
Location in the state of Kentucky
Map of the United States highlighting Kentucky
Kentucky's location in the U.S.
Founded 1798
Named for The Barrens, a region of grassland in Kentucky
Seat Glasgow
Largest city Glasgow
Area
 • Total 499.93 sq mi (1,295 km2)
 • Land 490.97 sq mi (1,272 km2)
 • Water 8.96 sq mi (23 km2), 1.79%
Population
 • (2010) 42,173
 • Density 78/sq mi (30/km²)
Congressional district 2nd
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.barrencounty.com

Barren County is a county located in the U.S. state of Kentucky. As of the 2010 census, the population was 42,173.1 Its county seat is Glasgow, Kentucky.2 The county was founded on December 20, 1798,3 from parts of Warren and Green Counties. It was named for the Barrens, meadow lands that cover the northern third,4 though actually the soil is fertile.5

Barren County is part of the Glasgow Micropolitan Statistical Area.

In 2007 Barren County was named the "Best Place to Live in Rural America" by Progressive Farmer Magazine.6

Geography

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 499.93 square miles (1,294.8 km2), of which 490.97 square miles (1,271.6 km2) (or 98.21%) is land and 8.96 square miles (23.2 km2) (or 1.79%) is water.7

Barren River Lake is located in the southern part of the county, forming part of its boundary with Allen County. Barren River Lake State Resort Park is located primarily within Barren County, along the lake's shoreline.

Adjacent counties

National protected area

History

Barren County was established in 1799 from land given by Green County and Warren County. Six courthouses have served the county throughout its history, the first built of logs.8

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1800 4,784
1810 11,286 135.9%
1820 10,328 −8.5%
1830 15,079 46.0%
1840 17,288 14.6%
1850 20,240 17.1%
1860 16,665 −17.7%
1870 17,780 6.7%
1880 22,321 25.5%
1890 21,490 −3.7%
1900 23,197 7.9%
1910 25,293 9.0%
1920 25,356 0.2%
1930 25,844 1.9%
1940 27,559 6.6%
1950 28,461 3.3%
1960 28,303 −0.6%
1970 28,677 1.3%
1980 34,009 18.6%
1990 34,001 0.0%
2000 38,033 11.9%
2010 42,173 10.9%
Est. 2012 42,631 1.1%
U.S. Decennial Census9
2012 Estimate10

As of the census11 of 2000, there were 38,033 people, 15,346 households, and 10,941 families residing in the county. The population density was 78 per square mile (30 /km2). There were 17,095 housing units at an average density of 35 per square mile (14 /km2). The racial makeup of the county was 94.30% White, 4.09% Black or African American, 0.15% Native American, 0.41% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.38% from other races, and 0.65% from two or more races. 0.93% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 15,346 households out of which 31.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.30% were married couples living together, 9.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.70% were non-families. 25.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.91.

The age distribution was 24.20% under the age of 18, 8.20% from 18 to 24, 28.80% from 25 to 44, 23.80% from 45 to 64, and 15.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 92.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $31,240, and the median income for a family was $37,231. Males had a median income of $29,860 versus $21,208 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,816. About 11.80% of families and 15.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.30% of those under age 18 and 19.10% of those age 65 or over.

Cities and towns

Culture

Barren County is primarily rural in nature, with agriculture as the primary industry. Glasgow, the county seat, has numerous manufacturing facilities, and is also a medical and retail hub for the area. Cave City is also a popular lodging area for tourists visiting nearby Mammoth Cave National Park.

Barren County, like most of south central Kentucky, was settled by the Scots-Irish, and still bears many cultural aspects that trace back to that heritage. The Scottish heritage is the most evident, as indicated by the name of the county seat, which is named for Glasgow, Scotland, and is celebrated annually with the Glasgow Highland Games, one of three highland games held each year in Kentucky.

The county is home to all or part of three school districts:

  • Most of the county is served by the Barren County Schools, which includes Barren County High School and Middle School in Glasgow, and several elementary schools throughout the county, many of which were formerly also high schools before they were consolidated into Barren County High in the early 1970s.
  • The Glasgow Independent Schools serve the city of Glasgow proper, with small areas of overlap outside the city limits. The district includes Glasgow High School, Glasgow Middle School and two elementary schools. In addition, the Glasgow and Caverna (see below) districts jointly operate an alternative school located in the Glasgow district for "at-risk" children in middle and high school. Note also that Barren County High and Middle Schools, although operated by the county district, are actually located within the boundaries of the Glasgow district.12
  • The Caverna Independent Schools take in Cave City and surrounding northwest Barren County, as well as Horse Cave and the southwest corner of neighboring Hart County. It is served by Caverna High School, Caverna Middle School and Caverna Elementary School, located just inside Barren County between Cave City and Horse Cave. The district is one of only a handful in the United States which is located in more than one county. Interestingly, one of the other districts with this distinction is in Kentucky—specifically the Corbin Independent School District, serving a single city split by a county line.

Christianity is the predominant religion in the county. The Southern Baptist Convention is the leading Protestant denomination in terms of adherents, with Glasgow Baptist Church being the largest congregation in the county. Missionary Baptist, United Methodist, Free Methodist, Presbyterian (including Cumberland Presbyterian), Episcopalian, Disciples of Christ, Churches of Christ including non-institutional,13 Assemblies of God, and numerous independent churches are located in the county, as well as two Roman Catholic parishes, an LDS ward, and a sizable Amish community. No known Jewish, Muslim or other religions are known to have houses of worship within the county.

Barren is a prohibition or dry county, with the exception of Cave City, which voted in 2005 to become "moist" (selling only liquor by the drink in restaurants of a certain minimum size and which derive 70% or more of their revenue from food), and Glasgow, which approved liquor by the drink under the same restrictions on November 6, 2007,14 after three previous elections to allow full alcohol sales in the city being soundly defeated. (Bowling Green, just to the west, offers full liquor sales.)

Transportation

Barren County is served by Interstate 65, which goes through the northwest part of the county, and the Louie B. Nunn Cumberland Parkway, a former toll road that is designated to be part of the future Interstate 66 corridor. U.S. Routes 31E, 31W, and 68 also pass through the county.

Railroad service is provided by CSX Transportation, whose former Louisville and Nashville Railroad main line passes through Cave City and Park City. The Glasgow Railway Company is a short line which owns a branch from Park City (which was formerly called Glasgow Junction) to Glasgow; the line is serviced via an operating lease by CSX.

See also

References

  1. ^ "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 5, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Barren County. Kyenc.org. Retrieved on 2013-07-21.
  4. ^ Barren County, Kentucky
  5. ^ The Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society, Volume 1. Kentucky State Historical Society. 1903. p. 34. 
  6. ^ "Best Places to Live in Rural America 2007". The Progressive Farmer. 2007. Archived from the original on 23 February 2007. Retrieved 2007-02-19. 
  7. ^ "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13. 
  8. ^ Hogan, Roseann Reinemuth (1992). "Kentucky Ancestry: A Guide to Genealogical and Historical Research". Ancestry Publishing. p. 190. Retrieved 26 July 2013. 
  9. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved August 4, 2013. 
  10. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Census.gov. Retrieved August 4, 2013. 
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  12. ^ "Glasgow Independent Schools map" (PDF). Kentucky Department of Revenue. 1996. Retrieved 2008-02-07.  As of 2008, Barren County High is still at the location indicated on the map (look in the southern part of the city, near the Cumberland Parkway). Although Barren County Middle is not listed on this map, it is located on the same street as the high school, as indicated at the official Barren County Schools website.
  13. ^ "Churches of Christ in the United States". Retrieved 2012-06-09. 
  14. ^ Dickerson, Brad; Neitzel, Stacy L. (2007-11-07). "Liquor by the drink passes". Glasgow (KY) Daily Times. Retrieved 2008-02-07. 

Coordinates: 36°58′N 85°56′W / 36.96°N 85.93°W / 36.96; -85.93








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