A sign welcomes visitors to the twin cities of Bristol, Virginia and Bristol, Tennessee.
|Nickname(s): The Birthplace of Country Music|
|Motto: A Good Place To Live|
|• Mayor||Guy Odum|
|• Vice Mayor||Catherine Brillhart|
|• City||13.2 sq mi (34 km2)|
|• Land||13.0 sq mi (34 km2)|
|• Water||0.1 sq mi (0.3 km2)|
|Elevation||1,680 ft (512 m)|
|• Density||1,372/sq mi (530/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|Zip Codes||24201 and 24202|
|GNIS feature ID||14926332|
Bristol is an independent city in the U.S. state of Virginia As of the 2010 census, the population was 17,835.3 It is bounded by Washington County, Virginia, Bristol, Tennessee, and Sullivan County, Tennessee.
It is the twin city of Bristol, Tennessee, just across the state line, which runs down the middle of its main street, State Street. The Bureau of Economic Analysis combines the city of Bristol, Virginia with Washington County for statistical purposes. Bristol is a principal city of Kingsport–Bristol–Bristol, TN-VA Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is a component of the Johnson City–Kingsport–Bristol, TN-VA Combined Statistical Area – commonly known as the "Tri-Cities" region.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Government
- 5 Technology
- 6 Economy
- 7 Education
- 8 Culture
- 9 See also
- 10 References
- 11 External links
Originally named Goodson, it was renamed Bristol (after Bristol, England) in 1890.
Bristol is located at 5.(36.6111, -82.1762)
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 13.2 square miles (34 km2), of which 12.9 square miles (33 km2) is land and 0.3 square miles (0.78 km2) (2.05%) is water.
As of the census10 of 2000, there were 17,367 people, 7,678 households, and 4,798 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,346.4 people per square mile (519.8/km²). There were 8,469 housing units at an average density of 656.6 per square mile (253.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 92.54% White, 5.57% Black or African American, 0.25% Native American, 0.37% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.18% from other races, and 1.08% from two or more races. 0.97% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 7,678 households out of which 24.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.1% were married couples living together, 13.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.5% were non-families. 34.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.18 and the average family size was 2.78.
In the city, the population was spread out with 20.3% under the age of 18, 8.6% from 18 to 24, 26.2% from 25 to 44, 24.4% from 45 to 64, and 20.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females, there were 82.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 75.9 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $27,389, and the median income for a family was $34,266. Males had a median income of $28,420 versus $20,967 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,311. About 13.2% of families and 16.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.8% of those under age 18 and 12.4% of those age 65 or over.
As of Jan 2014:
- Mayor: Guy Odum
- Vice Mayor: Catherine Brillhart
- Council Member: Ed Harlow
- Council Member: Don Ashley
- Council Member: Jim Steele
- City Manager: Tabitha Crowder (Interim)
- Assistant City Manager: Andrew Trivette
- City Attorneys: Ed Stout and Pete Curcio
- City Clerk: Steve Allen
- Sheriff: Jack Weisenburger
- Circuit Court Clerk: Terry Rohr
- Commissioner of Revenue: Terry Frye
- Commonwealth Attorney: Jerry Wolfe
- City Treasurer: Angel Harris
- Voter Registrar: Penny Limburg
- School Board Chairman: Ronald Cameron
- School Board Vice Chairman: Randy White
- School Board Member: Randy Alvis
- School Board Member: Tyrone Foster
- School Board Member: Beth Rhinehart
Despite its relatively small size, Bristol, Virginia boasts one of the most advanced broadband networks in the country. Bristol Virginia Utilities (BVU) started planning a fiber optic deployment in the city in the late 1990s. By the year 2001, BVU had been granted approval by the City Council of Bristol for a full deployment of a Fiber to the premises (FTTP or FTTU, fiber to the user) project. This project was to offer competition to local incumbents and provide broadband Internet, cable TV, and telephone service to the residents of Bristol. This deployment was one of the first of its kind in the United States and was widely watched by the telecommunications industry. A system known as Passive optical network (PON) was successfully deployed to over 6000 customers in a matter of 2 years.
Today, Bristol Virginia is still one of only a few FTTP deployments in the country with a significant number of customers online. Bristol’s twin, Bristol, Tennessee, is also deploying an FTTP system similar to its neighbor across the state line.
According to Bristol's 2011 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,11 the top employers in the city are:
|#||Employer||# of Employees|
|1||City of Bristol||676|
|7||Commonwealth of Virginia||250|
|11||United Parcel Service||193|
- Highland View Elementary School
- Stonewall Jackson Elementary School
- Van Pelt Elementary School
- Washington Lee Elementary School
- St Anne Catholic School (Pre-K - 8)
- Sullins Academy Private School (Preschool - 8th Grade)
- Morrison Private School (1st - 12th Grade)
Bristol was recognized as the "Birthplace of Country Music," according to a resolution passed by the US Congress in 1998; residents of the city had contributed to early country music recordings and influence.
In 1927 record producer Ralph Peer of Victor Records began recording local musicians in Bristol to attempt to capture the local sound of traditional 'folk' music of the region. One of these local sounds was created by the Carter Family. The Carter Family got their start on July 31, 1927, when A.P. Carter and his family journeyed from Maces Spring, Virginia, to Bristol, Tennessee, to audition for Peer who was seeking new talent for the relatively embryonic recording industry. They received $50 for each song they recorded.
Since 1994, the Birthplace of Country Music Alliance has promoted the city as a destination to learn about the history of the region and its role in the creation of an entire music genre. The Alliance is organizing the building of a new Cultural Heritage Center to help educate the public about the history of country music in the region.1516
On the Tennessee side, Bristol is home to Bristol Motor Speedway, the "world's fastest half mile", which hosts two races per year on the NASCAR Sprint Cup circuit, two races per year on the NASCAR Nationwide Series circuit, one race per year on the Camping World Truck Series circuit, and various other racing events. The complex includes the Bristol Dragway, nicknamed "Thunder Valley," referencing the hills that echo the engine noise back toward the crowd.
- WCYB-TV in Bristol, VA (NBC Channel 5)
- WEMT-TV in Bristol, VA (Fox Channel 39)
- WJHL-TV in Johnson City, TN (CBS Channel 11)
- WTZR 99.3 FM
- WAEZ 94.9 FM
- WXBQ 96.9 FM
- WKJV 100.5 FM
- WZAP 690 AM
- WFHG 980 AM
- WOPI 1490 AM
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 5, 2014.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 5, 2014.
- "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 5, 2014.
- "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 5, 2014.
- "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 5, 2014.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14.
- City of Bristol CAFR
- American Music Conference
- NAMM Foundation Names the 'Best Communities for Music Education' — NAMM, The International Music Products Association
- http://www.birthplaceofcountrymusic.org/. Missing or empty
- http://www.birthplaceofcountrymusic.org/?BISKIT=3230362962&CONTEXT=cat&cat=10267/. Missing or empty
- City of Bristol
- Bristol Virginia Public Schools
- Bristol Virginia Voter Registration Office
- Bristol Family YMCA
- Bristol Virginia Office of Economic Development
- Believe in Bristol
- I Love State Street
- Bristol Pictures
- Sullins Academy
- St. Anne School
- Morrison School
|Washington County||Washington County|
|Sullivan County, Tennessee|
|Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Bristol (Tennessee).|