|Elevation||225 m (738 ft)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
Bijnor (Hindi: बिजनौर, Urdu: بجنور) variously spelt as Bijnaur and Bijnour, is a city and a municipal board in Bijnor district in the state of Uttar Pradesh, India. It is the district headquarters of Bijnor district.
Bijnor is well connected with major cities through road and railways. Highway No. 119 connects Bijnor to Meerut at one end, and it is connected with Pauri (Uttarakhand) at the other end. State highways connects it to Muzaffarnagar, Moradabad, Badaun, Haridwar and Amroha. Bijnor railway is connected with Delhi-Moradabad line through Gajraula Junction and with Moradabad- Chandigarh line through Mauzzampur Junction.
Little is known of the early history of Bijnor. District Bijnor is related to Mahabharat.There is a Vidur kuti in Bijnor.In the time of Mughal emperor Akbar, Bijnor formed part of the Mughal Empire. However, in the early part of the 18th century, the Rohilla Pashtuns established their independence in the country called by them Rohilkhand; and about 1748 the Rohilla chief Ali Mohammed Khan made his first annexations in Bijnor, the rest of which soon fell under the Rohilla domination. The northern districts were granted by Ali Mohammed Khan to Khurshid Ahmed Baig, who gradually extended his influence west of the Ganges and at Delhi, receiving the title of Najib-ud-daula and becoming paymaster of the royal forces. His success, however, raised up powerful enemies against him, and at their instigation the Marathas invaded Bijnor. This was the beginning of a feud which continued for years. Najib, indeed, held his own, and for the part played by him in the victory of Panipat was made vizier of the empire. After his death in 1770, however, his son Zabita Khan was defeated by the Marathas, who overran all Rohilkhand.
In Najibabad, there was a fort of great Sultana Daku or "The Sultan Bandit". The fort is still situated in Najibabad and it has been said that the vehicles can easily be run on the width of the fort.citation needed
In 1772 the Nawab of Oudh made a treaty with the Rohillas, covenanting to expel the Marathas in return for a money payment. He carried out his part of the bargain; but the Rohilla chieftains refused to pay. In 1774 the Nawab concluded with the East India Company government of Calcutta a treaty of alliance, and he now called upon the British, in accordance with its terms, to supply a brigade to assist him in enforcing his claims against the Rohillas. This was done; in the Rohilla War, the Rohillas were driven beyond the Ganges, and Bijnor was incorporated in the territories of the nawab, who in 1774 ceded it to the British East India Company. From this time the history of Bijnor is uneventful until the Mutiny of 1857, when (on 1 June) it was occupied by the nawab of Najibabad, a grandson of Zabita Khan. In spite of fighting between the Hindus and the Muslim Pashtuns, the Nawab succeeded in maintaining his position until the 21 April 1858, when he was defeated by the British at NaginaMain history is created by Md.Yusuf Khan.; whereupon British authority was still in place till final decision of independence.
As per provisional data of 2011 census, Bijnor urban agglomeration had a population of 115,381 out of which males were 60,656 and females were 54,725. The literacy rate was 77.90 per cent.1
(a block is a small administrative area of a district)
- Mohd.Pur Devmal
Cadd Centre training services Pvt. Ltd., CADD Centre Bijnor
Universal Academy, Noorpur Road, Bijnor
Decent Public School, Noorpur Road Bijnor
Modern Era Public School, Bijnor
k.p.s Girls Inter college ,Bijnor
Bijnor Inter College, Bijnor (Muslim Inter College, Bijnor)
Govt. Inter College, Bijnor
Govt. Girls Inter College, Bijnor
R.J.P.A. Inter College, Bijnor
St. Mary's Senior Secondary School, Prem Nagar, Bijnor
Param Public School, Bijnor
Modern Public School Bharuka(Gopalpur)
Dayavati Dharmavira Public School, Bairaj Road
Modern Public Prathmic Vidiyale—Bharuka(GOPALPUR), Bijnor
Devta Degree College Morna Bijnor
Gsn Public School,Haldaur
Kishan Inter Collage Peeli Chauki, Bijnor
L.B.S.S.MAHAVIDYALAYA GOHAWAR, Bijnor
vivekanand Inter college,Darwara Chandpur
vivekanand maha vidhalaya,Darwara Chandpur
Adarsh Inter College, Umri, Bijnor
kisan inter collage mandawlai bijnor
Adarsh Gramin inter College Chandak,Bijnor
R. B. D. Girls PG College
Vivek education park
S.P. Degree College, Chandpur
Devta MahaVidhyalaya Morna, Bijnor
R.S.M. PG College, Dhampur, Bijnor
Dr. B.R. Ambedkar Engineering College Of Information Technology,Chandpur,Bijnor(Govt.)
Govt. Polytechnic College
Disha Institute of Technology
Veer Kumar Institute Of Technology
R.V. Institute Of Technology
North India Institute of Technology, Najibabad
- "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above". Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 2012-07-07.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.