Brooks County, Georgia
|Brooks County, Georgia|
Location in the state of Georgia
Georgia's location in the U.S.
|Named for||Preston Brooks|
|• Total||497.77 sq mi (1,289 km2)|
|• Land||493.62 sq mi (1,278 km2)|
|• Water||4.15 sq mi (11 km2), 0.83%|
|• Density||33/sq mi (13/km²)|
|Time zone||Eastern: UTC-5/-4|
Brooks County is a county located in the U.S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 16,243.1 The county seat is Quitman.2 The county was created in 1858 from portions of Lowndes and Thomas counties by an act of the Georgia General Assembly and is named in honor of U.S. Representative Preston Brooks.
Brooks County is included in the Valdosta, Georgia Metropolitan Statistical Area.
- 1 Geography
- 2 Demographics
- 3 Education
- 4 Government
- 5 Recreation
- 6 Hospital
- 7 History and Historical sites
- 8 Cities and towns
- 9 Unincorporated communities
- 10 See also
- 11 References
- 12 External links
According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 497.77 square miles (1,289.2 km2), of which 493.62 square miles (1,278.5 km2) (or 99.17%) is land and 4.15 square miles (10.7 km2) (or 0.83%) is water.3 The eastern boundary of the county are the Little River (Withlacoochee River) and the Withlacoochee River which together meander along a distance of over 100 miles (160 km) to form that boundary. These river boundaries are shared with Cook and Lowndes counties. The southern boundary of the county has a mutual east-west interface of about 25 miles (40 km) with Florida, although it is not continuous. The county is actually discontinuous along the Florida border with the easternmost section about a mile east of the rest of the county. This section presently consists of only one parcel recorded as 350 acres (1.4 km2) although it has a border with Florida of almost 2 miles (3.2 km). The county shares a north-south boundary with Thomas county to the west about 26 miles (42 km) in length. It also shares an east-west boundary of 10 miles (16 km) and a north-south boundary of 3 miles (4.8 km) with Colquitt county to the northwest. The county has over 10,000 parcels of land with 19 over 2,000 acres (8.1 km2) and two over 5,000 acres (20 km2). The county is home to several endangered plant and animal species including the Pond Spicebush, the Wood Stork, and the Eastern Indigo snake.
Georgia State Bicycle Route 10 is one of 14 bike routes across Georgia. Route 10 is 246 miles (396 km) long and goes from Lake Seminole in the west to Jekyll Island in the east. It runs a west-east route, of approximately 27.3 miles (43.9 km), through the County and passes through downtown Quitman.
BROOKS CO (4J5) Runway length 5000' Lights, CTAF 122.9 FSS Macon 122.4 5
- Cook County, Georgia - northeast
- Lowndes County, Georgia - east
- Madison County, Florida - southeast
- Jefferson County, Florida - southwest
- Thomas County, Georgia - west
- Colquitt County, Georgia - northwest
As of the census8 of 2000, there were 16,450 people, 6,155 households, and 4,370 families residing in the county. The population density was 33 people per square mile (13/km²). There were 7,118 housing units at an average density of 14 per square mile (6/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 57.36% Caucasian, 39.34% Black or African American, 0.30% Native American, 0.26% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.76% from other races, and 0.94% from two or more races. 3.07% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 6,155 households out of which 31.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.30% were married couples living together, 18.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.00% were non-families. 25.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.11.
In the county the population was spread out with 26.90% under the age of 18, 8.90% from 18 to 24, 26.90% from 25 to 44, 22.30% from 45 to 64, and 15.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 92.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.80 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $26,911, and the median income for a family was $32,382. Males had a median income of $26,303 versus $18,925 for females. The per capita income for the county was $13,977. About 19.10% of families and 23.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 32.40% of those under age 18 and 20.10% of those age 65 or over.
The Brooks County School District offers pre-school to grade twelve. There are two elementary schools, a middle school and a high school, Brooks County High School.9 The district has 167 full-time teachers and over 2,563 students.10
- North Brooks Elementary School
- Quitman Elementary School
- Brooks County Middle School
- Brooks County High School
The Government consists of a five-member Board of Commissioners. Under the guidelines of the Commissioners is a County Administrator, a Sheriff and Tax Commissioner, the Judicial System and other Boards and Authorities.
Brooks County is well known for its wildlife. Quail, dove, ducks, and deer abound in the fields and forests. Brooks County also offers excellent fishing in its many lakes and streams, which are open to the public.
Brooks County Hospital, a part of Archbold Medical Center, a 25-bed facility11 was established in 1935 and has 24 hour emergency facilities.
The first Europeans, in what is now Brooks County, were Spanish missionaries from Florida who arrived around 1570. Brooks County was formed from parts of Lowndes and Thomas counties and was named for Preston Brooks, a member of Congress prior to the Civil War who is perhaps most famous for his assault on the anti-slavery Senator Charles Sumner. During the Civil War, the county was the main producer of food for the confederacy and became known as the "Breadbasket of the South."citation needed Brooks County is in the Plantation Trace tourist region.
Located at 1 E. Screven St., Quitman, the Brooks County Courthouse was constructed in 1864 and designed by John Wind. The county's courthouse was constructed in 1864. Brooks County officials paid for the structure with $14,958 in Confederate money, a fortunate circumstance for the county, since this currency was soon to become useless
Located at 121 N. Culpepper, Quitman, it was originally a library. The Cultural Center provides a series of music, art, and culinary events throughout the year.
In May of 1918, a white plantation owner in Brooks County was killed by one of his African-American workers. In retaliation, white mobs hunted down and murdered at least eleven African-Americans, including twenty year old and eight months pregnant Mary Turner and her husband. After her husband was murdered by the white lynch mob, Mary Turner, on May 19, 1918, publicly condemned the murder of her husband and threatened to identify the perpetrators to law enforcement authorities. For this she was abducted by enraged whites, who hanged her by her ankles from a tree near Folsom's Bridge, burned the clothes from her body, cut her fetus from her womb, killed the fetus, and then riddled Ms. Turner's body with bullets. Following the murder of Mary Turner and her unborn baby, several other bodies were found in the area, and the perpetrator of the plantation owner's murder was killed in an exchange of gunfire with police. A white mob mutilated the corpse and dragged it through the streets by a rope around the neck for several miles, and finally burned it. Subsequently, as many as 500 African-Americans fled Lowndes and Brooks counties in fear for their lives.12 Mary Turner's lynching drew widespread condemnation nationally, and formed the impetus for the Anti-Lynching Crusaders campaign for the 1922 Dyer Bill, which sought to make lynching a federal crime.13 In 2010, a historical marker encaptioned "Mary Turner and the Lynching Rampage" was installed at Folsom's Bridge to remind the public of these atrocities.14
- Barwick The town of 0.8 sq mi (2.1 km2) in area is partially in Brooks County, Georgia and Thomas County, Georgia.
- Morven The city has an area of 1.7 sq mi (4.4 km2).
- Pavo The city of 1.8 sq mi (4.7 km2) in area is partially in Brooks County, Georgia and Thomas County, Georgia.
- Quitman The city has an area of 3.8 sq mi (9.8 km2).
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 15, 2014.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13.
- "4J5 - Quitman Brooks County Airport". AirNav. Retrieved 2012-12-22.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved July 20, 2013.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Census.gov. Retrieved July 20, 2013.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Georgia Board of Education, Retrieved May 31, 2010.
- School Stats, Retrieved May 31, 2010.
- "BROOKS COUNTY HOSPITAL (QUITMAN, GA) Detailed Hospital Profile". Hospital-data.com. Retrieved 2012-12-22.
- ""Remembering Mary Turner"". The Mary Turner Project. Retrieved March 30, 2014.
- Armstrong, Julie. ""Mary Turner and the Memory of Lynching"". University of Georgia Press. Retrieved March 30, 2014.
- Gullberg, Greg (May 22, 2012). ""South Georgia Citizens Fight To Keep Mary Turner's Story Alive"". WCTV.
- Brooks County Board of Tax Assessors
- Brooks County Chamber of Commerce
- Brooks County Sheriff's Office
- Brooks County Public Library
- Brooks County CODE
- Brooks County Museum
- Brooks County Hospital
- Brooks County School District
- Magistrate Court of Brooks County
- County Criminal Court
||Colquitt County||Cook County|
|Thomas County||Lowndes County|
|Jefferson County, Florida||Madison County, Florida|