of sections of powers of the canonical bundle K. Its nth graded component (for ) is:
The 0th graded component is sections of the trivial bundle, and is one dimensional as V is projective. The projective variety defined by this graded ring is called the canonical model of V, and the dimension of the canonical model, is called the Kodaira dimension of V.
One can define an analogous ring for any line bundle L over V; the analogous dimension is called the Iitaka dimension. A line bundle is called big if the Iitaka dimension equals the dimension of the variety.
The canonical ring and therefore likewise the Kodaira dimension is a birational invariant: Any birational map between smooth compact complex manifolds induces an isomorphism between the respective canonical rings. As a consequence one can define the Kodaira dimension of a singular space as the Kodaira dimension of a desingularization. Due to the birational invariance this is well defined, i.e., independent of the choice of the desingularization.
A basic conjecture is that the pluricanonical ring is finitely generated. This is considered a major step in the Mori program. Caucher Birkar, Paolo Cascini, and Christopher D. Hacon et al. (2010) and Yum-Tong Siu (2006) have announced proofs of this conjecture.
is the classically-defined n-th plurigenus of V. The pluricanonical divisor , via the corresponding linear system of divisors, gives a map to projective space , called the n-canonical map.
The size of R is a basic invariant of V, and is called the Kodaira dimension.
- Birkar, Caucher; Cascini, Paolo; Hacon, Christopher D.; McKernan, James (2010), "Existence of minimal models for varieties of log general type", Journal of the American Mathematical Society 23 (2): 405–468, arXiv:math.AG/0610203, doi:10.1090/S0894-0347-09-00649-3, MR 2601039
- P. Griffiths; J. Harris (1994), Principles of Algebraic Geometry, Wiley Classics Library, Wiley Interscience, p. 573, ISBN 0-471-05059-8
- Siu, Yum-Tong (1998), "Invariance of plurigenera", Inventiones Mathematicae 134 (3): 661–673, doi:10.1007/s002220050276, MR 1660941
- Siu, Yum-Tong (2006), A General Non-Vanishing Theorem and an Analytic Proof of the Finite Generation of the Canonical Ring, arXiv:math.AG/0610740
- Siu, Yum-Tong (2007), Additional Explanatory Notes on the Analytic Proof of the Finite Generation of the Canonical Ring, arXiv:0704.1940