|Motto: "Where Tradition and Vision Meet"1|
|Nickname: The Windmill City, City of Energy2|
|Townships||Batavia (Kane), Winfield (DuPage)|
|Elevation||666 ft (203 m)|
|Area||9.70 sq mi (25 km2)|
|- land||9.64 sq mi (25 km2)|
|- water||0.07 sq mi (0 km2)|
|Population||26,318 (2012 estimate)|
|Density||2,638.4 / sq mi (1,019 / km2)|
|Incorporated||July 27, 1872|
|- summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|Postal code||60510 and 60539|
|Area codes||630 and 331|
|Wikimedia Commons: Batavia, Illinois|
|Website: City of Batavia, Illinois|
Batavia is a suburb of Chicago. It was founded in 1833, and is the oldest city in Kane County, Illinois, with a small portion in DuPage County.4 During the Industrial Revolution, Batavia became known as ‘The Windmill City’ for being the largest windmill producer of the time.4 Fermilab, a federal-government-sponsored high-energy physics laboratory, where both the bottom quark and the top quark were first detected, is located in the city. Batavia is part of a Tri-Cities area, along with St. Charles and Geneva. As of the 2010 census, the city had a total population of 26,045, which was estimated to have increased to 26,318 by July 2012.5
Batavia was first settled in 1833 by Christopher Payne and his family. Originally called Big Woods for the wild growth throughout the settlement, the town was renamed by local judge and former Congressman Isaac Wilson in 1840 after his previous home of Batavia, New York.6 Because Judge Wilson owned the majority of the town, he was given permission to rename the city. Batavia was on the front lines of the Black Hawk War in which Abraham Lincoln was a citizen soldier, and Zachary Taylor and Jefferson Davis were Army officers.7 Although there is no direct evidence that any of them were actually in Batavia, there are writings by Lincoln that refer to "Head of the Big Woods", which was the original name of Batavia given by its original settler, Christopher Payne. The city was incorporated on July 27, 1872.8
After the death of her husband, Mary Todd Lincoln was an involuntary resident of the Batavia Institute in 1875.9 In the late 19th century, Batavia was a major manufacturer of the Conestoga wagons used in the country's westward expansion.10 Into the early 20th century, most of the windmill operated waterpumps in use throughout America's farms were made at one of the three windmill manufacturing companies in Batavia.1112 Many of the original limestone buildings that were part of these factories are still in use today as government and commercial offices and storefronts. The Aurora Elgin and Chicago Railway constructed a power plant in southern Batavia and added a branch to the city in 1902. The Campana Factory was built in 1936 to manufacture cosmetics for The Campana Company, most notably Italian Balm, the nation's best-selling hand lotion at the time.
Batavia is located at 3(41.8488583, -88.3084400).
According to the 2010 census, the city has a total area of 9.70 square miles (25.1 km2), of which 9.64 square miles (25.0 km2) (or 99.38%) is land and 0.07 square miles (0.18 km2) (or 0.72%) is water.13
As of the 2000 U.S. census, there were 23,866 people, 8,494 households, and 6,268 families residing in the city.14 The population density was 2,638.4 people per square mile (1,018.2/km²). There were 8,806 housing units at an average density of 973.5 per square mile (375.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 93.21% White, 2.42% Black or African American, 0.11% Native American, 1.35% Asian, none Pacific Islander, 1.53% from other races, and 1.39% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.27% of the population.
There were 8,494 households out of which 41.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.0% were married couples living together, 7.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.2% were non-families. 22.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.75 and the average family size was 3.27.
In the city, the population was spread out with 31.3% under the age of 18, 6.0% from 18 to 24, 30.6% from 25 to 44, 22.2% from 45 to 64, and 9.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 94.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.4 males.
Males had a median income of $55,913 versus $35,083 for females. The per capita income for the city was $38,576. About 2.5% of families and 3.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.1% of those under age 18 and 5.6% of those age 65 or over.
According to the 2008 U.S. Census Bureau estimate, the median income for a household in the city was $90,680, the median income for a family was $103,445, and the median home value was $329,800.15
Fermilab is located just outside the town borders and serves as employment for many of the town's residents.
According to the City's 2009 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,17 the top employers in the city are:
|#||Employer||# of employees|
|10||DuKane Contract Services||160|
In 2009, Batavia was ranked #56 on CNN Money's Best Small Towns in the nation. In 2007, BusinessWeek ranked Batavia #21 on a national list of the 50 best places in America to raise kids.18 In 2011, Batavia was voted by RelocateAmerica as one of the Top 100 Places to Live in America.19
Batavia is served by Batavia Public Library District, which was founded in 1882 as a township library. It converted to a district library in June 1975. The library serves most of Batavia Township (Kane County) and portions of Winfield Township (DuPage County), Geneva Township (Kane County), and Blackberry Township (Kane County). Its current facility opened in January 2002.21
|This section needs additional citations for verification. (October 2012)|
- Ken Anderson, quarterback with the Cincinnati Bengals; grew up in Batavia22
- Michael Boehm, inventor of the George Foreman Grill23
- Charlie Briggs, second baseman with the Chicago Browns
- Bernard J. Cigrand, father of Flag Day; lived in Batavia
- Jackie DeShannon, 1960s singer-songwriter; attended Batavia High School
- Dan Issel, power forward and coach in the Basketball Hall of Fame24
- Mary Todd Lincoln, President Abraham Lincoln's wife; committed by her son to the Bellevue Place psychiatric hospital in Batavia (1875)9
- Meredith Mallory, former US Congressman
- Craig Sager, sportscaster for TNT and TBS; born in Batavia25
- Isaac Wilson (1780–1848), former US Congressman
- "City of Batavia, Illinois". City of Batavia, Illinois. Retrieved August 31, 2012.
- Edwards, Jim; Edwards, Wynette (2000). "City of Energy Entrepreneurs". Batavia: From the Collection of the Batavia Historical Society. Chicago, IL: Arcadia. pp. 21–32. ISBN 978-0-7385-0795-8.
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: City of Batavia
- Schielke, Jeffery (2010). "Batavia History: Our Town". City of Batavia. Retrieved 2010-02-08.
- "2012 Population Estimates". Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 26 July 2013.
- Callery, Edward (2009). Place names of Illinois. Chapaign-Urbana, Ill: University of Illinois Press. ISBN 978-0-252-03356-8.
- Blackhawk War
- Illinois Regional Archives Depository System. "Name Index to Illinois Local Governments". Illinois State Archives. Illinois Secretary of State. Retrieved 11 September 2013.
- Emerson, Jason (June/July 2006). "The Madness of Mary Lincoln". American Heritage. Retrieved 2009-09-03.
- Robinson, Marilyn; Schielke, Jeffery D.; Gustafson, John (1998) . John Gustafson's Historic Batavia. Batavia, Ill: Batavia Historical Society. ISBN 0-923889-06-X. OCLC 38030962.
- Cisneros, Stacey L.; Scheetz, George H. (2008). Windmill City: A Guide to the Historic Windmills of Batavia, Illinois. Batavia, Ill: Batavia Public Library. OCLC 247081989.
- "Batavia History". Batavia Historical Society. 2000. Archived from the original on 15 January 2010. Retrieved 2010-02-08.
- "Places: Illinois". 2010 Census Gazetteer Files. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-05-03.
- "Batavia city, Illinois - Fact Sheet". American FactFinder. United States Census Bureau. 2000. Retrieved 2010-02-08.
- "2006-2008 American Community Survey 3-Year Estimates". American FactFinder. United States Census Bureau. 2008. Retrieved 2010-02-08.
- Wollam, Allison. "Discount retailers bulk up in Houston as economy stutters." Houston Business Journal. Monday November 28, 2011. Retrieved on December 8, 2011.
- City of Batavia CAFR
- "Batavia Public Schools". Batavia Public School District No. 101. 2010. Archived from the original on 18 January 2010. Retrieved 13 February 2010.
- "Library History". Batavia Public Library. 2010. Retrieved 2010-02-08.
- "Ken Anderson". IMDb. Retrieved October 19, 2012.
- Hamashige, Hope. "An inventor's success story". CNN Money. Retrieved October 22, 2012.
- "Dan Issel". NBA Encyclopedia. Retrieved October 22, 2012.
- "Craig Sager". CNN/Sports Illustrated. Retrieved October 22, 2012.
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