|6 % of Bihari population1 plus significant population in Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Jharkhand, and West Bengal|
|Related ethnic groups|
|Commonly called Babhan|
The Bhumihars are classified in the Brahmin varna of the Indian caste system and traditionally are landowners.67 Their land has been acquired at different times through grants by kings or during the rule of Brahmin kings.68910 In ancient times, the Brahmin Empires like Sunga Empire and Kanva dynasty are believed to be the historical ancestors of present day Bhumihar Brahmins.6891011
The Kanyakubja Mahati Sabha, an association of Kanyakubja Brahmins, determined at its 19th and 20th national conventions in 1926 and 1927 that the Bhumihars are among the Kanyakubja Brahmin communities, which also include the Sanadhya, Pahadi, Jujhoutia, Saryupareen, Chattisgarhi, Bhumihar and various Bengali Brahmins.11
"Kanyakubj Vanshavali" mentions five branches of Kanyakubja Brahmins as Saryupareen, Sanadhya, Bhumihar, Jujhautiya and Prakrit Kanaujia:
Saryupari Sanadhyascha Bhumiharo Jijhoutayah
Prakritashcha Iti Panchabhedastasya Prakartitah
First modern Indologist of Indian origin, and a key figure in the Bengal Renaissance, Rajendralal Mitra writes about the five branches of Kanyakubja Brahmins as Saryupareen, Sanadhya, Bhumihar, Jujhoutia and Prakrit Kanaujia or Kanyakubj proper.13 In Kanyakubj Vanshavalis (360 on record), it is mentioned that Kashyap gotra Bhumihar Brahmins are ancestors of Kashyap gotra Kanyakubja Brahmins, making Kashyap gotriya Sanadhya Brahmins also as descendents of Kashyap gotriya Bhumihar Brahmins.14 Threfore, it is merely a difference in profession between Kanyakubja proper and Bhumihar Brahmins where they kept converting from Ajachak (Bhumihar) to Jachak(Kanyakubja) and from Jachak(Kanyakubja) to Ajachak(Bhumihar) depending on the times which shows the jivikartha karma of Brahmins.15
Bhumihars have been the traditional priests in Prayag, at Vishnupad Mandir in Gaya as Gayawar Pandas and in the adjoining districts like Hazaribagh.2 The Kingdom of Kashi belonged to Bhumihar Brahmins and big zamindari like Bettiah Raj, Hathwa Raj, Pandooi Raj and Tekari Raj, Sheohar Raj, Ram Nagar belonged to them. Bhumihars were well respected Brahmins in the courts of Dumraon Maharaj, King of Nepal and Raj Darbhanga.2 Some Mohyal Brahmins migrated eastward and are believed to constitute some sub-divisions of Bhumihars.There is also a significant migrant population of Bhumihars in Mauritius,16 Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, Guyana and others.
|6th Avatar of Vishnu|
|Affiliation||Guru to Drona, Karna and Kalki; founder of Kalaripayattu|
|Weapon||Parashu; bow of Shiva|
When Parashurama destroyed the Kshatriya race, and he set up in their place the descendants of Brahmins, who, after a time, having mostly abandoned their priestly functions, took to land-owning (Zamindari) or became kings.132324 Lord Parashurama was the first Bhumihar.132324 The ancestor of Dronwar Bhumihar Brahmins is Guru Dronacharya and that of Kashi Naresh is Gautama Maharishi.1325
Research was done in 2003 on the genetic profile of members of the Bhumihar Brahmin and other Brahmins. The Bhumihar caste " was found clustering with the Brahmin group as expected, since Bhumihar is known to be a subclass of Brahmin."26
The literal meaning of Bhumihar is Bhumi – "Land", kara or hara – "maker" in Sanskrit.25 In the language of the Indian feudal system, Bhum is the name given to a kind of tenure similar to the Inams and Jagirs of Mohammedan times.25 By a Bhum, according to the Rajputana gazetteer, a hereditary, non-resumable and inalienable property in the soil was inseparably bound up with the revenue-free title.25 The meaning of the designation Bhumihar being as stated above, the Bhumihar Brahmins are evidently those Brahmins who held grants of land for secular services.25 Bhum was given as compensation for bloodshed in order to quell a feud for distinguished services in the field, for protection of services in the field, for protection of a border, or for the watch and ward of a village.25
By the 16th century, Bhumihars known as "karm kandi pandit" controlled vast stretches of territory, particularly in North Bihar.27 In South Bihar, their most prominent representative was the Tekari family, whose large estate in Gaya dates back to the early 18th century.27 With the decline of Mughal Empire, in the area of south of Avadh, in the fertile rive-rain rice growing areas of Benares, Gorakhpur, Deoria, Ghazipur, Ballia and Bihar and on the fringes of Bengal, it was the 'military' or Bhumihar Brahmins who strengthened their sway.28 The distinctive 'caste' identity of Bhumihar Brahman emerged largely through military service, and then confirmed by the forms of continuous 'social spending' which defined a man and his kin as superior and lordly.29 In 19th century, many of the Bhumihar Brahmins were zamindars. Of the 67000 Hindus in the Bengal Army in 1842, 28000 were identified as Rajputs and 25000 as Brahmins, a category that included Bhumihar Brahmins.30 The Brahmin presence in the Bengal Army was reduced in the late 19th century because of their perceived primary role as mutineers in the Mutiny of 1857,30 led by Mangal Pandey.
Some Bhumihars had settled in Chandipur, Murshidabad, Bardhaman during late 19th and early 20th centuries where they are at the top of the social hierarchy.31 Pandit Jogendra Nath Bhattacharya in his book Hindu Castes and Sects published in 1896, went on to write about the origin of Bhumihar Brahmins of Bihar and Banaras23 as: "The clue to the exact status of the Bhumihar Brahmans is afforded by their very name. The word literally means a landholder. In the language of the Indian feudal systems, Bhoom is the name given to a kind of tenure similar to the Inams and Jagirs of Mohammedan times. By a Bhoom, according to the Rajputana Gazeteer, an hereditary, non-resumableand inalienable property in soil was inseparably bound up with a revenue-free title. Bhoom was given as a compensation for bloodshedin order to quell a feud, for distinguished services in the field, for protection of a border or for the watch and ward of the village. The meaning of the designation Bhumihar being as stated above, the Bhumihar Brahmans are evidently these Brahmans who held grants of land for secular service. Whoever held a secular fief was Bhumihar. Where a Brahman held such a tenure, he was called a Bhumihar Brahman....Bhumihar Brahmans are sometimes called simply Bhumihars..."
They perform all their religious ceremonies in the same manner as other Brahmins, but as they also practice secular occupations like the Laukik Brahmans of Southern India, they are not entitled to accept religious gifts or to minister to anyone as priest. The usual surnames/titles of the Bhumihar Brahmins are same as those of other Brahmins of Northern India. Being a fighter by caste few of them have Rajputana surnames/titles.1125 The general editor of the book "People of India (Bihar and Jharkhand)", published by Anthropological Survey of India (ASI), and noted academician-bureaucrat, the late Kumar Suresh Singh, said that the surname Singh, which used to denote connection with power and authority, was used in Bihar by Brahmin zamindars, like the surname "Khan" in Muslims.32
Before independence, it was the custom of the Bhumihar Brahmins to stage an elaborate Kālī puja, during which annual payments were made to servants and gifts of cloth were distributed to dependents, both Hindu and Muslim.31
M. A. Sherring in his book Hindu Tribes and Castes as Reproduced in Benaras33 published in 1872, mentions, "Great important distinctions subsist between the various tribes of Brahmins. Some are given to learning, some to agriculture, some to politics and some to trades. The Maharashtra Brahmin is very different being from the Bengali, while the Kanaujia (Kanyakubja Brahmins) differs from both. Only those Brahmins who perform all six duties are reckoned perfectly orthodox. Some perform three of them, namely, the first, third and fifth and omit the other three. Hence Brahmins are divided into two kinds, the Shat-karmas and the tri-karmas or those who perform only three. The Bhumihar Brahmins for instance are tri-karmas, and merely pay heed to three duties.
Bhumihars were referred to as "Military Brahmin" by Francis Buchanan and as "Magadh Brahmin" by William Adam in 1883.34 William Crooke in his book, Tribes and Castes of the North-Western Provinces and Oudh,35 has mentioned Bhuinhar as an important tribe of landowners and agriculturists in eastern districts and that they are also known as Babhan, Zamindar Brahman, Grihastha Brahman, or Pachchima or 'western' Brahmans.
Swami Sahajanand Saraswati, a Bhumihar himself, wrote extensively on Brahmin society and on the origin of Bhumihars. He stated that the Bhumihars are among the superior Brahmins.36 Some Bhumihar Brahmins are also known for their secular and unorthodox practices, where some of them are also descendants of Husseini Brahminss.37 On the social scale, although the Bhumihars are known to be Brahmins, on account of the fact that they were cultivators they were not given the ritual status of Brahmins.38 Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, who came from a Niyogi Brahmin community who are just like the Bhumihar Brahmins and are called Laukik or Ajachak Brahmins attests in his Hindu View of Life to the fact of "The Rishis of yore were agriculturists and sometimes warriors too".39
Siyaram Tiwari, the former dean at Visva Bharati University, stated that the Bhumihars are "landed Brahmins who stopped taking alms and performing pujas and rituals", These are Tyagis of Western UP, Zamindar Bengali Brahmins, Niyogi Brahmins of Andhra Pradesh, Nambudiri Brahmin of Kerala, Chitpavans of Maharashtra, Anavil Desais of Gujarat and Mohyals of Punjab.1 Bhumihars are classified in the Brahmin varna in Hinduism and hence use the designation Bhumihar Brahmin.7
Acharya Tarineesh Jha, himself a Maithil Brahmin scholar has attested how from ancient times to modern all great Brahmin scholars like Maithili Manishi Mahamahopadhyay Chitradhar Mishra, Mahamahopadhyay Balkrishna Mishra; Saryupareen Brahmin scholars Mahamahopadhyay Dwivedi, Mahamahopadhyay Shivkumar Shastri, Hazari Prasad Dwivedi; Kanyakubja Brahmins scholars Mahavir Prasad Dwivedi, Pandit Laxminarayan Dixit Shastri, Pandit Venkatesh Narayan Tiwari and others have mentioned about Bhumihar Brahmins as their fellow Brahmin brothers.40
They are also called Ajachak Brahmans, i.e., Brahmans who do not take alms (jachak) in contrast to the ordinary Brahmans who are Jachaks or almstakers41 but there are still some who traditionally take alms as in Gaya and Hazaribagh.42 Like fellow Brahmans, they did not use to hold the plough, but employed labourers for the purpose.41
The census returns give no less than four hundred and fifty-eight sections: but here the territorial sections and the Brahminical gotras are mixed up together.35 The most important local sections are the Gautama, and Kolaha in Banaras; the Gautama in Mirzapur; Bhriguvanshi, Donwar, Gautama, Kinwar, Kistwar, Sakarwar, Sonwar, in Ghazipur; Bhagata, Kinwar, Benwar, of Ballia; the Baghochhiya, Baksaria, Gautama, Kaushik and Sakarwar (Sankritya) of Gorakhpur; the Barasi, Birhariya of Basti; and the Barwar, Bharadwaj, Parashar of Siwan, Denwar, Gargbans, Gautama, Purvar, Sakarwar, and Shandilya of Azamgarh.35 On the Jijhoutia clan of Bhumihar Brahmins, William Crooke writes, "A branch of the Kanaujia Brahmins (Kanyakubja Brahmins) who take their name from the country of Jajakshuku, which is mentioned in the Madanpur inscription."35
The Bhumihar Brahmins follow in every respect the standard Brahminical rules.35 They are usually Shaivas and Shaktas.35 There are also Vaishnavas, following the Tatvavada school of Madhavacharya.43 Bhumihar Brahmins, like all other Brahmins are endogamous, but marital relations are known to exist since ancient times between Bhumihar Brahmins and Maithil Brahmins in Tirhut and Mithila and between Bhumihar Brahmins and Kanyakubja Brahmins in Bundelkhand region of Madhya Pradesh where Kanchanwar and Jihoutia clan of Bhumihar Brahmins live.42 Bhumihar Brahmin men of Purnea took to Maithil Brahmin wives in Purnea and married their daughters to Bhumihar Brahmin/Babhan men.4445
Common titles of Bhumihar Brahmins are Pandey, Shukla, Mishra, Ojha, Yajee, Karjee, Dwivedi, Sharma, Tiwari, Tripathi, Upadhyay but Awasthi, Dixit, Malviya and Jha are known to exist.42 However, due to their profession of kings and landholders a lot of Bhumihar Brahmins use Rai, Singh, and Shahi in Uttar Pradesh and Kunwar, Thakur, Chaudhary, and Singh in Bihar, and Pradhan in Jharkhand.42 Some Singh converted and anglicised their surnames to Sinha4246
Bhumihars are considered a politically volatile community.4748 Bhumihar Brahmins in Champaran had revolted against indigo cultivation in 1914 (at Pipra) and 1916 (Turkaulia) and Pandit Raj Kumar Shukla took Mahatma Gandhi to Champaran and the Champaran Satyagraha began.49 Sri Krishna Sinha, born into a Bhumihar Brahmin family is considered the architect of modern Bihar.50 Barring the war years, Shri Babu (Sri Krishna Sinha was Chief Minister of Bihar from the time of the first Congress Ministry in 1937 until his death in 1961.51 He led Dalit’s entry into the Baidyanath Dham temple (Vaidyanath Temple, Deoghar), reflecting his commitment to the upliftment and social empowerment of dalits.1 He was the first Chief Minister in the country to abolish the zamindari system.52
The community has produced stalwarts like Sir Ganesh Dutt, lone minister representing pre-independence interim government from the then united Bihar and Orissa province, and Ram Dayalu Singh, the first Speaker of Bihar legislative assembly.1
Nationalist, trade unionist, and the first leader of opposition in Bihar Basawon Singh (Sinha), the stalwart Communist leader Pandit Karyanand Sharma and the biggest Jan Sangh leader from the state Kailashpati Mishra were all Bhumihar Brahmins.
- Mahamahopadhyaya Pandit Ram Avatar Sharma- was an Indian Sanskrit scholar and academic, apart from being an indologist and historian Rajendra Prasad, the first President of India and a favourite student of Pandit Sharma
- Mahapandit Rahul Sankrityayan- who is called the Father of Hindi Travel literature,was one of the most widely-traveled scholars of India, spending forty-five years of his life on travels away from his home.He is referred to as the 'Greatest Scholar' (Mahapandit) for his scholarship.He got Sahitya Akademi Award in 1958 and later Padma Bhushan in 1963.
- Nalin Vilochan Sharma-was a professor of Hindi Literature in University of Patna.
- Swami Sahajanand Saraswati-Writer
- Vagish Shastri- Sanskrit Grammarian
- Ram Karan Sharma- Sanskrit poet and scholar
- Kapil Muni Tiwary- is a former professor and head of the department of Linguistics and Literature at Patna University and currently a professor of English in Yemen.
- Siyaram Tiwari -Littrateur, He served Nalanda Open University, Patna as Chief Co-ordinator in the Faculty of Languages for three years.
- Shashindra Pal Tyagi - Air Chief Marshal and former IAF Chief
- Acharya Kishore Kunal -Hindu philosopher and Bihar Religious Trusts Board chairman, is a retired IPS Officer.
- Pandit Devendranath Sharma- was a writer and scholar of Hindi Literature. He was also a playwright, and the Vice Chancellor of the universities of Patna and Bhagalpur.
- Vinod Rai is the present Comptroller and Auditor General of India.
- Ram Sharan Sharma-was an eminent historian of Ancient and early Medieval India.He taught at Patna University, Delhi University (1973–85) and the University of Toronto and was a senior fellow at School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London; University Grants Commission National Fellow (1958–81) and President of Indian History Congress in 1975. It was during the tenure of Professor R. S. Sharma as the Dean of Delhi University's History Department in the 1970s that major expansion of the department took place. The creation of most of the positions in the Department owes to Professor Sharma's efforts. He is the founding Chairman of the Indian Council of Historical Research (ICHR) and a historian of international repute.He is from Barauni, Begusarai, British India.
- Professor G. R. Sharma archaeologist and historian.
- Ramdhari Singh 'Dinkar' Member of Parliament,Poet, Essayist, Literary critic, Journalist, Satirist, Rashtrakavi ("National poet")
- V.S.Naipaul-Novelist, travel writer, essayist.He got Nobel Prize in Literature in 2001, Booker Prize in 1971 numerous other literary prizes.
- Rambriksh Benipuri-Writer, Dramatist, Essayist, Novelist
- Venerable Tenzin Priyadarshi Buddhist scholar
- Professor Ramjee Singh Philosopher, Gandhian activist
- Balmiki Prasad Singh writer, scholar, administrator, Governor of Sikkim
- R. K. Sinha scholar of English
- Vibhuti Narain Rai Indian Police Service officer and an eminent writer
- Acharya Kuber Nath Rai Scholar of Hindi and Sanskrit
- Viveki Rai famous writer in Hindi and Bhojpuri
- Abhayanand Present Director General of Police, Government of Bihar
- Bindeshwar Pathak,Founder of Sulabh Sauchalaya Movement
- Sri Krishna Rai Hridyesh,Prominent literary figure of Hindi.
- Mridula Sinha - female writer in Hindi Literature
- Pankaj Rag - Poet, writer, Historian, Archaeologist, and Indian Administrative Service officer
- Dushyant Kumar - Great Hindi Writer
- J. K. Sinha former Director General of Police of Central Reserve Police Force
- Vijendra Narayan Singh Hindi writer and critic
- Dr. Madhusudan Mishra Sanskrit scholar and professor of Linguistics; http://www.indusscript.com/author.html
- Acharya Shiv Balak Rai Sanskrit scholar, Ramayana scholar, Hindi Literature
- Baleshwar Rai Indian Administrative Service official
- Yogendra Shukla
- Shaheed Baikuntha Shukla
- Basawon Singh (Sinha)
- Raj Kumar Shukla
- Pandit Yadunandan (Jadunandan) Sharma
- Pandit Yamuna Karjee
- Ramdhari Singh Dinkar-Freedom Fighter
- Gauri Shankar Rai-Freedom Fighter, participated in"QUIT INDIA MOVEMENT".
- Indradeep Sinha- Freedom Fighter
- Ganga Sharan Singh (Sinha)-Eminent nationalist, freedom fighter and litterateur,MP
- Pandit Karyanand Sharma- was an eminent nationalist and peasant leader who led movements against zamindars and British.
- Sri Krishna Sinha - First Chief Minister of Bihar.
- Maharani Lakshmibai
- Mangal Pandey
- Sir Ganesh Dutt
- Sir Chandeshwar Prasad Narayan Singh
- Shri Maheshwar Prasad Narayan Singh, Chanayaka of Bihar
- Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan Philosopher; First Vice President of India and second President of India; member Constituent Assembly of India; Vice Chancellor of Andhra University and Banaras Hindu University; Spalding Professor of Eastern Religion and Ethics at the University of Oxford
- Shankar Dayal Sharma former President of India
- Lalit Mohan Sharma- 24th Chief Justice of India,S/O-L.N. Sinha..
- L.N. Sinha- former Attorney General of India and He was also the Solicitor General of India from 17 July 1972 until 5 April 1977
- Kailashpati Mishra-He was the leader of (BJP) became the first BJP Bihar president and later also served as BJP national Vice President from 1995 to 2003, former Governor of Gujarat and Rajasthan.He was popularly referred to as Bhishmapitamah of Bihar. He was a freedom fighter and former finance minister in Bihar. He was from Buxar, Bihar.
- Basawon Singh (Sinha) Freedom fighter, nationalist, revolutionary, trade unionist and socialist.
- Pandit Shyam Nandan Prasad Mishra Quit India Movement, Indian National Congress politician
- Pandit Ramnandan Mishra (1906-1989) Great Nationalist, active in Freedom Movement and Socialist.
- Dwarka Prasad Mishra former Chief Minister of Madhya Pradesh and Freedom Fighter
- Shyama Charan Shukla- former Chief Minister of Madhya Pradesh, son of Pandit Ravishankar Shukla
- Vidya Charan Shukla-former Indian Cabinet Minister in various portfolios, agriculturist, son of Pandit Ravishankar Shukla
- Pandit Surya Deo Sharma - Hindu Mahasabha leader; Member of Legislative Assembly from Datia in Madhya Pradesh and Mantri, Shri Pitambara Peeth, Datia, M.P.
- C. P. Thakur Parliamentarian, former Union Health Minister, presently BJP National Vice-President.
- Morarji Desai Former Prime Minister of India
- Mahavir Tyagi Freedom fighter, Member of Constituent Assembly of India, Parliamentarian
- Sunil Dutt actor and Indian National Congress politician
- Priya Dutt Indian National Congress politician from Mumbai, Maharashtra
- Kalpnath Rai Union Power Minister
- Chaitanya Mahaprabhu (1486–1534), ascetic, founder of Gaudiya Vaishnavism
- Bishweshwar Prasad Koirala(1914–1982), Prime Minister of Nepal
- Sri Krishna Sinha- Bihar Kesari, Prime Minister of Bihar(1937–39),Longest serving Chief Minister of the Indian state of Bihar (1946–1961).
- Pandita Ramabai
- Gauri Shankar Rai-(MP) member Sixth Lok Sabha during 1977-79 representing Ghazipur constituency of Uttar Pradesh
- Krishnanand Rai-Contractor, MLA (BJP)
- Jharkhande Rai Veteran communist politician
- Raj Narain-He was the Minister of Health of India and Socialist politician who defeated Indira Gandhi. He was very close to Ram Manohar Lohia, who described him as "A person who has [the] heart of a lion and [the] practices of Gandhi". Ram Manohar Lohia admired him a lot, and even said that "if in India there could be just three or four persons like him, dictatorship can never shadow the democracy".
- Chaitanya Mahaprabhu
- Kapildeo Singh - Great Socialist leader and the General Secretary of the Samajwadi Party.
- Digvijay Narain Singh Eminent parliamentarian and Indian National Congress politician
- Mahesh Prasad Singh (1900-1971) Veteran Indian National Congress politician, Minister and Philanthropist. http://www.bihardays.com/congress-muzaffarpur-mahesh-prasad-singh-1900-1971/
- Laliteshwar Prasad Shahi (1920- ) Veteran Indian National Congress politician, Minister in the Union Cabinet and Philanthropist.
- Narad Rai-MLA (SP), Ballia
- Upendra Tiwari-MLA (BJP), Ballia
- Tarkeshwari Sinha first female minister in the Union Cabinet of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru
- Pandit Gauri Shankar Pandey
- Amita Bhushan
- Jagdish Sharma,Parliamentarian.
- Krishna Sahi - Indian National Congress politician
- Rajiv Ranjan Singh,Parliamentarian.
- Deep Tyagi-Pioneer of Family Planning Programme.
- Manoj Sinha - Engineer and Parliamentarian
- Kusum Rai - Member of Parliament from Bharatiya Janata Party
- Surya Pratap Shahi former Cabinet Minister in Uttar Pradesh and Bharatiya Janata Party state president
- Pandit Algu Rai Shastri nationalist, scholar and first Member of Parliament from Azamgarh
- Rajo Singh - Indian National Congress politician
- Rewati Raman Singh Samajwadi Party politician
- Sukhada Pandey Bharatiya Janata Party politician, minister of youth,art and culture in Government of Bihar
- Nikhil Kumar Choudhary Bharatiya Janata Party Member of Parliament from Katihar (Lok Sabha constituency)
- Bhola Singh Bharatiya Janata Party Member of Parliament from Nawada (Lok Sabha constituency)
- Rahul Sharmadisambiguation needed,MLA.
- Ramashraya Sharma Indian National Congress politician.
- Ramjatan Sinha former president Bihar Pradesh Congress Committee, former Member of Legislative Assembly
- Akhilesh Prasad Singh Rashtriya Janata Dal party leader and former Union Minister.
- Maharajadhiraj- Prabhu Narayan Singh Sahib Bahadur,Maharaja of Benaras & Moving force behind Benaras Hindu Vishwavidyalaya(BHU).He donated 1,300 acres (5.3 km2)of land in the heart of Benaras.
- Vibhuti Narayan Singh,Maharaja of Benaras,Custodian of Kashi Viswanath Temple-Most Important Hindu Shrine in the world.
- Maharaja Sir Harendra Kishore Singh-was the last ruler of Bettiah Raj.
- MaharajaChet Singh- Maharaja of Benaras,Defeated Lord Warren Hastings,which lead to 7 year impeachment of Lord Hastings.
- Maharaja Mrigendra Pratap Shahi-Present Maharaja of Hathwa Raj.
- Capt. HH Shrimant Rajasaheb Sir Chintamanrao II Dhundirajrao Appasaheb Patwardhan, last ruler of Sangli. A 13 gun salute state of Chitpawan Brahmin.
- Sheohar Raj-Sheohar-Bihar
- Ramnagar Raj-West Champaran-Bihar
- Amawan Raj-Magadh-Bihar
- Pandooi Raj-Magadh-Bihar
- Tekari Raj-Gaya-Bihar
- Anapur Raj-Allahabad-Uttar Pradesh
- Tamkuhi Raj-Uttar Pradesh
- Tajpur State-Bijnour-Uttar Pradesh
- Lalgola Raj - Bengal, Lalgola Rajbari
- Mahender Singh-Aristo Pharma.-Bihar
- Samprada Singh-ALCOME-Bihar
- Ravi Ranjan Shahi-Shahi Infotech-Bihar
- Arihant-Arihant, Bihar
- Girija Devi - famous and respected Indian Classical Musician
- Sharda Sinha - folk singer, film music, Padma Shri awardee
- Sunil Dutt - Actor, politician
- Sanjay Dutt - Actor
- Ishant Sharma - cricketer
- Suraj Sharma- Las Vegas Film Critics Society
- Sandali Sinha- Bollywood actress
- Gurmeet Chaudhary-TV Actor,A native of Jairampur (Bhagalpur)
- Gopal Rai-A Bhojpuri Singer,Actor(From Ujiar-Bharauli, Ballia).
- Shilpa Shukla
- Madhuri Dixit
- Manjari Phadnis
- Shilpa Shukla
- Ashwini Bhave
- Rohini Hattangadi
- Aditi Gowitrikar
- Milind Soman
- Neha Sharma
- Mohan Agashe
- Anand Bakshi,Famed Lyricist
- Ravi Kishan
- Bhagyashree Patwardhan
- Sudeep Tyagi-Indian International Cricketer.
- Ajit Agarkar
- Jay Ranade
- Vikram Gokhale
- Vibhav Roy-Model
- Ritesh Singh - Famed Actor & Politician.
Sreeshant (Cricket Rajasthan Royals)
- Kingdom of Kashi- an independent Bhumihar Brahmin state until 1994.
- Royal House of Benares- was the ruling Bhumihar Brahmin family of Benares
- Kanyakubja Brahmins
- Jujhautiya Brahmins
- Sangli State
- Hathwa Raj
- Bettiah Raj
- Tekari Raj
- Shaistapur Estate
- Arun Kumar (25 January 2005). "Bhumihars rooted to the ground in caste politics". The Times of India. Retrieved 2008-04-05.
- Saraswati, Swami Sahajanand (2003). Swami Sahajanand Saraswati Rachnawali in Six volumes (in Volume 1). Delhi: Prakashan Sansthan. pp. 519 (Volume 1). ISBN 81-7714-097-3.
- brahmins&source=web&ots=kLOP8kwdM9&sig=_4yvZVdWr4h39GGZzf7J3lBzSr8&hl=en&sa=X&oi=book_result&resnum=3&ct=result Political Economy and Class Contradictions: A Study – Jose J. Nedumpara – Google Books. Books.google.co.in. Retrieved 2012-07-12.
- brahmins&source=web&ots=7TINMkUJQm&sig=GkEawD6rwxQciCfSGDH4vZeZFsk&hl=en&sa=X&oi=book_result&resnum=2&ct=result Land and Society in India: Agrarian Relations in Colonial North Bihar – Bindeshwar Ram – Google Books. Books.google.co.in. Retrieved 2012-07-12.
- "Social justice and new challenges". Flonnet.com. Retrieved 2012-07-12.
- Bayly, Christopher Alan (2011). Recovering Liberties: Indian Thought in the Age of Liberalism and Empire (Ideas in Context). Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-1-10-760147-5.
- Sinha, Gopal Sharan; Ramesh Chandra Sinha (September 1967). "Exploration in Caste Stereotypes". Social Forces (University of North Carolina Press) 46 (1): 42–47. JSTOR 2575319.
- Bhadra, Gautam (2008). Subaltern Studies: Writings on South Asian History and Society. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-565125-6.
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