Budapest Honvéd FC
|Full name||Budapest Honvéd Football Club|
|Founded||3 August 1909|
|Ground||Bozsik Stadion, Budapest|
Budapest Honvéd FC (Hungarian pronunciation: [ˈbudɒpɛʃt ˈhonveːd ɛf tseː] is a Hungarian sports club from Budapest best known for its football team. Honved means the Homeland Defence. Originally formed as Kispest AC, they became Kispest FC in 1926 before reverting to their original name in 1944. The team enjoyed a golden age during the 1950s when it was renamed Budapest Honvéd SE and became the Hungarian Army team. The club's top players from this era, Ferenc Puskás, Sándor Kocsis, József Bozsik and Zoltán Czibor, formed the nucleus of the legendary Hungarian team known as the Mighty Magyars and helped the club win the Hungarian League four times during the 1950s. During the 1980s and early 1990s the club enjoyed another successful period, winning a further eight Hungarian League titles. They also won league and cup doubles in 1985 and 1989. In 1991 the club was renamed Kispest Honvéd FC and adopted its current name in 2003.
When the club was originally formed in 1909 it also organised teams that competed in fencing, cycling, gymnastics, wrestling, athletics, boxing and tennis. Later the Honvéd family was extended to include a water polo team, now known as Groupama Honvéd, a 33-times basketball-champion team and a handball team that were European Champions in 1982.
- 1 History
- 2 Honours
- 3 Players
- 4 European cup history
- 5 Managerial history
- 6 Trivia
- 7 Sources
- 8 See also
- 9 References
- 10 External links
The club was founded on 10 August 1908 as Kispesti Atlétikai Club – Athletic Club of Kispest by Dr. Bálint Varga, a teacher. However the club's earliest members could not agree on a club constitution until 3 August 1909 and this is generally recognised as the club's foundation date. When the club was originally formed, Kispest was still a village, distinct from the city of Budapest. During the first three decades of its existence, the club was little more than a village team and enjoyed only moderate success, winning a single Hungarian Cup in 1926. During the 1930s the team included Rezső Rozgonyi and Rezső Somlai who both represented Hungary at the 1934 World Cup and Ferenc Puskás I, the father of Ferenc Puskás, and later a coach at the club during the 1940s.
In 1943 both Ferenc Puskás and József Bozsik made their debut for Kispest FC and between 1947 and 1948 the club was coached by the legendary Hungarian coach Béla Guttman. However the club's golden age really began in 1949 when it was taken over by the Hungarian Ministry of Defence and it became the Hungarian Army team. The man behind the take-over was Gusztáv Sebes, the coach of the national team. Sebes was inspired by the Austrian Wunderteam and the Italy team that won two World Cups in the 1930s. Both teams were predominantly drawn from one or at most two clubs and Sebes wanted a similar system in Hungary.
In January 1949 when Hungary became a communist state, the resulting nationalisation of football clubs gave Sebes the opportunity. The two biggest Hungarian clubs at the time were Ferencvárosi TC and MTK Hungária FC. However while the secret police, the ÁVH took over MTK, Ferencváros was considered unsuitable because of its right-wing and nationalist traditions. Sebes turned instead to Kispesti AC. The Kispest name was dropped as the village was absorbed into District XIX of Budapest and the club was renamed Budapesti Honvéd SE. The name derives from Honvédség, the name of the Hungarian Army, and the word honvéd, which literally means defender of the homeland is also used to refer to an army private.
The Kispest AC team already included Ferenc Puskás and József Bozsik but army conscription now enabled Honvéd to recruit Sándor Kocsis, Zoltán Czibor and László Budai from Ferencváros, Gyula Lóránt from Vasas SC and the goalkeeper Gyula Grosics. Sebes was effectively able to use Honvéd as a training camp for the national team. During the early 1950s these Honvéd players formed the backbone of the legendary Mighty Magyars, helping Hungary become Olympic Champions in 1952, Central European Champions in 1953, defeat England twice and reach the 1954 World Cup final.
Honvéd itself also benefited, winning the Hungarian League in 1949–50, 1950, 1952, 1954, and 1955. The club's reputation spread beyond Hungary and on 13 December 1954 they played Wolves, the reigning English League champions, in a prestige friendly. Honvéd were leading 2–0 at half-time, but eventually lost 3–2. They also played, and lost to, Red Star Belgrade (then 7th in the Yugoslav league). It was games like this that led to establishment of the European Cup in 1955.
In 1956 Honvéd qualified for the second European Cup competition and in the first round they were drawn against Athletic Bilbao. Honvéd lost the away leg 2–3, but before the home leg could be played, the Hungarian Revolution had collapsed back in Budapest and the Soviet Union had invaded. The players decided against going back to Hungary and arranged for the return game with Athletic to be played at the Heysel Stadium in Brussels. However early in the game the Honvéd goalkeeper was injured and, with no substitutes permitted, Zoltán Czibor had to go into goal. Despite drawing 3–3 they went out 6–5 on aggregate.
Elimination from the European Cup left Honvéd in limbo. The players, declining to return to Hungary, summoned their families from Budapest and, despite opposition from FIFA and the then Soviet-controlled Hungarian Football Federation, Béla Guttmann organised a fundraising tour of Italy, Portugal, and Spain. Among the most notable matches were a 5–5 draw with a Madrid XI and a 4–3 win over CF Barcelona. Honvéd declined a Mexican offer of political asylum and an invitation to join their national league1 and instead accepted an offer to play in a tournament in Brazil with CR Flamengo and Botafogo. By now FIFA had declared the team illegal and banned them from using the Honvéd name. After returning to Europe, the players parted ways. Some, including József Bozsik, László Budai, Gyula Lóránt and Gyula Grosics, returned to Hungary while others, including Zoltán Czibor, Sándor Kocsis and Ferenc Puskás, found new clubs in Western Europe. Czibor and Kocsis eventually signed for FC Barcelona while Puskás joined Real Madrid.
The defection of Zoltán Czibor, Sándor Kocsis and Ferenc Puskás severely weakened Honvéd and in 1957 they only avoided relegation after the Hungarian Football Federation decide to expand the first division. Despite the emergence of Lajos Tichy and Lajos Kocsis, the post-Revolution era was not kind to Honvéd. There only successes came in the Mitropa Cup in 1959, when they beat MTK Hungária FC in the final 6–5 on aggregate, and in 1964 when they won the Hungarian Cup.
In 1980 with Lajos Tichy as coach and a squad that included Imre Garaba, Honvéd won their first Hungarian League title in twenty five years. During the 1980s and early 1990s players such as Kálmán Kovács, Lajos Détári, Béla Illés, Gábor Halmai and István Vincze helped Honvéd win another seven titles. They also won league and cup doubles in 1985 and 1989 and won the Hungarian Cup and in 1996.
In 1991 the club revived the Kispest name and became Kispest Honvéd FC. However the name change marked the beginning of a decline in the club's fortunes. In 2003 they were relegated, but they returned to the first division the following season. However, Kispest Honvéd Sports Circle Ltd, the company that owned the club, owed millions of Hungarian forints in taxes and in October 2004 went into liquidation. The company practised a policy that treated its players as self-employed contractors rather than employees and as result, significantly reduced the club's tax burden. However the tax authorities objected and were supported by the courts, leaving the club in arrears with no means of paying them. Rival directors argued over who owed how much tax and eventually the Hungarian League intervened. As a result a new club, Budapest Honvéd FC, was formed and allowed to take the place of Kispest Honvéd FC in the first division on the condition that the tax debt was paid off.
In August 2007 the fences in front of the stands were removed at the Bozsik Stadion2 signalling a new dawn for Hungarian football. Also in 2007, Mihály Tóth returned from Fredrikstad FK and signed a three-year contract with the club.3
In the UEFA Cup 2007-08 season Honvéd faced with the Moldovan Nistru Otaci in the first round of the qualifiers.4 In the first leg Honvéd drew 1–1 away, and at home the result was the same. In the penalty-shootout Honvéd won 5–4.5 In the second round Honvéd played with the German Hamburger SV.6 In the first leg Honvéd drew 0–0, while away in the Imtech Arena, in Hamburg they were beaten by 4–0.
In the Intertoto Cup 2008 Honvéd played with the Kazakh Zhetysu and won both legs. The final result was 2–1 away, while at home Honvéd won 4–2. In the second round Honvéd played with the Czech Teplice and won 3–1 away, while lost 2–0 at home. As a consequence, Honvéd won on away goals. In the third round the team played with the Austrian Sturm Graz. The first leg finished goalless in Graz, Austria. Both teams made a stand against racism and discrimination.7 The second match was won by Sturm, therefore Honvéd was eliminated from the Intertoto Cup.
In the 2008-09 Magyar Kupa season Honvéd played in the final against Győri ETO FC. In the first leg Honvéd won 1–0 in Győr, while the second leg finished goalless which resulted the triumph of the team on 1–0 aggregate.8 As a consequence the team could play in the Europa League.
In the 2009-10 Europa League season Honvéd entered the third round. Honvéd played with the Turkish Fenerbahce. The first match was won by Fenerbahce by 5–1,9 while at home the result was 1–1.10 The team was eliminated on 6–2 aggregate.
Although Honved finished fourth in the 2011–12 season of the Hungarian League, they could participate in the UEFA Europa League 2012–13 season because Győr were banned from any European competitions.11 Honved faced with bronze medal winner of the Albanian First Division Flamurtari Vlorë in the first round of the Europa League. The first leg was won by Honved 1–0 away.12 Honved won the second leg as well by beating the Albanian club by 2–0 at home.13 In the second round they will face Russian Premier League club Anzhi Makhachkala which is full of star players such as Roberto Carlos or Samuel Eto'o. The first leg of the match was played near the Russian capital, Moscow in Ramenskoye in the stadium of FC Saturn Moscow since the UEFA did not approve to play the match in Dagestan. Anzhi won the match by 1–0.14
- Hungarian League: 13
- 1949–50, 1950, 1952, 1954, 1955, 1979–80, 1983–84, 1984–85, 1985–86, 1987–88, 1988–89, 1990–91, 1992-93
- Hungarian Cup: 7
- 1925-26, 1964, 1984–85, 1988–89, 1995–96, 2006–07, 2008–09
- Mitropa Cup: 1
- Trofeo Ciudad de Vigo: 1
- As of 2 March, 2014.
Note: Flags indicate national team as has been defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
Note: Flags indicate national team as has been defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
Had senior international cap(s) for their respective countries. Players whose name is listed in bold represented their countries while playing for Budapest Honvéd FC.
|1956–57||European Cup||1. Round||Athletic Bilbao||3–3||2–3||5–6|
|1964–65||UEFA Cup Winners' Cup||1. Round||Lausanne Sports||1–0||0–2||1–2|
|1965–66||UEFA Cup Winners' Cup||1. Round||Reipas Lahti||6–0||10–2||16–2|
|2. Round||Dukla Prague||1–2||3–2||4–4(a)|
|1970–71||UEFA Cup Winners' Cup||1. Round||Aberdeen FC||1–3||3–1||4–4(aet)|
|2. Round||Manchester City||0–1||0–2||0–3|
|1972–73||UEFA Cup||1. Round||Partick Thistle FC||1–0||3–0||4–0|
|2. Round||PFC Beroe Stara Zagora||1–0||0–3||1–3|
|1973–74||UEFA Cup||1. Round||FC Košice||5–2||0–1||5–3|
|2. Round||PFC Lokomotiv Plovdiv||3–2||4–3||7–5|
|3. Round||Ruch Chorzów||2–0||0–5||2–5|
|1975–76||UEFA Cup||1. Round||FC Bohemians Praha||1–1||2–1||3–2|
|2. Round||Dynamo Dresden||2–2||0–1||2–3|
|1976–77||UEFA Cup||1. Round||Internazionale FC||1–1||1–0||2–1|
|2. Round||FC Shakhtar Donetsk||2–3||0–3||2–6|
|1978–79||UEFA Cup||1. Round||Adanaspor||6–0||2–2||8–2|
|2. Round||FC Politehnica Timişoara||4–0||0–2||4–2|
|3. Round||Ajax Amsterdam||4–1||0–2||4–3|
|1980–81||European Cup||Preliminary Round||Valletta FC||8–0||3–0||11–0|
|1. Round||Sporting CP||1–0||2–0||3–0|
|2. Round||Real Madrid CF||0–2||0–1||0–3|
|1983||UEFA Intertoto Cup||Group 5||FK Sloboda Tuzla||2–2||0–1|
|Group 5||FK Inter Bratislava||3–1||1–1|
|Group 5||FC Tirol Innsbruck||3–1||1–2|
|1983–84||UEFA Cup||1. Round||Larisa FC||3–0||0–2||3–2(aet)|
|2. Round||Hajduk Split||3–2||0–3||3–5|
|1984–85||European Cup||1. Round||Grasshopper FC||2–1||1–3||3–4|
|1985–86||European Cup||1. Round||Shamrock Rovers||2–0||3–1||5–1|
|2. Round||FC Steaua Bucureşti||1–0||1–4||2–4|
|1986–87||European Cup||1. Round||Brøndby IF||2–2||1–4||3–6|
|1987–88||UEFA Cup||1. Round||KSC Lokeren||1–0||0–0||1–0|
|2. Round||Desportivo de Chaves||3–1||2–1||5–2|
|1988–89||European Cup||1. Round||Celtic||1–0||0–4||1–4|
|1989–90||European Cup||1. Round||FK Vojvodina||1–0||1–2||2–2(a)|
|2. Round||S.L. Benfica||0–2||0–7||0–9|
|1991–92||European Cup||1. Round||Dundalk FC||1–1||2–0||3–1|
|2. Round||UC Sampdoria||2–1||1–3||3–4|
|1993–94||UEFA Champions League||1. Round||Manchester United||2–3||1–2||3–5|
|1994–95||UEFA Cup||Preliminary Round||Zimbru Chisinau||4–1||1–0||5–1|
|1. Round||FC Twente||1–3||4–1||5–4|
|2. Round||Bayer Leverkusen||0–2||0–5||0–7|
|1996–97||UEFA Cup Winners' Cup||Qualyfing Round||FK Sloga Jugomagnat||1–0||1–0||2–0|
|1. Round||Nimes Olympique||1–2||1–3||2–5|
|2002||UEFA Intertoto Cup||1. Round||FK Žalgiris Vilnius||0–1||0–0||0–1|
|2004–05||UEFA Cup||1. Qualifying Round||FC MIKA||1–1||1–0||2–1|
|2. Qualifying Round||Amica Wronki||1–0||0–1||1–1(p)|
|2007–08||UEFA Cup||1. Qualifying Round||FC Nistru Otaci||1–1||1–1||2–2(p5–4)|
|2. Qualifying Round||Hamburger SV||0–0||0–4||0–4|
|2008||UEFA Intertoto Cup||1. Round||FC Zhetysu||4–2||2–1||6–3|
|2. Round||FK Teplice||0–2||3–1||3–3(a)|
|3. Round||SK Sturm Graz||1–2||0–0||1–2|
|2009–10||UEFA Europa League||3. Qualifying Round||Fenerbahçe SK||1–1||1–5||2–6|
|2012–13||UEFA Europa League||1. Qualifying Round||Flamurtari Vlorë||2–0||1–0||3–0|
|2. Qualifying Round||Anzhi Makhachkala||0–4||0–1||0–5|
|2013–14||UEFA Europa League||1. Qualifying Round||FK Čelik Nikšić||9–0||4–1||13–1|
|2. Qualifying Round||Vojvodina||1–3||0–2||1–5|
- The British pop group Half Man Half Biscuit have a song entitled 'I Was A Teenage Armchair Honved Fan'.
- Although Ferenc Puskás was a player of Budapest Honvéd, the Ferenc Puskás Football Academy was founded in Felcsút by Videoton FC.
- The youth football competition Puskás Cup was named after Ferenc Puskás, however, the cup is organised by the Ferenc Puskás Football Academy.
- Behind The Curtain – Travels in Eastern European Football: Jonathan Wilson (2006)16
- 50 Years of the European Cup and Champions League: Keir Radnedge (2005)17
- "As grandes partidas do foot-ball internacional", Jornal do Brasil, January 19, 1957, page 11, available at 
- "Honvéd tear down the barricades". UEFA. 2 August 2007.
- "Honvéd tempt Tóth home". UEFA. 27 July 2007.
- "Honvéd hoping for happy return". UEFA. 29 June 2007.
- "Honvéd and Belchatov hang on". UEFA. 3 August 2007.
- "Hamburg face Honvéd tie". UEFA. 3 August 2007.
- "Sturm and Honvéd make a stand". UEFA. 21 July 2008.
- "Honvéd claim Hungarian Cup surprise". UEFA. 26 May 2009.
- "Fenerbahce 5–1 Budapest Honved". UEFA. 30 July 2009.
- "Budapest Honved 1–1 Fenerbahce". UEFA. 6 August 2009.
- "Györ suspended and fined, MLSZ fined". UEFA.com. 17 June 2011. Retrieved 12 April 2012.
- "Flamurtari 0–1 Budapest Honved". UEFA.com. 19 July 2012. Retrieved 19 July 2012.
- "Budapest Honved 2–0 Flamurtari". UEFA.com. 19 July 2012. Retrieved 19 July 2012.
- "Anzhi Makhachkala 1–0 Budapest Honved". UEFA.com. 19 July 2012. Retrieved 19 July 2012.
- "List of Budapest Honvéd managers". Honvedfc.hu. Retrieved 2012-08-18.
- "Behind the Curtain: Travels in Football in Eastern Europe: Amazon.co.uk: Jonathan Wilson: Books". Amazon.co.uk. Retrieved 2012-08-18.
- "50 Years of the European Cup and Champions League: Amazon.co.uk: Keir Radnedge: Books". Amazon.co.uk. Retrieved 2012-08-18.
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