Brookhaven, New York
|Town of Brookhaven, New York|
|• Type||Civil Township|
|• Supervisor||Edward P. Romaine|
|• Total||531.5 sq mi (1,376.6 km2)|
|• Land||259.3 sq mi (671.6 km2)|
|• Water||272.2 sq mi (705.1 km2)|
|Elevation||79 ft (24 m)|
|• Density||1,822/sq mi (703/km2)|
|Time zone||EST (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0978758|
The Town of Brookhaven is one of the ten towns into which Suffolk County, New York, United States, has been divided. Part of the New York metropolitan area, it is located in central Suffolk County and is the only town in the county that stretches from the North Shore to the South Shore of Long Island. The population of the town was 486,040 at the 2010 census.1 It is the largest of the 932 towns (by area, if including water area) in the state of New York, and the second most populous, exceeded only by the town of Hempstead in Nassau County.2
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 531.5 square miles (1,376.6 km²), of which 259.3 square miles (671.6 km²) is land and 272.2 square miles (705.1 km² or 51.22%) is water. It is the largest town in New York in terms of total area. Excluding water, however, there are four towns in the state with more land area: Webb in Herkimer County, Long Lake in Hamilton County, Arietta in Hamilton County, and Ohio in Herkimer County.
Bald Hill, a large hill in the hamlet of Farmingville, marks where the glacier which formed Long Island stopped. At the top of Bald Hill is a Vietnam veterans memorial. Telescope Hill, to the west of Bald Hill Cultural Park, is slightly taller at 334 feet (102 m) above sea level and the highest point in the town.
Brookhaven National Laboratory is located within the town.
The first known inhabitants were Algonquian-speaking Native Americans, of the Setauket and Unkechaug tribes. The first English settlers arrived around 1640, and in 1655, several purchased Brookhaven's land from its tribal inhabitants. Early English settlers farmed, fished, and hunted whales.
The first English settlement was named Setauket after the native American tribe. In 1666, Governor Richard Nicolls granted a patent for the town which confirmed title to the lands purchased, and permitted additional purchases. Governor Thomas Dongan issued a patent in 1686 which granted powers to the town and established a representative form of government.3
The letter "D" on the official seal, associated with the original Dongan patent officially establishing Brookhaven, is a cattle branding letter assigned to Brookhaven in the mid-17th century, along with whaling harpoons.
As of the census4 of 2000, there were 448,248 people, 146,828 households, and 112,910 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,728.8 people per square mile (667.5/km²). There were 155,406 housing units at an average density of 599.4 per square mile (231.4/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 88.43% White, 4.33% Black or African American, 0.23% Native American, 2.90% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 2.21% from other races, and 1.87% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 8.04% of the population.
There were 146,828 households out of which 38.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.3% were married couples living together, 10.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.1% were non-families. 17.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.97 and the average family size was 3.37.
In the town, the population was spread out with 26.7% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 31.5% from 25 to 44, 22.7% from 45 to 64, and 10.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 96.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.8 males.
According to a 2006 estimate, the median income for a household in the town was $73,566, and the median income for a family was $84,705. Males had a median income of $48,601 versus $32,157 for females. The per capita income for the town was $24,191. About 3.9% of families and 5.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.5% of those under age 18 and 6.6% of those age 65 or over.
(see also sidebox for U.S. census data)
According to Brookhaven's 2009 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,8 the top employers in the town are:
|#||Employer||# of Employees||Location|
|1||Stony Brook University||13,623||Stony Brook|
|2||Internal Revenue Service||3,332||Holtsville|
|3||Sachem School District||3,100||Holbrook|
|4||Brookhaven National Laboratory||2,500||Upton|
|5||John T. Mather Memorial Hospital||2,047||Port Jefferson|
|6||Brookhaven Memorial Hospital Medical Center||2,030||East Patchogue|
|7||St. Charles Hospital||1,520||Port Jefferson|
|8||Three Village Central School District||1,454||East Setauket|
|10||William Floyd School District||1,300||Mastic Beach|
Brookhaven is led by a town Supervisor and a six-member Town Council, which are all two-year term elected positions. Council members are elected by district.9
Prior to 2002, the Town of Brookhaven Republican Party controlled the majority of the town board for several decades, except for a four-year period in the mid-1970s when Democrats held a majority under Supervisor John Randolph.10 This one-party domination, and a series of scandals, led to a tarnished reputation of local politics accorded the nickname "Crookhaven".1112
In 2002, a voter proposition was passed to create council districts, replacing the prior system of electing the six town council members at-large.2 Steve Fiore-Rosenfield became the first Democrat to be elected since the 1970s in 2003.13 In 2005, Brian X. Foley, a Democratic county legislator, won the Town Supervisor race against Republican Councilman Edward Hennessy.14 Constance Kepert and Carol Bissonette were also elected to the town board. As a result, the Democrats gained control of the Brookhaven town board.15
Following the election of 2007, the Republican Party regained a majority on the Brookhaven Town Board, and elected Councilman Tim Mazzei as majority leader.16
In 2008, Brian Foley was elected to the State Senate; he was replaced as Supervisor by Mark Lesko, a Democrat, in a special election in early 2009.17 However, the Republicans retained their majority on the Town Council.
On November 14, 2009, Town Councilman Keith Romaine, son of Suffolk County Legislator Ed Romaine, died. A special election was held March 9, 2010 to fill the vacant seat, with Daniel Panico being the victor.
In August 2012, Supervisor Lesko announced he would be resigning in September to take a position in the private sector. Deputy Supervisor Kathleen Walsh was named Acting Supervisor and a special election was announced for November 6, 2012, concurrent with the general election. The Democratic party nominated Lesko Chief of Staff Brian Beedenbender and the Republican, Conservative and Independence Party nominated Suffolk County Legislator and former county clerk Edward Romaine; Romaine won the election with 58% of the vote and was formerly sworn in as supervisor on November 26, 2012.
Current Town Board as of December 4, 2012:18
- Supervisor: Edward Romaine (R)
- Town Clerk: Patricia Eddington (former Assemblywoman; non-voting member) (D)
- 1st Council District Councilman: Steve Fiore-Rosenfield (D)
- 2nd Council District Councilwoman: Jane Bonner (C)
- 3rd Council District Councilwoman: Kathleen Walsh (R)
- 4th Council District Councilwoman: Constance Kepert (D)
- 5th Council District Councilman: Timothy Mazzei (R)
- 6th Council District Councilman: Daniel Panico (R)
- Tax Receiver: Louis J. Marcoccia (R)18
|This section requires expansion. (March 2009)|
Brookhaven has nine villages:
Brookhaven includes all or part of 50 hamlets. One of those hamlets is also named Brookhaven.
- Blue Point
- Calverton (in part with the town of Riverhead)
- Canaan Lake
- Center Moriches
- Cherry Grove
- Crystal Brook
- Cupsogue Beach
- Davis Park
- East Moriches
- East Patchogue
- East Setauket
- East Shoreham
- Eastport (in part with the town of Southampton)
- Fire Island Pines
- Gordon Heights
- Holbrook (in part with the town of Islip)
- Holtsville (in part with the town of Islip)
- Lake Ronkonkoma (in part with the towns of Smithtown and Islip)
- Manorville (in part with the town of Riverhead)
- Middle Island
- Miller Place
- Mount Sinai
- North Bellport
- North Patchogue
- Ocean Bay Park
- Port Jefferson Station
- Rocky Point
- Ronkonkoma (in part with the town of Islip)
- Sound Beach
- South Haven
- Stony Brook
- Strongs Neck
- Wading River (in part with the town of Riverhead)
- Water Island
- West Manor
- Patchogue Bay
- Moriches Bay
- Outer barrier
- Great South Bay
- Fire Island
- Watch Hill
- Davis Park
- Old Field Lighthouse
- Port Jefferson Harbor
- Bayberry Dunes
- Bellview Beach
- Coram Hill
- Crystal Brook
- East Yaphank
- Hallock Landing
- Old Mastic
- Poospatuck Reservation
- Rocky Point Landing
- Patchogue Highlands
- Sigfield Park
- South Manor
- South Medford
- South Setauket
- South Yaphank
- Squassux Landing
- Smith Point
- Wading River Landing
- West Yaphank
- Woodhull Landing
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Brookhaven town, Suffolk County, New York". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved 2012-12-19.
- Lambert, Bruce (January 23, 2002). "Council-Districts Referendum Wins Narrowly in Brookhaven". The New York Times. Retrieved 2009-06-04.
- Brookhaven Town History, Town of Brookhaven, accessed 2009-06-05
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Census of the State of New York, 1865, Tables p. 14". Retrieved 2009-05-29.
- "Census of the State of New York, 1845". Retrieved 2009-05-29.
- "Census of the State of New York, 1825". Retrieved 2009-05-29.
- Town of Brookhaven CAFR
- Brookhaven Elected Officials, Town of Brookhaven, accessed 2009-06-05
- Rather, John (Jan. 23, 2005). "Brian Foley Is Running For Brookhaven Supervisor". The New York Times. Retrieved 2009-06-04.
- "Crookhaven: The Brookhaven Town Republican Party". Newsday. Nov. 12, 2003. Retrieved 2009-06-04.
- Lambert, Bruce (Nov. 5, 2005). "BROOKHAVEN; With Republican Party in Shambles, Change Is in the Air". The New York Times. Retrieved 2009-06-04.
- Toy, Vivian S. (Jul. 18, 2004). "A Better Way To Govern? Taking Stock In 3 Towns". The New York Times. Retrieved 2009-06-04.
- Lambert, Bruce (Nov. 9, 2005). "Democrats Score Gains in Nassau and Suffolk". The New York Times. Retrieved 2009-06-04.
- "Talkin’ bout a revolution". North Shore Sun. Nov. 11, 2005. Retrieved 2009-06-05.
- "Mazzei to run for Brookhaven supervisor". Long Island Business News. Dec. 5, 2008. Retrieved 2009-06-05.
- "Newcomer Lesko wins Brookhaven supervisor". Newsday. Mar. 31, 2009. Retrieved 2009-06-04.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Town of Brookhaven, New York.|
- Town of Brookhaven official website
- Town of Brookhaven, Economic Development
- The North Shore Sun