Canada men's national ice hockey team
|Nickname(s)||Team Canada (Équipe du Canada)|
|General Manager||Rob Blake|
|Head coach||Mike Babcock|
|Most games||Brad Schlegel (304)|
|Most points||Cliff Ronning (156)|
|IIHF ranking||3 2|
|Highest IIHF ranking||1 (first in 2003)|
|Lowest IIHF ranking||5 (first in 2012)|
| Canada 8–1 Switzerland
(Les Avants, Switzerland; January 10, 1910)
| Canada 47–0 Denmark
(Stockholm, Sweden; February 12, 1949)
| Soviet Union 11–1 Canada
(Vienna, Austria; April 24, 1977)
|IIHF World Championships|
|Appearances||67 (first in 1920)|
|Best result||Gold: 18 – 1930, 1931, 1934, 1935, 1937, 1938, 1939, 1950, 1951, 1955, 1958, 1959, 1961, 1994, 1997, 2003, 2004, 2007,|
|Appearances||21 (first in 1920)|
|Medals||Bronze: 2 – 1956, 1968|
|International record (W–L–T)|
The Canadian National Men's Ice Hockey Team is the ice hockey team representing Canada internationally. The team is overseen by Hockey Canada, a member of the International Ice Hockey Federation. From 1920 until 1963, Canada's international representation was by senior amateur club teams. Canada's national men's team was founded in 1963 by Father David Bauer as a part of the Canadian Amateur Hockey Association, playing out of the University of British Columbia.1 The nickname "Team Canada" was christened for the 1972 Summit Series and has been frequently used to refer to the Canadian national team ever since.
Canada has been one of the leading national ice hockey teams in international play, winners of the 1972 Summit Series against the Soviet Union, four of five Canada Cups dating back to 1976, nine Olympic gold medals (the most of any participating hockey nation), including three of the last four; Salt Lake City 2002, Vancouver 2010, and Sochi 2014. They are eighteen-time IIHF World Champions and winner of the 2004 World Cup of Hockey.
- 1 History
- 2 Players
- 3 Competition achievements
- 4 Coaches
- 5 See also
- 6 Notes
- 7 References
- 8 External links
From 1920 until 1963, the senior amateur club teams representing Canada, were usually the most recent Allan Cup champions. The last amateur club team from Canada to win a gold medal at the World Championship was the Trail Smoke Eaters in 1961. Following the 1963 World Championships, Father David Bauer founded the national team as a permanent institution. The new permanent national team first competed at the 1964 Winter Olympics.
Before the Soviet Union began international competition in 1954, Canada dominated international hockey, winning six out of seven golds at the Olympics and 10 world championship gold medals. Canada then went 50 years without winning the Winter Olympic Gold medal and from 1962 to 1993, didn't win any World Championships. This was in part because Canada's best professional players were unable to attend these events as they had commitments with their National Hockey League teams.
Canada withdrew from official IIHF events in 1970 and the National Team programme was suspended after they were refused permission to use semi-professional players at the world championship. Canada returned to the IIHF in 1977 after a series of negotiations between IIHF President Dr. Sabetzki and top officials of professional ice hockey in Canada and the United States. As a result, professionals are allowed to compete at the World Championship and the tournament is scheduled later in the year to ensure more players are available from among the NHL teams eliminated from the Stanley Cup playoffs. In return, a competition for the "Canada Cup" was to be played every four years on North American territory with the participation of Canada, the United States, and the four strongest European national teams, including professionals.citation needed
In 1983, Hockey Canada began the "Program of Excellence", whose purpose was to prepare a team for the Winter Olympics every four years. This new National Team played a full season together all over the world against both national and club teams, and often attracted top NHL prospects. In 1986, the International Olympic Committee voted to allow professional athletes to compete in Olympic Games, starting in 1988.2 Veteran pros with NHL experience and, in a few cases, current NHLers who were holding out in contract disputes joined the team. This program was discontinued in 1998, when the NHL began shutting down to allow its players to compete.
After not winning a gold medal for 33 years, Canada won the 1994 World Championship in Italy. Since that time, they have won in 1997, 2003, 2004, and 2007. Canada captured its first Olympic gold medal in 50 years at Salt Lake City 2002. At Vancouver 2010, Canada won the gold medal with a 3–2 win against the United States in the final. Sidney Crosby's overtime goal secured Canada the final gold medal awarded at the Games.3 At the 2012 World Championship in Finland and Sweden, Ryan Murray became the first draft eligible prospect to represent Canada at the Ice Hockey World Championship.
Canada successfully defended gold at Sochi 2014, becoming the first men's team to do so since the Soviet Union in 1988 and the first to finish the tournament undefeated since 1984. Their relentless offensive pressure and stifling defence has earned the 2014 squad praise as perhaps the best, most complete Team Canada ever assembled.4 Drew Doughty and Shea Weber led the team in scoring, while Jonathan Toews scored the gold medal-winning goal in the first period of a 3–0 win over Sweden in the final. The architect behind the 2010 and 2014 teams, Steve Yzerman, immediately stepped down as general manager following the win.5
- Head coach: Mike Babcock
- Assistant coach: Lindy Ruff
- Assistant coach: Claude Julien
- Assistant coach: Ken Hitchcock
All Olympic ice hockey tournaments between 1920 and 1968 also counted as World Championships. They have won a total of 15 Olympic medals.9
|1920 Antwerp||Winnipeg Falcons||3||3||0||0||21||1||Sigurjonson, GordonGordon Sigurjonson||Axford, H. A.H. A. Axford||Fredrickson, FrankFrank Fredrickson||Gold||10|
|1924 Chamonix||Toronto Granites||5||5||0||0||110||3||Rankin, FrankFrank Rankin||Hewitt, WilliamWilliam Hewitt||Munro, DuncDunc Munro||Gold||11|
|1928 St. Moritz||University of Toronto Grads||3||3||0||0||38||0||Smythe, ConnConn Smythe||Hewitt, WilliamWilliam Hewitt||Porter, JohnJohn Porter||Gold||12|
|1932 Lake Placid||Winnipeg Hockey Club||6||5||0||1||32||4||Hughes, JackJack Hughes||Marsh, LouLou Marsh||Cockburn, WilliamWilliam Cockburn||Gold||13|
|Port Arthur Bearcats||8||7||1||0||54||7||Pudas, AlAl Pudas||Cochrane, MalcolmMalcolm Cochrane||Murray, HermanHerman Murray||Silver||14|
|1948 St. Moritz||Ottawa RCAF Flyers||8||7||0||1||69||5||Boucher, FrankFrank Boucher||Watson, SandySandy Watson||Mara, GeorgeGeorge Mara||Gold||15|
|1952 Oslo||Edmonton Mercurys||8||7||0||1||71||14||Holmes, LouLou Holmes||Christianson, JimJim Christianson||Dawe, BillyBilly Dawe||Gold||16|
|1956 Cortina d'Ampezzo||Kitchener-Waterloo Dutchmen||8||6||2||0||53||12||Bauer, BobbyBobby Bauer||Goman, ErnieErnie Goman||McKenzie, JackJack McKenzie||Bronze||17|
|1960 Squaw Valley||Kitchener-Waterloo Dutchmen||7||6||1||0||55||15||Bauer, BobbyBobby Bauer||Goman, ErnieErnie Goman||Sinden, HarryHarry Sinden||Silver||18|
|1964 Innsbruck||—||7||5||2||0||32||17||Bauer, DavidDavid Bauer||Hindmarch, BobBob Hindmarch||Akervall, HankHank Akervall||4th||19|
|1968 Grenoble||—||7||5||2||0||28||15||McLeod, JackieJackie McLeod||Bauer, DavidDavid Bauer||Johnston, MarshallMarshall Johnston||Bronze||20|
|1980 Lake Placid||—||6||3||3||0||29||18||Davis, LorneLorne Davis
Drake, ClareClare Drake
Watt, TomTom Watt
|Noonan, RickRick Noonan||Gregg, RandyRandy Gregg||6th||21|
|1984 Sarajevo||—||7||4||3||0||24||16||King, DaveDave King||King, DaveDave King||Tippett, DaveDave Tippett||4th||22|
|1988 Calgary||—||8||9||2||1||31||21||King, DaveDave King||King, DaveDave King||Yawney, TrentTrent Yawney||4th||23|
|1992 Albertville||—||8||6||2||0||37||17||King, DaveDave King||King, DaveDave King||Schlegel, BradBrad Schlegel||Silver||24|
|1994 Lillehammer||—||8||5||2||1||27||19||Renney, TomTom Renney||Kingston, GeorgeGeorge Kingston||Joseph, FabianFabian Joseph||Silver||25|
|1998 Nagano||—||6||4||2||0||19||8||Crawford, MarcMarc Crawford||Clarke, BobbyBobby Clarke||Lindros, EricEric Lindros26||4th||27|
|2002 Salt Lake City||—||6||4||1||1||22||14||Quinn, PatPat Quinn||Gretzky, WayneWayne Gretzky||Lemieux, MarioMario Lemieux||Gold|
|2006 Turin||—||6||3||3||0||15||11||Quinn, PatPat Quinn||Gretzky, WayneWayne Gretzky||Sakic, JoeJoe Sakic||7th|
|2010 Vancouver||—||7||6||1||—||32||14||Babcock, MikeMike Babcock||Yzerman, SteveSteve Yzerman||Niedermayer, ScottScott Niedermayer||Gold||28|
|2014 Sochi||—||6||6||0||—||17||3||Babcock, MikeMike Babcock||Yzerman, SteveSteve Yzerman||Crosby, SidneySidney Crosby||Gold|
All Olympic ice hockey tournaments between 1920 and 1968 also counted as World Championships.9 The 1920 Olympics were the first world championship. IIHF World Championships were not held during the Winter Olympic years of 1980, 1984 or 1988.9
In the Spengler Cup, Team Canada competes against European club teams such as HC Davos who host the tournament every year in Vaillant Arena. Canada was initially represented by the standing national team at this event, but subsequently is usually made up of Canadians playing in European leagues or the AHL.
|Winner||1984, 1986, 1987, 1992, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 2002, 2003, 2007, 2012|
|Runners-up||1985, 1988, 1990, 2000, 2001, 2005, 2006, 2008, 2010|
List of coaches of the Canada men's national ice hockey team.
- Gordon Sigurjonson, 1920
- Frank Rankin, 1924
- Conn Smythe, 1928
- Jack Hughes, 1932
- Al Pudas, 1936
- Sgt. Frank Boucher, 1948
- Louis Holmes, 1952
- Bobby Bauer, 1956, 1960
- Father David Bauer, 1964
- Jackie McLeod, 1968
- Lorne Davis, Clare Drake, Tom Watt (co-coaches), 1980
- Dave King, 1984, 1988, 1992
- Tom Renney, 1994
- Marc Crawford, 1998
- Pat Quinn, 2002, 2006
- Mike Babcock, 2010, 2014
Summit Series, Canada Cup, World Cup
- Harry Sinden, 1972 Summit Series
- Bill Harris, 1974 Summit Series
- Scotty Bowman, 1976, 1981 Canada Cups
- Glen Sather, 1984 Canada Cup
- Mike Keenan, 1987 and 1991 Canada Cups
- Glen Sather, 1996 World Cup
- Pat Quinn, 2004 World Cup
- Canada men's national junior ice hockey team
- Canada men's national ice sledge hockey team
- List of Canadian national ice hockey team rosters
- List of IIHF World Under-20 Championship players for Canada
- Hockey Canada
- Monsebraaten, Laurie (October 15, 1986). "Players in NHL are now eligible in the Olympics". Toronto Star.
- "Canada win thrilling final gold of Winter Olympics". BBC Sport. February 28, 2010. Retrieved March 1, 2010.
- "Sochi hockey squad one of the greatest Canada has ever iced". Toronto Sun. 23 February 2014. Retrieved 24 February 2014.
- "Steve Yzerman steps down as GM after Team Canada wins gold". Sports Illustrated. 23 February 2014. Retrieved 24 February 2014.
- "2014 Olympic Winter Games (Men) in which Canada won a Gold Medal against Sweden.". Hockey Canada. Retrieved January 8, 2014.
- Eric Duhatschek. "Canadian men's Olympic hockey team unveiled". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved January 7, 2014.
- Hockey Canada-IIHF World Men's championship
- Podnieks 1997, pp. 1–10
- Podnieks 1997, pp. 11–22
- Podnieks 1997, pp. 23–32
- Podnieks 1997, pp. 33–40
- Podnieks 1997, pp. 41–52
- Podnieks 1997, pp. 53–66
- Podnieks 1997, pp. 67–78
- Podnieks 1997, pp. 79–88
- Podnieks 1997, pp. 89–100
- Podnieks 1997, pp. 101–112
- Podnieks 1997, pp. 113–124
- Podnieks 1997, pp. 137–146
- Podnieks 1997, pp. 147–158
- Podnieks 1997, pp. 159–172
- Podnieks 1997, pp. 173–182
- Podnieks 1997, pp. 183–194
- Lapointe, Joe (February 1, 1998). "NAGANO '98; Wearing C, for Canada". The New York Times. Retrieved March 30, 2009.
- Wallechinsky 2002, p. 31
- Elliott, Helene (February 28, 2010). "Canada defeats U.S., 3–2, to win gold medal in men's hockey". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved March 1, 2010.
- Podnieks, Andrew (1997). Canada's Olympic Hockey Teams: The Complete History, 1920–1998. Toronto: Doubleday Canada. ISBN 0-385-25688-4.
- Wallechinsky, David (2002). The Complete Book of the Winter Olympics (2002 ed.). New York: The Overlook Press. ISBN 1-58567-185-1.
- Meltzer, Bill NHL.com article on 2007 IIHF World Championship gold medal. Retrieved 2008-03-25.
- Hockey Canada home page
- CNNSI's 2002 hockey coverage
- Canada On Ice – The World Hockey Championships, 1920–2008