||This article appears to contain unverifiable speculation and unjustified claims. Information must be verifiable and based on reliable published sources. (November 2013)|
||This article possibly contains original research. (November 2013)|
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0.33% of the American Population
|Regions with significant populations|
|English · French|
|Related ethnic groups|
A Canadian American is someone who was born or grew up in Canada and later moved to the United States or a person who was born in America with a Canadian ancestry.citation needed The term is particularly apt when applied or self-applied to people with strong ties to Canada, such as those who have lived a significant portion of their lives, or were educated, in Canada, and then relocated to the United States.citation needed To others, especially for those living in New England or the Mid-Western States, a Canadian-American is one whose ancestors came from Canada.citation needed
The term Canadian refers to some as nationality, and to others as ethnicity.citation neededspeculation? English-speaking Canadian immigrants easily integrate and assimilate into American culturecitation neededspeculation? and society as a result of the cultural similarities and in the vocabulary and accent in spoken English.1not in citation givenbetter source needed French-speaking Canadians, because of language, culture, and religion, tend to take longer to assimilate.citation neededspeculation? However, by the 3rd generation, the assimilation is complete,citation neededspeculation? and the Canadian identity is more or less folklore.citation needed This took place, even though half of the population of the province of Quebec emigrated to the US between 1840 and 1930.2 Many New England cities formed Little Canadas, but many of these have gradually disappeared.
This cultural "invisibility" within the larger U.S. population is seen as creating stronger affinity amongst Canadians living in the U.S. than might otherwise exist.3 According to U.S. Census estimates the number of Americans of Canadian ancestry was around 640,000 in 2000.4 Some sources have cited the number to possibly be over 1,000,000.citation needed
Canadians who travel to the U.S. to escape their colder winter are known as "snowbirds". They sometimes have residences in the Southern half of the U.S. (e.g. Florida, the Carolinas, Georgia, Southern Texas, Southern California, and Arizona).5
- Ted Cruz, Senator
- Walt Disney, Animator6
- Will Durant, Historian and philosopher7
- Thomas Edison, Inventor8
- Brendan Fraser, Film and stage actor9
- Missy Franklin, Olympic gold medal-winning swimmer10
- Rene Gagnon, U.S. Marine hero11
- Robert Goulet, Singer and actor12
- Mike Gravel, Senator from Alaska13
- Phil Hendrie, Radio personality and comedian14
- Jimi Hendrix, Musician 15
- Alex Karras, Football player and actor
- Jack Kerouac, Poet and writer16
- Grace Metalious, Author17
- Paul LePage, Governor of Maine18
- Rudy Vallée, Saxophone player19
- Mark Wahlberg, Actor20
- Pamela Anderson, actress21
- Paul Anka, Singer-songwriter and actor22
- Martin Brodeur, hockey player
- James Naismith, inventor of basketball23
- Jim Carrey, Comedian and actor24
- Marie Dressler, Actress25
- David Frum, Speechwriter and journalist26
- Frank Gehry, Architect27
- Jennifer Granholm, 47th Governor of Michigan 2003-2011
- Phil Hartman, actor, comedian, screenwriter, and graphic artist.28
- Chris Irvine, Professional wrestler known as Chris Jericho and Lead-Singer of Fozzy29
- Roy Jenson, actor
- Louis B. Mayer, Film producer30
- Alanis Morissette, Singer-songwriter31
- Bob Nolan, Country Music singer-songwriter
- Mary Pickford, Actress and film executive32
- Jason Priestley, Actor and director33
- Charles Revson, Cosmetics pioneer, founder of Revlon34
- Mack Sennett, Film director35
- Martin Short, Actor, comedian, singer, voice actor
- Joe Shuster, Comic book artist, co-creator of Superman36
- George Beverly Shea, Gospel music singer-songwriter,37
- Hank Snow, Country music singer-songwriter38
- Jack Warner, Film executive39
- Zeeshan Zaidi, Lead singer and guitarist for The Commuters, President and Co-Founder of Host Committee
- Biloxi, founded by Pierre LeMoyne d'Iberville
- Bourbonnais named after François Bourbonnais
- Dubuque, named after Julien Dubuque
- Huron, founded by John Baptiste Flemmond
- Juneau, named after Joe Juneau
- Milwaukee, founded by Solomon Juneau
- Mobile, founded by Pierre LeMoyne d'Iberville
- New Orleans, founded by Lemoyne de Bienville
- Ontario, founded by George Chaffey
- Saint Paul, first settled by Pierre Parrant
- Vincennes founded by François-Marie Bissot
The Connecticut State Senate in unanimously passed a bill in 2009, making June 24 Canadian American Day in the state of Connecticut. The bill allows state officials to hold ceremonies at the capitol and other places each year to honor Americans of Canadian ancestry. 40
As a consequence of Article 3 of Jay Treaty of 1794, official First Nations status, or in the US Native American status, also confers the right to live and work on either side of the border.41 But many of Canada's First Nations people identify with Canadians more so than Americans.42
There are some institutions in the United States that focus on Canadian-American studies such as the Canadian-American Center at the University of Maine,43 the Center for Canadian American studies at Western Washington University,44 and the SUNY University at Buffalo Canadian-American Studies Committee45
- Canadians of American origin American-Canadians
- Canada–United States relations
- French Canadian
- Hyphenated American
- Little Canadas
- Quebec diaspora
- l’Actualité économique, Vol. 59, No 3, (september 1983): 423–453 and Yolande LAVOIE, L’Émigration des Québécois aux États-Unis de 1840 à 1930, Québec, Conseil de la langue française, 1979.
- This American Life Program No. 65 "Who's Canadian", Chicago Public Radio, Broadcast May 30, 1997, http://www.thisamericanlife.org/Radio_Episode.aspx?episode=65
- "c2kbr01-2.qxd" (PDF). Retrieved May 18, 2011.
- "Snowbird RV Parks". Rvthereyet.cc. Retrieved May 18, 2011.
- Lori Rackl (September 27, 2009). "Walt Disney, the man behind the mouse". Chicago Sun-Times. Archived from the original on October 3, 2009. Retrieved 2010-10-21.
- "Will Durant Online: The Gentle Philosopher". Willdurant.com. Retrieved August 8, 2011.
- "2006 Inductees – Brendan Fraser". Canada's Walk of Fame. 2006. Retrieved August 24, 2008.
- Crouse, Karen (2010-08-17). "Aiming for the Top, via the Slow Lane". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 2010-08-19. Retrieved 2010-08-19.
- Michael Robert Patterson. "Rene Arthur Gagnon, Corporal, United States Marine Corps". Arlingtoncemetery.net. Retrieved May 18, 2011.
- "Robert Goulet Biography (1933–)". Filmreference.com. Retrieved May 18, 2011.
- Mike Gravel genealogy site
- "The Phil Hendrie Show Log – April 2000". Maglietta.org. Retrieved September 6, 2011.
- Shapiro, Harry; Glebbeek, Caesar (1990). Jimi Hendrix: Electric Gypsy. St. Martin's Press. pp. 8–9. ISBN 0-312-13062-7.
- "Jack Kerouac – bio and links". Beatmuseum.org. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
- "Paul LePage". Ballotpedia. Retrieved May 18, 2011.
- "Rudy Vallee". English.turkcebilgi.com. Retrieved May 18, 2011.
- "Pamela Anderson became U.S. citizen". Moono.com. 2004-05-14. Retrieved 2007-04-26.
- "Paul Anka". History-of-rock.com. July 30, 1941. Retrieved August 8, 2011.
- "James Naismith". Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame. Retrieved 16 January 2013.
- "Jim Carrey – Carrey Becomes An American Citizen – Contactmusic News". Contactmusic.com. Retrieved August 8, 2011.
- "Actress Saw Two Marriages Fail in 14 years". Calgary Daily Herald. August 11, 1934. p. 5. Retrieved September 6, 2011.
- Solomon, Deborah (January 6, 2008). "Questions for David Frum, Right Hand Man". New York Times. Retrieved April 3, 2010.
- "Toronto News: Frank Gehry’s childhood home to be razed". Toronto Star. July 27, 2010. Retrieved September 6, 2011.
- Mashberg, Tom (1992-11-29). "As Clinton goes, so goes Phil Hartman". The Boston Globe.
- "SLAM! Sports – Wrestling – Chris Jericho". slam.canoe.ca. Retrieved August 29, 2011.
- "Canada’s Walk of Fame celebrating Inductee Louis B. Mayer". Canadaswalkoffame.com. Retrieved September 6, 2011.
- "Alanis Morissette – Singer-songwriter, guitarist, record producer, and actress. – Discography, biography, music, MP3s, credits, pictures & videos at SoundUnwound". Soundunwound.com. Retrieved August 8, 2011.
- "Mary Pickford born in Toronto – CBC Archives". Archives.cbc.ca. July 20, 1969. Retrieved September 6, 2011.
- Top 100
- Andrew Tobias. "Fire and Ice: The Story of Charles Revson – the Man Who Built the Revlon Empire, Chapter 2 – Separating Myth from Legend". Retrieved December 9, 2010.
- "Give Citizenship to Mack Sennett". Retrieved April 23, 2010.
- Norwood, Stephen Harlan; Eunice G. Pollack (2008). Encyclopedia of American Jewish history, Volume 1. ABC-CLIO. p. 471. ISBN 1-85109-638-8.
- I Am 95 and Am Feeling All of 90
- "Jack Warner | Hollywood Walk of Fame". Walkoffame.com. February 8, 1960. Retrieved September 6, 2011.
- Edmonton Sun, April 21, 2009
- "NATIVE AMERICAN FREE PASSAGE RIGHTS UNDER THE 1794 JAY TREATY: SURVIVAL UNDER UNITED STATES STATUTORY LAW AND CANADIAN COMMON LAW". Bc.edu. Retrieved May 18, 2011.
- Dowd, Gregory Evans. A Spirited Resistance: The North American Indian Struggle for Unity, 1745–1815. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1992. ISBN 0-8018-4609-9.
- "Canadian-American Center". Umaine.edu. March 31, 2011. Retrieved May 18, 2011.
- Canadian American Studies at WWU
- Hamilton, Janice (2006). Canadians in America. Lerner. ISBN 0-8225-2681-6.
- Jeffrey Simpson (2000) Star-Spangled Canadians: Canadians Living the American Dream. HarperCollins ISBN 0-00-255767-3