Bhujimol

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Bhujimol script, palm-leaf MS of the Devimahatmya, Bihar or Nepal, 11th century.

Bhujimol (Devanagari: भुजिंमोल) is the name of the most ancient form of Nepal script. It is also one of the most common varieties of the Nepal alphabet.1

Bhujimol (alternative name: Bhujinmol) has been used to write Nepal Bhasa and Sanskrit.

Etymology

Bhujimol compared to other historical scripts of Nepal

The term Bhujinmol means "fly-headed", from the Nepal Bhasa words "bhujin" meaning housefly and "mol" meaning "head". The "head" is the horizontal line that is put above each letter, and Bhujimol refers to its rounded shape.

Recent findings

Chart of Bhujimol script vowel letters, with Devanagari and Latin correspondences.

In 2003, a brick was discovered in Kathmandu, in the course of reconstruction of the Dhando Chaitya, bearing inscriptions in both Brahmi and Bhujimol: The upper face is inscribed with Cha Ru Wa Ti in Brahmi, and with Cha Ru Wa Ti Dhande / He Tu Pra Bha in Bhujimol script. There are Swastika marks at the two ends of the upper face with a Chakra mark in between. The brick measures 35.5 cm x 23 cm x 7 cm and weighs 8.6 kg. The brick may date to as early as the 3rd century BC.

The previously earliest known inscription in the Kathmandu Valley dates from the 6th century and is installed at Changu Narayan. The inscription is interpreted to refer to Charumati, a daughter of emperor Ashoka.

References

  1. ^ Lienhard, Siegfried (1992). Songs of Nepal: An Anthology of Nevar Folksongs and Hymns. New Delhi: Motilal Banarsidas. ISBN 81-208-0963-7. Page 2.









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