Bellefontaine and Calvary Cemeteries
Bellefontaine Cemetery (established in 1849) and the Roman Catholic Calvary Cemetery (established in 1857) in St. Louis, Missouri are adjacent burial grounds, which have numerous historic and extravagant tombstones and mausoleums. They are the necropolis for a number of prominent local and state politicians, as well as soldiers of the American Civil War.
Founders planned Bellefontaine Cemetery to make room for development in the business area before the cholera epidemic of 1849. That event made it more critical for the city to have room for burials. It was not until later that doctors understood the relation between the epidemics and water supplies, but the residents benefited by moving burials away from the river, which might have become infected by water leaching past the remains of infected people. The original St. Louis cemetery was by the Old Cathedral in Downtown St. Louis near the Mississippi River. Bodies from that cemetery (including that of city co-founder Auguste Chouteau) were moved to Bellefontaine.
Bellefontaine Cemetery at 4947 W Florissant, St. Louis, is the burial ground for prominent pioneers to the West. It was founded in 1849 by a group of prominent men in the city, led by banker and former mayor William McPhersondisambiguation needed. He realized the cemeteries on Jefferson Street would have to be abandoned to allow for the city's westward growth. They purchased 138 acres (0.56 km2) of the Hempstead Farm on the former military road to Fort Bellefontaine; the cemetery was named after it. The founders hired Almerin Hotchkiss as landscape architect from Green-Wood Cemetery in Brooklyn, New York to design and maintain the grounds. He designed most of the roadways and landscaping, and directed cemetery operation as Superintendent for decades. Before 1900, additional purchases of land were made, to total 314 acres (1.27 km2), so the cemetery would have room for growth.1
The cemetery was the resting place for several victims of the 1855 railway accident known as the Gasconade Bridge train disaster. Also buried in the Bellefontaine Cemetery are a number of the famous Busch and Lemp family of brewers.
- Thomas Hart Benton (1782–1858), prominent U.S. Senator who championed western expansion and the Homestead Act.
- Francis Preston Blair, Jr. (1821–1875), American Civil War general (Union), politician
- Henry Taylor Blow (1817–1875), U.S. representative, ambassador to Venezuela and Brazil
- Susan Blow (1843–1916), educator
- Francis E. Brownell (1840–1894), soldier during the American Civil War, Congressional Medal of Honor recipient
- Don Carlos Buell (1818–1898), American Civil War general (Union) at the battle of Shiloh.
- William Seward Burroughs (1857–1898), inventor of the mechanical calculator and founder of Burroughs Corporation
- William S. Burroughs (1914–1997), author of novel Naked Lunch, icon of Beat Generation
- Adolphus Busch (1838–1913), founder of Anheuser Busch Company
- Robert Campbell (1804–1879), frontiersman, banker, real estate mogul, steamboat owner
- William Chauvenet (1820–1870), scholar, educator
- Martin L. Clardy (1844–1914), U.S. Representative
- William Clark (1770–1838), explorer of Louisiana Purchase territory
- Charles B. Clarke (1836–1899), prominent architect, designer of the Fagin Building (1888)
- Nathan Cole (1825–1904), U.S. Representative and Mayor of St. Louis
- Alban Jasper Conant (1821–1915), artist, author, educator
- Phoebe Wilson Couzins (1842–1913), pioneer suffragette
- Ned Cuthbert (1845–1905), baseball player
- James Eads (1820–1887), engineer who constructed ironclad warships, bridges, and railroads.
- Aaron W. Fagin (1812–1896), milling magnate, millionaire, and builder of the Fagin Building (1888)
- Gustavus A. Finkelnburg (1837–1908), U.S. Representative and Federal Judge
- Della May Fox (1870–1913), actress, singer
- David R. Francis (1850–1927), statesman, United States Secretary of the Interior
- Frederick D. Gardner (1869–1933), governor of Missouri and St. Louis funeral director and coffin manufacturer
- Jessie L. Gaynor (1863–1921), composer of children's music
- Henry S. Geyer (1790–1859), U.S. Senator, lawyer
- James Eads How (1874–1930), son of wealthy St. Louis family, known as the "Millionaire Hobo"
- Benjamin Howard (1760–1814), first governor of Missouri Territory
- Anthony F. Ittner (1837–1931), Missouri politician, brick manufacturer
- Caroline Janis (1864–1952), painter and sculptor, member of "The Potters"
- George Kessler (1862-1923), landscape architect and city planner
- Albert Bond Lambert (1875–1946), aviator and Olympic athlete
- John Edmund Liggett (1826–1897), owner of Liggett and Myers Tobacco Company, South St. Louis
- Theodore Link (1850–1923), architect of St. Louis Union Station
- Manuel Lisa (1772–1820), fur trader and explorer
- Naphtali Luccock (1853–1916), a Bishop of the Methodist Episcopal Church
- James Smith McDonnell (1899–1980), founder of McDonnell Aircraft Corporation
- Margaret A.E. McLure (1811–1902), first president of the first chapter of the Daughters of the Confederacy
- John McNeil (1813–1891), American Civil War general (Union)
- Charles Nagel (1849–1940), U.S. Representative, last United States Secretary of Commerce and Labor, and a founder of United States Chamber of Commerce.
- Trusten Polk (1811–1876), elected both governor and U.S. senator in 1856
- Sterling Price (1809–1867), American Civil War general (Confederate)
- Mary Marshall Rexford (1915–1996), American Red Cross worker and the first woman to land on Utah Beach on D-Day during World War II
- James McIlvaine Riley (1849–1911), Co-founder of Sigma Nu International Fraternity
- Irma S. Rombauer (1877–1962), author of The Joy of Cooking
- James Semple (1798–1866), Illinois state senator
- Henry Miller Shreve (1785–1851), steamboat pioneer, inventor, and namesake of Shreveport, Louisiana
- Luther Ely Smith (1873–1951), founder of Jefferson National Expansion Memorial
- Theodore Spiering (1871–1925), violinist, conductor, and teacher
- Edwin O. Stanard (1832–1914), Lieutenant Governor of Missouri and U.S. Representative
- George Strother (1783–1840), Virginia congressman and lawyer, collector of public money in St. Louis (reinterment)
- Sara Teasdale (1884–1933), Pulitzer Prize-winning poet
- Charlotte Dickson Wainwright, within architect Louis Sullivan's 1892 Wainwright Tomb
- Erastus Wells (1823–1893), U.S. Representative and businessman
- John O'Fallon (1791-1865), Nephew of William Clark, Adjutant General of the Missouri State Militia (appointed in 1820), First president of the Pacific Railroad, the North Missouri Railroad, and the Baltimore and Ohio, namesake of O'Fallon, Illinois, philanthropist
Calvary Cemetery, at 5239 W. Florissant Avenue, is a 477-acre (1.9 km²) Roman Catholic cemetery established in 1857. It is the burial place for several members of the Chouteau family, co-founders of the city of St. Louis. Their descendants were invited to be part of the ceremony marking the Louisiana Purchase. Some of the old burials and tombstones were transferred to Calvary Cemetery from much older Catholic cemeteries. These were originally established in what is now the downtown area of the city near the Old Cathedral and the Mississippi River.
- Mary Odilia Berger (1823–1880), founder of Franciscan Sisters of Mary, which operates hospitals in Midwest
- Lewis V. Bogy (1813–1877) United States Senator
- Martin Stanislaus Brennan (1845-1927), Catholic priest, scientist, and author
- Mickey Carroll (1919–2009), Munchkin in The Wizard of Oz film
- Kate Chopin (1851–1904), author
- François Chouteau (1797–1838), fur trader and businessman, founder of Kansas City, Missouri
- René Auguste Chouteau (1740–1829), fur trader, cofounder of the city of St. Louis
- Black Eagle (unknown-1831), Nez Perce leader
- Speaking Eagle (unknown-1831), Nez Perce leader
- Sarkis Erganian (1870-1950), painter of Armenian descent.
- Daniel M. Frost (1823–1900), CSA General
- Robert E. Hannegan (1903–1949), St. Louis politician
- Joseph Marie LaBarge (1815–1899), famous steamboat captain, taught Mark Twain, descendant of Robert de La Berge
- John Baptiste Charles Lucas (1758–1842), U.S. Representative who donated the land for the Old Courthouse
- Thomas Caute Reynolds (1821–1887), second Confederate governor of Missouri
- Dred Scott (1799–1858), slave who sued for freedom in what became important U.S. Supreme Court case; freed by slaveholder after loss of case
- William Tecumseh Sherman (1820–1891), American Civil War general (Union) noted for his "March to the Sea" through Georgia
- John Vitale (1909–1982), Cosa Nostra boss in St. Louis
- Tennessee Williams (1911–1983), Pulitzer Prize-winning American playwright
- Carl Whitney (1919–1986), Negro League baseball player
- "Bellefontaine Cemetery Website", accessed 8 Feb 2010
- Carol Ferring Shepley, Movers and Shakers, Scalawags and Suffragettes: Tales from Bellefontaine Cemetery, St. Louis: Missouri History Museum, 2008