Call of Cthulhu: Dark Corners of the Earth
|Call of Cthulhu:
Dark Corners of the Earth
|Distributor(s)||2K Games (Xbox)1
Ubisoft (PC Europe)2
|Director(s)||Simon Woodroffe (creative)
Michael Woodroffe (managing)
|Designer(s)||Christopher Gray (lead)|
|Programmer(s)||Gareth Clarke (lead)|
|Artist(s)||Rob Steptoe (lead technical)
Troy Tempest (lead creative)
Wilhelm Ogterop (lead animator)
|Engine||Headfirst's custom engine|
EU March 24, 2006
|Genre(s)||Survival horror, first-person shooter|
|Distribution||DVD-ROM, digital distribution|
Call of Cthulhu: Dark Corners of the Earth is a survival horror video game developed by Headfirst Productions and published by Bethesda Softworks with 2K Games and Ubisoft for the PC and Xbox systems. The game was published first for the Xbox in 2005 and the PC version followed in 2006.
Call of Cthulhu: Dark Corners of the Earth combines an action-adventure game with a relatively realistic first-person shooter, as well as with elements of a stealth game. The game is based on the works of H. P. Lovecraft, author of "The Call of Cthulhu" and progenitor of the Cthulhu Mythos, and in particular the game is a reimagining of Lovecraft's 1936 novella The Shadow over Innsmouth. Set mostly in the year 1922, the story follows Jack Walters, a mentally unstable private detective hired to investigate a missing person case in Innsmouth, a strange and mysterious town that has cut itself from the rest of the United States.
In development since 1999, the project was repeatedly delayed, going through several revisions and having some of its most ambitious and immersive features abandoned and the initially planned PlayStation 2 version canceled. Although well received by most critics, the final game was a commercial failure. At least two additional Cthulhu Mythos games were planned by Headfirst Productions, including a direct sequel titled Call of Cthulhu: Destiny's End, but they were never completed due to Headfirst's failure to find a new publisher and their subsequent bankruptcy.
Initial gameplay of Call of Cthulhu: Dark Corners of the Earth comprises unarmed escape and evasion together with investigative exploration, although first-person shooter (FPS) style combat is introduced later on. As with most survival horror video games, ammunition is limited and must be conserved carefully for situations when it will really be indispensable, occasionally requiring the player to avoid combat even when armed. The game as a whole is heavily scripted and very linear, with only one path through the chapters from start to finish, in contrast with some earlier survival horror games such as the original Alone in the Dark (which was itself inspired by the Mythos).
The game features no heads-up display. Instead, condition of the player character is relayed through the sound cues of his heartbeat and breathing, which become more pronounced when wounded, and color draining from the screen with loss of blood and strength. Specific injuries are also indicated visually and aurally: for example, a broken leg causes the character to limp while making appropriate noises, while a broken arm makes aiming more difficult. The health system was designed as a more realistic take on character injury than other games of its genre in that different wounds, including poisoning and bleeding,3 require different remedies, such as a splint for a broken leg.4 The inventory screen shows the character's injuries (displayed on his character model) and all carried items.
The player's character gradually loses sanity when he looks directly at upsetting aspects of the game world. The character's mental degradation can lead him to hearing hallucinations and visions, which manifest as graphical anomalies and sound distortion, and changes in control sensitivity. If the character becomes too unsettled, results may include his permanent insanity or suicide, and a game over.5 The sanity can be restored through finding areas of sanctuary or defeating enemies.3 The areas marked with the Elder Signs serve as sanctuaries against the enemies and as save points.4 To enhance its replayability value, the game features a system whereby players can gain Mythos Points, supposed to reflect a level of gained knowledge. Such points can be used to unlock in-game bonuses, such as additional information and items.3
Most of the weapons in the game have real-life counterparts, including a crowbar, the Smith & Wesson M1917, the Colt 1911, the M1903 Springfield and the M1921 Thompson; the only exception is a Yithian directed-energy weapon. The player character can also perform a melee attack with a gun if all ammunition for it has been used up. The game features a realistic combat system: due of lack of HUD, the player has to count shots manually to know when the gun goes empty. There is also no artificial on-screen targeting reticle; instead, the player must aim through the iron sights on the weapons themselves, but sustained aiming tires the character and drops accuracy. The shooting system is unique in that fired rounds go exactly where the barrel is pointing. For example, if the player character readies a reloaded weapon and the player pulls the trigger before the character animation has finished, the round will be discharged in the direction the barrel was pointing when the shot was fired.
Following the introduction sequence set in Arkham Asylum psychiatric hospital, the game begins on September 6, 1915, as police detective Jack Walters (voiced by Milton Lawrence) is summoned to the siege of a decrepit manor house in Boston, Massachusetts. The manor is inhabited by a bizarre cult called the Fellowship of the Yith, led by one Victor Holt who has asked specifically for Walters to come and talk to him. Taking cover from an ensuing firefight, Jack finds himself separated from the police and trapped inside the mansion, with no option but to investigate. When the rest of the police finally break in, they find the cultists dead by mass suicide and Walters apparently insane. He is committed to Arkham sanatorium, where he stays for several years.
Six years later, Walters is released and becomes a private investigator. On February 6, 1922, he takes up a missing person case at Innsmouth, a xenophobic coastal town, and the site of the recent disappearance of Brian Burnham, a clerk that had been sent there to establish a local store for the First National Grocery chain. Arriving in the isolated town, which appears to be depopulated and in a state of collapse, Jack unsuccessfully asks around for Brian. He stays the night at a hotel, where he barely escapes an assassination attempt and then flees from a chase by an armed mob. From that point forward, Jack is forced to sneak through the alleys, buildings and sewers of Innsmouth, avoiding murderous patrols of the town's corrupt police and the cultists looking for him. He acquires weapons to defend himself and meets undercover agent Lucas Mackey, who tells him that the town is under federal investigation. Jack eventually finds Burnham and his girlfriend Ruth, but their car crashes when they escape from Innsmouth, killing Brian and injuring Jack (it is left unknown whether Ruth was killed or not). Jack recovers from the incident and, following a brutal interrogation, he is taken in by the FBI squad led by J. Edgar Hoover. On February 8, Jack helps Hoover and the FBI raid the Marsh Gold Refinery, where he is attacked by an ancient creature known as a Shoggoth and uncovers a Cthulhu shrine before the building is demolished.
After the refinery raid, the U.S. military begins a combined land-and-sea assault on Innsmouth on February 9. The only part of the town that proves resistant to the attack is the headquarters of the Esoteric Order of Dagon, a religious organization devoted to two undersea demigods and Cthulhu that holds the whole town under its grip. The building proves unbreachable for the Coast Guard and the Marines, but Jack finds a way in through an old smuggling entrance that is guarded by a star-spawn of Cthulhu. Inside, Jack frees Agent Mackey, who has been kidnapped for a ritual sacrifice, and brings down the magical shield protecting the building. After discovering a secret chamber, he falls through the floor of a tunnel which leads into the sea. Jack is rescued by the USS Urania, a Coast Guard cutter which is part of a group heading to Devil's Reef on February 10, following up on a lead provided by the FBI. On the way there, wizards on the reef summon powerful tidal waves to destroy the flotilla, but Jack kills them. The humanoid fish-men known as Deep Ones launch a massed attack on the Urania and eventually the Father Dagon emerges too. Jack manages to defeat the gigantic demigod, but Urania sinks. Jack survives and finds himself on Devil's Reef, where he discovers old smuggling tunnels beneath the seabed, leading him to the underwater city of Y'ha-nthlei. The city is found to be located below Devil's Reef and is the home of the Deep Ones and members of the Order. Navy submarines attempt to torpedo Y'ha-nthlei, but are stopped by a magical barrier protecting the city. The Temple of Dagon is the source of the barrier, but the entrance is sealed off to prevent any interference. Jack finds another way in through ancient tunnels feared by the Deep Ones at the bottom of the city's foundations. Apparently, this passage, which leads to the temple, is an ancient prison for flying polyps, the enemy of the Great Race of Yith. Jack manages to defeat them with the help of a Yithian energy weapon. Jack then enters the Temple of Dagon and kills Mother Hydra, whose song is generating the barrier, by deafening some of the Deep Ones to her song, allowing him to take control of them. With the barrier down, the submarines attack the city, while Jack escapes through a portal leading back to the Order's headquarters.
In the end, it is revealed that a Yithian swapped minds with Jack Walters' father during the moment of Jack's conception. In flesh, Jack Walters is human, but he inherited Yithian psychic powers, which was the reason for the cultists' interest in him, and explains why he has visions of coming danger and of the Yithian library-city of Pnakotus, as well as his ability to control Deep Ones in the Temple of Dagon. Confined in Arkham Asylum once more, Jack hangs himself on February 16, 1922, unable to handle the reality of himself and what he has witnessed. The game is supposed to be "based on the writings in Jack's journal, which were discovered in 1924."6
The game has been in development for at least six years, and the development can be traced back to August 1999 and a discussion on the Usenet group alt.horror.cthulhu in which the Mythos fans contributed ideas for the game to Headfirst's artist/designer Andrew Brazier.7 This and other feedback was later used to create the game,8 which Brazier termed "FPHAS - a First Person Horror Adventure Shooter".9 The game's protagonist Jack Walters has been repeatedly redesigned before his final look was created by Tim Appleton. Headfirst initially have used the game engine NDL NetImmerse for rendering graphics combined with the Havok physics engine but later developed its own engine.10
The first screenshots were shown in December 1999,11 and the game, originally planned for the PC and PlayStation 2, was scheduled for release in the third quarter of 2001.12 In 2000, Headfirst secured rights from Chaosium, publisher of Call of Cthulhu role-playing game.13 Before E3 2001 the game was stated to be "70 percent complete",14 but was then repeatedly delayed. In late 2002, the game's original publisher Fishtank Interactive was taken over by JoWood, which had no interest in the title. The developers then signed a deal with Bethesda to release the game for the PC and Xbox,15 and the development of the PS2 version was aborted.
Headfirst Productions originally intended for a much larger, nonlinear RPG-type storyline to be fitted within the game, including more characters and locations, as well as a cooperative gameplay system for up to four players. The latter would have enabled the players to pick one of four characters and either carry out their own investigation independently or team up with the others (in case of single-player gameplay, the other three investigators would be under AI control).1316 A multiplayer version of the game would have allowed for online deathmatch battles in specifically designed levels. Several other ambitious features, such as a deeper sanity system and a high degree of environment interactivity,131617 were also scrapped due to budget and time constraints and problems with the level design. The game was always supposed to use first-person view, but the screenshots from 2001 indicated third-person view stealth gameplay elements.18 Much of "a wide array of weapons"3 at the player's disposal was conceived but ultimately removed from the game,19 including a wooden club,20 a Mauser rifle3 and a pump-action shotgun.21 Various weapon models and concept arts from the game were released by ex-Headfirst Niel Venter on his deviantART account.22
Although the game's story diverges in several places and features a completely different protagonist, several levels mirror passages from Lovecraft's novella The Shadow over Innsmouth. It also contains elements of the Call of Cthulhu role-playing game's campaign Escape from Innsmouth, such as the Marsh Refinery raid. A major sub-plot of the game is inspired by Lovecraft's novella The Shadow Out of Time.
Call of Cthulhu: Dark Corners of the Earth was released on October 24, 2005 for the Xbox23 and on March 27, 2006 for the PC.24 The game contains a number of software bugs, which have never been officially patched; these bugs are generally intermittent, and restoring from an earlier saved game can be enough to get past them. There is also an unofficial patch available that fixes some glitches and lowers the game's overall difficulty level.2526 The Xbox version is officially compatible with the Xbox 360 in certain regions.27
Call of Cthulhu: Dark Corners of the Earth received generally favorable reviews, but was also often criticized for being buggy and inaccessible for many players because of its high difficulty. GameSpy ranked it as the tenth best game of E3 2004.36 It was also one of the six games nominated by GameSpot for the award of Most Surprisingly Good Game of 2005 (losing to Mortal Kombat: Shaolin Monks), with a comment that "after a development cycle that was nearing infinity, it's hard to imagine a world where this H.P. Lovecraft-based horror game turned out all right. Luckily for us, we don't have to imagine it."37
According to IGN, the game "succeeds brilliantly in some areas," making "great use of the source material" and forcing players "to accept some realistic responsibility for their character" due to the sanity system and HUD-less display, but can make the players "cringe at the difficult nature of the game."4 Greg Kasavin of GameSpot wrote that "a thick, unsettling atmosphere fills this ambitious first-person action-adventure, which makes up for some frustrating moments and dated graphics with plenty of chills, variety, and originality."32 Cheat Code Central called it "one of the greatest book to game translations ever" and a game "that is full of twists, turns and incredibly wonderful scary surprises. It's got a great atmosphere which is sustained by dark and grainy graphics, chilling sound effects and an incredibly improbable storyline that is treated properly as to suspend reality from creeping in and ruining your experience."39 GameSpy's Allen Rausch opined that "this disturbing slice of Lovecraft's America is well worth the time to visit," adding that "despite the occasional missteps, Call of Cthulhu: Dark Corners of the Earth is a more than fitting tribute to its literary inspiration."33 Similarly, Kyle Williams of Gaming Target called it "a labor of love" that "defies convention in favor of creating a videogame experience that is a worthy heir to the Lovecraft name."40 Team Xbox's Matthew Fisher wrote that, despite some of the game's various shortcomings regarding the graphics and some of the detective aspects, "this is an immersive experience that is a new and unique title for the Xbox, which is more than a welcome change. Was it worth the wait? Absolutely."35
Dark Corners of the Earth was also acclaimed in several retrospective articles by various publications. In 2008, the game's townsfolk of Innsmouth placed ninth on GamesRadar's list of the gaming's "scariest villains ever".41 In 2009, 1UP.com featured it on the list of top five game worlds "where insanity is the entire point".42 In 2011, The Daily Telegraph listed it among the scariest games "you've never played" as second only to Amnesia: The Dark Descent, adding that this "flawed classic" was "too buggy, too tough, and criminally ignored upon release."43 That same year, PC Gamer UK ranked it as 87th on the list of top 100 best PC games of all time for its frantic hotel escape sequence and "other great, scary set-pieces," calling it, "behind the bugs and clunkiness, a genuine and admirable attempt."5 Also in 2011, GamePro ranked it as the 11th best horror game of all time, commenting that "H.P. Lovecraft was a master of horror, so it's no surprise that [it] makes for one of the best horror games out there."44 In 2012, retro reviewer for The Gaming Liberty called it "a game on the brink of greatness, and the most unnerving gaming experience I’ve had to date."45
Two more Call of Cthulhu games were announced by Headfirst Productions: Call of Cthulhu: Beyond the Mountains of Madness (a sequel to Lovecraft's novella At the Mountains of Madness)46 and Call of Cthulhu: Destiny's End.47 Due to the very long development cycle of Dark Corners of the Earth, which was originally announced to be released in 2001, both titles were being developed alongside it. They got cancelled when the company failed to find a new publisher for them in 2006, resulting in the bankruptcy and liquidation of Headfirst.4849
Destiny's End, a third-person perspective view title for the PlayStation 2 and Xbox, was planned to be a direct sequel to Dark Corners of the Earth. It was to feature a cooperative multiplayer mode for two players (each controlling one of the two characters, one of whom was male and the other was female) and to be set in the ruins of Innsmouth and in other locations along the coast of New England in modern times, nearly 80 years after the events of the original game.5051
In 2011, UGO.com included Destiny's End on their list of 25 cancelled video games that "could have been some of the greatest games of all time."52 In 2013, Bloody Disgusting put both Call of Cthulhu follow-up games on their list of six cancelled horror video games "that could've been amazing".53
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- Mikel Reparaz, Page 3 – The scariest villains EVER, GamesRadar, June 13, 2008.
- Scott Sharkey, Top 5 Game Worlds Where Insanity Is The Entire Point, 1UP.com, August 10, 2009.
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