Calgary International Airport

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Calgary International Airport
YYC logo.svg
IATA: YYCICAO: CYYC
WMO: 71877
Summary
Airport type Public
Owner Transport Canada1
Operator Calgary Airport Authority
Serves Calgary, Alberta, Canada
Hub for
Time zone MST (UTC−07:00)
 • Summer (DST) MDT (UTC−06:00)
Elevation AMSL 3,557 ft / 1,084 m
Coordinates 51°06′50″N 114°01′12″W / 51.11389°N 114.02000°W / 51.11389; -114.02000Coordinates: 51°06′50″N 114°01′12″W / 51.11389°N 114.02000°W / 51.11389; -114.02000
Website www.calgaryairport.com
Map
CYYC is located in Calgary
CYYC
CYYC
Location in Calgary
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
08/26 6,200 1,890 Asphalt
11/29 8,000 2,438 Asphalt
17R/35L 12,675 3,863 Asphalt
Statistics (2012)
Number of Passengers 13,641,246
Aircraft Movements 240,709
Sources: Canada Flight Supplement2
Environment Canada3
Movements from Statistics Canada4

Calgary International Airport, originally named McCall Field (IATA: YYCICAO: CYYC), is the international airport that serves Calgary, Alberta, Canada and the surrounding region; it is situated approximately 17 km (11 mi) northeast of downtown Calgary. The airport offers scheduled non-stop flights to major cities in Canada, the United States, Mexico, the Caribbean, Europe and East Asia.

Calgary International Airport serves as headquarters for WestJet and as a hub airport for Air Canada and Air Canada Express. The airport is one of eight Canadian airports with US Border Preclearance facilities. The airport is operated by The Calgary Airport Authority as part of Transport Canada's National Airports System. It is Canada's third busiest airport by passenger traffic and by aircraft movements, handling 13,641,246 passengers 5 and 240,709 movements in 2012.4 In October 2008, The Calgary Airport Authority was named one of Alberta's Top Employers by Mediacorp Canada Inc.67 YYC has both the longest runway and the tallest control tower in Canada.

Terminal

Inside the terminal

The terminal has four concourses, one of which is subdivided into two wings, one wing to accommodate international flights, and another wing to accommodate international flights to the United States utilizing the airport's US border pre-clearance facilities. Plans for a fifth concourse are also being developed.8

The structure was designed by Stevenson, Raines, Barret, Hutton, Seton and Partners and completed in 1977.9

Concourse A

Part of Concourse A, usually reserved for prop operations

Comprising gates 1-19, Concourse A is used mostly for domestic outbound flights, although US-bound flights (without US Pre-Clearance) and other international flights sometimes depart from the A-gates. However, as this concourse is not connected to the Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA) hall, only domestic flights arrive into concourse A. Gates 1 to 8 are ground boarding and utilized for most Air Canada Express flights (excluding flights operating on the CRJ 705) and all Central Mountain Air flights. Gates 9 to 19 are jet-bridged and are used for Air Canada and Air Canada Express flights. The Air Canada Maple Leaf Lounge is located immediately beyond security on Concourse A. Concourse A has five security lanes that handle all passengers departing from either the A or B Concourse.

Concourse B

Airport overview, Concourse A at right, D at left

Gates 20-28 are swing gates between Concourse B and C. Any US bound flight is treated as a "C" Gate, whereas any Canadian-bound/International-bound flight is treated as a "B" Gate. Concourse A and B are connected behind security by a walkway, facilitating connections for Air Canada and Air Canada Express flights. When all Gates in the B/C section are "C" gates, then this walkway is closed due to US Customs & Border Protection pre-clearance for US-bound flights. Air Canada and Air Canada Express flights use the B concourse for domestic arrivals and domestic departures; Air Canada also uses it for international arrivals and international departures. During domestic and international operations all passenger utilize Concourse A security lanes. Concourse B security lanes were permanently closed in 2011 with the equipment and holdroom being transferred for additional security lanes at Concourse C.

Concourse C

Gates 20 to 34 are swing gates. Gates 31 to 34 will swing between Concourse C and D. On flights originating in Calgary passengers bound for the United States go through US Customs & Border Protection pre-clearance prior to boarding their flights. The flight is then treated on arrival in the U.S. as a domestic flight. Concourse C has six dedicated security lanes after US pre-clearance facilities. Concourse C is only used for US bound flights. The C concourse contains the Servisair Calgary Rocky Mountain lounge (co-branded as the WestJet Lounge).10

Concourse D

Gates 31 to 50 are located on this concourse. Gates 31 to 34 can also be used for US-bound flights and are shared with Concourse C. A new regional operations gate was added which extends out from Gate 35, to facilitate WestJet Encore. Gates 41, 42, 43 and 44 can be utilized for international arrivals and departures. There are five security lanes dedicated to Concourse D flights. The D concourse contains the Servisair Calgary Chinook lounge (co-branded as the WestJet Lounge).10

International terminal

When built, the International Terminal will feature 22 gates; including two designed to accommodate an Airbus A380. The project will be completed by October 2015 and is currently being built.1112

Airlines and destinations

Scheduled airlines and destinations

Airlines Destinations Concourse
Air Canada Cancún, Frankfurt, Las Vegas (ends April 27, 2014),13 London-Heathrow, Los Angeles (ends April 30, 2014),13 Montréal-Trudeau, Newark, Ottawa, Puerto Vallarta, San José del Cabo, Tokyo-Narita, Toronto-Pearson, Vancouver, Varadero
Seasonal: Ixtapa/Zihuatanejo, Kahului, Phoenix (ends December 16, 2014),13 Santa Clara
A, B, C
Air Canada Express Castlegar, Cranbrook, Edmonton, Fort McMurray, Grande Prairie, Houston-Intercontinental, Kamloops, Kelowna, Lethbridge, Medicine Hat, Red Deer, Regina, Saskatoon, Vancouver, Victoria, Winnipeg, Yellowknife
Seasonal: Portland (OR), Seattle/Tacoma
A, B, C
Air Canada Rouge Las Vegas (begins April 28, 2014),13 Los Angeles (begins May 1, 2014)13
Seasonal: Phoenix (begins December 17, 2014)13
C
Air North Whitehorse D
Air Transat London-Gatwick
Seasonal: Amsterdam, Cancún, Frankfurt, Glasgow-International, Huatulco, Manchester, Manzanillo, Montego Bay, Panama City, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Puerto Vallarta, Punta Cana, Varadero, Vancouver
D
Alaska Airlines
operated by Horizon Air
Seattle/Tacoma C
American Airlines Dallas/Fort Worth C
British Airways London-Heathrow D
Central Mountain Air Edmonton, Lloydminster, Prince George, Terrace A
Condor Seasonal: Frankfurt D
Delta Air Lines Seasonal: Atlanta, Minneapolis/St. Paul C
Delta Connection Minneapolis/St. Paul, Salt Lake City C
KLM Amsterdam D
United Airlines Chicago-O'Hare, Houston-Intercontinental, San Francisco
Seasonal: Denver
C
United Express Chicago-O'Hare, Denver, San Francisco C
US Airways Phoenix C
US Airways Express Seasonal: Phoenix C
WestJet Abbotsford, Cancún, Comox, Edmonton, Fort McMurray, Hamilton (ON), Halifax, Kelowna, Kitchener/Waterloo, Las Vegas, London (ON), Los Angeles, Montréal-Trudeau, Orlando, Ottawa, Palm Springs, Phoenix, Prince George (begins April 27, 2014), Puerto Vallarta, Regina, San Diego, San José del Cabo, Saskatoon, Toronto-Pearson, Vancouver, Victoria, Winnipeg
Seasonal: Chicago-O'Hare, Dallas/Fort Worth, Grande Prairie, Ixtapa-Zihuatanejo, Manzanillo, Mazatlan, Miami, Nassau, New York-JFK (begins April 27, 2014),14 St. John's, San Francisco, Varadero, Windsor
C, D
WestJet
operated by Thomas Cook Airlines
Seasonal: Honolulu, Kahului C
WestJet Encore Brandon, Edmonton, Fort McMurray (begins May 12, 2014), Fort St. John, Grande Prairie, Kamloops, Nanaimo, Penticton (begins October 26, 2014), Regina, Saskatoon D

Charter airlines and destinations

Airlines Destinations
Royal Air Force operated by AirTanker RAF Brize Norton
Sunwing Airlines Cancún
Seasonal: Huatulco, Mazatlan, Montego Bay, Puerto Vallarta, San José del Cabo, Varadero

Cargo airlines and destinations

Airlines Destinations
Antonov Airlines Kiev-Gostomel
Cargojet Airways Winnipeg, Vancouver
Cargolux Luxembourg
FedEx Express Memphis, Great Falls, Anchorage
FedEx Feeder
operated by Morningstar Air Express
Vancouver, Edmonton, Winnipeg, Toronto-Pearson
Purolator Courier
operated by Kelowna Flightcraft Ltd.
Edmonton, Winnipeg, Hamilton (ON), Vancouver
UPS Airlines Louisville, Sioux Falls
Volga-Dnepr Anchorage

Other operations

Main airport hall

The following airlines operate out of their own private facilities:

Ground transportation

Construction of the new runway resulted in April 2011 in the permanent closure of Barlow Trail and McCall Way's connections between Airport Road and McKnight Boulevard to the south; road access to the rest of Calgary now requires motorists to drive north of the airport, away from downtown, on Barlow and access either Deerfoot Trail via Airport Trail or 36 Street or Metis Trail via Country Hills Boulevard. A road tunnel that will facilitate a direct link to Metis Trail via Airport Trail is under construction in concert with the runway development.

At Bus Bay #20, Calgary Transit Route #100 connects the Arrivals level of the airport to the McKnight-Westwinds C-Train station and #430 to the North Pointe Terminal, where passengers can board the bus rapid transit Route #301 to downtown. The new Route #300 15 provides direct access to and from Downtown Calgary via Deerfoot Trail/Highway 2 and Centre Street North. There is a special fare of $8.50 for users of Route #300 departing the Airport that must be purchased in the terminal at Macs stores and includes subsequent transfers. Also, the Airporter bus links the airport to several downtown hotels. Brewster transportation16 and Banff Airporter17 offer scheduled service to the nearby mountain tourist destinations including Banff. Taxis to downtown Calgary cost about $40, taking into account the longer route that must now be travelled because of the closure of Barlow Trail and McCall Way.

Ground handling

View of downtown Calgary from airport

There are only a few ground handling companies in Calgary but each provides different services to the airlines they serve.

Airport Terminal Services

Airport Terminal Services (ATS) provides cargo, passenger, and ramp services to select airlines in Calgary. Ramp services are provided to Horizon Air, Delta Air Lines, Compass Airlines, United Express (Skywest), Delta Connection (Skywest), American Airlines, and United Airlines. Cargo handling services are provided to UPS and DB Schenker.

Air Canada

Air Canada and Air Canada Express operations at the Calgary International Airport.

Servisair

Servisair provides cargo, lounge, passenger, and ramp services in Calgary. Passenger services are provided to Air Transat, Sunwing Airlines, and US Airways. Ramp services are provided to Air North, British Airways, KLM, Sunwing Airlines, the RAF, as well as many ad hoc carriers. Cargo ground handling for Cargolux is also performed. Servisair also operates a business lounge for airlines using the C (USA) and D Concourses.

WestJet Turn Around Crew (TAC)

WestJet TAC is the sole provider of ground handling services for WestJet at Calgary International Airport.

WingTips Airport Services

WingTips Airport Services (WingTips) provides passenger services for Air North and KLM.

Cargo facilities

Apron II is the main cargo facility at the airport which can park up to four Boeing 747s. Apron VII is also used as a cargo facility, primarily for FedEx Express and Purolator Courier. FedEx is among the cargo carriers that use Calgary as a hub at Apron VII. Purolator has a facility in the northwest corner of the field adjacent to Apron VII. Apron VII used to hold just two Boeing 727s but has been able to park an additional three McDonnell Douglas MD-11s for FedEx since November 2004.

As of November 2007, expansion construction are in progress for Apron VII to allow seven parking pads, including three for Purolator and four for FedEx. UPS Airlines has begun construction of a new centre, including an apron directly southeast of FedEx's facility.

General aviation

General aviation facilities are located on the south side of the field. These facilities include a Shell Aerocenter, an Esso Avitat, a customs building, and more.

Other facilities

WestJet's head office building at Calgary International Airport

WestJet has its corporate headquarters on the airport property.18 The company headquarters of Canadian North are at the 580 Palmer Road N.E. building, on the grounds of the airport.19

Zip previously had its headquarters in Hangar 101.20 Canadian Regional Airlines had its headquarters at the airport.2122

Runways

Current runways

  • Runway 17R/35L is 12,675 ft × 200 ft (3,863 m × 61 m)
  • Runway 11/29 is 8,000 ft × 200 ft (2,438 m × 61 m)
  • Runway 08/26 is 6,200 ft × 150 ft (1,890 m × 46 m)

Decommissioned runways

  • Runway 02/20 was 4,350 ft × 150 ft (1,326 m × 46 m)
  • Runway 11/29 was 4,635 ft × 150 ft (1,413 m × 46 m)

A new runway currently under construction will be called 17L/35R when operational in 2014. It will be 14,000 ft × 200 ft (4,267 m × 61 m),23 which according to the airport's website will be the longest runway in Canada.24 A tunnel running underneath the new runway will connect Airport Trail with Metis Trail NE. Barlow Trail closed on April 3, 2011.25

The long runway length can be attributed to the relatively high elevation, 3,557 ft (1,084 m),2 of the airport and the need to support the largest passenger aircraft types. Aircraft require more distance to take off at higher elevations, because of the reduced air density associated with altitude.

In addition to the current runways in operation the airport has had two runways decommissioned over the years. Runway 02/20 was closed and part of it is still open as taxiway V. Runway 11/29 was decommissioned and ran where Palmer Road is now situated. The remnants of the runways and associated taxi ways are in various states of decay but can still be seen at the airport. 07/25 (now 08/26) served as the main east west runway until 10/28 (now 11/29) was built. The taxiway to 25 was closed when 02/20 was decommissioned meaning aircraft had to backtrack the length of the runway.

Three runways were upgraded: Runway 16/34 (now 17R/35L) was extended from its original length of 6,410 to 12,675 ft (1,954 to 3,863 m) and both 07/25 (now 08/26) and 16/34 (now 17R/35L) were widened from 150 to 200 feet (46 to 61 m) to accommodate wider aircraft.citation needed

Accidents and incidents

On 7 May 1982, Douglas C-47A C-FQHF of Kenn Borek Air overran the runway following an aborted take-off.26 The aircraft was damaged beyond economic repair.27

On 22 Mar 1984, Boeing 737-275 of Pacific Western Airlines with 119 people on board; suffered an uncontained engine failure on the #1 engine during takeoff. The debris penetrated and ignited fuel in the left wing. The aircraft was evacuated by slides, and the fire consumed the aircraft.28

References

  1. ^ "Airport Divestiture Status Report". Tc.gc.ca. 2011-01-12. Retrieved 2011-03-10. 
  2. ^ a b Canada Flight Supplement. Effective 0901Z 6 February 2014 to 0901Z 3 April 2014
  3. ^ Synoptic/Metstat Station Information
  4. ^ a b Total aircraft movements by class of operation — NAV CANADA towers
  5. ^ http://www.yyc.com/Portals/0/MEDIA/BR_PaxTotal.pdf
  6. ^ "Calgary Herald, "Alberta's top 40 places to work", October 18, 2008". 
  7. ^ "Reasons for Selection, 2009 Alberta's Top Employers competition". 
  8. ^ Calgary Airport Authority (May 10, 2004), Calgary International Airport Master Plan 2004, archived from the original on March 14, 2006, retrieved December 30, 2013 
  9. ^ Airport Architecture. The Canadian Encyclopedia (2001-09-11). Retrieved on 2013-07-26.
  10. ^ a b Loungedead link
  11. ^ "Calgary International Airport - International Facilities Project | Gateway to the World". Rjc.ca. 2010-03-15. Retrieved 2011-03-10. 
  12. ^ Calgary Airport - The International Facilities Project (IFP)
  13. ^ a b c d e f newswire.ca - Air Canada rouge Expands to Western Canada
  14. ^ http://westjet2.mediaroom.com/index.php?s=43&item=851
  15. ^ Calgary Transit Route Map http://www.calgarytransit.com/route_maps/rte300.html
  16. ^ Brester Travel Canada http://www.explorerockies.com/
  17. ^ Banff Airporter http://banffairporter.com/
  18. ^ "Contact WestJet". WestJet. Retrieved 2011-11-02.  "WestJet Campus 22 Aerial Place N.E. Calgary, Alberta, Canada T2E 3J1"
  19. ^ "Administration" (Archive). Canadian North. Retrieved on March 21, 2014. "Head Office - Calgary 200, 580 Palmer Road N.E. Calgary, AB T2E 7R3 Canada"
  20. ^ "Directory:World airlines." Flight International. 1–7 April 2003. ""Zhejiang Airlines" p. 98. "Hangar 101, 8050 22 Street North East, Calgary, Alberta, T2E 7H6, Canada"
  21. ^ "World Airline Directory." Flight International. p. 60. "8050 22 Street NE. Calgary International Airport, Calgary, T2E 7H6, Alberta, Canada"
  22. ^ "World Airline Directory." Flight Global. 74. March 21–27, 2000. Retrieved on June 18, 2009. "8050 22 Street NE, Calgary, Alberta, T2E 7H6, Canada"
  23. ^ "Frequently Asked Questions". Yyc.com. Retrieved 2011-03-10. 
  24. ^ "Did You Know & Links". Yyc.com. Retrieved 2011-03-10. 
  25. ^ "Airport tunnel approved in narrow vote". CBC. 2011-02-08. Retrieved 2011-04-25. 
  26. ^ Flight International, 31 July 1982, p267 Retrieved on 25 July 2010.
  27. ^ "C-FQHF Accident report". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 25 July 2010. 
  28. ^ "ASN Aircraft accident Boeing 737-275 C-GQPW Calgary International Airport, AB (YYC)". Aviation Safety Network. 

External links








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