Caldwell County, Missouri
|Caldwell County, Missouri|
Location in the state of Missouri
Missouri's location in the U.S.
|Founded||December 29, 1836|
|Named for||John Caldwell|
|• Total||431 sq mi (1,116 km2)|
|• Land||429.34 sq mi (1,112 km2)|
|• Water||1.66 sq mi (4 km2), 0.4%|
|• Density||22/sq mi (8/km²)|
|Time zone||Central: UTC-6/-5|
Caldwell County is a county located in Northwest Missouri in the United States. As of the 2010 U.S. Census, the county's population was 9,424.1 Its county seat is Kingston2. The county was organized December 29, 1836 and named by Alexander Doniphan to honor John Caldwell, who participated in the George Rogers Clark Native American Campaign of 1786 and was the second Lieutenant Governor of Kentucky.
It was originally established as a haven for the Mormons, who had been previously driven from Jackson County in November 1833 and had been refugees in adjacent Clay County ever since. The county was one of the principal settings of the 1838 Missouri Mormon War, which led to the expulsion of all Latter-Day Saints from Missouri following the issuance of a so-called "extermination order" by then Governor Lilburn Boggs.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Communities
- 5 Education
- 6 Politics
- 7 Notable natives
- 8 See also
- 9 References
- 10 Sources
- 11 External links
Caldwell County was originally part of Ray County. The first white settler was Jesse Mann, Sr., who settled one-half mile northeast of the public square of Kingston on Shoal Creek in 1831. The early settlers moved back south in 1832 for better protection during the Black Hawk War uprising.
A few Mormon settlers, who had been evicted from Jackson County, Missouri, moved into the county in 1832, and included Jacob Haun, whose mill on Shoal Creek would become the scene of the bloodiest battle in the Mormon War, known as the Haun's Mill Massacre.
The settlers established Salem, the first town in the county, two miles southeast of Kingston. A larger number of Mormons moved to the county in the fall of 1836. The Missouri General Assembly created Caldwell County in December 1836, with the understanding that it would be dedicated to Mormon settlers. Its county seat was Far West, Missouri. By 1838 Far West reported a population of 4,000.3
The major figures of early Mormon history, including Joseph Smith, Jr., Hyrum Smith, Brigham Young, John Taylor, Edward Partridge, Sidney Rigdon, Parley P. Pratt and John D. Lee, were included in the migration.
Mormon settlers moved further north into Daviess County, particularly at Adam-ondi-Ahman after Smith proclaimed that it was the Biblical place where Adam and Eve were banished after leaving the Garden of Eden. He said it would be a gathering place on the Judgement Day. The Mormon War erupted following a skirmish between original Missouri settlers and Mormon settlers in the Gallatin Election Day Battle.
After the Missouri militia was routed in the Battle of Crooked Creek, Governor Lilburn Boggs issued Missouri Executive Order 44 to evict the Mormons from the state. Three days later, a group from Livingston County killed 18 Mormons in the Haun's Mill massacre. Troops laid siege to Far West, where Smith surrendered in October 1838. The settlers agreed to leave; they abandoned Far West and regrouped in Nauvoo, Illinois.
Following the dissolution of Far West, the county seat was moved to present-day Kingston.
- Daviess County (north)
- Livingston County (east)
- Carroll County (southeast)
- Ray County (south)
- Clinton County (west)
- DeKalb County (northwest)
As of the census6 of 2000, there were 8,969 people, 3,523 households, and 2,501 families residing in the county. The population density was 8/km² (21/mi²). There were 4,493 housing units at an average density of 4/km² (10/mi²). The racial makeup of the county was 98.56% White, 0.13% Black or African American, 0.33% Native American, 0.12% Asian, 0.00% Pacific Islander, 0.18% from other races, and 0.67% from two or more races. 0.75% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 3,523 households out of which 32.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.20% were married couples living together, 8.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.00% were non-families. 25.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51, and the average family size was 3.04.
In the county the population was spread out with 27.10% under the age of 18, 7.10% from 18 to 24, 25.10% from 25 to 44, 23.70% from 45 to 64, and 17.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 97.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.90 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $31,240, and the median income for a family was $37,087. Males had a median income of $28,710 versus $19,523 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,343. 11.90% of the population and 9.70% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 15.10% of those under the age of 18 and 12.90% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line.
- Far West (ghost town / historic site)
Caldwell County is divided into 12 townships:
- Breckenridge R-I School District – Braymer
- Breckinridge Elementary School (PK-06)
- Breckinridge High School (07-12)
- Cowgill R-VI School District – Cowgill
- Cowgill Elementary School (K-06)
- Mirabile C-1 School District – Polo
- Mirabile Elementary School (PK-08)
- Polo R-VII School District – Polo
- Polo Elementary School (PK-04)
- Polo Middle School (05-08)
- Polo High School (09-12)
The Republican Party controls politics at the local level in Caldwell County. Republicans hold all but four of the elected positions in the county.
|Caldwell County, Missouri|
|Elected countywide officials|
|Circuit Clerk||Carrie Miller||Democratic|
|County Clerk||Beverly Bryant||Democratic|
|C.R. (Bud) Motsinger||Republican|
|Donald Raymond Cox||Democratic|
|Prosecuting Attorney||Brady C. Kopek||Republican|
|Public Administrator||Richard Lee||Republican|
|2008||44.58% 2,014||52.26% 2,361||3.16% 143|
|2004||56.40% 2,419||41.87% 1,796||1.73% 74|
|2000||52.01% 2,006||44.10% 1,701||3.89% 150|
|1996||38.04% 1,314||58.80% 2,031||3.16% 109|
|Missouri House of Representatives - District 8 – Caldwell County (2012)|
|Republican||James W. (Jim) Neely||2,687||67.67||-1.63|
|Democratic||James T. (Jim) Crenshaw||1,284||32.34||+1.63|
|Missouri Senate - District 21 – Caldwell County (2012)|
|Democratic||ElGene Ver Dught||1,039||25.98||+25.98|
|U.S. House of Representatives – Missouri’s 6th Congressional District – Caldwell County (2012)|
|Libertarian||Russ Lee Monchil||180||4.38||+4.38|
All of Caldwell County, along with the rest of the state of Missouri, is represented in the U.S. Senate by Claire McCaskill (D-Kirkwood) and Roy Blunt (R-Strafford). McCaskill was elected to a second term in 2012, although Caldwell County was carried by her Republican opponent, Congressman Todd Akin.
|U.S. Senate - Class I - Caldwell County (2012)|
|U.S. Senate - Class III - Caldwell County (2010)|
|2008||58.15% 2,654||39.75% 1,814||2.10% 96|
|2004||60.75% 2,593||38.54% 1,645||0.61% 30|
|2000||57.66% 2,220||38.65% 1,488||3.69% 142|
|1996||42.21% 1,464||42.88% 1,487||14.91% 517|
- Former U.S. Senator Hillary Rodham Clinton (D-New York) received more votes, a total of 616, than any candidate from either party in Caldwell County during the 2008 presidential primary.
|Caldwell County, Missouri|
|2008 Republican primary in Missouri|
|John McCain||363 (36.05%)|
|Mike Huckabee||302 (29.99%)|
|Mitt Romney||242 (24.03%)|
|Ron Paul||77 (7.65%)|
|Caldwell County, Missouri|
|2008 Democratic primary in Missouri|
|Hillary Rodham Clinton||616 (59.40%)|
|Barack Obama||379 (36.55%)|
|John Edwards (withdrawn)||37 (3.57%)|
- James Cash Penney, founder of JCPenney
- Charles J. Hughes, Jr., U.S. Senator from Colorado (1909-1911)
- Frank B. Klepper, U.S. Representative from Missouri (1905-1907)
- Zack Wheat, Major League Baseball player
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 7, 2013.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- dead link
- "Census 2010 Gazetteer Files". Retrieved July 2, 2013.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved September 7, 2013.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14.
- Booth, Bertha Ellis (1936). A Short History of Caldwell County. Hamilton, MO: Hamilton Public Schools. p. 23.
- Caldwell County, Missouri: A Peek in the Past 1. Missouri: Caldwell County Historical Society. 1985.
- Hamer, John C. (Spring 2008). "Mapping Mormon Settlement in Caldwell County, Missouri". Mormon Historical Studies 9 (1): 15–38.
- History of Caldwell and Livingston Counties, Missouri. St. Louis: National Historical Company. 1886. p. 1227.
- Jensen, Andrew (January 1888). "Caldwell County, Missouri". The Historical Record 8 (1): 685–723.
- Johnston, Carrie Polk; McGlumphy, W.H.S. (1923). History of Clinton and Caldwell Counties, Missouri. Topeka; Indianapolis: Historical Publishing Company. p. 836.
- LeSueur, Stephen C. (Fall 2005). "Missouri's Failed Compromise: The Creation of Caldwell County for the Mormons". Journal of Mormon History 31 (3): 113–144.
- Walker, Jeffrey N. (2008). "Mormon Land Rights in Caldwell and Daviess Counties and the Mormon Conflict of 1838: New Findings and New Understandings". BYU Studies 47 (1): 5–55.
Media related to Caldwell County, Missouri at Wikimedia Commons
- Caldwell County Website
- Digitized 1930 Plat Book of Caldwell County from University of Missouri Division of Special Collections, Archives, and Rare Books
||DeKalb County||Daviess County|
|Clinton County||Livingston County|
|Ray County||Carroll County|