Buchanan County, Missouri

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Buchanan County, Missouri
Buchanan County Courthouse St Joseph Missouri.jpg
The Buchanan County Courthouse in Downtown St. Joseph
Map of Missouri highlighting Buchanan County
Location in the state of Missouri
Map of the United States highlighting Missouri
Missouri's location in the U.S.
Founded December 31, 1838
Named for James Buchanan
Seat St. Joseph
Largest city St. Joseph
Area
 • Total 414.57 sq mi (1,074 km2)
 • Land 409.73 sq mi (1,061 km2)
 • Water 4.84 sq mi (13 km2), 1.17
Population
 • (2010) 89,201
 • Density 218/sq mi (84/km²)
Congressional district 6th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.co.buchanan.mo.us

Buchanan County is a county located in Northwest Missouri. As of the 2010 U.S. Census, the population was 89,201.1 Its county seat is St. Joseph.2 When originally formed in 1838, the county was named Roberts County, after settler Hiram Roberts; it was renamed in 1839 for James Buchanan, then a U.S. Senator and later President of the United States. The county was formed from land annexed to Missouri, as were five other counties.

Buchanan County is included in the St. Joseph, MO-KS Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Geography

According to the 2000 U.S. Census, the county has a total area of 414.57 square miles (1,073.7 km2), of which 409.73 square miles (1,061.2 km2) (or 98.83%) is land and 4.84 square miles (12.5 km2) (or 1.17%) is water.3

Adjacent counties

Major highways

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 6,237
1850 12,975 108.0%
1860 23,861 83.9%
1870 35,109 47.1%
1880 49,792 41.8%
1890 70,100 40.8%
1900 121,838 73.8%
1910 93,020 −23.7%
1920 93,684 0.7%
1930 98,633 5.3%
1940 94,067 −4.6%
1950 96,826 2.9%
1960 90,581 −6.4%
1970 86,915 −4.0%
1980 87,888 1.1%
1990 83,083 −5.5%
2000 85,998 3.5%
2010 89,201 3.7%
Est. 2012 89,706 0.6%
U.S. Decennial Census4
2012 Estimate1

As of the census5 of 2000, there were 85,998 people, 33,557 households, and 21,912 families residing in the county. The population density was 210 people per square mile (81/km²). There were 36,574 housing units at an average density of 89 per square mile (34/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 92.73% White, 4.36% Black or African American, 0.42% Native American, 0.45% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.65% from other races, and 1.37% from two or more races. Approximately 2.43% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 33,557 households out of which 30.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.30% were married couples living together, 12.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.70% were non-families. 28.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the county the population was spread out with 24.30% under the age of 18, 11.00% from 18 to 24, 28.50% from 25 to 44, 21.20% from 45 to 64, and 15.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 96.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $34,704, and the median income for a family was $42,408. Males had a median income of $31,697 versus $21,827 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,882. About 8.50% of families and 12.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.00% of those under age 18 and 9.60% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

City

Villages

Unincorporated towns

Townships

Buchanan County is divided into 12 townships:

Education

Public Schools

  • Buchanan County R-IV School DistrictDe Kalb
    • Rushville Elementary School (PK-06)
    • De Kalb Junior/Senior High School (07-12)
  • Mid-Buchanan County R-V School DistrictFaucett
    • Mid-Buchanan County Elementary School (PK-06)
    • Mid-Buchanan County High School (07-12)
  • St. Joseph School DistrictSt. Joseph
    • Coleman Elementary School (K-06)
    • Edison Elementary School (PK-06)
    • Ellison Elementary School (K-06)
    • Field Elementary School (K-06)
    • Hall Elementary School (PK-06)
    • Hosea Elementary School (PK-06)
    • Humboldt Elementary School (PK-06)
    • Hyde Elementary School (K-06)
    • Lake Elementary School (PK-06)
    • Lindbergh Elementary School (PK-06)
    • Mark Twain Elementary School (K-06)
    • Neely Elementary School (PK-06)
    • Noyes Elementary School (PK-06)
    • Parkway Elementary School (PK-06)
    • Pershing Elementary School (K-06)
    • Pickett Elementary School (PK-06)
    • Skaith Elementary School (PK-06)
    • Webster Elementary School (PK-06)
    • Bode Middle School (07-08)
    • Robidoux Middle School (07-08)
    • Spring Garden Middle (07-08)
    • Truman Middle School (07-08)
    • Benton High School (09-12)
    • Central High School (09-12)
    • Lafayette High School (09-12)

Private Schools

Politics

Local

The Democratic Party predominantly controls politics at the local level in Buchanan County. Democrats hold all but three of the elected positions in the county.

Buchanan County, Missouri
Elected countywide officials
Assessor Scot W. Van Meter Democratic
Circuit Clerk Mary Beattie Democratic
County Clerk Mary Baack Garvey Republican
Collector Peggy Campbell Democratic
Commissioner
(Presiding)
Royal “R.T.” Turner Republican
Commissioner
(District 1)
Dan Hausman Republican
Commissioner
(District 2)
Ron Hook Democratic
Prosecuting Attorney Dwight K. Scroggins, Jr. Democratic
Public Administrator Bill McMurray Democratic
Recorder Ed Wildberger Democratic
Sheriff Mike Strong Democratic
Treasurer John D. Nash Democratic

State

Past Gubernatorial Elections Results
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2008 37.39% 14,442 59.94% 23,151 2.67% 1,028
2004 50.03% 18,967 48.31% 18,317 1.66% 629
2000 45.18% 15,602 52.12% 17,998 2.70% 930
1996 29.76% 9,731 67.41% 22,045 2.83% 925

Buchanan County is divided into four legislative districts in the Missouri House of Representatives, three of which are held by Republicans and one by a Democrat.

Missouri House of Representatives - District 5 – Buchanan County (2010)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Judy Wright 10 55.56
Republican Glen Klippenstein 8 44.44
  • District 27 – Pat Conway (D-St. Joseph). The district is entirely based in the city of St. Joseph.
Missouri House of Representatives - District 27 – Buchanan County (2010)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Pat Conway 4,922 60.52
Republican Jason Gregory 3,211 39.48
Missouri House of Representatives - District 28 – Buchanan County (2010)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Delus Johnson 4,123 61.52
Democratic Mark Sheehan 2,579 38.48
  • District 29 – Galen Wayne Higdon, Jr. (R-St. Joseph). Consists of the communities of Agency, De Kalb, Easton, Lewis and Clark Village, Rushville, and some of St. Joseph.
Missouri House of Representatives - District 28 – Buchanan County (2010)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Galen Wayne Higdon, Jr. 6,232 65.30
Democratic Bill Caldwell 3,311 34.70

All of Buchanan County is a part of Missouri’s 34th District in the Missouri Senate and is currently represented by Rob Schaaf (R-St. Joseph).

Missouri Senate - District 34 – Buchanan County (2010)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Rob Schaaf 12,858 52.40
Democratic Martin T. Rucker 11,678 47.60

Federal

All of Buchanan County is included in Missouri’s 6th Congressional District and is currently represented by Sam Graves (R-Tarkio) in the U.S. House of Representatives.

U.S. House of Representatives – Missouri’s 6th Congressional District – Buchanan County (2010)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Sam Graves 16,007 65.61
Democratic Clint Hylton 8,388 34.39
Past Presidential Elections Results
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2008 48.68% 19,110 48.81% 19,164 2.51% 986
2004 52.21% 19,812 46.90% 17,799 0.89% 339
2000 47.26% 16,423 49.16% 17,085 3.58% 1,243
1996 38.19% 12,610 48.00% 15,848 13.81% 4,560

Missouri Presidential Preference Primary (2008)

Buchanan County, Missouri
2008 Republican primary in Missouri
John McCain 2,194 (31.63%)
Mike Huckabee 1,825 (26.31%)
Mitt Romney 2,216 (31.94%)
Ron Paul 521 (7.51%)
Buchanan County, Missouri
2008 Democratic primary in Missouri
Hillary Rodham Clinton 6,689 (57.09%)
Barack Obama 4,427 (37.78%)
John Edwards (withdrawn) 413 (3.52%)

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 7, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "Census 2010 Gazetteer Files". Retrieved July 2, 2013. 
  4. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved September 7, 2013. 
  5. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 

External links

Coordinates: 39°40′N 94°49′W / 39.67°N 94.81°W / 39.67; -94.81








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