|This article is outdated. (February 2013)|
|Traded as||NYSE: CACI|
|Founded||July 1962 (Santa Monica, California)|
|Headquarters||Arlington, Virginia, United States|
|Key people||J.P. (Jack) London (Chairman)
Kenneth Asbury (President and CEO)
|Revenue||US$3.8 billion (2012)1|
|Operating income||US$299.8 million (2012)|
|Net income||US$167.4 million (2012)|
CACI International, Inc is a multinational professional services and information technology company headquartered in Arlington, Virginia, United States. CACI provides information services in support of national security missions and government transformation for intelligence, defense, and federal civilian customers.
CACI is one of the Fortune 1000 Largest Companies and the Russell 2000 index.2 The company has approximately 15,000 employees in over 120 offices in the U.S. and Europe.13 The company has SEI CMMI®-DEV Maturity Level 3 and 5 appraisals, SEI CMMI®-SVC Maturity Level 5, ISO® 9001, ISO® 20000, ISO® 27001, and ISO® 28000 certifications.1
CACI was founded by businessman Herb Karr and Harry Markowitz, who left RAND Corporation in 1962 to commercialize the SIMSCRIPT simulation programming language. The company went public in 1968.1 "CACI," which was originally an acronym for "California Analysis Center, Incorporated,"3 was changed to stand for "Consolidated Analysis Center, Incorporated" in 1967. In 1973, the acronym alone was adopted as the firm's official name; reflecting the name customers had grown familiar with. In 1975 CACI Limited was founded in the UK. CACI's corporate motto is "ever vigilant."
CACI grows largely through acquisitions of other IT companies.
- 2003: Premier Technology Group, Inc.4
- 2004: MTL Systems, Inc.5
- 2004: CMS Information Services, Inc.6
- 2004: American Management Systems, Inc. (Defense and Intelligence Group)7
- 2005: National Security Research, Inc.8
- 2006: Information Systems Support, Inc.9
- 2006: AlphaInsight Corp.10
- 2007: Institute for Quality Management, Inc.11
- 2007: The Wexford Group International12
- 2007: Athena Innovative Solutions, Inc.13
- 2007: Areté Software Ltd (CACI Ltd.) 14
- 2007: Dragon Development Corporation15
- 2008: SoftSmart Ltd (CACI Ltd.)14
- 2009: EzGov Europe (CACI Ltd.)16
- 2010: SystemWare, Inc.17
- 2010: TechniGraphics, Inc.18
- 2010: Applied Systems Research, Inc.18
- 2011: Pangia Technologies, LLC3
- 2011: Paradigm Holdings, Inc.3
- 2011: Advanced Programs Group, LLC3
- 2012: Delta Solutions and Technologies, Inc.3
- 2012: Emergint Technologies, Inc.19
- 2013: IDL Solutions, Inc.
- 2013: Six3 Systems, Inc.20
CACI has several major lines of business:21
- Business System Solutions
- C4 Solutions
- Cyberspace Solutions
- Enterprise IT Solutions
- Geospatial Solutions
- Healthcare IT Solutions
- Identity Management Solutions
- Integrated Security Solutions
- Investigation & Litigation Support
- ISR Solutions
- Knowledge Management Solutions
- Logistics & Material Readiness
- Mobility Solutions
- Program Management & SETA Services
CACI's major markets are:
- Homeland Security
- IT Modernization and Government Transformation
CACI is heavily involved with projects on behalf of the American and British Governments.
On June 9, 2004, a group of 256 Iraqis sued CACI International and Titan Corporation (now L-3 Services, part of L-3 Communications) in U.S. federal court. The plaintiffs, former prisoners, allege that the companies directed and participated in torture, war crimes, crimes against humanity, sexual assault, as well as cruel, inhuman and degrading treatment at Abu Ghraib prison. The U.S. Government had hired CACI and Titan to provide interrogation and translation services at military prisons in Iraq.22
CACI employees Joe Ryan and Steven Stephanowicz were investigated in the Taguba inquiry. The Department of the Army found that "contractors were involved in 36 percent of the [Abu Ghraib] proven incidents" and identified 6 employees as "individually culpable", although none have faced prosecution, unlike Department of Defense servicemen.23
According to an early Army report, a CACI interrogator "[m]ade a false statement to the investigation team regarding the locations of his interrogations, the activities during his interrogations, and his knowledge of abuses". Further, investigators found the CACI interrogator encouraged Military Policemen to terrorize inmates, and "clearly knew his instructions equated to physical abuse".24
According to CACI’s website, "the company provided a range of Information Technology (IT) and intelligence services in Iraq. These services included intelligence analysis, background investigations, screenings, interrogation, property management and recordkeeping, and installation of computer systems, software and hardware. Only a small portion of these employees worked as interrogators." The company states that "no CACI employee or former employee has been indicted for any misconduct in connection with this work, and no CACI employee or former employee appears in any of the photos released from Abu Ghraib". CACI also adds that they "are no longer providing interrogation services in Iraq," which concluded in the early fall of 2005 upon the conclusion of a contract with the Department of the Army.
CACI also adds "nonetheless, we do not condone, tolerate or endorse any illegal behavior by our employees in any circumstance or at any time. We will act forcefully if the evidence shows that any of our employees acted improperly, but we will not rush to judgment on the basis of speculation, innuendo, partial reports or incomplete investigations."
CACI also claims on their website that US Government reports generally "concluded that civilian interrogators performed their duties in an appropriate fashion and made a major contribution to the US mission in Iraq." CACI further claims a March 2005 report by US Navy Inspector General and Vice Admiral Albert T. Church shows that despite the publicity surrounding Abu Ghraib, "we found very few instances of abuse involving contractors."25
CACI Chairman of the Board Dr. Jack London26 defended the company with a book: CACI: Our Good Name.
On August 26, 2005, Randi Rhodes, a host for the Air America talk radio program, claimed that employees of CACI International had raped and murdered Iraqi civilians at the Abu Ghraib prison. CACI sued Air America and its parent company, Piquant LLC, for allegedly making "false and defamatory" charges. CACI sought $1M in compensatory damages and $10M in punitive damages. The claim was dismissed by a US District Court judge on September 21, 2006.27 CACI pursued an appeal, having received permission to do so from a bankruptcy court (which lifted the automatic stay that resulted when Air America filed for bankruptcy protection).28
In May 2008, four former Abu Ghraib prison inmates, who were all released without charge, brought separate lawsuits in four US courts against CACI and L-3 Communications as well as against three civilians. One of these former inmates, Emad al-Janabi, sued L-3 and CACI for allowing their employees to abuse him physically and mentally at the prison.29 In a statement released on their website CACI has stated that these lawsuits are "baseless" and they "reject emphatically this latest plaintiff's allegations and claims" calling on "numerous and thorough government investigations" in these allegations.30
On March 19, 2009, US District Judge Gerald Bruce rejected claims by CACI that it could not be sued because its interrogators were performing duties prescribed by the contract with the US government. CACI responded that it vowed to "pursue all of its legal alternatives to defend itself and vindicate the company's good name" and that "From day one, CACI has rejected the outrageous allegations against the company in this lawsuit and continues to do so." 31
On September 11, 2009, the US Court of Appeals ruled that CACI did in fact fall under US military chain of command and thus had government contractor immunity.32 In October 2010, the U.S. Supreme Court considered hearing an appeal and requested the views of the U.S. Solicitor General on the case.3334 In the meantime, CACI and L-3 continued to argue in federal appellate court for civil immunity, as clients of the federal government in national defense.35
In June 2013, the suit was dismissed by a federal judge due to lack of jurisdiction. Plaintiffs vowed to appeal the verdict, which was described as "troubling" by Noah Feldman, a professor at Harvard Law School.
In August 2013, CACI sued the former Abu Ghraib prison inmates for legal expenses related to the dismissed suit. Maxwell O. Chibundu, a law professor at the University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law, expressed his surprise at the decision to sue the inmates.
- "CACI Profile". CACI. Retrieved 2012-12-02.
- "CACI Solutions and Services". CACI. Retrieved 2012-12-02.
- "Frequently Asked Questions About CACI". CACI. Retrieved 2012-12-02.
- "CACI - News Release: 5/15/2003". CACI. Retrieved 2012-12-02.
- "CACI - News Release: 1/21/2004". CACI. Retrieved 2012-12-02.
- "CACI - News Release: 3/1/2004". CACI. Retrieved 2012-12-02.
- "CACI - News Release: 5/03/2004". CACI. Retrieved 2012-12-02.
- "CACI - News Release: 10/17/2005". CACI. Retrieved 2012-12-02.
- "CACI - News Release: 3/1/2006". CACI. Retrieved 2012-12-02.
- Clabaugh, Jeff (2006-05-01). "CACI closes AlphaInsight buyout". Washington Business Journal. Retrieved 2012-12-02.
- "CACI - News Release 5/31/07". CACI. Retrieved 2012-12-02.
- "CACI - News Release 6/29/07". CACI. Retrieved 2012-12-02.
- "CACI - News Release 10/31/07". CACI. Retrieved 2012-12-02.
- "CACI - CACI acquire Social Software Ltd". CACI. Retrieved 2012-12-02.
- Hubler, David (2007-11-02). "CACI wraps up purchase of Dragon Development". Washington Technology. Retrieved 2012-12-02.
- "CACI - UK Border Agency goes online". CACI. Retrieved 2012-12-02.
- "CACI - News Release 2/1/10". CACI. Retrieved 2012-12-02.
- Hubler, David (2010-11-02). "CACI wraps up its 2 newest acquisitions". Washington Technology. Retrieved 2012-12-02.
- "CACI Completes Acquisition Of Emergint Technologies - Quick Facts". NASDAQ. Retrieved 2012-12-02.
- "Information Solutions and Services". CACI. Retrieved 2012-12-02.
- Case profile: Abu Ghraib lawsuits against CACI, Titan (now L-3) (http://www.business-humanrights.org/Categories/Lawlawsuits/Lawsuitsregulatoryaction/LawsuitsSelectedcases/AbuGhraiblawsuitsagainstCACITitannowL-3)
- P. W. Singer (March/April 2005) "Outsourcing War". Foreign Affairs. Council on Foreign Relations. New York City, NY
- Chatterjee, Pratap; A.C. Thompson (2004-05-07). "Private Contractors and Torture at Abu Ghraib, Iraq". CorpWatch.
- "CACI in Iraq - Frequently Asked Questions".
- CACI Chairman of the Board Dr. Jack London Delivers Keynote Speech to National Association of Corporate Directors
- "Court papers: The USA District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia Alexandria division" (pdf).
- "Court Allows Lawsuit Against Air America". newsmax.com. Newsmax Media. 2007-01-05.
- BBC: Abu Ghraib inmates sue US firms
- CACI Web site: Statement Regarding Baseless CCR Lawsuit 5/7/08
- The Washington Post, "CACI Criticizes Judge's Decision", March 24, 2009, p. D3.
- Mike Musgrove (September 12, 2009). "Court Rejects Suit Against CACI Over Abu Ghraib Torture". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2011-03-01.
- Greg Stohr (October 4, 2010). "Abu Ghraib Contractor Suit Draws U.S. Supreme Court Interest". Businessweek. Retrieved 2011-03-01.
- "Supreme Court Rejects Hundreds of Appeals". CBS News. October 4, 2010. Retrieved 2011-03-01.
- Larry O'Dell (October 26, 2010). "Abu Ghraib contractors seek civil immunity". MSNBC. Retrieved 2011-03-01.
- CACI ranked No. 14 on the Washington Technology Top 100 - Washington Technology