Crystal at the 2012 Tribeca Film Festival
|Birth name||William Edward Crystal|
March 14, 1948 |
New York City, New York, U.S.
|Spouse||Janice Goldfinger (1970–present; 2 children)|
|Performance in Special Events
1989 31st Annual Grammy Awards
Writing in a Variety or Music Program
1990 Midnight Train to Moscow
1991 The 63rd Annual Academy Awards
1992 The 64th Annual Academy Awards
Individual Performance in a Variety or Music Program
1991 The 63rd Annual Academy Awards
1998 The 70th Annual Academy Awards
|American Comedy Awards|
|Funniest Actor in a Motion Picture (Leading Role)
1989 When Harry Met Sally...
1991 City Slickers
Funniest Male Performer in a TV Special (Leading or Supporting) Network, Cable or Syndication
1991 The 63rd Annual Academy Award
1992 The 64th Annual Academy Award
1993 The 65th Annual Academy Award
1998 The 70th Annual Academy Award
Creative Achievement Award
William Edward "Billy" Crystal1 (born March 14, 1948)12 is an American actor, voice actor, writer, film producer, comedian, singer, television host, and film director. He gained prominence in the 1970s for playing Jodie Dallas on the ABC sitcom Soap and became a Hollywood film star during the late 1980s and 1990s, appearing in the critical and box office successes When Harry Met Sally... (1989), City Slickers (1991), and Analyze This (1999) and providing the voice of Mike in the Monsters, Inc. franchise. He has hosted the Academy Awards nine times from 1990 through the 84th Academy Awards in 2012.
Crystal was born at Doctors Hospital on the Upper East Side of Manhattan,1 and initially raised in The Bronx.3 As a toddler, he moved with his family to 549 East Park Avenue in Long Beach, New York, on Long Island.3 He and his older brothers Joel and Richard, nicknamed Rip, were the sons of Helen (née Gabler), a housewife, and Jack Crystal, who owned and operated the Commodore Music Store, founded by Helen's father, Julius Gabler.45 Jack Crystal was also a jazz promoter, a producer and executive for an affiliated jazz record label, Commodore Records, founded by Helen's brother, musician and songwriter Milt Gabler.3 Crystal grew up in a Jewish family (they immigrated from Austria and Russia).67 The three young brothers would entertain by reprising comedy routines from the likes of Bob Newhart, Rich Little and Sid Caesar records their father would bring.3 Jazz artists such as Arvell Shaw, Pee Wee Russell, Eddie Condon, and Billie Holiday were often guests in the home.3 With the decline of Dixieland jazz circa 1963, Crystal's father lost his business,6 and died later that year at the age of 544 after suffering a heart attack while bowling.3 His mother, Helen Crystal, died in 2001.6
After graduation from Long Beach High School in 1965,8 Crystal attended Marshall University in Huntington, West Virginia on a baseball scholarship,3 having learned the game from his father, who pitched for St. John's University.citation needed Crystal never played a game at Marshall because the program was suspended during his freshman year.9 He did not return to Marshall as a sophomore, staying back in New York with his future wife. He instead attended Nassau Community College and later New York University, where he graduated in 1970 with a BFA from its Tisch School of the Arts,10 His instructors there included Martin Scorsese, with Oliver Stone and Christopher Guest among his classmates.11
Crystal returned to New York City and performed regularly at The Improv and Catch a Rising Star. In 1976, Crystal appeared on an episode of All in the Family. He was on the dais for The Dean Martin Celebrity Roast of Muhammad Ali on February 19, 1976, where he did impressions of both Ali and sportscaster Howard Cosell. He was scheduled to appear on the first episode of NBC Saturday Night (later renamed Saturday Night Live) (October 11, 1975), but his sketch was cut.12 He did perform on episode 17 of that first season, doing a monologue of an old jazz man capped by the line "Can you dig it? I knew that you could." Host Ron Nessen introduced him as "Bill Crystal."13
- Al Minkman, a maker of quality novelty tricks and toys
- Fernando, host of Fernando's Hideaway, a celebrity interview show; based on actor Fernando Lamas
- Buddy Young, Jr. (an insult comic who appears on Weekend Update)
- Lew Goldman
- Ricky, a bowler
- Tony Minetti, a butcher
- Willie, a man who, along with his friend, Frankie (played by Christopher Guest), discuss their masochistic tendencies
Crystal's earliest prominent role was as Jodie Dallas on Soap, one of the first unambiguously homosexual characters in the cast of an American television series. He continued in the role during the series' entire 1977–1981 run.
In 1982, Billy Crystal hosted his own variety show, The Billy Crystal Comedy Hour on NBC. When Crystal arrived to shoot the fifth episode, he learned it had been canceled after only the first two aired.14 After hosting Saturday Night Live in 1984, he joined the regular cast.12 His most famous recurring sketch was his parody of Fernando Lamas, Fernando, a smarmy talk-show host whose catchphrase, "You look... mahvelous!," became a media sensation.12 Crystal subsequently released an album of his stand-up material titled Mahvelous! in 1985, as well as the single "You Look Marvelous", which peaked at No. 58 on the Billboard Hot 100 in the US, and No. 17 in Canada. Also in the 1980s, Crystal starred in an episode of Shelley Duvall's Faerie Tale Theatre as the smartest of the three little pigs.
Billy Crystal hosted three Grammy Awards Telecasts: the 29th Grammys; the 30th Grammys; and the 31st Grammys.
Crystal's first film role was in Joan Rivers's 1978 film Rabbit Test. Crystal also made game show appearances such as The Hollywood Squares, All Star Secrets and The $20,000 Pyramid. He holds the record for getting his contestant partner to the top of the pyramid in winner's circle in the fastest time, 26 seconds.citation needed
Crystal appeared briefly in the Rob Reiner "rockumentary" This Is Spinal Tap (1984) as Morty The Mime, a waiter dressed as a mime at one of Spinal Tap's parties. He shared the scene with a then-unknown, non-speaking Dana Carvey, stating famously that "Mime is money." He later starred in the action comedy Running Scared (1986) and was directed by Reiner again in The Princess Bride (1987), in a comedic supporting role as "Miracle Max." Reiner got Crystal to accept the part by saying, "How would you like to play Mel Brooks?" Reiner also allowed Crystal to ad-lib, and his parting shot, "Hev fun stawming de kessel!" (i.e., "Have fun storming the castle!"), is a frequently-quoted line.
Reiner directed Crystal for a third time in the romantic comedy When Harry Met Sally... (1989), in which Crystal starred alongside Meg Ryan and for which he was nominated for a Golden Globe. The film has since become an iconic classic for the genre and is Crystal's most celebrated film. Crystal then starred in the award-winning buddy comedy City Slickers (1991), which proved very successful both commercially and critically and for which Crystal was nominated for his second Golden Globe. The film was followed by a sequel, which was less successful. In 1992, he played the narrator in Doctor Seuss Video Classics: Horton Hatches the Egg.
Following the significant success of these films, Crystal wrote, directed, and starred in Mr. Saturday Night (1992) and Forget Paris (1995). In the former, Crystal played a serious role in aging makeup, as an egotistical comedian who reflects back on his career, although the character was from his SNL days. Though some of his subsequent films were not as well received as his earlier hits, Crystal had another success alongside Robert De Niro in Harold Ramis' mobster comedy Analyze This (1999). More recent performances include roles in America's Sweethearts (2001), the sequel Analyze That (2002), and Parental Guidance (2012).
He directed the made-for-television movie 61* (2001) based on Roger Maris's and Mickey Mantle's race to break Babe Ruth's single-season home run record in 1961. This earned Crystal an Emmy nomination for Outstanding Directing for a Miniseries, Movie or a Special.
Crystal was originally asked to provide the voice of Buzz Lightyear in Toy Story (1995) but turned it down, a decision he later regretted due to the popularity of the series.12 Crystal later went on to provide the voice of Mike Wazowski in the blockbuster Pixar film Monsters, Inc. (2001), and reprised his role in the prequel, Monsters University, which was released in June 2013. Crystal also provided the voice of Calcifer in the English version of Hayao Miyazaki's Howl's Moving Castle (2004).
Crystal hosted the Academy Awards broadcast in 1990–1993, 1997, 1998, 2000, 2004 and 2012. His hosting was critically praised, resulting in two emmy wins for hosting and writing the 63rd Academy Awards and an emmy win for writing the 64th Academy Awards. He returned as emcee for the 2012 Oscar ceremony, after Eddie Murphy backed out of hosting.15not in citation given His nine times as the M.C. is second only to Bob Hope's 18 in most ceremonies hosted. At the 83rd Academy Awards ceremony in 2011, he appeared as a presenter for a digitally inserted Bob Hope and before doing so was given a standing ovation. Film critic Roger Ebert said when Crystal came onstage about two hours into the show, he got the first laughs of the broadcast.16 Crystal's hosting gigs have regularly included an introductory video segment in which he comedically inserts himself into scenes of that year's films in addition to a song following his opening monologue.
Crystal won the 2005 Tony Award for Best Special Theatrical Event for 700 Sundays, a two-act, one-man play, which he conceived and wrote about his parents and his childhood growing up on Long Island.12 He toured the U.S. with the show in 2006 and Australia in 2007.
Following the initial success of the play, Crystal wrote the book 700 Sundays for Warner Books, which was published on October 31, 2005. In conjunction with the book and the play that also paid tribute to his uncle, Milt Gabler, Crystal produced two CD compilations: Billy Crystal Presents: The Milt Gabler Story, which featured his uncle's most influential recordings from Billie Holiday's "Strange Fruit" to "Rock Around the Clock" by Bill Haley & His Comets; and Billy Remembers Billie featuring Crystal's favorite Holiday recordings.
In the fall of 2013, he brought the show back to Broadway for a two-month run at the Imperial Theatre.
Crystal has participated in the Simon Wiesenthal Center Museum of Tolerance in Los Angeles. Portraying himself in a video, Crystal introduces museum guests to the genealogy wing of the museum.citation needed
On March 12, 2008, Crystal signed a minor league contract, for a single day, to play with the New York Yankees, and was invited to the team's major league spring training. He wore uniform number 60, in honor of his upcoming 60th birthday.18 On March 13, in a spring training game against the Pittsburgh Pirates, Crystal led off as the designated hitter. He managed to make contact, fouling a fastball up the first base line, but was eventually struck out by Pirates pitcher Paul Maholm on six pitches and was later replaced in the batting order by Johnny Damon.19 He was released on March 14, his 60th birthday.20
Crystal's boyhood idol was Yankee Hall of Fame legend Mickey Mantle who had signed a program for him when Crystal attended a game where Mantle had hit a home run. Years later on The Dinah Shore Show, in one of his first television appearances, Crystal met Mantle in person and had Mantle re-sign the same program. Crystal would be good friends with Mickey Mantle until Mantle's death in 1995. He and Bob Costas together wrote the eulogy Costas read at Mantle's funeral, and George Steinbrenner then invited Crystal to emcee the unveiling of Mantle's monument at Yankee Stadium. In his 2013 memoir Still Foolin' 'Em, Crystal writes that after the ceremony, near the Yankee clubhouse, he was punched in the stomach by Joe DiMaggio, who was angry at Crystal for not having introduced him to the crowd as the "Greatest living player."
Crystal also was well known for his impressions of Yankee Hall of Famer turned broadcaster Phil Rizzuto. Rizzuto, known for his quirks calling games, did not travel to Anaheim, California in 1996 to call the game for WPIX. Instead, Crystal joined the broadcasters in the booth and pretended to be Rizzuto for a few minutes during the August 31 game.
In the movie City Slickers, Crystal wears a New York Mets baseball cap. In the 1986 film Running Scared, Crystal's character is an avid Chicago Cubs fan, wearing a Cubs' jersey in several scenes. In the 2012 film Parental Guidance, Crystal's character is the announcer for the Minor League Baseball team the Fresno Grizzlies and aspires to announce for their major league affiliate, the San Francisco Giants.
Billy Crystal and his wife Janice (née: Goldfinger) married in June 1970,23 have two daughters, actress Jennifer and producer Lindsay, and are grandparents.24 They reside in Pacific Palisades, California.25
In addition to his Golden Globe Award-nominations, Emmy Awards, and Tony Award, Crystal won the Drama Desk Award for Outstanding One-Person Show for 700 Sundays and received the Mark Twain Prize for American Humor in 2007.26 On August 10, 2013, Crystal received a Disney Legends award for his contributions in film and television for Disney, primarily for performing the voice of Mike Wazowski in Monsters, Inc., and its prequel, Monsters University.27
|1977||SST: Death Flight||David|
|1978||Rabbit Test||Lionel Carpenter|
|1980||Animalympics||Lodge Turkell (voice)|
|1984||This Is Spinal Tap||Morty the Mime|
|1986||Running Scared||Danny Constanzo|
|1987||Princess Bride, TheThe Princess Bride||Miracle Max|
|1987||Throw Momma from the Train||Larry Donner|
|1988||Memories of Me||Abbie||Writer/Producer|
|1989||When Harry Met Sally...||Harry Burns||American Comedy Award for Funniest Actor in a Motion Picture
Nominated — Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy
|1991||City Slickers||Mitch Robbins||Executive producer
American Comedy Award for Funniest Actor in a Motion Picture
MTV Movie Award for Best Comedic Performance
Nominated — Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy
|1992||Doctor Seuss Video Classics: Horton Hatches the Egg||Narrator (voice)|
|1992||Mr. Saturday Night||Buddy Young, Jr.||Writer/Director/Producer
Nominated — Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy
|1994||City Slickers II: The Legend of Curly's Gold||Mitch Robbins||Writer/Producer|
|1995||Forget Paris||Mickey Gordon||Writer/Director/Producer|
|1997||Fathers' Day||Jack Lawrence|
|1998||My Giant||Sam 'Sammy' Kamin||Writer/Producer|
|1999||Analyze This||Dr. Ben Sobel||Executive Producer|
|2000||Adventures of Rocky and Bullwinkle, TheThe Adventures of Rocky and Bullwinkle||Mattress salesman||Uncreditedcitation needed|
|2001||America's Sweethearts||Lee Phillips||Writer/Producer|
|2001||Monsters, Inc.||Michael "Mike" Wazowski (voice)|
|2002||Mike's New Car||Michael "Mike" Wazowski (voice)||Short film|
|2002||Analyze That||Dr. Ben Sobel||Executive producer|
|2004||Howl's Moving Castle||Calcifer (voice)|
|2005||Dinotopia: Quest for the Ruby Sunstone||Karl Scott (voice)|
|2006||Cars||Michael "Mike" Wazowski Car (voice)||Cameo
Car version of Michael "Mike" Wazowski;
Wazowski Car made an appearance in Tokyo Mater.28
|2009||Make 'Em Laugh: The Funny Business Of America||Himself (host)|
|2010||Tooth Fairy||Jerry||Uncreditedcitation needed|
|2012||Parental Guidance||Artie Decker|
|2012||Small Apartments||Burt Walnut|
|2013||Monsters University||Michael "Mike" Wazowski (voice)|
|1976||All in the Family||Angel||Episode: "New Year's Wedding"|
|1976||The Dean Martin Celebrity Roast||Himself||Episode: "Muhammad Ali Roast"|
|1977–1981||Soap||Jodie Dallas||73 episodes|
|1982||The Billy Crystal Comedy Hour||Himself (host)||5 episodes|
|1984||Saturday Night Live||Himself (host)||Episode: "Billy Crystal/Al Jarreau"|
|1984||Saturday Night Live||Himself (co-host)||Episode: "Billy Crystal, Ed Koch, Edwin Newman, Don Novello, Betty Thomas/The Cars"|
|1984-1985||Saturday Night Live||Himself, Various||18 episodes|
|1985||Simon & Simon||Ben Crane||Episode: "Quint Is Out"|
|1986-1988||Sesame Street||Ricky||2 episodes|
|1987||29th Annual Grammy Awards||Himself (host)||TV special|
|1988||30th Annual Grammy Awards||Himself (host)||TV special|
|1989||31st Annual Grammy Awards||Himself (host)||TV special|
|1990||62nd Academy Awards||Himself (host)||TV special|
|1991||63rd Academy Awards||Himself (host)||TV special|
|1992||64th Academy Awards||Himself (host)||TV special|
|1993||65th Academy Awards||Himself (host)||TV special|
|1995||Frasier||Jack (voice)||Episode: "Leapin' Lizards"|
|1996||Muppets Tonight||Himself||Episode: "Billy Crystal"|
|1997||Friends||Tim The Gynecologist (with Robin Williams)||Episode: "The One with the Ultimate Fighting Champion"|
|1997||69th Academy Awards||Himself (host)||TV special|
|1998||70th Academy Awards||Himself (host)||TV special|
|2000||72nd Academy Awards||Himself (host)||TV special|
|2002||Liberty's Kids||John Adams (voice)||6 episodes|
|2004||76th Academy Awards||Himself (host)||TV special|
|2010||Planet Sheen||Soldier Joagth (voice)||Episode: "What's Up Chock?"|
|2012||84th Academy Awards||Himself (host)||TV special|
|2002||Monsters, Inc. Scream Arena||Mike Wazowski (voice)|
- Crystal, Billy (1986). Absolutely Mahvelous. New York: Perigee Trade. ISBN 0-399-51246-2.
- Crystal, Billy (2004). I Already Know I Love You. New York: HarperCollins. ISBN 0-06-059391-1.
- Crystal, Billy (2006). Grandpa's Little One. New York: HarperCollins. ISBN 978-0-06-078173-6.
- Crystal, Billy (2005). 700 Sundays. New York: Warner Books. ISBN 0-446-57867-3.C
- Crystal, Billy (2013). Still Foolin' 'Em: Where I've Been, Where I'm Going, and Where the Hell Are My Keys?. New York: Henry Holt and Co. ISBN 0-805-09820-8.29
- On page 17 of his book 700 Sundays, Crystal displays his birth announcement, which gives his first two names as "William Edward", not "William Jacob" Crystal, Billy (2005). 700 Sundays. Grand Central Publishing. p. 17. ISBN 978-0446578677. "Sunday Number One. I'm born. March 14, 1948, in Manhattan at Doctor's [sic] Hospital overlooking Gracie Mansion. 7:30 in the morning."
- Note: Some sources have given 1947, as per FIlmReference.com, below
- Fischler, Marcelle S. (February 27, 2005). "700 Memories of Childhood in Long Beach". The New York Times. Retrieved November 5, 2012.
- Kane, Joe. "Jack Crystal: A Man To Remember". AllAboutJazz.com. Archived from the original on June 24, 2002. Retrieved January 16, 2008.
- "Billy Crystal Biography (1947?-)". Filmreference.com. Retrieved January 16, 2008.
- Braver, Rita (November 6, 2005). "Life Is Short, Laugh Hard". CBS News.
- Ketchum, Diane (June 3, 1990). "Long Island Journal: Crystal Gazing". The New York Times. Retrieved December 4, 2012.
- "Billy Crystal | Hollywood Walk of Fame". Walkoffame.com. Retrieved 2012-04-10.
- "Billy Crystal Biography". Yahoo! Movies. Retrieved January 16, 2008.
- Crystal, in Lovece, Frank (December 10, 2012). "Crystal Clear: Veteran Comedy Star Discusses 'Parental Guidance' and his Sandy-Ravaged Hometown". Film Journal International. Retrieved September 6, 2013.
- Lipton, James (host) (October 8, 2007). "Billy Crystal, 2nd Visit". Inside the Actors Studio. Season 13. Episode 1307. Bravo. http://www.bravotv.com/Inside_the_Actors_Studio/guest/Billy_Crystal_-_2nd_Visit.
- "Season 1: Episode 17 > Ron Nessen / Patti Smith > Billy Crystal Stand-Up". Saturday Night Live Transcripts. Retrieved September 6, 2013.
- Crystal, Billy (2013). Still Foolin' Em. Henry Holt and Company. p. 93. ISBN 9780805098204.
- "Billy Crystal to return as host for 84th Academy Awards". Tvbythenumbers.zap2it.com. Retrieved 2012-04-10.
- "Oscars: "King" wins, show loses". Chicago Sun-Times.
- "Leno's autographed bike raises $500,000". USAToday. Associated Press. September 30, 2005.
- "Billy Crystal to sign contract with Yankees". Yahoo. March 10, 2008.
- By Chris Girandola / Special to MLB.com. "Crystal strikes out in only at-bat". Newyork.yankees.mlb.com. Retrieved 2012-05-04.
- "Yankees release Billy Crystal on 61st birthday - Baseball". Nbcsports.msnbc.com. March 14, 2008. Retrieved November 3, 2008.
- Crystal, Billy (April 19, 2009). "Feeling Lonely Behind the Facade". The New York Times. Retrieved March 26, 2010.
- "Billy Crystal Strikes Out in New Career". The Insider. March 14, 2008. Retrieved December 6, 2009.
- Crystal, Still Foolin' 'em, p. 43
- Lee, Sandra Y. "Celebrity Parents: Billy Crystal". Parents.com. Retrieved 2012-05-04.
- "Having Struggled From Warm-Up Act to Headliner: BILLY CRYSTAL". Time. October 19, 1992.
- Trescott, Jacqueline (May 2, 2007). "Billy Crystal, Clearly Funny". The Washington Post.
- Ford, Rebecca (10 July 2013). "Steve Jobs, Billy Crystal to Receive Disney Legends Awards". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 18 July 2013.
- Lasseter, John (Director) (2008). Tokyo Mater (Short film) (in English). Event occurs at 3:41. Retrieved May 11, 2013.
- Billy Crystal at the Internet Movie Database
- Billy Crystal appears on Michael Eisner's talkshow on CNBC