|Traded as||Brilliance China Automotive Holdings Limited (FWB: CBA, SEHK: 1114)|
|Headquarters||Shenyang, Liaoning, China|
|Key people||Qi Yumin (Chief Executive Officer and President)|
|Subsidiaries||Brilliance China Automotive Holdings Limited (42.48%)1|
|Literal meaning||HuaChen Group Auto Holding Co., Ltd.|
Brilliance Auto Group (officially HuaChen Group Auto Holding Co., Ltd.) is an automotive manufacturing company headquartered in Shenyang, China.2 Its products include automobiles, microvans, and automotive components.3 Its principal activity is the design, development, manufacture and sale of passenger cars sold under the Brilliance brand.
Brilliance Auto Group holds a 42.48% shareholding in the Bermuda-incorporated Brilliance China Automotive Holdings Limited, which is listed on the Frankfurt and Hong Kong stock exchanges.4 Brilliance China Automotive Holdings in turn holds 50% of BMW Brilliance, a joint venture with BMW which produces, distributes and sells BMW passenger cars in mainland China.5 Brilliance China Automotive Holdings also holds 60.9% of Shenyang Brilliance JinBei Automobile Co., Ltd., which designs, develops, manufactures and sells minibuses sold under the Jinbei brand.1
In 2010, Brilliance Auto Group and its subsidiaries had an annual production capacity of 800,000 vehicles6 although capacity additions may have come on-line since. In 2012, the company manufactured almost 650,000 vehicles, the 8th-largest production of any Chinese vehicle maker that year.7 Roughly 70% of production was consumer sedans.
The origins of Brilliance Auto Group can be traced to a state-owned auto factory which, under Yang Rong, became a leading Chinese maker of minibuses between 1991, the year Yang invested in the company, and 2002, when he fled into exile.8
In 2003, BMW and Brilliance signed a deal for the production of BMW-branded sedans in China.9 Its models are, alongside FAW Group Audis, Beijing Benz Mercedes Benzes, and Lexuses, some of the only Western luxury cars to have gained popularity in the Chinese market.10
Brilliance divested itself of the loss-making Zhonghua branch on December 31, 2009,13 to its ultimate shareholder Huachen Automotive Group Holdings Company Limited, which continues to sell the vehicles Zhonghua makes.
In 2010, Brilliance was one of the top ten most-productive carmakers in China coming in ninth and selling a half million units.15
It produced 523,500 whole vehicles in 2011, ranking eighth among Chinese vehicle maker in terms of production volume.16
Brilliance Auto and its subsidiaries sell passenger cars under the Brilliance marque and minibuses under the Jinbei marque.
Brilliance Auto Group currently sells the following products under the Brilliance marque:17
- FRV (Junjie) (1.6 1.8 and 2.0 litre)18
- FRV Cross (1.5 and 1.6 litre)
- FSV (1.5 and 1.6 litre)
- H230 (1.5 litre)
- H320 (1.5 litre)
- H330 (1.5 litre)
- H530 (1.5 and 1.6 litre)
- M1 (Zunchi) (1.8 and 2.0 litre)
- M2 Wagon (1.8 and 2.0 litre)
- M3 (Kubao) (1.8 litre)
- V5 (1.5 and 1.6 litre)
For detailed information about Jinbei products, see Jinbei
Shenyang Brilliance JinBei Automobile currently sells the following products under the Jinbei marque:17
- Geruisi (2.0, 2.4 and 2.7 litre)
- Haise (2.0, 2.4 and 2.7 litre)
- Haise long wheelbase (2.4 litre)
- S30 (1.5 litre)
- S50 (2.0 and 2.4 litre)
While the company also manufactures gasoline engines and other automotive components, automobile manufacture is performed by the indirectly held subsidiaries Shenyang Brilliance JinBei Automobile Co Ltd and BMW Brilliance Automotive Co Ltd of which Brilliance has 33% and 50% ownership respectively.19 As of June 2011, the company may actually have far less than 33% ownership of Shenyang Jinbei Automotive Co Ltd (SSE: 600609).20
BMW-branded autos are made at a production base in the Northeastern Chinese city of Shenyang completed in 2004, and ongoing construction may see this base increase its production capacity to 200,000 units/year by 2012.21
Brilliance operates a R&D center which is responsible for product development and designing of all Brilliance and Jinbei models. By the end of 2012, the R&D department had 1,500 employees. Additionally, Brilliance tries to promote its R&D efforts through cooperations with Chinese Universities. Its R&D efforts can also been seen from the number of Brilliance's patent and utility model applications. Between 2008 and 2010, it filed more than 30 patents and utility models.22
In 2003 BMW and Brilliance agreed to make select products of this German luxury carmaker in China.9 The joint venture makes the BMW 3 Series, the BMW 5 Series, and began producing the BMW X1 in 2012.23 Indigenously produced engines will appear in some offerings soon, and the company plans to bring total production capacity to 300,000 by 2013.24
These vehicles may differ slightly from those sold in other markets under the same names. As of mid-2010 almost 60% of the components used to manufacture the China-built BMWs were imported to China.23
Brilliance has made microvans with Toyota technology since the early 1990s, but the two do not have a fully fledged joint venture.25 Their partnership has been described as "licensing arrangements and alliances."26
A total of 188,143 Brilliance marque vehicles were sold in China in 2013, making it the 25th largest-selling car brand in the country in that year (and the 10th largest-selling Chinese brand).27
In 2007 Brilliance's BS6 sedan performed poorly in a crash test conducted by Germany's ADAC, receiving only one out of five possible stars in the Euro NCAP rating.28 Brilliance then redesigned the car, changing at least sixty components, and it saw a three-star performance in a crash test performed by Spain's Idiada.29 However, the price also rose considerably,30 and the importer (HSO Motors) went bankrupt in November 2009.31 Brilliance then tried to go it alone, but with high pricing and considerable market reluctance after the well-publicized crash test failures, exports to Europe were ended in April 2010 with no immediate plans for resumption.32
- "Annual Report 2012". Brilliance China Automotive Holdings Limited. Retrieved 23 February 2014.
- Exiled China tycoon in U.S. clean vehicle plan reuters.com, Fri Oct 16, 2009 6:50 am EDT
- For legal name and private ownership, see PLACING OF EXISTING SHARES BY CONTROLLING SHAREHOLDER Brilliance official site
- For products manufactured, see General Overview Brilliance Auto official site
- For location, see Exiled China tycoon in U.S. clean vehicle plan reuters.com, Fri Oct 16, 2009 6:50 am EDT
- For Frankfurt listing, see BRILL. CHINA AUT. DL-,01 Equity, ISIN BMG1368B1028, WKN 884968, CBA boerse-frankfurt.de
- For Hong Kong listing, see BRILLIANCE CHI (1114 ) hkex.com.hk
- For BMW joint venture, see "The fascination of BMW comes to China with CBA". BMW Brilliance Automotive. Retrieved December 30, 2011.
- For Toyota technology, see
- Brilliance Auto plans to build 30 special-vehicle production bases gasgoo.com, November 8, 2010
- "2012年12月分车型前十家生产企业销量排名". China Association of Automobile Manufacturers (CAAM). 14 January 2013. Retrieved January 15, 2013. "Please note that in order to reach the 944K figure you must total the output of Brilliance (华晨) as well as Jinbei (金杯)"
- For Yang turning around a state-owned minibus factory and year fled, see Exiled China tycoon in U.S. clean vehicle plan reuters.com, Fri Oct 16, 2009 6:50 am EDT
- For year Yang first invested in Brilliance, see China 100 Richest Businesspeople: No. 3 Yang Rong forbes.com
- General Overview Brilliance Auto official site
- Shirouzu, Norihiko (June 7, 2011), "Chinese Begin Volvo Overhaul", Wall Street Journal, retrieved 2011-06-09
- China's drive into U.S. car market stalls money.cnn.com, October 31, 2008: 6:09 am ET
- Great Wall sets sights on US globaltimes.cn, September 13, 2010 (Google cache)
- BRILLIANCE CHINA AUTOMOTIVE HOLDINGS LIMITED (1114.HK), Full Description reuters.com
- BMW and China partner in $735 mln mainland expansion reuters.com, Thu Nov 12, 2009 2:13 am EST
- China Car Market 101: Who Makes All Those 18 Million Cars? thetruthaboutcars.com, January 19, 2011
- "2011年1-11月前十家汽车生产企业销量排名". China Association of Automobile Manufacturers (CAAM). December 16, 2011. Retrieved January 7, 2012.
- "Chinese Brands". China Auto Web. Retrieved 3 March 2013.
- "Brilliance FRV photo". Car & Driver. Hearst Magazines.
- For engine and component manufacture, see Brands and Products > Automotive Components Brilliance Auto official site
- For auto-making subsidiaries, see Company > Company at a Glance > Corporate Chart Brilliance Official site
- "Interim Report 2011". Brilliance China Automotive Holdings Limited. June 30, 2011. p. 17. Retrieved December 29, 2011.
- For Shenyang production base, see BMW and China partner in $735 mln mainland expansion reuters.com, Thu Nov 12, 2009 2:13 am EST
- For year completed, see Plant Introduction BMW Brilliance Official site
- For expansion plans, see Brilliance China sees a "very satisfying" profit in 2010 reuters.com, Fri May 28, 2010 1:15 am EDT
- Brilliance China sees a "very satisfying" profit in 2010 reuters.com, Fri May 28, 2010 1:15 am EDT
- Brilliance Interim Report 2011, p. 32
- Ying, Tian (December 17, 2009). "Toyota, Brilliance May Expand Cooperation in China (Update1)". bloomberg.com. Bloomberg LP. Retrieved 13 October 2013.
- Michael Backman, Charlotte Butler (2003). "Big in Asia: 25 Strategies for Business Success". Big in Asia: 25 Strategies for Business Success. Palgrave Macmillan. p. 252. Retrieved 13 October 2013.
- "2013 Passenger Vehicle Sales by Brand". China Auto Web. 15 January 2014. Retrieved 4 March 2014.
- "Another Chinese Car Flunks German Crash Test". Reuters. July 22, 2007.
- Kujawska, Joanna (March 18, 2008). "Changes introduced by producer in Brilliance BS6". Autochiny.
- "Brilliance BS6 Not as Lethal as Before". ChinaCarTimes.com. September 13, 2007.
- Hadyś, Michał (November 7, 2009). "Europe is not for Brilliance, the Importer is Bankrupt". Autochiny. Retrieved 2011-02-05.
- "China Automaker Brilliance Halts Europe Exports, Executives Say". AutoWeek.com. Crain Communications. April 29, 2010.
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